04 Oct (Tuesday)
Vedic Ritu: Varsha
Drik Ritu: Sharad (Autumn)
पक्ष :: Shuklapaksh
Month: Ashvina 24, (Purnimanta)
Ashvina 9(Amanta)
Vikram Samvat – 2079
Shaka Samvat – 1944
Nakshatra: Uttara Ashadha (till 10:51 pm) Shravana
Tithi: Navami (up to 2:21 pm) Dashami
RahuKaal: 03:11 PM – 04:39 PM



  1. By-elections for seven assembly constituencies in six states will be held on November 3. two are in Bihar (Mokama, Gopalganj), and one each in Maharashtra (Andheri East), Haryana (Adampur), Telangana (Munugode), Uttar Pradesh (Gola Gokrannath), and Odisha (Dhamnagar).
  2. Election Commission launches year-long voter awareness program Matadata Junction on All India Radio.
  3. Last date to submit application for National Means cum Merit Scholarship scheme extended till Oct 15.
  4. Civil Aviation Minister Jyotiraditya Scindia inaugurated direct flights between Bilaspur and Indore. The flight will operate between Bilaspur and Indore every Monday, Wednesday, Friday and Sunday on this route.
  5. The celebration of 68th National Wildlife Week is observed all over India from 2nd to 8th October 2022. The main objective of this campaign is to promote the conservation and protection of animal life.
  6. J&K : Union Home Minister Amit Shah is visiting Jammu and Kashmir for three days beginning 03 Oct
  7. GUJARAT : President Draupadi Murmu inaugurated and laid the foundation stone for various projects worth Rs. 1,330 crore rupees at the GMERS campus in Gandhinagar.
  8. KARNATAKA : A pro-Kannada group protested over Rahul Gandhi’s image on ‘Karnataka flag’
    It has demanded an apology from the Congress. Rahul Gandhi’s image appeared in the unofficial Karnataka flag during the Bharat Jodo Yatra.
  9. ODISHA: deploys 230 platoons of police force to ensure peaceful celebration of Dussehra festivities.
  10. TELANGANA govt issued an order to increase the reservation for the Scheduled Tribe communities from 6 percent to 10 percent. Reservations would apply in the educational institutions and Jobs.
  11. UTTAR PRADESH : Samajwadi Party (SP) workers organised special prayers in temples across UP for the long life of party founder Mulayam Singh Yadav, who is currently admitted to the CCU
  12. NEW APPOINTMENT : Senior Indian Space Research Organization scientist Anil Kumar has been appointed as the Vice-President of the International Astronautical Federation (IAF).


  1. UTTAR PRADESH , five persons including two boys and one woman were killed and 67 people injured after a fire broke out at a Durga Puja pandal in Aurai town of Bhadohi district, October 2.
  2. The Supreme Court issued a notice to the Uttar Pradesh government on a plea filed by AIMIM leader Asaduddin Owaisi challenging the bail granted to two accused of firing at his vehicle in February this year. The bench also issued notices to the two accused, Sachin Pandit and Shubham Gurjar. They were released on bail on August 3.
  3. The Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) has launched a multi-phase ‘Operation Garuda’. Operation Garuda will help to disrupt, degrade, and dismantle networks with international linkages.
  4. J&K : Pakistan’s spy agency ISI is trying to push in as many as terrorists as possible in Kashmir before winters to prove to the world that the Valley is “unstable”, top intelligence sources said after Udhampur blast interrogation.
  5. A SPECIAL court on Monday sent five men, arrested for alleged links with the now banned organisation, Popular Front of India (PFI), to further custody of the Maharashtra Anti-Terrorism Squad (ATS) till October 8.


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  1. State Bank of India announced that it will adopt 30 remote villages across India under the 4th phase of the ‘SBI Gram Seva’ program on Sunday. It adopt villages across Aspirational Districts in Haryana, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Punjab, Tamil Nadu, and West Bengal.
  2. A UN agency has forecasted that India’s economic growth is expected to fall to 5.7% in 2022 from 8.2% in 2021.
  3. GAIL (India) Limited has announced the appointment of Sandeep Kumar Gupta as the Chairman & Managing Director of the company. Gupta, who previously served as Director (Finance) at Indian Oil Corporation (IOC).
  4. Punjab CM Bhagwant Mann has announced increasing the price of sugarcane to ₹380 per quintal from ₹360 per quintal.


  1. Riya Kumari of Kamala Nehru Nagar in Patna,, who came to the limelight for asking for sanitary pads from IAS officer Harjot Kaur, got an advertisement offer from a sanitary pad company. The company will also bear the expenses of her studies till graduation.
  2. Writer Dr Madhav Hada will be awarded the 32nd Bihari Puraskar for his 2015 literary criticism book ‘Pachrang Chola Pahar Sakhi Ri’, the KK Birla Foundation announced.
  3. Actor Prabhas, speaking about his upcoming film ‘Adipurush’, said that director Om Raut has designed it for the present generation. “Om designed it for the kids and families,
  4. Tollywood Actor Mahesh Babu on Sunday immersed the ashes of his mother Indira Devi in Ganga in Haridwar. He also performed a puja for his late mother. Indira Devi passed away on September 28 at a private hospital in Hyderabad.


  1. Man who instructed 7 Indian Army Generals turns 100 :. Industrialist Anand Mahindra has shared a video of a felicitation ceremony organised to celebrate the 100th birthday of Subedar Major/ Hony Capt Govindswamy, VSM, Retd”, an Icon and Epitome of Drill in Madras Sappers.
    • He was ex-Drill instructor of the National Defence Academy (NDA). The event was organised by the Madras Sappers in Bengaluru.
    • Calling it his “Monday Motivation,” Anand Mahindra wrote that he “had goosebumps when Subedar Major Swamy saluted the officers at the event. Subedar Major Swamy, during his tenure, instructed seven Indian Army Generals.
    • He has been the force behind MEG winning the “Best Marching Contingent Trophy” of the Republic/Army Day Parade, all “Nine” times it participated.”
  2. Raksha Mantri formally inducts indigenously-developed Light Combat Helicopters into Indian Air Force in Rajasthan.
  3. Army’s Rashtriya Rifles unit conducted a pre Medical examination Camp in the Banihal area of Ramban district, especially for female aspirants of the Agneepath Scheme. The camp was organized by the Army with assistance from Sub District Hospital Banihal in Battalion Headquarters Banihal.
  4. Center extends AFSPA in Nagaland and Arunachal Pradesh for further 6 months: The Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act, or AFSPA, has been applied to 12 districts in Nagaland and Arunachal Pradesh for an additional six months.
  5. Sujoy Lal Thaosen and Anish Dayal Singh have been appointed as the new director generals of the CRPF and ITBP respectively.
  6. Major General Vikram Dev Dogra (retd) completed his third Ironman triathlon in Barcelona, Spain. In 2018, (the now 62-year-old) had become the first serving Indian Army officer to complete the event which comprises 3.8 km of swimming, 180 km cycling and 42.2 km of running. Dogra served in the Indian Army for around 38 years.


  1. Noted lawyer Lalit Bhasin has been appointed as the national president of Indian American Chambers of Commerce (IACC).
  2. No vandalism at Bhagavad Gita Park, (the Brampton park) Canada, Says Canadian authorities, a day after India’s ‘hate crime’ note.
  3. Permission denied to RJD Rajya Sabha MP Manoj K Jha to visit Pakistan.
    • Jha had received a joint invitation from Asma Jahangir Foundation, AGHS Legal Aid Cell, Pakistan Bar Council and Supreme Court Bar Association of Pakistan last month to deliver a lecture during the ‘4th Asma Jahangir Conference – Crisis of Constitutionalism in South Asia’ scheduled on October 22 and 23.
  4. Indian Mars Orbiter Mission: Mangalyaan Craft Completes 8 Years in Orbit. Indian Mars Orbiter Craft runs out of fuel and battery after completing 8 years.


  1. The Nobel Prizes 2022 for medicine or physiology was awarded to Swedish geneticist Svante Paabo. Svante Paabo was given the award “for his discoveries concerning the genomes of extinct hominins and human evolution”.
  2. China withdraws its IAEA anti AUKUS resolution: At the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) general session in Vienna, China withdrew a draught resolution criticising the AUKUS alliance after determining that it would not be supported by a majority of the attendees.
  3. Turkey’s annual inflation reached a new 24-year high of 83.45% in September.
  4. Ukrainian forces have broken through Russia’s defences in the south of the country while expanding their rapid offensive in the east, seizing back more territory in areas annexed by Moscow and threatening supply lines for Russian troops.
  5. The U.S. military said it killed a leader of the Islamist militant al-Shabaab group with an air strike in Somalia over the weekend, while the insurgents claimed responsibility for a new attack.
  6. Sweden sends diving vessel to probe leaking Nord Stream pipelines.


  1. The ICC on Monday announced the schedule for the Women’s T20 World Cup 2023, which will begin on February 10 in South Africa.
    • India are placed in Group 2 with England, West Indies, Pakistan and Ireland. India will face Pakistan on February 12. India will face West Indies, England, and Ireland on February 15, 18 and 20, respectively
  2. Indian javelin thrower, Shivpal Singh has been suspended from competing till October 2025 due to a doping violation. As per the Olympics.com he subsequently tested positive for the banned substance methandienone, a performance-enhancing steroid. As a result, the National Anti-Doping Agency (NADA) suspended Shivpal Singh for four years.
  3. India’s pace spearhead Jasprit Bumrah has been ruled out of the ICC T20 World Cup due to a back injury, the BCCI announced on Monday.
  4. 3rd T20I • South Africa tour of India, 2022

South Africa


Starts at 19:00 IST,

Oct 04 (13:30 GMT)

Shimla (Summer)
Dharamshala (Winter)
Formed : 01 Nov 1956 (UT)
State : 25 Jan 1971
Govrnr: Rajendra Arlekar

CM : Jai Ram Thakur (BJP)
Districts : 12

🥇Gold ₹ 51,800 @10gm 24 (Krt)
🥈 Silver ₹ 62,100 @ Kg
⛽ Petrol ₹97.27/Ltr 
⛽ Diesel ₹ 83.28/Ltr

LPG : ₹ 1,099.00 /14.2 Kg


The constitution of India is the framework for political principles, procedures and powers of the government. It is also the longest constitution in the world with 395 articles and 12 schedules. … The constitution was written on 26 November 1949, and was made the center of law on 26 January 1950

Branches : Three (Executive, Legislature and Judiciary)

Amendments : 105

As of October 2021, there have been 105 Latest amendment in the Indian Constitution? 105th Amendment Act of 2021 brought the latest amendment in the Constitution of India. The Constitution (One Hundred and Fifth Amendment) Act, 2021 is designed to clarify that the states can maintain the “state list” of OBCs.

😀Thought of the day

Most people fail at the exam of life because they’re trying to copy others, not realizing that everyone has a different question to answer.


Pappu* : Ghar mai Mera he Hukam chalta hai.

Mai Kehta hon, Garam paani le aao, woh le aati hai,

Dost : Garam pani Q?

Pappu : Garam pani se Bartan Achay Dhultay hain na.😷🤪


Why Mosquitoes bites to drink blood*

The word mosquito” (formed by mosca and diminutive -ito) is Spanish for “little fly”. Mosquitoes are the world’s deadliest animals, transmitting diseases like malaria, yellow fever, Chikungunya etc that kill hundreds of thousands of people annually.Only the Female Anopheles mosquitoes bite, to acquire protein to make their eggs. When a mosquito pierces the skin, Mosquito saliva makes our blood vessels dilate, blocks our immune response and flexible lip-like sheath called the labium scrolls up and stays outside as she pushes in six needle-like parts called stylets. Two of these needles, called maxillae, have tiny teeth. The mosquito uses them to saw through the skin. They’re so sharp you can barely feel the mosquito biting you.

LEARN Sanskrit🙏🏻

अन्नं न निन्द्यात् तद् व्रतम्*

Annam na nindyat, tad vratam

Never abuse the food, that is the rule.

अन्नं की निंदा मत करो, वही व्रत है

उपरांत : After


How a steam Engine works*

A steam engine is a heat engine that performs mechanical work using steam as its working fluid. The use engine uses the force produced by steam pressure to push a piston back and forth inside a cylinder. This pushing force is transformed, by a connecting rod and flywheel, into rotational force for work.

Until the early 20th century, coal was the world’s favorite fuel and it powered everything from trains and ships to the ill-fated steam planes invented by American scientist Samuel P. Langley, an early rival of the Wright brothers.

A fire where the coal burns. There will be a boiler full of water that the fire heats up to make steam. A cylinder and piston, rather like a bicycle pump but much bigger. Steam from the boiler is piped into the cylinder, causing the piston to move first one way then the other. This in and out movement (which is also known as “reciprocating”) is used to drive… A machine attached to the piston. That could be anything from a water pump to a factory machine… or even a giant steam locomotive running up and down a railroad.

💁🏻‍♂‍ GK TODAY

World Animal Welfare Day is celebrated on 4 October* to raise awareness among people about taking actions worldwide for the rights of animals as well as welfare.


Shyamji Krishna Varma* (4 October 1857 – 30 March 1930) was an Indian revolutionary fighter, an Indian patriot, lawyer and journalist who founded the Indian Home Rule Society, India House and The Indian Sociologist in London.

A graduate of Balliol College, Krishna Varma was a noted scholar in Sanskrit and other Indian languages.


Raja Vasireddy Ramagopala Krishna Maheswara Prasad, popularly known as Muktyala Raja (4 October 1917 – 28 August 1972) was a Zamindar of Muktyala who is instrumental in the construction of the Nagarjuna Sagar Dam, the tallest masonry dam in the world, in the State of United Andhra Pradesh India, which is across the river Krishna.

He is the descendant of family of Vasireddy Venkatadri Nayudu.


Stealing someones thunder’ – Taking credit for someone else achievements.

Forsake × Hold

*Forsake : desert


(kindly inform, if given info is differ from actual facts🙏🏻)

Sugriva* : King of Vaanar tribe and King of Kiskindha who helped Sri Rama in Ramayan. Sugriva was also a younger brother of Vali , whom he succeeded as ruler of the vanara kingdom of Kishkindha .

Rumā was his wife. She is mentioned in Book IV ( Kishkindha Kanda) of Ramayana. Ruma and Sugriva fell in love with each other and wanted to marry each other. But Ruma’s father did not approve. Hence, Sugriva with the help of Hanuman, abducted Ruma and they married each other. But his wife was forcely taken by his elder brother Vali,

Sugriva took help of Sri Rama, killed Vali, accepted Ruma as his wife after killing vali. And after death of Vali he also married with Tara wife of Vali and accepted her son Angad and made him prince(yuraj) of kishkindha.

According to Srimad Valmiki Ramayana, Vali had always been wearing a lustrous necklace, given by his father Lord Indra, on his neck. It was only when he is breathing his last that he asks Sugreeva to take it before he passes away.

Nowhere in the Ramayana it was mentioned that on wearing that lustrous necklace, half of his opponent’s energy will come over to him. However, it was mentioned in Ramayana that he is very powerful and fearless.


(Note : These home tips followed in villages/ancient traditions, it is up to you to use it or not🙏🏻)

Jeera water uses. The powerful anti-gas chemicals within protect the body against irritable bowel disease and solves flatulence, belching and burps in a flash.

It should be first on the list of everyone looking for a simple, quick remedy for their stomach woes. Jeera water reduces obesity. The thymoquinone contained within the jeera is protective of the liver.

CH Nαʋҽҽɳ Kυɱαɾ…