1. President Smt. Droupadi Murmu is on a five-day visit to the Andaman and Nicobar islands. In her first engagement in Port Blair, the President laid a wreath at the Martyrs Column and visited the Cellular Jail complex and museum. She also witnessed the light and sound show at the Cellular Jail. The President interacted with members of local tribal communities and visited stalls set up by them at Campbell Bay.
  2. All six candidates for Rajya Sabha polls in Bihar, three of them from BJP-led NDA and as many belonging to the opposition INDIA bloc, were on Tuesday declared elected unopposed to the Upper House of Parliament.
  3. Union Minister of Education and Skill Development & Entrepreneurship, Shri Dharmendra Pradhan, inaugurated the first Skill India Centre (SIC) of the country in Sambalpur, Odisha.
  4. ISRO Chairman S Somanath emphasized the complexity of the upcoming rocket and the development of high-end technology. He said that “The project team of the Next Generation Launch Vehicle (NGLV) has submitted its report.”
  5. A new train is to run between Bhubaneswar and New Delhi via Keonjhar district and the train service will be introduced soon, Union Railway Minister Ashwini Kumar Vaishnaw said.
  6. Bodoland University participated in the digital launch of Pradhan Mantri Uchchatar Siksha Abhiyan(PM-USHA) through Video Conferencing at the University conference hall in Kokrajhar.
  7. BJP President JP Nadda meets the Chairman of One Nation and One Election Committee and former President Ramnath Kovind and submits suggestions to him.
  8. Congress leader Sonia Gandhi elected unopposed to Rajya Sabha from Rajasthan. BJP’s Chunnilal Garasiya and Madan Rathore were also elected unopposed to the Upper House from the state.
  9. The Maharashtra legislative assembly on Tuesday unanimously passed a bill providing 10 per cent reservation for the Maratha community in education and government jobs. CM Eknath Shinde tabled the Maharashtra State Socially and Educationally Backward Bill 2024 in the House during the day-long special session of the legislature on Maratha quota.
  10. Total 980 Graduates Receive IGNOU Degree Certificates in Nagaland Convocation.
  11. Congress candidate P Puttanna on Tuesday won the by-election to the Karnataka Legislative Council from Bangalore Teachers’ Constituency.
  12. The vibrant city of Chandigarh became a melting pot of cultural heritage and artistic innovation as it hosted the 11th International Puppet Festival at Tagore Theatre. The event, inaugurated by Punjab Governor and Administrator of Union Territory Chandigarh, Banwarilal Purohit.
  13. Mizoram Foundation Day 2024, observed on February 20th, commemorates the state’s establishment as the 23rd state of India in 1987.
  14. Jammu & Kashmir : Sonamarg has accumulated 5 feet of snowfall in the past 48 hours.
  15. In Telangana, Congress candidates Renuka Chowdhury and M. Anil Kumar Yadav and BRS candidate Vaddiraju Ravichandra have been declared elected unopposed to the Rajya Sabha on Tuesday, obviating the need for the February 27 elections.

Chief Justice of India: Shri Dhananjaya Y. Chandrachud
Minister Of Law & Justice: Arjun Ram Meghwal
International Court of Justice Prz.: Joan Donoghue

  1. The Supreme Court of India on Tuesday (Feb 20) examined the ballot papers cast in the controversy-ridden Chandigarh mayor polls. During the hearing, Chief Justice of India (CJI) DY Chandrachud found that all eight dismissed ballot papers were in fact valid and cast in favour of the Aam Aadmi Party candidate. Taboola
    Later, the Supreme Court bench declared the AAP candidate Kuldeep Kumar ‘validly elected’, while setting aside the previous result.
  2. Returning officer of the Chandigarh mayoral polls Anil Masih on Tuesday faced the wrath of the Supreme Court which ordered his criminal prosecution for allegedly giving false statement before it and his “misdemeanour” during the counting of votes.
  3. Hand over Jayalalithaa’s jewels to Tamil Nadu for Rs 100 crore fine payment, says Karnataka court: Hand over Jayalalithaa’s jewels to Tamil Nadu for Rs 100 crore fine payment, says Karnataka court.
  4. The protesting farmers have refused to accept the Centre’s offer to buy three types of pulses, maize, and cotton at the current Minimum Support Price (MSP), and will continue their march towards Delhi on Wednesday (21 Feb).
  5. Haryana Police on Tuesday asked its Punjab counterparts to seize bulldozers which they say protesting farmers from Punjab have brought with them as they plan to resume their ‘Delhi Chalo’ from the interstate border.
    • The farmers were set to begin their march again on Wednesday from two points on the Punjab-Haryana border after the failure of four rounds of talks with the Centre.
  6. The Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) is conducting searches at the premises of the former Department of Industrial Policy & Promotion (DIPP) secretary Ramesh Abhishek in a disproportionate assets case, Abhishek is also an independent director of Paytm Payments Bank.
  7. A special court in Sultanpur on Tuesday granted bail to Congress leader Rahul Gandhi in a defamation case filed by a BJP leader for his remarks against Union home minister Amit Shah in 2018.

Minister: Nirmala Sitharaman.
Commerce & Industry: Piyush Goyal
RBI Gvrnr: Shaktikanta Das
President of the World Bank: Ajay Banga
IMF MD: Kristalina Georgieva

$ USD ₹ 82.88
💷 GBP ₹ 104.64
€ Euro: ₹ 89.60

GDP(PPP): $13.119 trillion purchasing power parity (PPP)
GDP (nominal): $3.73 trillion
(Nominal means total market value of all goods and services produced in a country’s economy) .
GDP growth: 7.6% (Q2 2023-24)
India is the fifth largest economy in the world.
Inflation rate: Retail Inflation 5.69% in Dec 2023
Population: 143.86 cr
(17.7% of the total world population).
Unemployment: 10.09% (Oct2023)
Per capita: This income is also known as average income as it is calculated by dividing the total income of the country by the total population of the country.
GDP per capita:
$2,845 (Nominal; 2024)
$9,983 (PPP; 2024)

BSE SENSEX: 73,057.40 +349.24 (0.48%)🌲
NIFTY: 22,196.95 +74.70 (0.34%)🌲

Rates in Financial Capital Mumbai
GOLD: ₹ 62,670/10gm (24 krt)
SILVER: ₹ 76,500/KG


PETROL: ₹ 97/Ltr
DIESEL: ₹ 90/Ltr
CNG: ₹ 76/Ltr
LPG: ₹ 903/14.2 Kg


PETROL: ₹ 106/Ltr
DIESEL: 95/Ltr
Auto Gas: ₹ 60/Ltr
CNG: 76/Kg
LPG: ₹ 903/14.2 Kg

  1. India has welcomed Malta as the 119th country to join International Solar Alliance. Permanent Secretary of Foreign Affairs Ministry, Malta, Christopher Cutajar signed the ISA Framework Agreement in the presence of Head of Depository and Joint Secretary (Economic Diplomacy), Abhishek Singh in New Delhi.
  2. Centre has reiterated that the ban on #onionexport will continue till 31st March. The export of onion was put under prohibition from 8th December last year till 31st March this year.
  3. Kotak Mahindra Bank, a private sector lender, revealed notable leadership adjustments, such as appointing KVS Manian as JMD (Joint Managing Director) from 01 March 2024.

Information and Broadcasting Minister: Shri Anurag Singh Thakur
Chairman of The Film and Television Institute of India (FTII): R Madhavan
Chairman of Central Board of Film Certification (CBFC): Prasoon Joshi

  1. A special court here on Tuesday rejected a plea moved by the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) seeking a stay on the broadcast of a documentary series on Indrani Mukerjea, a prime accused in the Sheena Bora murder case.
  2. In Madhya Pradesh, during the inaugural ceremony of Khajuraho Dance Festival in Khajuraho, 1484 artists created a world record by performing Kathak dance together.
  3. Actor and Trinamool Congress MP Mimi Chakraborty has announced her resignation from the post, expressing unhappiness over local party leadership in her constituency. Mimi Chakraborty won the Jadavpur seat in the 2019 Lok Sabha elections.

Supreme Commander of Armed Forces: The President
Minister: Rajnath Singh
Def Minister of State: Ajay Bhatt
Union Home: Amit Shah
National Security Advisor: Ajit Doval
Chief of Defence Staff:

  1. The Chief of the Royal New Zealand Navy, Rear Admiral David Proctor, was accorded a Guard of Honour in Delhi on Tuesday.Chief of the Naval Staff, Admiral Hari Kumar, received Rear Admiral David Proctor at the South Block.
  2. DURGA-2: India’s very own laser weapon being developed by DRDO could be tested soon. Directed energy weapons, also called laser weapons, if developed and deployed operationally, can neutralise any drone or ballistic missile attacks from the skies or even at the originating location as it can travel at the speed of the light. It can deflect the path of the missiles and can even destroy a fighter aircraft.
  3. The Milan-2024 naval event has commenced with the Harbour Phase in Visakhapatnam (Vizag). This phase serves as a crucial preparatory stage for the subsequent sea exercises. During the Harbour Phase, participating navies engage in various activities such as briefings, cultural exchanges, and professional interactions. It’s an opportunity for naval forces from different countries to collaborate.
  4. High Commission of India in Bangladesh hosted a Seminar on Indian Defence Equipment – SIDE 2024 in Dhaka.
  5. The Indian Army is set to issue a Request for Proposal (RFP) this year for a project worth an estimated Rs 57,000 crore to produce 1,770 Future Ready Combat Vehicles (FRCVs) in India, slated to replace the ageing Russian-origin T-72 tanks from 2030.

External affairs Minister: Subrahmanyam Jaishankar

  1. External Affairs Minister S Jaishankar and the visiting Chairman of the French Senate, Gerard Larcher on Tuesday held “a fruitful discussion on the India-France strategic partnership”.The two leaders also engaged in talks over the convergence on a number of global issues.
  2. Bangladesh’s far right political party Bangladesh Islami Front has completely rejected a recent ‘India Out’ social media campaign in Bangladesh. The campaign has sharpened after Sheikh Hasina, who is seen to be close to India, won a record fourth term in the recently concluded national elections.
  3. India’s high-profile conference on geopolitics and geo-economics, THE RAISINA DIALOGUE, is set to convene its 9th edition from February 21 to 23. It is organized by Ministry of External Affairs in collaboration with Observer Research Foundation (ORF).
    • Prime Minister of the Hellenic Republic (Greece), H.E. Mr. Kyriakos Mitsotakis will pay a State visit to India from 21-22 February 2024. PM Mitsotakis will be the Chief Guest and Keynote Speaker at the 9th Raisina Dialogue, 2024 in New Delhi.
    • According to the Ministry of External Affairs, the conference is dedicated to tackling pressing issues confronting the global community, will witness the inauguration by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 21 February 2024.
  4. US Assistant Secretary of State for Consular Affairs, Rena Bitter, will be travelling to India, during which she will engage with embassy and consulate colleagues in Chennai, Mumbai and New Delhi.She will be travelling to India and Qatar during her visit from 19 to 27 February.
  5. Amid the escalating tension in the Red Sea, Permanent Secretary of Malta’s Ministry for Foreign Affairs and European Affairs and Trade, Christopher Cutajar said on Tuesday that India has done a lot to prevent piracy attacks in the Gulf of Aden and the nearby region and called for intensifying collaborations to establish a safer area for supply chains.
  6. External Affairs Minister S Jaishankar met Japan’s Ambassador to India, Hiroshi Suzuki, in New Delhi on Monday.The two leaders had a “good conversation” on the partnership shared between India and Japan.

UNO Gen. Secy: António Guterres.

  1. Algeria’s Ambassador to the United Nations Sofiane Mimouni speaks before a vote on a UN Security Council resolution to demand an immediate humanitarian ceasefire in Gaza, amid the ongoing conflict between Israel and Hamas, at UN headquarters in New York.
  2. China is reportedly pressing ahead with the construction of border villages in the disputed territory with Bhutan, despite the ongoing border talks between the two countries. At least three villages have been built in the mountainous region separating the two countries.
  3. Lyudmila Navalnaya, Alexei Navalny’s mother, on Tuesday (Feb 20) urged Russian President Vladimir Putin to hand over her son’s body after his death five days ago in an Arctic jail.
  4. Prabowo Subianto, a former Army General once prohibited from the US for human rights violations, is set to become Indonesia’s new President. While the official results will be announced next month, early figures show Prabowo winning close to 60% of the vote.
  5. Pakistan Elections: Talks to form government remain inconclusive after several rounds. There remains inconclusive progress on a power-sharing deal between the Pakistan Muslim League (Nawaz) and the Pakistan Peoples’ Party (PPP). The PPP is reportedly asking for key constitutional positions of President, Chairman Senate, and Speaker of the National Assembly.
  6. The al-Qaeda terror group is making a comeback in Afghanistan under the Taliban government, according to a new report released by the UN Security Council.

Minister: Shri Anurag Singh Thakur
BCCI president: Roger Binny
Hockey India President: Dilip Tirkey
16th President of the Indian Olympic Association: P. T. Usha

    20 Feb 2024
    Tau Devilal indoor stadium, Panchkula
    • Match 130
      • U Mumba: 45
        • Vs
      • Telugu Titans: 45
  2. The much-anticipated Indian Premier League is set to begin on March 22 and will be held entirely in the country despite the coinciding general elections, league chairman Arun Dhumal told.
  3. The 2024 Women’s Premier League, also known as the TATA WPL 2024 for sponsorship reasons, will be the second season of the Women’s Premier League, a women’s franchise Twenty20 cricket league organised by the Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI). The tournament will feature five teams and will be held from 23 February to 17 March 2024.
    • Participants: 5
    • Matches: 22
  4. Anushka Sharma and Virat Kohli announced the birth of their second child — a baby boy — on 15 Feb 2024. Anushka and Virat had got married in Italy on 11 December 2017. Their first child — daughter Vamika — was born on 11 January 2021.
  5. Cricketer Virat Kohli has fallen victim to a deepfake scam as a morphed video circulates on social media depicting him endorsing an online betting app with an AI-generated voiceover.

MALAYSIA = Kuala Lumpur
Flag 🇲🇾
Official language: Malay
King: Ibrahim Iskandar
Prime Minister: Anwar Ibrahim
POPULATION: 33,200,000(in 2023)
Currency: Malaysian ringgit (RM) (MYR)
National Animal: Malayan tiger


In Bharat there are 28 states and 8 Union territories.
Population of Bharat:142 cr (2023)
President of Bharat: Smt Droupadi Murmu
Vice President: Shri Jagdeep Dhankhar
Prime Minister: Shri Narendra Modi
Speaker Lok Sabha: Shri Om Birla (BJP)
Rajya Sabha Seats: 245 (233 Elected + 12 Nominated)
Loksabha: 550 members (530 States + 20 Union Territories)
Chief Election Commissioner: Shri Rajiv Kumar

 The name ‘Aham’ or ‘Asom’ was probably given by the Ahoms who came to Assam in 1228 A.D.

The Ahom dynasty was established by Sukaphaa, a Shan prince of Mong Mao who came to Assam after crossing the Patkai Mountains. 
In the ancient Sanskrit literature both the names ‘Pragjyotisha’ and ‘Kamrupa’ were used as designation for ancient Assam. Its antiquity can be established from the fact that it has been mentioned in the two great epics- The Mahabharata and the Ramayana and also in the Puranas.

 Start where you are. Use what you have. Do what you can.

पति (करवा चौथ की रात पत्नी से) – पूरा साल लड़ती रहती हो… जब मैं इतना ही खराब हूं तो
भगवान से अगले जन्म के लिए क्यों मांग रही हो? 🤔🙄

पत्नी😡 – अच्छा बड़े सयाने हो… इतना सुधारने के बाद किसी और को दे दूं…!!!🤷🏻‍♀️

The Broca’s area in the cerebrum of our brain is closely associated with speech comprehension. This part of the brain is less developed, or absent, in other animals. Therefore, it is said to confer upon us the ability to talk. There is also the presence of certain pathways found only in some animals, humans among them. These pathways are supposed to be instrumental in our vocal abilities. The other groups of animals who are said to possess these pathways are birds, like hummingbirds, songbirds and parrots, as well as mammals like bats and cetaceans.

Parrots can mimic the sound made by humans. 

these do not understand the meaning of these words.

अकर्तव्यं न कर्तव्यं प्राणैः कण्ठगतैरपि । 
akartavyaṃ na kartavyaṃ prāṇaiḥ kaṇṭhagatairapi । 
kartavyamēva kartavyaṃ prāṇaiḥ kaṇṭhagatairapi ॥
Meaning: Whatever is not right to be done, must never be done even on pain of death; and what is right to do, must be done even if one should die for the same.

भावार्थ : जो कार्य निषिद्ध है, उसे प्राण कण्ठगत (मृत्यु संकट उपस्थित होने की स्थिति) पर भी नहीं करना चाहिये। जो कर्तव्य है, उसे अपने प्राण की परवाह न करते हुये भी अवश्य करना चाहिये
प्रचलित : Popular

How do animals see in the dark? 

Nocturnal hunters like owls and cats eyes are tubular, rather than spherical, with a very large lens positioned close to the retina. This structure allows a lot of light to register on the retina. 

Many nocturnal animals have a mirror-like layer, called the tapetum, behind the retina, which helps them make the most of small amounts of light. Light that passes through the retina is reflected off the tapetum, giving the retinal cells a second chance to sense it. This makes some animals’ eyes shine in the glare of car headlights. The color you see is the pigment on the inner layer of the retina.

At the heart of all vision is the retina, which contains two types of light-sensing cells: rods and cones. Cones account for color vision but require bright, focused light, whereas rods can sense very dim, scattered light, but don’t produce a color image. 

One should not get the impression that an animal’s night vision is perfect – even nocturnal animals aren’t active in the darkest hours of a moonless night. 

International Mother Language Day is celebrated annually on 21 February worldwide to aware of the diversity of the language and its variety. This day promotes the awareness of language and cultural diversity across the world. On 17 November, 1999, it was first announced by UNESCO.

Dhola Sadiya Bridge on Lohit river is the longest road bridge in India, located on the Brahmaputra River in Assam connect the states of Assam and Arunachal Pradesh. The 9.15 kilometres long.

Abhijit Vinayak Banerjee (born 21 February 1961) is an Indian American economist who is currently the Ford Foundation International Professor of Economics at Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Banerjee shared the 2019 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences with Esther Duflo and Michael Kremer “for their experimental approach to alleviating global poverty”.

Rigid × Pliable
Misery – Distress

(kindly inform, if given info is vary from actual facts🙏🏻)

Why is lotus flower given Important in Sanathan Dharma ? 

The lotus represents purity of the body, speech and mind, as if floating above the murky waters of material attachment and physical desire.

Different types of lotus flowers and their meaning:

WHITE lotus flower is associated with purity a nd Knowledge.

PINK lotus : Associated with inviting feminine energy.

RED Colour: symbolize inspiration, passion, Energy and expression.

Lotus is a symbol of purity with roots in the mud, the flower remains in the dirty water.
 Live like the lotus, be in the world but unaffected by the negativity. 

(Note: These home tips followed in villages/ancient traditions, it is up to you to use it or not🙏🏻)

Marigold or Calendula, can be served as a tea or used as an ingredient in various herbal formulations.

Sore Throat/Mouth Ulcers

While the tea is made by steeping the flowers in boiling water, the extract is derived from both the flowers and the leaves 

Due to its anti-microbial and antiseptic qualities, Marigold is an effective remedy for sore throats, gingivitis, tonsillitis and mouth ulcers. Gargling with Marigold tea will help to soothe the mucus membranes of the throat whilst easing the pain. 

Note: Pregnant women are not recommended to use it. 

CH Nαʋҽҽɳ Kυɱαɾ…