🌄 S̴h̴u̴b̴o̴u̴d̴h̴a̴y̴ : 07 Jul/आषाढ मास (Wednesday) ग्रीष्म ऋतू {कृष्ण पक्ष}🙏🏻
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Today’s top News


  1. President Ram Nath Kovind has appointed New Governors for eight state: Haryana, Karntaka, Madhya Pradesh, Goa, Tripura,Jharkhand, Mizoram and Himachal Pradesh.

a. . Bandaru Dattatraya: Haryana.

b. Thawarchand Gehlot – Karnataka.

c. Mangubhai Chhaganbhai Patel: Madhya Pradesh.

d. Sreedharan Pillai has been transferred to Goa

d. Ramesh Bais : Jharkhand Governor.

e. Satyadev Narayan Arya : Tripura,

f. Hari Babu Kambhampati : Mizoram.

g. Himachal Pradesh.:
Rajendra Vishwanath Arlekar

  1. Cabinet expansion likely on 07 Jul (Wednesday). There is also speculation that PM Modi will reshuffle the union cabinet. Currently, the cabinet has 52 ministers and it is said that around 20 more faces will be accommodated. Women’s representation will also be increased in the council, and the average age of the leaders will be lowest in the history of Independent India. The existing cabinet will meet at 11 am today (Wednesday).
  2. National COVID-19 recovery rate improves to 97.17%.
  3. Common Eligibility Test, CET for job aspirants will be conducted across the country from early 2022. The National Recruitment Agency (NRA) will conduct CET to screen & shortlist candidates for jobs in Govt sector for which recruitment is presently carried out through the Staff Selection Commission, Railway Recruitment Boards & Banking.
  4. Education Minister Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank said National Testing Agency will be holding the 3rd session of JEE (Main)-2021 Examination from the 20th July to 25th July. The fourth session will be held from 27th July to 2nd August 2021.
  5. Uttarakhand govt. extends ongoing COVID curfew by another week. It will remain in place till 6 a.m. on the 13th of July. Opening of shopping malls with 50% capacity.
  6. Bihar CM Nitish Kumar made an aerial survey of flood affected areas of the state due heavy monsoon rains.
  7. CM of Delhi, Arvind Kejriwal, launched a scheme to provide monetary support to COVID-19 affected families, he launched an online portal which will help in providing financial assistance to families. Under this scheme, Rs 50,000 ex gratia will be provided to every family who lost a member to COVID-19. An additional of Rs 2,500 per month will be provided to them if deceased was the only source of bread to that family.
  8. Tamil Nadu Chief Minister M K Stalin opposed the Draft Cinematograph (Amendment) Bill, 2021, saying the proposed “amendment itself is against the spirit of promoting rightful thinking in civil society,” and demanded for its withdrawal.
  9. Drones banned in 3 more districts of J-K: District authorities in Samba, Ramban and Baramulla in Jammu & Kashmir on 06 Jul banned the storage, sale or possession of drones and other unmanned aerial vehicles.
  10. Punjab CM Amarinder Singh on 06 Jul (Tuesday) met Congress president Sonia Gandhi at her residence amid infighting in the state unit, and said whatever decisions she takes on changes in the organisation and the government will be acceptable.
  11. Former Punjab Director General of Police (DGP) Mohammad Izhar Alam passed away due to cardiac arrest at a private hospital in Mohali on 06 Jul (Tuesday). He was 72.
  12. A funeral service for tribal rights activist & Jesuit priest Stan Swamy, who died in a private hospital while waiting for medical bail in the Elgar Parishad case, was held at the St Peter’s church in suburban Bandra on 06 Jul (Tuesday).
  13. Today Yeduguri Sandinti Rajasekhara Reddy (Y S Rajashekhar Reddy) birthday is celebrate in Andhra Pradesh (8 July 1949 – 2 September 2009), popularly known as YSR, was a two-time Chief Minister of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh, serving from 2004 to 2009. He was elected to the 9th, 10th, 11th, and 12th Lok Sabha from the Kadapa constituency for four terms and to the Andhra Pradesh Assembly for five terms from the Pulivendula constituency.
  14. Indian Air Force (IAF) station in Jammu, Air force has decided to procure 10 anti-drone systems in order to stop such attacks in future across border areas.
  15. The central govt is likely to restore the 7th pay commission Dearness Allowance (DA) and Dearness Relief (DR) benefits for the central govt employees & pensioners soon. DA is revised twice every year in January and July.
  16. What are military theatre commands & why does India want to switch to them
    India — The theatre command system is intended to bring better synergy between the three branches of the armed forces. Instead of separate commands for the army, navy, air force, a unified command will be set up to be led by a single commander. The plan is to have five unified or theatre commands, which will help in better planning and military response, and aim to have a unified approach to fighting any future war.
  17. The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) is inviting applications for graduate and technician apprenticeships at its headquarters in Bangalore. Interested and eligible candidates may find the application form at the official ISRO website — isro.gov.in. The last date to submit applications is July 22.


  1. External Affairs Minister Dr. S. Jaishankar will pay a three day official visit to Russia from today (07 Jul). During the visit, Minister will meet his counterpart Sergey Lavrov.
  2. India & Russia agree to have 2 + 2 strategic dialogue, India has had such meetings only with the United States and Japan. The 2 plus 2 dialogue entails an annual meeting between the external affairs minister, Mr S. Jaishankar and the defence minister, Mr Rajnath Singh and their Russian counterparts.
  3. India 2 plus 2 with Russia is being seen as another way of strengthening the military to military relationship between the two countries. India’s main battle tank is the Russian T-90, the two Rafales squadrons, fighter plane Russian Sukhoi-30 & the Navy nuclear-powered submarines from Moscow.
  4. Chief of Army Staff Gen M M Naravane has met UK’s Chief of Defence Staff Gen Sir Nicholas Carter and exchanged views on defence cooperation between the two countries. Gen Naravane arrived on a two-day visit to the United Kingdom on 05 Jul (Monday).
  5. Chinese President Xi Jinping has promoted Xu Qiling, Commander of the People’s Liberation Army’s Western Theatre Command which oversees the borders with India, to the rank of a General, amid the continued standoff along the Line of Actual Control (LAC) in eastern Ladakh.


  1. Two stealthy missile ships of the Italian Navy have entered the Black Sea, ready to participate in the Sea Breeze 21 exercise with NATO. Currently, it is known that Russia has sent patrol boats to escort the fleet of NATO warships.
  2. The US coordinator for the Indo-Pacific region Kurt Campbell said that US President Joe Biden will host a summit with the leaders of Australia, India and Japan this year.

🚣🚴🏇🏁🏊 Sports:

  1. Athletics Federation of India (AFI) has announced a 26-member team to compete in the Tokyo Olympics. The athletics events at the Olympics start on July 31 and it will run through August 9.
  2. The International Cricket Council (ICC) has banned a former performance analyst with Sri Lanka Cricket Sanath Jayasundara from cricket for seven years after it’s Anti-Corruption Tribunal found him guilty of breaching the ICC Anti-Corruption Code. The ban is backdated to May 11, 2019, when he was provisionally suspended.
  3. Today birthday of Sourav Ganguly
    former Indian cricketer
    His Date of Birth: 08-Jul-1972

He is an Indian former cricketer, commentator and administrator who played as a left-handed opening batsman and was captain of the Indian national team. He is the 39th & current president of the Board of Control for Cricket in India & President of the Editorial Board with Wisden India.
Before being elected as the President of BCCI, he was the President of Cricket Association of Bengal.

  1. Happy Birthday Mahendra Singh Dhoni,
    Born: 7 July 1981 (age 39 years): He is a former Indian international cricketer who captained the Indian national team in limited-overs formats from 2007 to 2017 and in Test cricket from 2008 to 2014.
  2. Indian cricketers, who are in the UK for a five-Test series, will receive their second dose of the COVID-19 vaccine from 07 Jul & 9 Jul.

$ USD 74.77 💷GBP 103.19
In Kolkata(WB)
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Petrol ₹ 99.99
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LPG : ₹ 861/14.2 Kg

BSE Sensex 52,861.18
NIFTY : 15,818.25

Ⓝⓐⓥⓔⓔⓝ Ⓚⓤⓜⓐⓡ
🇮🇳 Facts about India 🇮🇳

The name Jammu is derived from its ruler who founded it. Raja Jambulochan founded this city in 14th BC and named it Jambupur which later changed to Jammu. … Jammu has historically been the capital of Jammu Province and the winter capital of the erstwhile Jammu and Kashmir princely state(1846–1952). Jammu is Known as the City of Temples for its ancient temples and Hindu shrines. The Battle of Jammu was a surprise attack launched by Mughal General Zakariya Khan Bahadur against the Sikhs who were under the leadership of Bhag Singh. The Sikhs were pursued all the way north to Jammu by the Mughal forces. At Jammu, the Sikhs were met by Jammu King Raja Dhruv Dev (1707-1733), whose father Raja Gaje Singh (1692-1707) accepted Mughal suzerainty during Aurangzeb’s reign. The Sikhs were surrounded and killed by the combined Mughal and Jammu Rajput forces. Their leader Bhag Singh was then captured and executed by Zakariya Khan Bahadur.

According to folk etymology, the name “Kashmir” means “desiccated land” (from the Sanskrit: Ka = water and shimeera = desiccate {completely dry} ). In the Rajatarangini, a history of Kashmir written by Kalhana in the mid-12th century, it is stated that the valley of Kashmir was formerly a lake.

😀 Thought of the day

Life is like a novel and every day is a page. If page is sad the next will become happy… So don’t worry turn the next page and enjoy your life.

Joke of the day

पत्नी – आजकल तुम घर जल्दी आ जाया करो,
हमारे मोहल्ले में बहुत चोरियां होने लगी हैं!

पति – अब क्या चोरी हो गया?

पत्नी – वहीं तौलिया जो हम शिमला के होटल से
चोरी करके लाये थे…!!! 🤪😂


Why are the days longer in summer and shorter in winter?

As the Earth circles the Sun during the year in its own axis, half of the Earth get more or less sunlight than the other half of the Earth. In the summer months, the northern half of the Earth, where we live, tilts towards the Sun. This means we get more sunlight, making the days longer.

LEARN Sanskrit🙏🏻

ललित Elegant

Lalit is largely used in Indian and it is derived from Sanskrit origins. The meaning of Lalit is charming;

🤔 How it works ⚙️⁉

A transformer 🔌💡🎛️is an electrical apparatus designed to convert alternating current from one voltage to another. It can be designed to “step up” or “step down” voltages and works on the magnetic induction principle.

So there has to some way of reducing the high voltage electricity from power plants to the lower voltage electricity used by factories, offices, and homes. The piece of equipment that does this, humming with electromagnetic energy as it goes, is called a transformer

Transformer is an electrical apparatus designed to convert alternating current from one voltage to another. It can be designed to “step up” or “step down” voltages and works on
the magnetic induction principle. A transformer has no moving parts and is a completely
static solid state device, which insures, under normal operating conditions, a long and
trouble-free life. It consists, in its simplest form, of two or more coils of insulated wire
wound on a laminated steel core. When voltage is introduced to one coil, called the
primary, it magnetizes the iron core. A voltage is then induced in the other coil, called the
secondary or output coil. The change of voltage (or voltage ratio) between the primary
and secondary depends on the turns ratio of the two coils.

💁🏻‍♂️ GK TODAY

Measuring units

Voltage Volt . (V = I × R)
Current – Ampere (I=V ÷ R)
Resistance Ohm (R = V ÷ I)
Power Watts (P = V × I)
Frequency Hertz
Charge Coulomb


Jyotirindra Basu (8 July 1914 – 17 January 2010); known as Jyoti Basu was an Indian politician belonging to the Communist Party of India (Marxist) from West Bengal, India.


Jaya and Vijaya are the two gatekeepers (Dwarapalaka) of the abode of Vishnu, known as Vaikuntha

According to a story from Bhagavata Purana, the Four Kumaras, Sanaka, Sanandana, Sanatana, and Sanatkumara who are the manasputras of Brahma (sons born from the mind or thought power of Brahma), visited Vaikuntha,

Jaya and Vijaya, the gatekeepers of the Vaikuntha interrupt the Kumaras at the gate.

The enraged Kumaras cursed both the keepers Jaya and Vijaya, that they would have to give up their divinity, be born as mortals on bhuloka (earth), and live like normal human beings. Vishnu appeared before them, and the gatekeepers requested Vishnu to lift the curse of the Kumaras. Vishnu said that the curse of the Kumaras cannot be reversed. Instead, he gives Jaya and Vijaya two options. The first option is to take seven births on Earth as a devotee of Vishnu, while the second is to take three births as his enemy. Both choose second option to complete the curse as soon as possible and return the Vaikunta.


(Note : These home tips followed in villages/ancient traditions, it is up to you to use it or not🙏🏻)

Paronychia is an infection of the skin around a fingernail or toenail. The infected area can get swollen, red, and painful. Sometimes a pus-filled blister may form. Most of the time, paronychia is no big deal and can be treated at home.

Blend one part of white vinegar with two parts of warm water. Soak the infected nail in this solution for 10 to 15 minutes. Wash and dry thoroughly. Repeat this procedure twice daily, till the fungus is gone.

Take a bucket of hot water. Add 2 tbsp of salt to it. Mix it well. Soak your toenails and fingernails in it for 15-20 minutes. Repeat this process 2-3 times a day.

Take some betel leaves.
Grind them to make a paste. Apply this paste to the affected area. Tie a clean and dry cotton cloth around the affected area. Repeat this procedure daily for a week.

  1. Lemon used as best paronychia home treatment. It will quickly help you reduce your pain effectively.
  2. Take a glass of warm water and squeeze some drops of lemon juice in it
    Mix it well with a spoon and dip your swollen hand finger as well as feet
  3. Using Mustard oil and lemon is another excellent natural home remedy that can help in removing the infection, Soak your fingers in oil for at least fifteen minutes per day.

Above mentioned home remedies may take few weeks to treat paronychia so be patient. They are inexpensive and readily available. If none of those mentioned above remedies helps you, please consult your doctor immediately. Remember, if it is not treated timely it may result in complete or partial loss of the nail

CH Nαʋҽҽɳ Kυɱαɾ.