1. India Meteorological Department (IMD) has said that the severe day cold conditions are likely to continue over some parts of Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, and Rajasthan during the next two days.
  2. Lok Sabha Speaker Om Birla inaugurated the ‘Panchayat Se Parliament Tak’ programme for women representatives of Panchayati Raj Institutions and urban local bodies at the Samvidhan Sadan in New Delhi.
  3. PM Modi will interact with beneficiaries of the Viksit Bharat Sankalp Yatra on the 8th of this month via video conferencing.
  4. Jal Jeevan Mission Crosses Momentous Milestone of Providing Tap Water Connections to 14 Crore Rural Households.
  5. The Union Cabinet has approved the proposal to declare Ayodhya Airport as an International Airport and naming it as Maharishi Valmiki International Airport, Ayodhyadham.
  6. The 7th edition of Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s ‘Pariksha Pe Charcha 2024’ to be held on the 29th of this month, has recorded over one crore registrations on the MyGov portal till date.
  7. On January 5th 2024, the Election Commission of India (ECI) issued new guidelines making it mandatory for registered unrecognized political parties (RUPPs) to provide additional financial documents and election expenditure statements for getting a common election symbol.
  8. The government has decided to implement the overarching scheme PRITHvi VIgyan (PRITHVI) for 4,797 crore rupees. It is to understand Earth Systems and science of Climate Change.
  9. The Ministry of Development of North Eastern Region (DoNER) is organizing a 5-day cultural festival named Uttar Purvi Mahotsav 2024 in New Delhi from January 13th-17th. Hosted at Pragati Maidan’s Bharat Mandapam, New Delhi.
  10. The Uttar Pradesh government is transforming Ayodhya under its ‘Navya Ayodhya’ project. Within this, the state tourism department’s Paying Guest scheme aims to upgrade accommodation and cuisine experiences for visitors.
  11. Algae farming project launched for fishermen of Konkan area of Maharashtra under the Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana. The project is being started on a pilot basis at Achara in Sindhudurg district.
  12. Punjab CM Bhagwant Mann is in Vizag For Meditation Course till Friday at a wellness centre in the city.
  13. Union Minister Nitin Gadkari inaugurates and lays foundation stone for 12 NH projects in Kerala worth Rs 1464 crore.
  14. Rajasthan Chief Minister Bhajan Lal Sharma has distributed portfolios among the ministers. The Chief Minister has kept eight departments with himself including Personnel, Home Affairs, Information and Public Relations. Deputy Chief Minister Diya Kumari has been assigned a total of six departments including Finance, Tourism, Women and Child Development. Deputy Chief Minister Prem Chand Bairwa has been given the responsibility of four departments including Technical and Higher Education and Transport.
  15. Tableau designs submitted by Punjab government for Republic Day 2024 made public by Ministry of Defence (MoD) do not show any photos of Punjab Chief Minister Bhagwant Mann or AAP National Convenor and Delhi CM Arvind Kejriwal included in them.
  16. Tamil Nadu’s Minister for Youth Welfare and Sports Development Udhayanidhi Stalin visited New Delhi on Thursday, where he called on Prime Minister Narendra Modi and invited him for the Khelo India Games as well as met Congress leaders Sonia Gandhi and Rahul Gandhi in what he described as a “courtesy call”.
  17. National Commission for Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR) has summoned the chief secretaries of as many as 11 states and UTs for not acting on a directive to identify non-Muslim children studying in madrassas so that they could be admitted to school.
  18. 68 Rajya Sabha members, nine of whom are Union ministers, face retirement, intensifying the race for coveted six-year terms in the Upper House of Parliament. The electoral battleground has already been set with contests declared for three seats in Delhi and one in Sikkim.

Chief Justice of India: Shri Dhananjaya Y. Chandrachud
Minister Of Law & Justice: Arjun Ram Meghwal
International Court of Justice Prz.: Joan Donoghue

  1. Justice B.R. Gavai has been nominated the new Chairman of the Supreme Court Legal Services Committee (SCLSC). He replaces Justice Sanjiv Khanna, the top court’s senior-most judge after the Chief Justice of India.
  2. NOW, MEGHALAYA TOURIST TAXIS TO GO ON 48-HOUR STRIKE FROM 05 JAN: The tourist taxi associations opposing against the increase in punishment in the hit-and-run cases in the yet-to-be implemented Bharatiya Nyaya Sanhita (BNS) has decided to end their 48-hour protest today (Saturday) morning.
  3. Former Governor of Nagaland, former director of the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) and former Director General of Police, Himachal Pradesh, Ashwani Kumar, allegedly committed suicide by hanging himself at his residence in Shimla.
  4. The Enforcement Directorate (ED) is conducting searches at six locations in Maharashtra, in connection with the Maharashtra Co-operative Bank scam.
  5. Illegal foreign-made arms, as many as 300 cartridges, more than 100 liquor bottles, Rs 5 crore cash and nearly 5 kg bullion (gold or silver valued in weight) have been recovered by the Enforcement Directorate (ED) from the premises of former Indian National Lok Dal (INLD) legislator Dilbag Singh and his associates in connection with an illegal mining case and e-conveyance scam.
  6. The Supreme Court declined to dismiss criminal proceedings against Congress leader Pawan Khera, who is accused of making derogatory remarks about the names of PM Modi and his father.
  7. The Supreme Court said it has recommended setting up a two-judge panel in all high courts to ensure that the orders on pay, pension and other retiral benefits for judicial officers as per the Second National Judicial Pay Commission are implemented.
  8. The Supreme Court on 5 January said the Madras High Court did right to restrain itself and pass the ball to Tamil Nadu Chief Minister M.K. Stalin to take a call about the continuance of V. Senthilbalaji as a Minister without portfolio.
    • Mr. Senthilbalaji is involved in a money laundering case linked to the cash-for-job scam.
  9. The West Bengal Governor CV Ananda Bose condemned the attack on Enforcement Directorate (ED) officials in Sandeshkhali by Trinamool Congress (TMC) leader Sheikh Shajahan’s supporters. The investigative agency said that “800-1000″ people attacked their officials “with an intention to cause death”.

Minister: Nirmala Sitharaman.
Commerce & Industry: Piyush Goyal
RBI Gvrnr: Shaktikanta Das
President of the World Bank: Ajay Banga
IMF MD: Kristalina Georgieva

$ USD ₹ 83.14
💷 GBP ₹ 105.42
€ Euro: ₹ 90.97

GDP rate (2023): 6.5% ($3.75 trillion)
India is the fifth largest economy in the world.
Inflation rate: 4.7%
Population: 141.81 cr
(17.7% of the total world population).
Unemployment: 7.8%

BSE SENSEX: 72,026.15 +178.58 (0.25%)🌲
NIFTY: 21,710.80 +52.20 (0.24%)🌲

Rates in Financial Capital Mumbai
GOLD: ₹ 63,270/10gm (24 krt)
SILVER: ₹ 76,600/KG


PETROL: ₹ 97/Ltr
DIESEL: ₹ 90/Ltr
CNG: ₹ 76/Ltr
LPG: ₹ 903/14.2 Kg


PETROL: ₹ 106/Ltr
DIESEL: 95/Ltr
Auto Gas: ₹ 60/Ltr
CNG: 76/Kg
LPG: ₹ 903/14.2 Kg

  1. The government has decided to implement the overarching scheme PRITHvi VIgyan (PRITHVI) for 4,797 crore rupees. A decision in this regard was taken by the Union Cabinet.
  2. Ministry of Road Transport and Highways, MoRTH has said that the National Highways network in the country has increased by 60 percent from over 91,000 kilometers in 2014 to more than one lakh 46 thousand kilometers in the year 2023.
  3. India’s External Affairs Minister S. Jaishankar will be visiting Uganda from January 15-20, 2024, to attend the 19th edition of Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) Summit. Strengthening ties with African countries.
  4. UNION MINISTER PIYUSH GOYAL URGES AUTO INDUSTRY TO AIM FOR AT LEAST 50% EXPORT SHARE: India will host Bharat Mobility Global Expo 2024, next month to showcase India’s growing role as a global hub for the mobility ecosystem.
  5. The government has informed that 91 mines have been successfully auctioned so far. According to the Coal Ministry, six commercial mines have already started coal production and another three are likely to start production in the coming months. Estimated to attract annual revenue of over 33,000 crore rupees.
  6. The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has said that Rs 2,000 notes can be exchanged through post offices as well.
  7. P Santhosh, Chief General Manager at Canara Bank, has been appointed as the Managing Director of National Asset Reconstruction Company (NARCL).

Information and Broadcasting Minister: Shri Anurag Singh Thakur
Chairman of The Film and Television Institute of India (FTII): R Madhavan
Chairman of Central Board of Film Certification (CBFC): Prasoon Joshi

  1. Dipika Chikhlia, who portrayed the character of Sita in Ramanand Sagar’s iconic TV series Ramayan, has been invited for the consecration ceremony of the Ram Mandir in Ayodhya on January 22. Arun Govil, who played Lord Ram in the Doordarshan serial, has also been invited for the historic occassion.
  2. South and Bollywood’s biggest stars gathered at a big fat Indian wedding of Asianet director K Madhavan’s son’s.
    • Malayalam actors Mohanlal, and Prithviraj Sukumaran along with Kamal Haasan and Bollywood actors Akshay Kumar, Aamir Khan and Karan Johar attended the wedding in Rajasthan.

Supreme Commander of Armed Forces: The President
Minister: Rajnath Singh
Def Minister of State: Ajay Bhatt
Union Home: Amit Shah
National Security Advisor: Ajit Doval
Chief of Defence Staff:

  1. The US has invited India to join the multi-national naval coalition, Operation Prosperity Guardian, to counter threats posed by Yemen’s Houthi militants in the Red Sea.
  2. VICE PRESIDENT Shri Jagdeep Dhankhar inaugurates NCC Republic Day Camp 2024 at Delhi Cantt: He has said that NCC cadets embody the youth’s dynamism and reflect the organization’s instilled discipline.
  3. Vice Admiral Dinesh K Tripathi on Thursday assumed charge as Vice Chief of the Navy succeeding Vice Admiral Sanjay J Singh, who became Flag Officer Commanding-in-Chief of the crucial Western Naval Command.

External affairs Minister: Subrahmanyam Jaishankar

  1. The Supreme Court on Thursday refused to intervene in the case of an Indian citizen, identified as Nikhil Gupta by US authorities, who has been arrested in the Czech Republic for allegedly conspiring to kill Sikh separatist Gurpatwant Singh Pannun in the US, saying it was a sensitive case, and left the matter to the government.
  2. All 21 crew, including Indians, aboard the cargo ship, ‘MV Lila Norfolk’, that was hijacked near the coast of Somalia have been rescued and are safe.
  3. Nepal has signed a long-term agreement for the export of 10,000 MW of power to India in the next 10 years.
  4. India has submitted nominations for three cities – Indore, Bhopal and Udaipur – to receive the tag of ‘International Wetland City’ under the Ramsar Convention. This recognition highlights efforts by cities to conserve urban and peri-urban wetlands.
  5. Ambassador Indra Mani Pandey, a senior diplomat of India, assumed the position of Secretary General (SG) of the Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation (BIMSTEC).

UNO Gen. Secy: António Guterres.

  1. Hospital doctors in England on Wednesday began their longest consecutive strike in the seven-decade history of Britain’s National Service (NHS). Junior doctors — those below consultant level — started a six-day walkout, in a major escalation of their long-running pay dispute with the UK government.
  2. Nepal has stopped issuing permits for its citizens to work in Russia and Ukraine following the deaths of Nepalis who have gone to fight in the war.
  3. In Bangladesh, Leaders of religious minority communities demanded effective security measures for minorities during the pre- and post-polling periods of the national election.

Minister: Shri Anurag Singh Thakur
BCCI president: Roger Binny
Hockey India President: Dilip Tirkey
16th President of the Indian Olympic Association: P. T. Usha

    1st T20I
    • India Women won by 9 wkts
      • AUSW: 141(19.2)
      • INDW : 145/1(17.4)
    • PLAYER OF THE MATCH: Titas Sadhu
    05 Jan, 2024
    DOME by NSCI, Mumbai
    • Match 56
      • Patna Pirates- 37
        • VS
      • Dabang Delhi K.C-38
    • Match 57
      • U Mumba- 40
        • VS
      • Bengaluru Bulls-35
  3. The Indian Olympic Association appointed Raghuram Iyer as the Chief Executive Officer.


CHANDIGARH Union Territory
Nickname: The City of Beauty
Formation: 7 Oct 1953
Chief secretary: Dharam Pal, IAS

BIRD: Grey hornbill
FRUIT: Mango
MAMMAL: Grey mongoose
TREE : Mangifera indica

In Bharat there are 28 states and 8 Union territories.
Population of Bharat:142 cr (2023)
President of Bharat: Smt Droupadi Murmu
Vice President: Shri Jagdeep Dhankhar
Prime Minister: Shri Narendra Modi
Speaker Lok Sabha: Shri Om Birla (BJP)
Rajya Sabha Seats: 245 (233 Elected + 12 Nominated)
Loksabha: 550 members (530 States + 20 Union Territories)
Chief Election Commissioner: Shri Rajiv Kumar


Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar (April,14th, 1891 – December 6th, 1956) was an Indian jurist, economist, and social reformer who fought economic and social discrimination against the untouchables in India’s Hindu society.
His reputation as a scholar led to his appointment as free India’s first law minister, and chairman of the committee for drafting the constitution. 

On 06 Dec 1992, Babri Masjid was demolished in Ayodhya.

How can the dead be truly dead when they still live in the souls of those who are left behind.


Why did the kid bring a ladder to school?
Because she wanted to go to high school.

Where would you find an elephant?
The same place you lost her.

What building in your town has the most stories?
The public library.

Why does a seagull fly over the sea?
Because if it flew over the bay, it would be a baygull.

What kind of water can’t freeze?
Hot water.


Why do old people lose their teeth? 

Older people who lose some or all of their teeth will likely need partial or full dentures and/or implants. Periodontal disease is the major cause of tooth loss in adults. Periodontal disease is a destructive disease of the gums and supporting structures caused by the long-term accumulation of bacteria.

 आ नो भद्राः क्रतवो यन्तु विश्वतः ।
ā no bhadrāḥ kratavo yantu viśvataḥ ।

Let noble thoughts come to me from all directions.​

सभी दिशाओं से नेक विचार मेरी ओर आएँ

How is Bitumen produced? 

 Bitumen, is a substance produced through the distillation of crude oil that is known for its waterproofing and adhesive properties. Bitumen production through distillation removes lighter crude oil components, such as gasoline and diesel, leaving the “heavier” bitumen behind. Bitumen, dense, highly viscous, petroleum-based hydrocarbon that is found in deposits such as oil sands and pitch lakes (natural bitumen) or is obtained as a residue of the distillation of crude oil (refined bitumen).

Bituminous materials are used for road construction, roofing, waterproofing, and other applications. For the main application, which is road construction, the major concerns, as with concrete, are cost and durability.

 6 December – BR Ambedkar’s death anniversary

On 6 December 1956, he passed away. The day is observed to commemorate his unforgettable contribution to society and his achievements. 

MGNREGA The Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act 2005 is an Indian labour law and social security measure that aims to guarantee the ‘right to work’.

Ravindrasinh Anirudhsinh Jadeja (born 6 December 1988), commonly known as Ravindra Jadeja, is an Indian international cricketer. On 22 January 2017, Jadeja became the first Indian left-arm spinner to take 150 One Day International wickets, when he dismissed Sam Billings at Eden Gardens, Kolkata.

Barking up the wrong tree To be mistaken, to be looking for solutions in the wrong place

Huge – Tiny
Famous – Renowned

 (kindly inform, if given info is vary from actual facts🙏🏻)

Hanuman Statues are in orange colour bcoz

Since Hanuman is Bal Brahmachari (unmarried / celibate), only men are allowed to worship and touch the idol. Women can worship him but should not touch the idol. Mostly idols are covered with saffron (Kesar). Saffron colour is mostly associated with Brahmacharya(bachelorhood). It was told that once Hanuman asked Sita mata, why she wears a Sindhoor on her forehead. Sita mata replied “wearing a sindhoor on my forehead enhances the life of Sri Ram”!.

Sita’s answer overwhelmed Hanuman, and he thought, if a pinch of Sindhoor(kesari/orange)can increase the life span of Sri. Ram, then why not apply it all over my body so that Sri. Ram can live forever!.

Then he procured a bucket full of Sindhoor(kesari) and smeared his whole body with oil and Sindhoor!.

On the other side, Hanuman was born on a tuesday (mangalwar), the day of planet Mars or Mangal, the red planet!. 

(Note: These home tips followed in villages/ancient traditions, it is up to you to use it or not🙏🏻)

Jaggery (or gur) is made from unrefined sugar, and is obtained by boiling raw, concentrated sugar cane juice till it solidifies. Although jaggery is also made from the sap of coconut and date palm.

It acts as a detox, as it helps cleanse the liver by flushing out nasty toxins from the body. Jaggery is loaded with antioxidants and minerals like zinc and selenium, which help prevent free-radicals (responsible for early ageing). It helps boost resistance against infections, hence building stronger immunity.

CH Nαʋҽҽɳ Kυɱαɾ…