31 Jul (Monday)
Vedic Ritu
/ Varsha
Drik Ritu: Varsha (Monsoon)
पक्ष :: Shuklapaksh
Vikram Samvat – 2080
Shaka Samvat – 1945
Month: Sravana 14, (Purnimanta)
Sravana 14, (Amanta)
Nakshatra: Purva Ashadha (up to 6:58 pm)
Uttara Ashadha
Tithi: Trayodashi (up to 7:27 am)
Rahu: 07:38 AM – 09:16 AM
Yamaganda : 10:55 AM – 12:33 PM

ODD MAN OUT logical thinking series: only a genius can solve all. https://youtu.be/ZsyjmxnaJHM


  1. The India Meteorological Department (IMD) issued heavy to very heavy rainfall warning for several states for Monday. Heavy to very heavy rainfall is likely over Odisha and Jharkhand. Meanwhile, heavy rainfall is very likely over Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, West Bengal, Bihar, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram, Tripura, Goa and Maharashtra..
  2. PM Modi : Mann Ki Baat program @ 30 Jul : Highlights
    • (a) Prime Minister praised people for their novelty in water conservation & Tree plantation.
    • (b) ‘Meri Mati Mera Desh’ campaign will be launched soon ahead of Independence Day to honour the martyred men and women.
    • (c) ‘Amrit Vatika’ will be built near the National War Memorial by fusing the soil and saplings that would arrive in the 7500 urns.
    • (d) Speaking about the menace of drugs and awareness campaigns conducted to avoid use of drugs.
    • (e) People facing hardships on account of natural calamities, like heavy rains and floods.
    • (f) PM spoke about the Kanwar Yatra undertaken during Sawan month to worship Lord Shiva.
    • (g) He told about Suresh Raghavan from Vadavalli in Tamil Nadu, who decided to preserve the information about plants and animals through his paintings.
    • (h) He also mentioned the rare and ancient artifact which were recently returned to India by the US.
  3. The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) ‘s PSLV-C56 rocket successfully launched the Singapore’s DS-SAR satellite and six co-passenger payloads from the first launch-pad of SDSC-SHAR in Sriharikota yesterday at 06:30 hrs IST.
  4. The Akhil Bhartiya Shiksha Samagam (ABSS) 2023 concluded, with education leaders resolving to work together for transforming India into an equitable and vibrant knowledge society. The event coincided with the 3rd anniversary of the National Education Policy (NEP).
  5. Lok Sabha Speaker Om Birla inaugurated Assam’s new Legislative Assembly building in Guwahati. He also appealed to the people of Manipur to maintain peace and harmony due to the ongoing unrest in the Northeastern state.


  1. The Aam Aadmi Party will contest both the Lok Sabha and assembly elections in Arunachal Pradesh next year, said party national secretary (organisation) Dr Sandeep Pathak in New Delhi on Sunday.
  2. PM Modi will visit Pune in Maharashtra on Tuesday during which he will perform ‘pooja’ at Dagdusheth Mandir, will be conferred Lokmanya Tilak National Award and will lay the foundation stone for various development projects.
  3. Traffic movement on the Badrinath highway was blocked as stones rolled off the hill near Baba Ashram Karnprayag in Uttarakhand’s Chamoli district.
  4. The health condition of former West Bengal chief minister Buddhadeb Bhattacharya (79 years) improved slightly though he remained critical on Sunday morning, doctors treating him at a Kolkata-based hospital.
  5. : iIn Telangana, a six-member inter-ministerial central team (IMCT) will arrive in the state on Monday to assess the damage caused by recent heavy rains and floods in several districts. The team will be led by Kunal Satyarthi, advisor, National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA).


Chief Justice of India: Shri Dhananjaya Y. Chandrachud
Minister Of Law & Justice: Arjun Ram Meghwal

  1. A team of security forces left for Azerbaijan on Sunday to apprehend gangster Sachin Bishnoi, who is one of the key conspirators in singer Sidhu Moosewala’s murder.
  2. Writer and political analyst Badri Seshadri, who was arrested for criticising Chief Justice of India DY Chandrachud and the Supreme Court over Manipur violence, is the founder of Kizhakku Pathippagam- a prominent publishing house in Tamil Nadu. The 58-year-old was earlier part of state government’s Tamil Internet Education Council.
  3. The Mizoram government has started the process of collecting biometric details of Myanmar nationals following an instruction from the Union ministry of home affairs, an official said on Sunday.
    • More than 30,000 Myanmar nationals have taken shelter in Mizoram since February 2021 after the Myanmar military junta staged a coup in the neighbouring country.
  4. UP Police have arrested three people after a couple of videos surfaced online, one of which showed one of the accused pouring petrol over his bike to make a reel.
  5. Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA) has imposed a fine of 30 lakh rupees on Indigo Airlines for certain systemic deficiencies in documentation pertaining to operations, training procedures, and engineering procedures.
  6. A video showing two men drinking alcohol while sitting on a moving car’s roof in UP’s Ghaziabad went viral online, after which three people were arrested, police said. The car has been seized and a ₹10,000 fine has been issued, police said.
  7. A 25-year-old Sri Lankan woman entered India on tourist visa to marry a man from Andhra Pradesh, whom she met on Facebook six years ago. Chittoor SP served her a notice, asking her to leave India once her visa expires on August 15 or seek an extension of her stay.
  8. A fake message claiming that the government has released guidelines for WhatsApp to monitor chats and take action against people has gone viral online. The message wrongly claimed that third tick on WhatsApp will show if the government is going to take action against users. “This message is fake. The government has released no such guideline,” the government clarified.
  9. crime branch wing of the Kerala police which is probing the cheating case involving controversial antique dealer, Monson Mavunkal, arrested former deputy inspector general, S Surendran, in connection with the case.


Minister: Nirmala Sitharaman.
Commerce & Industry: Piyush Goyal
RBI Gvrnr: Shaktikanta Das
President of the World Bank: Ajay Banga

$ USD ₹ 82.22
 GBP ₹ 105.65

GDP rate (2023): 6.5% ($3.75 trillion)
Inflation rate : 4.7%
Population: 141.81 cr (17.7% of the total world population).
Unemployment: 7.8%

BSE Sensex: 66,160.20 −106.62 (0.16%) 🔻
NIFTY: 19,646.05 −13.85 (0.070%) 🔻

Rates in Financial Capital Mumbai
GOLD : ₹ 60,490/10gm (24 krt)
SILVER : ₹ 76,400/KG


PETROL: ₹ 97/Ltr
DIESEL: ₹ 90/Ltr
CNG: ₹ 74/Ltr
LPG: ₹ 1103/14.2 Kg


PETROL: ₹ 107/Ltr
DIESEL: ₹ 95/Ltr
Auto Gas: ₹ 60/Ltr
CNG: ₹ 79/Ltr
LPG: ₹ 1103/14.2 Kg

  1. Over 6 crore income tax returns filed till July 30 in new record : The Income Tax Department said.
  2. Government-appointed Company Law Committee (CLC) is likely to discuss a stricter regulatory framework for startups.
  3. Government released the first installment of 630 crore rupees under the PM ScHools For Rising India- PM SHRI Scheme for 6,207 schools. He also released the education and skill curriculum books translated into 12 Indian languages.
  4. SEBI banned Excel Realty N Infra and its promoters from securities market for two years and levied a Rs.1.75-crore fine on them for involvement in a fraudulent scheme of misrepresenting financial statements. Ranjana Khurana and Arpit Khurana, who were Excel directors and approved the statements, are among the banned entities
  5. National Cooperative Consumers’ Federation of India (NCCF) sold 560 tonnes of tomatoes at a subsidised rate in Delhi, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh from July 14-28. It had begun selling tomatoes at ₹90/kg and later reduced the price to Rs. 70/kg.


Information and Broadcasting Minister: Shri Anurag Singh Thakur
Chairman of Central Board of Film Certification (CBFC): Prasoon Joshi

  1. Rocky Aur Rani Kii Prem Kahaani (RRKPK), film directed by Karan Johar and written by Ishita Moitra, Released on 28 Jul. Total Budge of the movie Rs. 160 Cr. According to IMDb, its rating is 6.6/10
  2. Some fans of Telugu actor Pawan Kalyan were arrested after they damaged a screen in a movie theatre in Andhra Pradesh by pouring milk on it, during the screening of his film ‘Bro’ on Friday (July 28). As per reports, the actor’s fans were performing his ‘abhishekam’ with milk.
  3. Several doctors have warned people against taking the ‘Barbie Feet Challenge’ that has gone viral on TikTok & social media. “It can lead to ligament sprains and injuries”. A doctor warned


Minister: Rajnath Singh
Union Home: Amit Shah
National Security Advisor: Ajit Doval
Chief of Defence Staff:

  1. Defence Minister Rajnath Singh inaugurates ‘Civil 20’ Summit in Jaipur; Highlights role of robust and enlightened Civil society for a functional democracy.
  2. Larsen & Toubro (L&T) and Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) has signed a contract for re-fitment of two Air Independent Propulsion (AIP) System modules for Kalvari class of submarines of the Indian Navy.
  3. Throttle Aerospace Systems (TAS) Pvt Ltd of RattanIndia Enterprises has delivered its nimble-i micro-unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) to the Indian Army. The nimble-i was unveiled at the 4th Drone International Expo, which was held in New Delhi from 26 to 27 July.


External affairs Minister: Subrahmanyam Jaishankar

  1. A two-day G20 policy workshop on the Green and Sustainable Growth Agenda for the Global Economy concluded in New Delhi.
  2. India and Bhutan have reviewed the entire spectrum of bilateral cooperation, and discussed ways to further strengthen it across diverse sectors. Foreign Secretary Vinay Kwatra and his Bhutanese counterpart Aum Pema Choden co-chaired the India-Bhutan Development Cooperation Talks in New Delhi.
  3. Indian-American policy expert Nisha Biswal becomes Deputy Chief Executive Officer of US finance agency.
  4. Indian-American engineer Hirsh Vardhan Singh vying for 2024 US presidential race.
  5. Saudi Arabia is set to host a Ukraine-organised peace summit amid the ongoing war in early August and invited officials from 30 countries, including India and Brazil, The Wall Street Journal has reported. The UK, South Africa and Poland are among those who have reportedly confirmed attendance.
  6. India and Bhutan review bilateral cooperation and discussed ways to further strengthen it across diverse sectors.


UNO Gen. Secy: António Guterres.

  1. Former Russian President Dmitry Medvedev has said that the country will be forced to use a nuclear weapon if Ukraine’s ongoing counteroffensive operation is a success.
  2. Over 100 troops from Russia’s Wagner group in Belarus have moved closer to the border of Poland, PM Mateusz Morawiecki said.
  3. A video purportedly showing moments before a suicide bomb blast exploded at a meeting of an Islamic political party in Pakistan’s Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province, killing at least 40 people, has surfaced. Police said at least 130 persons sustained injuries in the incident.
  4. A pilot landed his tourist plane in the sea off the coast of Fréjus in southern France on Sunday after the plane faced engine failure. All three occupants of the plane were unharmed.
  5. In Thailand, at least ten people killed and more than hundred injured after a fireworks warehouse exploded in the country’s Narathiwat province bordering Malaysia. The explosion, which occurred on Saturday afternoon, destroyed 10 houses and partially damaged about 100 houses.
  6. A Hong Kong court declined a government-requested ban on popular protest song ‘Glory to Hong Kong’
  7. Sudanese civil aviation authority extended the closure of Sudan’s airspace until Aug. 15, except for humanitarian aid and evacuation flights, Khartoum International Airport said in a statement.


Minister: Shri Anurag Singh Thakur
BCCI president: Roger Binny
Hockey India President: Dilip Tirkey
16th President of the Indian Olympic Association: P. T. Usha

  1. In Hockey, Indian women’s team won the 100th Anniversary Spanish Hockey Federation – International Tournament in Terrassa today, with a 3-0 victory over hosts Spain.
  2. India bags four medals including three Gold on 2nd day at Sri Lanka Athletics National Championships
    • (a) Preeti Lamba won the gold medal in the women’s 3000 metre steeplechase
    • (b) Bal Kishan won the gold in men’s 3000 metre steeplechase final.
    • (c) Sonia Baishya also clinched gold medal in the women’s 400 metre.
    • (d) Jisna Mathew finished second in

Population: 26,655,300 (in 2023)
GDP: $1.718 trillion
PRIME MINISTER: Anthony Albanese
CURRENCY: Australian dollar ($) (AUD)
1 AUD = Rs. 54.69

In India there are 28 states and 8 Union territories.
Population of India: 142 cr (2023)
President of India: Smt Droupadi Murmu
Vice President: Shri Jagdeep Dhankhar
Prime Minister: Shri Narendra Modi
Speaker Lok Sabha: Shri Om Birla (BJP)
Rajyasabha Seats: 245 (233 Elected + 12 Nominated)
Loksabha : 550 members (530 States + 20 Union Territories)
Chief Election Commissioner: Shri Rajiv Kumar



Patna also known as Pataliputra is the capital of Bihar. Ancient Patna, known as Pataliputra, was the capital of the Magadha Empire under the Haryanka, Nanda, Mauryan, Sunga, Gupta and Pala. Pataliputra was a seat of learning and fine arts. Its population during the Maurya period.

The Buddhist, Hindu, and Jain pilgrim centres of Vaishali, Rajgir, Nalanda, Gaya, Bodhgaya, and Pawapuri are nearby and Patna is also a sacred city for Sikhs as the last Sikh Guru, Guru Gobind Singh, was born here.

😀Thought of the day

A great thinker was asked, “What is the meaning of life?” He replied “Life itself has no meaning, it is an opportunity to creat a meaning.”


पप्पू की नए ऑफिस में नौकरी लग गई…
मां ने पूछा – बेटा कैसा चल रहा है तेरे ऑफिस का काम?
पप्पू – मां मैं बहुत जिम्मेदार हूं!
मां – अच्छा, वो कैसे?
पप्पू – ऑफिस में जब भी कोई काम बिगड़ता है तो
सारे लोग कहते हैं कि इसके लिए मैं ही जिम्मेदार हूं…!!!


Why do people vomit while travelling in hills?

Vomiting is caused by repeated movements when travelling, like going over bumps in a car or moving up and down in a boat. The inner ear sends different signals to our brain from those your eyes are seeing. These confusing messages cause us to feel unwell and began to vomit..Usually due to ‘motion sickness” where the inner ear is giving one set of sensations to the brain and the eyes are giving another

following tips to avoid vomting

Close the eyes and breathe slowly

The smell of Ginger, lemon, Orange can minimise the sense of vomting
Look straight ahead at a fixed point

Distract thoughts by talking, listening to music or singing songs.

LEARN Sanskrit🙏🏻

पुरषार्थ* ( Purusharth): Efforts, Hard work, Daring, courage


How does a dog can detect various smells. 🐶🦮🐕🐩

Dogs are born to sniff. The area of the canine brain that is devoted to analysing scent is 40 times greater than that of the human and dogs can identify smells at least 1,000 times better than we can. When a dog sniffs, air is taken in and passes through the olfactory epithelium (nasal skin cells). These calls are also found in a special organ that dogs (and cats) possess, called the Jacobsen’s or vomeronasal organ. This organ is thought to be important in the detection of pheromones (body scents), perhaps giving the dog its tremendous ability to identify and recognise animals and people.

Each dog nose is unique, with its own distinct nostril shape and pattern of ridges and dimples. A canine nose print is as unique as a human fingerprint. Dogs can distinguish the scent of individuals, both dogs and people. They can tell the difference between individual family members, even identical twins, purely by smell.

When dogs sniff people they are gaining all sorts of information about us. They know if we are familiar or a stranger. They know which scents we have attracted while we’ve been away. They know if we are experiencing changes in hormones, such as those that occur during pregnancy. They may even know if we are experiencing illness or simply are in a bad mood.

Detection dogs are able to recognize and discern a scent, even when that scent has been masked by another odor. This is because dogs smell in layers, allowing them to detect individual ingredients. A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones. The sense most used by detection dogs is smell. Hunting dogs that search for game, and search dogs that work to find missing humans are generally not considered detection dogs. There is some overlap, as in the case of cadaver dogs, trained to search for human remains.

💁🏻‍♂‍ GK TODAY

Modern civil Aviation in India traces back to 18 February 1911, when the first commercial civil aviation flight took off from Allahabad for Naini over a distance of 6 miles (9.7 km).

The airline was founded by J. R. D. Tata as Tata Airlines in 1932; Tata himself flew its first single-engine de Havilland Puss Moth, carrying air mail from Karachi to Bombay’s Juhu aerodrome and later continuing to Madras (currently Chennai). After World War II, it became a public limited company and was renamed as Air India.


Dhanpat Rai Shrivastava (31 July 1880 – 8 October 1936), better known by his pen name Munshi Premchand was an Indian writer famous for his modern Hindi-Urdu literature. Munshi being an honorary prefix.


Stop Short of Something: When your works stop mid-way due to some circumstances.

जब किन्हीं कारणों से आपके काम बीच में ही रुक जाते हैं।

BAROQUE: Florid, gilt


BAROQUE x Plain, unadorned


(Kindly inform, if given info is differ from actual facts🙏🏻)

Valmiki was born as Agni Sharma to a Brahmin named Pracheta (also known as Sumali) of Bhrigu gotra. According to legend he once met the great sage Narada and had a discourse with him on his duties. Moved by Narada’s words, Agni Sharma began to perform penance and chanted the word “Mara” which meant “die”. As he performed his penance for several years, the word became “Rama”, the name of Lord Vishnu. Huge anthills formed around Agni Sharma and this earned him the name of Valmiki. Agni Sharma, rechristened as Valmiki, learnt the scriptures from Narada and became the foremost of ascetics, revered by everyone.

There also exist some legends about Valmiki having been a robber before turning into a rishi. The Nagara Khanda of the Skanda Purana in its section on the creation of Mukhara Tirtha mentions that Valmiki was born a Brahmin, with the name of Lohajangha and was a devoted son to his parents. He had a beautiful wife and both of them were faithful to each other. Once, when there was no rain in the region of Anarta, for twelve long years, Lohajangha, for the sake of his hungry family, started robbing people that he found in the forest. In the course of this life he met the seven sages or the Saptarishi and tried to rob them as well. But the learned sages felt pity on him and showed him the folly of his ways. One of them, Pulaha gave him a Mantra to meditate upon and the Brahmin turned thief got so engrossed in its recitation that ant-hills came up around his body. When the sages returned and heard the sound of the mantra coming from the ant-hill, they blessed him and said, “Since you achieved great Siddhi seated within a Valmīka (an anthill), you will become well-known in the world as Vālmīki.

He is revered as Ādi Kavi, the first poet, author of Ramayana, the first epic poem. Ramayana, originally written by Valmiki, consists of 24,000 shlokas and seven cantos (kaṇḍas) Ramayana is composed of about 480,002 words.


(Note: These home tips followed in villages/ancient traditions, it is up to you to use it or not🙏🏻)

Curry leaves🌿 are loaded with this vitamin and thus eating these leaves in your daily diet may help in keeping your eyes in a healthy state.

These leaves work in two ways in making you look slender. Firstly, these leaves help the body get rid of toxins and secondly, help in burning the stubborn body fat.

Consumption of curry leaves on a regular basis help in stimulating the insulin-producing cells. These cells help in keeping the blood sugar levels under check.

The digestive enzymes present in curry leaves are helpful in keeping the digestive health on track, and the laxative properties prove to be effective in regulating the bowels.

CH Nαʋҽҽɳ Kυɱαɾ…✒️