1. The India Meteorological Department (IMD) today said that the severe day cold and day cold conditions are likely to continue over some parts of Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, and Rajasthan during the next two days.
  2. The Government has launched PRERANA, an experiential learning programme for developing leadership qualities in students. The Union Education Ministry said Prerana is driven by a strong commitment to integrate principles of the Indian education system and the philosophy of value-based education which is a cornerstone of the National Education Policy 2020. It is a week-long residential programme for selected students of classes 9th to 12th.
  3. Bellatrix Aerospace team with ISRO Chief S Somanath Two Indian space start-ups have found success under ISRO’s POEM initiative. Space start-up Dhruv Space has successfully tested its P30 satellite platform, while Bellatrix Aerospace has successfully tested its green propulsion system.
  4. In J&K: Vice President Shri. Jagdeep Dhankhar inaugurates Mega Expo under theme “Emerging StartUp Trends in North India” at Kathua.
  5. The Ministry of External Affairs (MEA) official spokesperson, Arindam Bagchi passed on the baton to Randhir Jaiswal, who assumed the charge as official MEA spokesperson on Wednesday.
  6. Election Commission has revised the proforma of application to allot common symbols to registered unrecognised political parties, which have submitted contribution reports and audited annual accounts for the last three financial years.
  7. Ministry of DoNER will organise Uttar Purvi Mahotsav 2024 from 13th of this month at Bharat Mandapam in New Delhi.
  8. Lt. Governor of Puducherry Dr Tamilisai Soundararajan and Chief Minister N. Rangasamy inaugurated the 29th International Yoga Festival 2024 organised by Tourism Department at Gandhi Thidal, Beach Road, Puducherry.
  9. Sikkim bags Second Runner-up position in the inaugural One District One Product (ODOP) Awards instituted by the Department of Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade (DPIIT) today at Bharat Mandapam, New Delhi.
  10. Forest and Environment Department, Government of Sikkim in collaboration with the Wildlife Institute of India (WII) had jointly deployed camera traps across the high-altitude regions of Sikkim to understand the impact of climate change on large mammals.
  11. UTTAR PRADESH Leads in Implementing ICJS
    (Inter-Operable Criminal Justice System) for the third year, ICJS entry rates, showcasing the state’s commitment to technology in justice administration. The ICJS platform, a brainchild of the Supreme Court’s e-committee and implemented by the Ministry of Home Affairs, plays a pivotal role in enhancing the efficiency of the criminal justice system in India.
  12. Union Minister of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry and Dairying Parshottam Rupala and Minister of State for Fisheries Dr. Dr.L.Murugan handed over the approval letter to a private company of Srikakulam District for operations of the Broodstock Multiplication Centre (BMC) facility established for SPF L. Vannamei during Sagar Parikrama Yatra at Kakinada.
  13. PM Modi on Thursday shared pictures of him trying out snorkelling in Lakshadweep and added that early morning walks along its pristine beaches were “moments of pure bliss”. During his visit to Lakshadweep, the Prime Minister inaugurated development projects worth more than Rs 1,150 crore.
  14. Principal Secretary to the Prime Minister of India, P.K.Mishra attends Viksit Bharat Sankalp Yatra programme in Goregaon, Mumbai.
  15. The Election Commission of India on Thursday announced by-elections for three legislative assembly seats in Telangana and Uttar Pradesh on January 29.
  16. Maharashtra cabinet on Thursday cleared a proposal that offers an option of availing the Old Pension Scheme (OPS) to the state government employees who joined the service after November 2005.
  17. Y S Sharmila, the daughter of former Andhra Pradesh chief minister Y S Rajasekhara Reddy and founder of Yuvajana Sramika Rythu Telangana Party, joined the Congress in New Delhi on Thursday.
  18. Congress on Thursday renamed the Rahul Gandhi-led Manipur-Mumbai yatra starting on January 14 as the Bharat Jodo Nyay Yatra, which will travel through 100 Lok Sabha segments in 15 states including Arunachal Pradesh and asserted it will prove to be as ‘transformative’ as his earlier cross-country march.
  19. Mumbai’s eagerly awaited Mumbai Trans Harbour Link (MTHL), famously known as Atal Setu, is all set to debut this month, bringing with it a toll of Rs 250 for car commuters.
  20. Former senior Indian Information Service officer Mrs N J Krishna today passed away in Noida. She was 81.

Chief Justice of India: Shri Dhananjaya Y. Chandrachud
Minister Of Law & Justice: Arjun Ram Meghwal
International Court of Justice Prz.: Joan Donoghue

  1. India’s President has appointed Justice Sanjiv Khanna, the senior-most judge of the Supreme Court, as the NALSA Executive Chairperson, succeeding Justice S. K. Kaul.
  2. An encounter broke out between security forces and terrorists in Jammu and Kashmir’s Hadigam area of Kulgam district.
  3. In J&K, Javed Ahmed Mattoo, a wanted terrorist of Hizb-ul-Mujahideen in Jammu and Kashmir, was caught in Delhi on Thursday.
  4. A sessions court on Wednesday sentenced to death two men, including one from Bangladesh, for carrying out the Shramjivi Express train blast in 2005 that left at least 14 people dead and 62 injured.
    • Hilaluddin, a resident of Bangladesh has been accused of planting a bomb on the train, Nafikul Biswas who is a resident of West Bengal was accused of helping him. Two others in the Shramjeevi train blast case were given death sentences in 2016.
  5. The Commission of Inquiry headed by former Chief Justice of Guwahati High Court Justice Ajay Lamba which was formed to investigate the cause and spread of violence in Manipur from the 3rd of May last year extended the last date of the submission of the affidavits.

Minister: Nirmala Sitharaman.
Commerce & Industry: Piyush Goyal
RBI Gvrnr: Shaktikanta Das
President of the World Bank: Ajay Banga
IMF MD: Kristalina Georgieva

$ USD ₹ 83.24
💷 GBP ₹ 105.61
€ Euro: ₹ 91.13

GDP rate (2023): 6.5% ( $3.75 trillion)
India is the fifth largest economy in the world.
Inflation rate: 4.7%
Population: 141.81 cr
(17.7% of the total world population).
Unemployment: 7.8%

BSE SENSEX: 71,847.57 +490.97 (0.69%)🌲
NIFTY: 21,658.60 +141.25 (0.66%)🌲

Rates in Financial Capital Mumbai
GOLD: ₹ 63,800/10gm (24 krt)
SILVER: ₹ 78,600/KG


PETROL: ₹ 97/Ltr
DIESEL: ₹ 90/Ltr
CNG: ₹ 76/Ltr
LPG: ₹ 903/14.2 Kg


PETROL: ₹ 106/Ltr
DIESEL: 95/Ltr
Auto Gas: ₹ 60/Ltr
CNG: 76/Kg
LPG: ₹ 903/14.2 Kg

  1. Puneet Chhatwal, the Managing Director and CEO of Indian Hotels Company Limited, has been appointed as the new Chairperson of the Federation of Associations in Indian Tourism & Hospitality (FAITH).
  2. Toy Industry registers 239 percent increase in toy exports in 2022-2023.
  3. Finance Minister Nirmala Sitaraman flags off Viksit Bharat Sankalp Yatra (VBSY) rally in Chennai.
  4. Union Minister Piyush Goyal inaugurates India International Jewellery Trade Show -IIJS 2024 in Mumbai.
  5. 11 firms expressed interest in port project in Great Nicobar IslandIsland : The government has received expressions of interest (EOIs) from 11 firms for the Rs 41,000-crore international transhipment port project at Great Nicobar Island in the Bay of Bengal, Union minister Sarbananda Sonowal said.
  6. The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) on January 4 said it has imposed monetary penalty on five co-operative banks for rule violations.
    • These banks are The Co-operative Urban Bank, Shree Bharat Co-operative Bank, The Limdi Urban Co-operative Bank, The Sankheda Nagarik Sahakari Bank and The Bhuj Commercial Co-operative Bank.

Information and Broadcasting Minister: Shri Anurag Singh Thakur
Chairman of The Film and Television Institute of India (FTII): R Madhavan
Chairman of Central Board of Film Certification (CBFC): Prasoon Joshi

Prabhas-starrer SALAAR movie made a spectacular debut at the box office, emerging as the biggest opener of 2023. Salaar, which is almost through its second week, had amassed a total of Rs 308 crore in its first week. Salaar has crossed the impressive Rs 650 crore mark worldwide.

Supreme Commander of Armed Forces: The President
Minister: Rajnath Singh
Def Minister of State: Ajay Bhatt
Union Home: Amit Shah
National Security Advisor: Ajit Doval
Chief of Defence Staff:

  1. ALL-WOMEN CONTINGENTS TO MARCH IN REPUBLIC DAY PARADE: The contingent will include women Agniveer soldiers from the Navy and Air Force. Another all-women contingent from the Directorate General of the Armed Forces Medical Services will feature nurses from the military nursing services, led by women doctors at the parade. All-women contingent consisting of 144 personnel.
  2. The Defence Ministry on Thursday signed two contracts worth ₹802 crore towards equipment for the Army. They include 697 Bogie Open Military (BOM) wagons at a cost of ₹473 crore with Jupiter Wagons Limited and 56 Mechanical Minefield Marking Equipment (MMME)-Mark II at a cost of ₹329 crore with Bharat Earth Movers Limited under the Buy (Indian-IDDM) category.
  3. Vice Admiral Sanjay J Singh, AVSM, NM, officially took over as the Flag Officer Commanding–in-Chief (FOC-in-C) of the Western Naval Command (WNC) from Vice Admiral Dinesh K Tripathi, AVSM, NM.
  4. The Ministry of External Affairs (MEA) said that the legal team of eight jailed former Indian Navy personnel has been given 60 days to appeal against the ruling by Qatar’s Court of Appeal.
  5. Senior Indian Police Service (IPS) officer Rashmi Shukla on Thursday became Maharashtra’s first woman Director General of Police (DGP).

External affairs Minister: Subrahmanyam Jaishankar

  1. INDIAN ASTRONAUTS TO SOON TRAIN AT NASA’S JOHNSON SPACE CENTRE: The Indian trip to the International Space Station (ISS) is meant to offer a practical learning experience and serve as a precursor to India’s own effort to send astronauts to space and return them safely – an ambitious mission known as ‘Gaganyaan’
  2. Nepal Prime Minister Pushpa Kamal Dahal met with External Affairs Minister S Jaishankar at his office at Singhadurbar Palace in Kathmandu and shared views on Nepal-India bilateral relations.
  3. India, while reiterating its long-standing position on China, said the two countries continue to engage on the diplomatic and military sides for some sort of a resolution.
  4. President Ranil Wickremesinghe declared that Sri Lanka will contribute a Navy vessel to counter Houthi rebel attacks on merchant ships in the Red Sea. This aligns Sri Lanka with nations such as India in safeguarding the vital waterway for global trade.
  5. President of the Maldives Mohamed Muizz has asked the Indian government to withdraw the military from the island nation to protect its democracy.
  6. Venezuela has agreed to supply crude oil to ONGC Videsh Ltd (OVL) in lieu of the pending dividend, Secretary Petroleum Pankaj Jain said.

UNO Gen. Secy: António Guterres.

  1. Maldivian President Mohamed Muizzu, accompanied by First Lady Sajidha Mohamed, will undertake a state visit to China from January 7-12.
  2. Imam Hassan Sharif, of Masjid Muhammad-Newark, was shot outside the mosque in New Jersey.
  3. Three shepherd children have been killed in a landmine blast in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa’s North Waziristan.
  4. Massive protests have continued against the Pakistan government despite chilling cold, over the new hike in wheat prices and non-fulfilment of promises.
  5. Nadia Calvino has been named the new president of the European Investment Bank.
  6. Queen Margrethe II of Denmark, in her New Year’s speech, revealed her decision to abdicate the throne after 52 years of rule on 14th January 2024.
  7. The death toll from the powerful earthquakes that hit the Noto Peninsula and other areas of Ishikawa Prefecture in Japan on 1st January has mounted to 78.
  8. Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP) will bring out processions and conduct mass contacts across Bangladesh on Friday to protest the 12th parliamentary election to be held on the 7th of January.

Minister: Shri Anurag Singh Thakur
BCCI president: Roger Binny
Hockey India President: Dilip Tirkey
16th President of the Indian Olympic Association: P. T. Usha

  1. 1st T20I Women’s Cricket Match
    Friday, 05 Jan 2024
    India Women vs Australia Women, At Navi Mumbai, Dr DY Patil Sports Academy
    Match 56
    On 05 Jan 2024
    At DOME by NSCI, Mumbai
    • Patna Pirates
      • VS
    • Dabang Delhi K.C.
      • @ 20:00 IST
    • Match 57
      • U Mumba
        • Vs
      • Bengaluru Bulls
    • @ 21:00 IST
  3. In Diu, Union Sports Minister Anurag Singh Thakur inaugurated the Beach Games held at the Ghoghala Beach of the Union Territory.
    • RSA: 55 (23.2) &176 (36.5)
    • IND: 153 (34.5) & 80/3(12)
      • India won by 7 wkts
    • PLAYER OF THE MATCH: Mohammed Siraj
    • PLAYER OF THE SERIES: Jasprit BumrahDean Elgar


CHANDIGARH Union Territory
Nickname: The City of Beauty
Formation: 7 Oct 1953
Chief secretary: Dharam Pal, IAS

BIRD: Grey hornbill
FRUIT: Mango
MAMMAL: Grey mongoose
TREE : Mangifera indica

In Bharat there are 28 states and 8 Union territories.
Population of Bharat:142 cr (2023)
President of Bharat: Smt Droupadi Murmu
Vice President: Shri Jagdeep Dhankhar
Prime Minister: Shri Narendra Modi
Speaker Lok Sabha: Shri Om Birla (BJP)
Rajya Sabha Seats: 245 (233 Elected + 12 Nominated)
Loksabha: 550 members (530 States + 20 Union Territories)
Chief Election Commissioner: Shri Rajiv Kumar


In December 1950, by signing the “India – Sikkim Peace Treaty”, Sikkim became India’s protectorate. India took control of Sikkim in April 1973 as its associate state as the people overthrew the monarchy.
On 15 May 1975 the President of India ratified a constitutional amendment that made Sikkim the 22nd state of India.

 The origin theory of the name Sikkim is that it is a combination of two Limbu words: su, which means “new”, and khyim, which means “palace” or “house”.

Capital: Gangtok

Nothing is impossible, the word itself says ‘I’m possible’!

A husband asks his wife, “Will you marry after I die?” The wife responds, “No, I will live with my sister.” The wife asks him back, “Will you marry after I die?” The husband responds, “No, I will also live with your sister.”

What Causes Twitching of Eyebrows?

Eyebrow twitching can be caused by everyday things that might include caffeine, stress, and eyestrain. It may also be a sign of an underlying disorder, such as Bell’s palsy or Tourette syndrome. Twitching of the eyebrow is when the skin around the eyebrow moves or spasms involuntarily.

विवेकख्यातिरविप्लवा हानोपायः।

Uninterrupted practice of discrimination (between real and unreal)is the means to liberation and the cessation of ignorance.​

निरंतर अभ्यास से प्राप्त​ निश्चल और निर्दोष विवेकज्ञान हान(अज्ञानता) का उपाय है।

Bull: वृषभः

How Matchstick is made 

Wood is cut, into small matches, soaked in fire retardant ammonium phosphate and left to dry. Striking end of the stick is then soaked in hot paraffin wax, which will provide small amount of fuel to the wood, enabling it to burn more easily. … One to serve as a base, and one as a finalized layer of match head.

5 December – World Soil Day

(a) Jai Singh (5 December 1653 – 23 September 1698), was the Maharana of Mewar Kingdom, ruling from 1680 to 1698.
He was a son of Mahanara Raj Singh I.

(b) Shikhar Dhawan (born 5 December 1985) is an Indian international cricketer.At the 2015 World Cup, he was the leading run-scorer for India and in the following year, became the fastest Indian to reach 3,000 ODI runs.

You can’t have your cake and eat it too.  
You can’t have everything

Foolish × Wise
Evaluate – Assess

(kindly inform, if given info is vary from actual facts🙏🏻)

A sholka during time of bathing.

गङ्गे च यमुने चैव गोदावरि सरस्वति ।.
नर्मदे सिन्धु कावेरि जलेऽस्मिन् संनिधिं कुरु ॥

Gangge Cha
Yamune chaiva Godaavari Sarasvati |
Narmade Sindhu Kaaveri Jale-[A]smin Sannidhim Kuru ||

 1: O Holy Rivers Ganga and Yamuna, and also Godavari and Saraswati,

2: O Holy Rivers Narmada, Sindhu and Kaveri; Please be Present in this Water (and make it Holy).

(Note: These home tips followed in villages/ancient traditions, it is up to you to use it or not🙏🏻)

Many people around the world don’t get enough iron

Cumin is very dense in iron, providing almost 20% of your daily iron in one teaspoon.

CH Nαʋҽҽɳ Kυɱαɾ…✒️