1. President Smt. Droupadi Murmu will inaugurate a four-day cultural extravaganza, “Vividhta ka Amrit Mahotsav: A cultural odyssey unveiling the richness of Northeast India,” on Thursday, at the Amrit Udyan, Rashtrapati Bhavan in New Delhi.
  2. President Smt. Droupadi Murmu travelled in Delhi Metro and interacted with school children during the ride.
    • President also flagged off shuttle bus service between Central Secretariat Metro Station (Gate 4) and Amrit Udyan (Gate 35) for visitors coming to Amrit Udyan.
  3. Vice-President Jagdeep Dhankhar inaugurated the World Sustainable Development Summit in New Delhi on Wednesday in the presence of Prime Minister of Guyana Mark Phillips and Union Minister for Environment, Forests and Climate Change Bhupender Yadav.
  4. PM Modi will address the programme marking the 150th anniversary of Srila Prabhupada at BharatMandapam today. Prime Minister will also release a commemorative stamp and a coin in honour of the spiritual guru Srila Prabhupada.
  5. Election Commision of India on Wednesday allotted ‘Nationalist Congress Party-Sharadchandra Pawar’ as the official name for faction led by Sharad Pawar for the upcoming Rajya Sabha elections. The faction had also sought ‘banyan tree’ as the election symbol for itself.
  6. Bihar chief minister Nitish Kumar on Wednesday met Prime Minister Narendra Modi in Delhi for the first time after his latest political flip-flop. The Janata Dal (United) chief also met Union home minister Amit Shah and Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) president J P Nadda and is believed to have discussed a host of issues related to Bihar ahead of the trust vote scheduled for 12 February.
  7. Uttarakhand government passed the Uniform Civil Code (UCC) Bill in the State Assembly in Dehradun.
  8. The Uttar Pradesh government is taking significant steps ‘EV Upyog’ Portal to promote the manufacture and use of electric vehicles (EVs) in the state.
  9. The three day training programme on General Election- 2024 for Returning Officers/Assistant Returning Officers/ Nodal Officers (Districts) commenced at the Conference Hall of the office of the Chief Electoral Officer (CEO), Sikkim.
  10. Union Minister of Petroleum & Natural Gas and Housing & Urban Affairs, Hardeep Singh Puri, has hailed recent reforms for stabilizing petrol and diesel prices amidst global turbulence. Speaking at the India Energy Week 2024, He also emphasized the significance of diversifying import sources and adjusting gas pricing mechanisms, leading to a drop in domestic fuel costs despite international price hikes.
  11. Bengaluru metro’s first-ever driverless train has reached India from China as it was delivered at Chennai port on Tuesday, this driverless train will be transported to Bengaluru once it gets clearance from customs at the port. The train will run through Namma Metro’s Yellow line, which is currently under construction.
  12. The gates of a dam in Manipur were shut after a black, oil-like substance was found in a key river in Imphal East district, sparking concerns over possible water contamination. The incident comes less than a month after an oil leak from an unused heavy-fuel power plant polluted another river.
  13. Justice Vijay Bishnoi has recently been sworn in as the Chief Justice of the esteemed Gauhati High Court, marking a significant milestone in his illustrious legal career.

Chief Justice of India: Shri Dhananjaya Y. Chandrachud
Minister Of Law & Justice: Arjun Ram Meghwal
International Court of Justice Prz.: Joan Donoghue

  1. Security was tightened in Jammu and Kashmir on Wednesday amid protests against the grant of Scheduled Tribe status to the Pahari community, even as NC leader Omar Abdullah was stopped from proceeding to Sunderbani to address a party meeting.
  2. EC suspends 3 officials after stolen EVM found. Police have recovered the control unit of an electronic voting machine (EVM) after it was allegedly stolen from the office of a revenue official in Maharashtra’s Pune district, and nabbed two persons in this connection.
  3. Top Congress leaders from Karnataka led by Chief Minister Siddaramaiah on Wednesday held a protest in Delhi against the Centre over alleged injustice to the southern state in devolution of taxes, sparking a fierce slugfest between the party and the Modi government.
  4. A court in Gujarat’s Junagadh district on Wednesday granted bail to Islamic preacher Mufti Salman Azhari and two others in connection with a ‘hate speech’ case registered against them.
  5. Jamiat Ulama-e-Hind chief Maulana Arshad Madani reacted to the introduction of the Uniform Civil Code (UCC) bill in the Uttarakhand Assembly and said Muslims will not accept any law against the Sharia.

$ USD ₹ 82.99
💷 GBP ₹ 104.82
€ Euro: ₹ 89.51

GDP rate (2023): 6.5% ( $3.75 trillion)
India is the fifth largest economy in the world.
Inflation rate: Retail Inflation 5.69% in Dec 2023
Population: 141.81 cr
(17.7% of the total world population).
Unemployment: 7.8%

BSE SENSEX: 72,152.00 −34.09 (0.047%)🔻
NIFTY: 21,930.50 +1.10 (0.0050%)🌲

Rates in Financial Capital Mumbai
GOLD: ₹ 63,200/10gm (24 krt)
SILVER: ₹ 74,500/KG


PETROL: ₹ 97/Ltr
DIESEL: ₹ 90/Ltr
CNG: ₹ 76/Ltr
LPG: ₹ 903/14.2 Kg


PETROL: ₹ 106/Ltr
DIESEL: 95/Ltr
Auto Gas: ₹ 60/Ltr
CNG: 76/Kg
LPG: ₹ 903/14.2 Kg

  1. RBI will announce its bi-monthly policy amid expectations of continued pause on the key interest rate. RBI Governor Shaktikanta Das will announce at 10 AM the decisions taken during the 3-day meeting of Monetary Policy Committee (MPC).
  2. The Lok Sabha yesterday took up the Finance Bill, 2024 for consideration and passing. The Bill seeks to continue the existing rates of income-tax for the financial year 2024-2025 and to provide for certain relief to taxpayers.

Information and Broadcasting Minister: Shri Anurag Singh Thakur
Chairman of The Film and Television Institute of India (FTII): R Madhavan
Chairman of Central Board of Film Certification (CBFC): Prasoon Joshi

  1. On Wednesday, officials from the Union health ministry stated that actor Poonam Pandey is not under consideration to serve as the brand ambassador for the government’s national campaign aimed at raising awareness about cervical cancer.
    • Earlier this month, headlines were dominated by news of Poonam Pandey’s supposed death from cervical cancer, sparking intense debates on social media. However, it was later revealed that the news was fabricated as a stunt by the actor and her team to raise “critical awareness” about the disease.
  2. FIGHTER movie Box Office Collection (Worldwide): Becomes 1st Indian Film Of 2024 To Enter 300 Crore Club: Hrithik Roshan’s Fighter, though performing below expectations, has managed to score a triple century at the worldwide box office in 12 days.

Supreme Commander of Armed Forces: The President
Minister: Rajnath Singh
Def Minister of State: Ajay Bhatt
Union Home: Amit Shah
National Security Advisor: Ajit Doval
Chief of Defence Staff:

  1. The preparations of the Indian Air Force for ‘Exercise Vayu Shakti 2024’ are in full swing. It will take place on February 17 and all frontline aircraft, including the Rafale fighter jets.
  2. Chief of Defence Staff Gen Anil Chauhan on Wednesday announced that the Indian armed forces have allocated funds amounting to ₹25,000 crore to fulfil its defence space needs including the development of a constellation of surveillance satellites and the establishment of secure communications networks.
    • Addressing the DefSat Conference and Expo organised by SIA-India, Gen Chauhan urged India’s private space sector to utilise this opportunity to make the country self-reliant in the emerging dual sector.
  3. The Ministry of Defence reportedly signed a $225 million deal with Nadrah Company on Tuesday for supplying artillery ammo to Saudi Arabia.
    • The event was attended by HE Ahmad Abdulaziz Al-Ohali, Governor of the General Authority of Military Industries, KSA, and Ajay Bhatt, State Defence Minister.
  4. Defence forces to get 3 new spy planes, Defence Ministry may discuss plan next week: India is planning to development three new spy planes for keeping a close watch on enemy communications and carrying out long-range surveillance missions. The three new spy planes are also known as signal intelligence and communication jamming system aircraft.
    • The project is being developed jointly by the Defence Research and Development Laboratory and the Indian Air Force.
    1. NCC SPECIAL ENTRY SCHEME-56 COURSE (OCT 2024) (MEN & WOMEN) (including ward of battle casualties of army personnel) is extended upto 08 Mar 2024 at 1500hrs.
    2. SHORT SERVICE COMMISSION (TECH) MEN 63RD COURSE (OCT 2024) AND SHORT SERVICE COMMISSION (TECH) WOMEN 34TH COURSE (OCT 2024) are Open From 23 Jan 2024 At 1500 hr to 21 Feb 2024 at 1500 hr.

External affairs Minister: Subrahmanyam Jaishankar

  1. The Ministry of External Affairs (MEA) asked Indian citizens in the Rakhine state of Myanmar to leave the region immediately. The MEA in its advisory cited deteriorating security situation in the troubled region. It also requested Indians to refrain from travelling to the region.
  2. Foreign Minister of Bangladesh, arrived in New Delhi on his first official visit to India : Foreign Minister of Bangladesh, Hasan Mahmud, met with National Security Adviser Ajit Doval, and the two leaders held discussions on exploring avenues for enhanced regional cooperation to ensure security and foster greater stability not only within the region but also beyond.
  3. India’s permanent representative to the United Nations in Geneva, Arindam Bagchi, met the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, Volker Turk, on Tuesday and discussed a range of issues of mutual interest.
  4. The first joint working group meeting on agriculture took place between Iran and India on Tuesday.During the meeting, the officials of the ministries of agriculture of both countries emphasised increasing cooperation in the field.
  5. Iran eliminates visa requirements for Indian tourists from 4 February 2024, aiming to boost tourism and global engagement. Indian ordinary passport holders can visit every six months for up to 15 days. The move extends to 33 countries, acknowledging India’s growing outbound tourism market.
  6. Sri Lanka aims to finalize Free Trade Agreements (FTAs) with India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Vietnam, and China by 2024 to spur economic growth.

UNO Gen. Secy: António Guterres.

  1. Israel-Hamas war: Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu rejects Hamas’ ceasefire deal, vows to fight until ‘total victory’.
    • Meanwhile, US Secretary of State Antony Blinken, who is currently in Israel amid his 5th visit to the Middle East since the beginning of the war, called on Israel to prioritise civilians in Gaza.
  2. At least 30 people were killed and more than 40 others injured on Wednesday in twin blasts targeting election offices in Pakistan’s restive Balochistan province, a day before the general elections.
  3. US drone strike in Iraqi capital kills leader of Iran-linked militia Kataib Hezbollah commander: The strike in Iraq comes days after the US military launched air strikes on dozens of sites in Iraq and Syria which they said are being used by Iran-backed militias and the Iranian Revolutionary Guard.
  4. A military helicopter with five troops on board that had been missing in the rugged mountains outside of San Diego has been found. It was located near Pine Valley. The troops were flying back to Marine Corps Air Station Miramar when their aircraft was reported overdue.
  5. The International Monetary Fund (IMF) on Wednesday warned the Maldives of being at a high risk of ‘debt distress’ amid increasing proximity with China. The strategically important nation is currently governed by a pro-China government.
    • Since the rise of Mohamed Muizzu as Maldives President in November last year, Beijing has pledged more funding for the island nation.
  6. El Salvadoran President Nayib Bukele triumphantly secures his reelection, despite lingering concerns over authoritarian tendencies. Bukele’s landslide victory underscores his firm stance against gang violence and his vision for democratic reforms.
  7. Recently Yemen’s Presidential Leadership Council, in a significant move, appointed Foreign Minister Ahmed Awad bin Mubarak as the country’s new Prime Minister.
  8. The fifth session of the ninth Parliament of Sri Lanka was inaugurated by President Ranil Wickremesinghe.
  9. Pakistan to hold its Parliamentary elections for 16th National Assembly . Local media reported that the elections will be held on 265 seats of National Assembly and five hundred and ninety seats of four provincial assemblies.

Minister: Shri Anurag Singh Thakur
BCCI president: Roger Binny
Hockey India President: Dilip Tirkey
16th President of the Indian Olympic Association: P. T. Usha

  1. ICC UNDER 19 WORLD CUP 2024
    19 Jan– 11 Feb 2024
    In South Africa🇿🇦 Thursday, 08 Feb 2024 Semi-Final 2 Benoni, Willowmoore Park
    • Australia U19
      • Vs
    • Pakistan U19
    • Today @ 1:30 PM
    • February 07, 2024 Thyagaraj Indoor Stadium, Delhi
      • Match 110
    • Dabang Delhi K.C-22
      • Vs
    • Jaipur Pink Panthers- 27
      • Match 109
    • Bengaluru Bulls-31
      • Vs
    • Puneri Paltan-40


PUNJAB =Chandigarh (Joint Capital with Haryana)
In 1947 Punjab (British India) was divided into East Punjab (In India) and West Punjab (Now in Pakistan)
Districts: 22
Governor: Banwarilal Purohit (Till 3 February 2024)
CM: Bhagwant Mann

Language: Punjabi
Dance: Bhangra, Giddha
Mammal: Blackbuck
Bird: Baaz


In Bharat there are 28 states and 8 Union territories.
Population of Bharat:142 cr (2023)
President of Bharat: Smt Droupadi Murmu
Vice President: Shri Jagdeep Dhankhar
Prime Minister: Shri Narendra Modi
Speaker Lok Sabha: Shri Om Birla (BJP)
Rajya Sabha Seats: 245 (233 Elected + 12 Nominated)
Loksabha: 550 members (530 States + 20 Union Territories)
Chief Election Commissioner: Shri Rajiv Kumar


Shillong is a hill station in the northeastern part of India and the capital of Meghalaya, which means “The Abode of Clouds”. It is the headquarters of the East Khasi Hills district. 

Shillong was a small village until 1864, when it became the new civil station of the Khasi and Jaintia hills. It remained the summer capital of Eastern Bengal and Assam for many years. In 1874, on the formation of Assam as a Chief Commissioner’s Province, it was chosen as the capital of the new administration. An earthquake destroyed the city in 1897, necessitating its complete rebuilding. In January 1972, Shillong became the capital of the newly formed state of Meghalaya.

The sun himself is weak when he first rises, and gathers strength and courage as the day gets on.

Chintu: india ..
Boss: which part\?

Chintu: what \’which part\’\? whole body was born in india 

Why is ground water warm during winters and cool during summers?

Ground water is not warm or cold in winter or summer respectively….its atmosphere whose temp rise and fall during summer….but soil is bad conductor so tere is little change in temperature of ground water…..take an example….the air from your refrigerator or AC at 20°c makes you feel cool in summer which is 40°c and ground water at 30°c is also cooller but in winter which is at 5°c that all 20°c and ground water at 27°c makes you feel warmer even now ground water temperature is 3° lower compare to that of summer..

विद्यां ददाति विनयं,
पात्रत्वात् धनमाप्नोति,
धनात् धर्मं ततः सुखम् 

Vinaya Dadati Paatrataam।
Dhanaat Dharmam Tatah Sukham॥

Education makes one humble, humility makes one capable, Capacity allows one to make money, Money brings happiness.

How is Gold Formed and How Did It Get Here?

It may surprise you to know that gold was never formed on earth. Almost all the gold that we are wearing on our person or storing in our safe at home – came from asteroids. There is far more gold sitting in the core of the earth than has ever been on the surface. That gold was generously donated by our sun. Over the billions of years, it took to form the earth, that gold along with most other metals given to us by the sun, has sunk to the magma core of our planet. There is enough gold in the center of the earth to cover the surface with a 1.5-foot-thick layer.

Another theory rising in popularity is that Gold is Created in Supernovas, gold is formed when 2 neutron stars collide, releasing an amazing amount of energy and creating the mass of Jupiter in gold.

First talkie movie in the world – “ The jazz Singer” (1927)
Largest state – Rajasthan Larges
populated state – Uttar Pradesh
Smallest state: Goa

Jagjit Singh, born Jagmohan Singh Dhiman (8 February 1941 – 10 October 2011), popularly known as “The Ghazal King” or “King of Ghazals”, was an Indian Ghazal singer, composer and musician.

He was awarded the Padma Bhushan by the Government of India in 2003 and in February 2014, the government released a set of two postal stamps in his honour.

To move heaven and earth
To make a supreme effort

Cunning × Simple
Insufficient : Inadequate

(kindly inform, if given info is vary from actual facts🙏🏻)

Rashi, also referred to as the Moon sign, holds significant importance in Vedic astrology as it represents the placement of the Moon at the time of an individual’s birth. The Zodiac comprises of 12 Rashi signs, namely Mesha, Vrishabha, Mithuna, Karka, Simha, Kanya, Tula, Vrishchika, Dhanu, Makara, Kumbha, and Meena, each associated with unique characteristics and significance. In Hindu tradition, the first letter of a name is often chosen based on the Rashi and Nakshatra during birth.

(Note: These home tips followed in villages/ancient traditions, it is up to you to use it or not🙏🏻)

Coconut oil pulling involves swishing oil in your mouth for 15–20 minutes to remove bacteria. Practicing this daily can reduce plaque and may brighten your teeth.

CH Nαʋҽҽɳ Kυɱαɾ…