28 Sep(Wednesday)
Vedic Ritu: Varsha
Drik Ritu: Sharad (Autumn)
पक्ष :: Shuklapaksh
Month: Ashvina 18, (Purnimanta)
Ashvina 3(Amanta)
Vikram Samvat – 2079
Shaka Samvat – 1944
Nakshatra: Swati/ Vishaka
Tithi: Tritiya upto 01:27 AM, Sep 29 Chaturthi
RahuKaal: 12:17 PM – 01:46 PM



  1. More than 217 crore 82 lakh COVID-19 vaccine doses administered in the country so far.
  2. Union Culture Ministry organized the celebration of Bathukamma festival at Kartavyapath, India Gate in New Delhi. Bathukamma Festival is an annual celebration in Telangana that goes on for nine days
  3. The Supreme Court began live streaming of its proceedings for the public from 27 Sep. The hearings before three Constitution benches of the Apex Court can be watched on its platform,
  4. Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission completed one year of its launch. The scheme is transforming India’s Digital Healthcare landscape. Till now, over 24.38 crore Ayushman Bharat Health Account ABHA IDs have been created.
  5. Indian Railways has made nearly 500 railway stations Divyangjan, Aged and Children friendly by installing the lifts and escalators at railway stations across the country under the Sugamya Bharat Abhiyan.
  6. Final voter list for the upcoming state assembly elections will be released on October 10: Chief Election Commissioner Rajiv Kumar said .
  7. The General Fertility Rate (GFR) has declined in India by 20% over the past decade. GFR refers to the number of children born per 1,000 women in a year in the reproductive age group of 15-49 years.
  8. The Royal Society of Chemistry and CSIR collaborate: An initiative to promote chemical sciences in schools is being supported by a partnership. A Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between the two organisations states that they will collaborate on the CSIR’s Jigyasa programme.
  9. ANDHRA PRADESH : The Tirumala Tirupati Devasthanams (TTD), which manages the Tirumala temple, has introduced electric buses from Tirupati to Tirumala, in order to make Tirumala more eco-friendly. The first batch of 10 electric buses were flagged off by Andhra Pradesh CM YS Jagan Mohan Reddy on Tuesday
  10. ASSAM govt has decided to use SAANS, an air pressure machine developed by a Bangalore-based start-up, in the state-run hospitals across the state. ‘SAANS’ is a portable neonatal Continuous Positive Air Pressure (CPAP) system that can provide lifesaving breathing support to infants in hospital settings as well as during travel.
  11. BIHAR : All “backward states” including Bihar should be given special category status, Bihar CM Nitish Kumar reiterated on Tuesday.
  12. GUJARAT : PM Modi will flag off the Vande Bharat Express from Gandhinagar railway station on September 30 in the presence of CM Bhupendra Patel.
  13. HIMACHAL : Shimla-Delhi flights resume after two years. Commercial passenger aviation services, which remained suspended between Himachal Pradesh capital, Shimla, and New Delhi, resumed on September 26, 2022 after a gap of almost two years
  14. JHARKHAND : Union Minister of Tribal affairs Arjun Munda flagged off a Special train from Hatia railway station in Ranchi to Hosur in Tamil Nadu. The special train carried first batch of 822 girls under the recruitment drive jointly organised by Ministry of Tribal Affairs and Tata Electronics Limited.
  15. MAHARASHTRA : The Supreme Court has refused to stay proceedings before Election Commission of India, regarding the Shiv Sena election Symbol.
  16. RAJASTHAN : Amid the political crisis in Rajasthan, Congress observers on Tuesday submitted their report to party interim chief Sonia Gandhi and recommended disciplinary action against three party leaders for ‘grave indiscipline’. Show-cause notices have been issued to Shanti Dhariwal, Mahesh Joshi and Dharmendra Rathore, demanding a reply within 10 days as to why action should not be taken against them.
  17. UTTARPRADESH cabinet gave its approval for the development of the first tiger reserve in the state’s Bundelkhand region. The cabinet approved notifying Ranipur Tiger Reserve under the Wildlife Protection Act, 1972.
  18. Senior bureaucrat Rajendra Kumar has been appointed the director general of the Employees’ State Insurance Corporation, as part of a senior-level bureaucratic reshuffle effected by the Centre.


  1. Law enforcement agencies conduct nationwide raids at Popular Front of India establishments: The Delhi Police conducted searches in Nizamuddin, Shaheen Bagh, and other areas of the city, based on the inputs from Central Agencies. The Police said more than 30 people have been arrested.
  2. Delhi court has sent Aam Aadmi Party MLA Amanatullah Khan to 14-day judicial custody in connection with a case of alleged irregularities at the Delhi Waqf Board.
  3. Operation Megha Chakra: CBI hunts for Child Sexual Abuse Material Online Circulation Cases in 20 States & UTs.
    • Director General of Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI): Subodh Kumar Jaiswal
  4. The Supreme Court has directed the Agra Development Authority to immediately stop all commercial activities within a 500-metre radius from the peripheral wall of the Taj Mahal.
  5. UTTAR PRADESH : Former underworld don Abu Salem on Tuesday received a three-year prison sentence in a fake passport case. An Uttar Pradesh court also imposed a fine of ₹10,000 on Salem, who along with his associates had forged documents to obtain a passport in 1993.
  6. JAMMU : Two Jaish-e-Mohammed (JeM) terrorists were killed in an encounter with security forces in J&K’s Kulgam district on Tuesday.


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BSE Sensex : 57,107.52 −37.70 (0.066%) 🔻

NIFTY : 17,007.40 −8.90 (0.052%) 🔻

  1. Union Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman released the digital comic books on the occasion of the Finance Minister’s Award Ceremony 2022 in New Delhi. The comic books was released in five languages – English, Hindi, Tamil, Telugu, and Gujarati developed by Income Tax Department.
  2. Private sector lender Axis Bank has signed a non-binding term sheet to invest around ₹50-₹70 crore for a 9.94% stake in Go Digit Life Insurance


  1. Legendary actress Asha Parekh will be honoured with Dadasaheb Phalke Award for the year 2020. The award will be presented to her at the National Film Award ceremony in New Delhi on Friday.
  2. 68th National Film Awards will be held on 30th September and will be presided over by President Droupadi Murmu.
  3. Tajikistan-born Abdu Rozik, the world’s smallest singer, has been announced as the first contestant of the upcoming season of reality show ‘Bigg Boss’. Salman Khan announced the first contestant of ‘Bigg Boss 16’ during a press event on Tuesday.


  1. The Defence Research and Development Organization conducted 2 successful test flights of Very Short Range Air Defence System missile. The test flight was conducted at the Integrated Test Range in Chandipur, Odisha.
  2. DefExpo 2022 will be held in Gandhinagar from October 18 to 22, with 1,136 companies registering to participate in it. In this edition of the exhibition, only Indian companies will be allowed to take part. During the exhibition, the second edition of the India-Africa Defence Dialogue will also be held.


  1. PM Narendra Modi pays tribute to former Japanese PM Shinzo Abe during state funeral in Tokyo.
  2. Union Agriculture and Farmers Welfare Minister Narendra Singh Tomar arrived in Bali, Indonesia on a three day visit to participate in G-20 Summit.
  3. Edible oil trade associations from five palm oil importing countries in South Asia – India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh and Nepal, announced the setting up of Asian Palm Oil Alliance (APOA).
  4. Sri Lanka will support the Indian and Japanese bids for permanent membership status at the United Nations Security Council (UNSC), President Ranil Wickremesinghe said on Tuesday.


  1. Pakistan PM Shehbaz Sharif will hold a meeting with the National Security Committee (NSC) on Wednesday to discuss the purported audio recording leaks from his office.
  2. Ukrainian presidential advisor Mikhaylo Podolyak on Tuesday described the leaks detected on the Nord Stream gas pipelines in the Baltic Sea as a Russian “terrorist attack”.
  3. The International Monetary Fund openly criticised Britain’s new economic strategy on Tuesday, following another slide in bond markets that forced the Bank of England to promise a “significant” response to stabilise the economy.


  1. Eliud Kipchoge shattered his own world record on 25 September, with a time of 2:01:09 to win the Berlin marathon. It’s the second time the Kenyan runner has set the official men’s world record at the race in the German capital.
  2. Jhulan Goswami Retirement: The legendary Women’s Cricketer, Jhulan Goswami announced her retirement from all forms of the game in a touching farewell statement on September 25.

Frmn : 1 May 1960
Govrnr: Acharya Dev Vrat
CM: Bhupendrabhai Patel (BJP)
Districts : 33

🥇Gold ₹ 50,240.00 @10gm 24 (Krt)
🥈 Silver ₹ 56,300 @ Kg
⛽ Petrol ₹97.12/Ltr 
⛽ Diesel ₹ 92.87/Ltr

LPG : ₹ 1,060.00 /14.2 Kg


Bhagat Singh

( Born : 28 SeP 1907, Banga, Pakistan

Martyed : 23 March 1931, Lahore Central Jail, Lahore, Pakistan due to Execution by hanging till death) He was an Indian socialist revolutionary whose two acts of dramatic violence against the British in India and execution at age 23 made him a folk hero of the Indian independence movement.

😀Thought of the day

A friend is someone who understand your past, believes in your future, and accepts you today just the way you are.


Frnd : Aaj TV pe 30 feet ka saap dikhane wale h.

Pappu : Acha

Par mai nhi dekh pawunga.

Frnd : kyu…?

Pappu : Mera TV to 21 inch ka hi hai


Why Scale forms mostly in water heaters*

Boiler scale is caused by impurities being precipitated out of the water directly on heat transfer surfaces or by suspended matter in water settling out on the metal and becoming hard and adherent. … Scale is formed by salts that have limited solubility but are not totally insoluble in boiler water.

LEARN Sanskrit🙏🏻

अहम् पठामि – I read

यूयम् पठथ – you all read


Why Scale forms mostly in water heaters

Boiler scale is caused by impurities being precipitated out of the water directly on heat transfer surfaces or by suspended matter in water settling out on the metal and becoming hard and adherent. … Scale is formed by salts that have limited solubility but are not totally insoluble in boiler water.

💁🏻‍♂‍ GK TODAY

The Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) is a multilateral treaty that bans all nuclear tests, for both civilian and military purposes, in all environments.

28 September – International Day For Universal Access To Information (IDUAI)


Lata Mangeshkar (born 28 September 1929) is an Indian playback singer and music director.

She is one of the best-known and most respected playback singers in India.

In 2001, in recognition of her contributions to the nation, she was awarded the Bharat Ratna, India’s highest civilian honour and is only the second vocalist, after

M.S. Subbulakshmi, to receive this honour.

She has four siblings—Meena Khadikar, Asha Bhosle, Usha Mangeshkar, and Hridaynath Mangeshkar.


You can’t judge a book by its cover’ – to not judge someone or something based solely on appearance.

Eg : “The candidate did not look very intelligent, but you can’t judge a book by its cover.


Indifferent ×Partial Biased


Indifferent : Equitable, Haughty


(kindly inform, if given info is differ from actual facts🙏🏻)

Shakuni also known as Saubala He is the main antagonist in the epic Mahabharata. He was the brother of Gandhari and hence Duryodhana’s maternal uncle. His Children

Uluka, Vrikaasur, Patatri and Vriprachitti.

In the Mahabharata, Shakuni’s hatred towards Hastinapura developed when Bhishma approached King Subala with a marriage proposal for Shakuni’s sister Gandhari’s, to the blind Kaurava prince Dhritarashtra. Shakuni hated the idea of Gandhari’s marriage with the blind prince of Hastinapura. Gandhari covered her eyes on her will to share her blindness. Shakuni’s anger grew when Dhritarashtra was first denied to inherit the throne of Hastinapura. After the event, Shakuni started to interfere in the matters of Hastinapura.

In a non-Mahabharata version, it is said that, being a Mangalik, Gandhari was married to a tree (some say a goat) prior to her marriage to Dhritarashtra, in order to nullify the defect. On hearing of this, a disgusted Dhritarashtra ordered the extermination of Gandhara’s royal line. Shakuni, his father, Subala and Subala’s other hundred sons were captured and put in a prison. One grain was served to every person. Knowing that Shakuni was the smartest, Subala and his 99 sons sacrificed their lives and provided their share of grain to Shakuni. Later, they all died and Shakuni vowed to destroy Hastinapura.


(Note : These home tips followed in villages/ancient traditions, it is up to you to use it or not🙏🏻)

Tulsi tea* helps in maintaining the level of cortisol hormone in the body which is also known as the stress hormone. Tulsi tea lowers the levels of cortisol, which may reduce your overall stress as well as anxiety. Sipping on tulsi tea will also help in lowering the blood sugar level.

Tulsi tea helps prevent certain respiratory illnesses ranging from cold and cough to bronchitis and asthma. It has immunomodulatory (helps to enhance immunity), antitussive (helps relieving cough) and expectorant (helps in expelling out the phlegm) properties that provide relief in the respiratory system


Ingredients for Glass

7 leaves basil

1 inch ginger

1 teaspoon honey

1 dash lemon juice

2 green cardamom

3 cup water

CH Nαʋҽҽɳ Kυɱαɾ…