31 Jul (Sunday)
Vedic Ritu: Varsha
Drik Ritu: Varsha
पक्ष :: Shuklapaksh
Month: Sravan 18, (Purnimata)/ Sravana 03(Amanta)
Vikram Samvat – 2079
Shaka Samvat – 1944
Nakshatra: Magha ( 2:20 pm) Purva Phalguni
Titi: Tritiya /Chaturthi
RahuKaal: 05:27 PM – 07:05 PM

WEEKEND NEWS REVIEW : https://youtu.be/ds3VfQVrv40


  1. PM Modi will share his thoughts with the people in the country and abroad through ‘Mann Ki Baat’ programme on All India Radio at 11 AM today. It will be the 91st episode of the monthly radio programme.
  2. Agriculture Minister Narendra Singh Tomar presented Agriculture Infrastructure Fund Awards in New Delhi on 30 Jul.
  3. PM Modi launched the Power Ministry’s flagship Revamped Distribution Sector Scheme. The scheme aims at improving the operational efficiencies and financial sustainability of the Distribution Companies (DISCOMs) and power departments. It is being implemented with an outlay of over Rs 3 lakh crore over a period of five years from 2021-22 to 2025-26.
  4. Civil Aviation Ministry has flagged-off direct flights between Delhi and Deoghar. The airline will be deploying an A320 Neo, which is a 180-seater twin turbofan engine passenger aircraft.
  5. Home Minister Amit Shah calls upon all concerned agencies and States to come together to end drug trafficking and drug addiction.
  6. PM Modi says, ease of justice is equally important as ease of doing business and ease of living; Urges District Legal Services to speed up justice delivery system.
  7. Congress to hold anti-inflation stir on August 5, gherao PM’s home.
  8. DELHI : The Singaporean government has withdrawn its invitation to Delhi chief minister Arvind Kejriwal to attend the World Cities Summit 2022
  9. J&K : Two persons died while four others sustained injuries after a seasonal house, commonly known as ‘Kotha’ collapsed in Khani Kote area of Reasi district in Jammu division
  10. GUJARAT : PM Modi launched India’s first International Bullion Exchange (IIBE) at Gujarat International Finance Tech (GIFT) City in Gandhinagar.
  11. MAHARASHTRA : Under the central government’s Catch The Rain initiative, rainwater harvesting work has been done in 8 schools of Jalgaon taluka in Maharashtra with the participation of public representatives and citizens.
  12. Hitting out at Maharashtra Governor Bhagat Singh Koshyari over his remarks on Mumbai, NCP MP Supriya Sule urged President Droupadi Murmu to remove him from his post.
  13. MADHYA PRADESH : 2.9 magnitude earthquake hits MP’s Indore, no casualty reported.
  14. TELANGANA : PM Modi dedicated the 100-MW floating solar power plant established by the National Thermal Power Corporation (NTPC) in 500 acres of its reservoir at Ramagundam in Peddapalli district to the nation.
  15. An interfaith conference was held in Delhi on Saturday in the presence of National Security Advisor (NSA) Ajit Doval, during which religious heads vowed to condemn insult to Gods/ Goddesses/ Prophets. The conference resolved to “ban organisations like PFI” which indulge in “anti-national activities”.


  1. MADHYA PRADESH : A 22-year-old student was found hanging from a tree on the campus of Maulana Azad National Institute of Technology (MANIT) in Madhya Pradesh’s Bhopal on Saturday,
  2. WEST BENGAL : Partha Chatterjee case: Foreign tours of Arpita Mukherjee, the close aide of former state minister and multi-crore West Bengal School Service Commission (WBSSC) recruitment scam accused Partha Chatterjee, are currently under the scanner of the Enforcement Directorate (ED) officials probing the case.
  3. Three Jharkhand Congress MLAs were apprehended in West Bengal’s Howrah with a “huge amount of cash” in their car, police said. Howrah (Rural) SP Swati Bhangalia said the MLAs were identified as Jamtara MLA Irfan Ansari, Khijri MLA Rajesh Kachhap and Kolebira MLA Naman Bixal.
  4. An AgustaWestland helicopter was seized from the house of Pune builder Avinash Bhosale during a CBI raid in connection to the ₹34,615-crore DHFL scam. CBI has been raiding various locations for the past few days to find assets linked to the scam. A consortium of 17 banks, led by Union Bank of India, was allegedly cheated in the scam.


$USD ₹79.20
💷 GBP ₹96.49

BSE Sensex 57,570.25. +712.46 (1.25%)🔺

NIFTY : 17,158.25 +228.65 (1.35%)🔺

All Gujarat Federation of Tax Consultants and Income Tax Bar Association requested the Hon’ble Union Minister of Finance Smt. Nirmala Sitharaman, the Revenue Secretary of the Ministry of Finance and the Chairman of the Central Board of Direct Taxes extend the due date for filing Income Tax Return (Non-Audit and Salaried) for AY 2022-23 under section 139(1) of IT Act, 1961 for Non-Audit category of assesses from 31 July 2022 to 31 August 2022.


  1. Bollywood actor Sonu Sood celebrates his birthday. On his big day, the actor made sure to spend the day with his fans.
    • Sonu Sood has been lauded for his philanthropic deeds for society. The actor became to be known as ‘Superman’ Sonu Sood, when he helped workers travel back home during the COVID-19 pandemic.
  2. Bollywood actor Kangana Ranaut has approached a court in Mumbai, requesting it to record the statement of her sister Rangoli Chandel in the defamation complaint filed by veteran lyricist Javed Akhtar.
    • Akhtar had filed the complaint in the court in November 2020, claiming that Ranaut had made defamatory statements against him in a television interview, which allegedly damaged his reputation.


  1. Point 5140 at Dras sector named as Gun Hill to mark victory of Indian Armed Forces during Operation Vijay.
  2. The govt has proposed amendments in the Cantonments Act, 2006 by incorporating provisions for imparting, inter-alia, greater democratisation to Cantonment Boards including direct election of Vice-President.
  3. DRDO’s Long Range Smart Glide Bomb “Gaurav” will be manufactured by Adani Defence And Aerospace. DRDO has developed two version of the glide bomb, namely, Gaurav which is the winged version which has a range of up to 100 km. It contains a pre-fragmented and penetration-blast warhead. Gautham, the non-winged version has a range of 30 km and in the future the range will be enhanced to 100 km.
  4. Union minister of state for defence Ajay Bhatt told the Lok Sabha on 29 Jul that the Centre has sanctioned ₹498.78 crore to encourage innovation and support start-ups in the defence and aerospace sector till 2026.
  5. Indian Navy’s INS Tarkash has completed its Mediterranean deployment and further entered the Atlantic Ocean to continue its long-range voyageIndian Navy’s guided missile frigate.
  6. The Indian Army is planning to procure approximate quantity 800 Light Armoured Multipurpose Vehicle (LAMV) for Mechanised Infantry and Armoured Corps.


  1. PM Modi held a telephonic conversation with the United Nations Secretary-General, Antonio Guterres on 29 Jul.
    • Both leaders discussed the recent attack on the UN Organization Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO), where two Indian peacekeepers were martyred. Prime Minister Modi urged the UN Chief to ensure expeditious investigations.
  2. External Affairs Minister Dr S Jaishankar has called for urgently addressing the energy and food crisis that the world is facing, due to disruptions from the Covid pandemic and Ukraine conflict.
  3. Newly-elected President Droupadi Murmu while extending felicitations to Sri Lankan President Ranil Wickremesinghe said that India has been committed to assist the people of Sri Lanka in overcoming the challenges posed by the economic crises.


  1. United States: At least 25 people have been killed in a devastating flash flood in the Appalachia region of eastern Kentucky.
  2. A US special envoy met senior Taliban representatives in Tashkent, Uzbekistan and discussed the issue of Afghan central bank reserves.The discussion took place during meetings that took place after the conclusion of the Uzbekistan-hosted Tashkent Conference on Afghanistan on July 26.
  3. A Baloch separatist leader strongly urged China to stop the China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) project in Baluchistan as it has forcibly displaced lakhs of indigenous people and destroyed their properties.The multi-billion dollar CPEC project is a network of highways and railways that will span the length and breadth of Pakistan.
  4. The Taliban called for the implementation of Sharia law in Afghanistan, stressing the need for preserving Islamic values.
  5. Spanish Prime Minister Pedro Sanchez has called on workers in the public and private sectors to stop wearing ties, as an energy-saving measure in the heat.
  6. Pakistan Prime Minister Shehbaz Sharif and his son Hamza Shehbaz have been summoned by a special court in Lahore on September 7 for framing of charges in a PKR 16 billion money laundering case. Shehbaz and Hamza were booked on corruption charges in November 2020.


  1. INDIA WON 3 MEDALS in CWG 2022 at Birmingham : Youth Affairs and Sports Minister Anurag Thakur congratulates the Indian team💐

a. Mirabai Chanu wins gold Medal for India in women’s 49 kg category for a total lift of 201 Kg, sets game record for the category

b. 🥉 🇮🇳 Sanket Sargar Wins Silver in the men’s 55kg category weightlifting.

c. Weightlifter P. Gururaja wins a bronze 🥉 medal for India🇮🇳 in the Men’s 61 Kg weight category with a total of 269 Kg.

  1. Indian boxer Lovlina Borgohain enters CWG 2022 quarters with 5-0 win over NZ’s Nicholson.
  2. ndian women’s hockey team midfielder Navjot Kaur has been ruled out of Commonwealth Games 2022 after testing positive for COVID-19. The 27-year-old, however, showed no symptoms and has been in isolation for the past two days.
  3. Coca-Cola has signed Olympic gold medalist, Neeraj Chopra for Limca Sportz promotion. Recently, Neeraj Chopra has become the first-ever Indian to win a silver medal at World Athletics Championships with his best throw of 88.13 m. Also, Neeraj Chopra has been ruled out of the Birmingham Commonwealth Games 2022 in England due to an injury he picked up at World Athletics Championships

Formed: 1 May 1960
Capitals :
1) Mumbai
2) Nagpur (Winter)

Districts : 36
Governor : Bhagat Singh Koshyari
CM : Eknath Shinde
🥇Gold ₹53,185 @10gm 24 (Krt)
🥈 Silver ₹58,400@ Kg
Petrol ₹106.31/Ltr 
Diesel ₹94.27/Ltr

LPG : ₹ 1,053/14.2 Kg


Patna also known as Pataliputra is the capital of Bihar. Ancient Patna, known as Pataliputra, was the capital of the Magadha Empire under the Haryanka, Nanda, Mauryan, Sunga, Gupta and Pala. Pataliputra was a seat of learning and fine arts. Its population during the Maurya period.

The Buddhist, Hindu, and Jain pilgrim centres of Vaishali, Rajgir, Nalanda, Gaya, Bodhgaya, and Pawapuri are nearby and Patna is also a sacred city for Sikhs as the last Sikh Guru, Guru Gobind Singh, was born here.

😀Thought of the day

A great thinker was asked, “What is the meaning of life?” He replied “Life itself has no meaning, it is an opportunity to creat a meaning.”


पप्पू की नए ऑफिस में नौकरी लग गई…

मां ने पूछा – बेटा कैसा चल रहा है तेरे ऑफिस का काम?
पप्पू – मां मैं बहुत जिम्मेदार हूं!
मां – अच्छा, वो कैसे?
पप्पू – ऑफिस में जब भी कोई काम बिगड़ता है तो

सारे लोग कहते हैं कि इसके लिए मैं ही जिम्मेदार हूं…!!!


Why do people vomit while travelling in hills?

Vomiting is caused by repeated movements when travelling, like going over bumps in a car or moving up and down in a boat. The inner ear sends different signals to our brain from those your eyes are seeing. These confusing messages cause us to feel unwell and began to vomit..Usually due to ‘motion sickness” where the inner ear is giving one set of sensations to the brain and the eyes are giving another

following tips to avoid vomting

Close the eyes and breathe slowly

The smell of Ginger, lemon, Orange can minimise the sense of vomting
Look straight ahead at a fixed point

Distract thoughts by talking, listening to music or singing songs.

LEARN Sanskrit🙏🏻

पुरषार्थ* ( Purusharth) : Efforts, Hard work, Daring, courage


How does a dog can detect various smells. 🐶🦮🐕🐩

Dogs are born to sniff. The area of the canine brain that is devoted to analysing scent is 40 times greater than that of the human and dogs can identify smells at least 1,000 times better than we can. When a dog sniffs, air is taken in and passes through the olfactory epithelium (nasal skin cells). These calls are also found in a special organ that dogs (and cats) possess, called the Jacobsen’s or vomeronasal organ. This organ is thought to be important in the detection of pheromones (body scents), perhaps giving the dog its tremendous ability to identify and recognise animals and people.

Each dog nose is unique, with its own distinct nostril shape and pattern of ridges and dimples. A canine nose print is as unique as a human fingerprint. Dogs can distinguish the scent of individuals, both dogs and people. They can tell the difference between individual family members, even identical twins, purely by smell.

When dogs sniff people they are gaining all sorts of information about us. They know if we are familiar or a stranger. They know which scents we have attracted while we’ve been away. They know if we are experiencing changes in hormones, such as those that occur during pregnancy. They may even know if we are experiencing illness or simply are in a bad mood.

Detection dogs are able to recognize and discern a scent, even when that scent has been masked by another odor. This is because dogs smell in layers, allowing them to detect individual ingredients. A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones. The sense most used by detection dogs is smell. Hunting dogs that search for game, and search dogs that work to find missing humans are generally not considered detection dogs. There is some overlap, as in the case of cadaver dogs, trained to search for human remains.

💁🏻‍♂‍ GK TODAY

Modern civil Aviation in India traces back to 18 February 1911, when the first commercial civil aviation flight took off from Allahabad for Naini over a distance of 6 miles (9.7 km).

The airline was founded by J. R. D. Tata as Tata Airlines in 1932; Tata himself flew its first single-engine de Havilland Puss Moth, carrying air mail from Karachi to Bombay’s Juhu aerodrome and later continuing to Madras (currently Chennai). After World War II, it became a public limited company and was renamed as Air India.


Dhanpat Rai Shrivastava (31 July 1880 – 8 October 1936), better known by his pen name Munshi Premchand was an Indian writer famous for his modern Hindi-Urdu literature. Munshi being an honorary prefix.


Stop Short of Something: When your works stop mid-way due to some circumstances.

जब किन्हीं कारणों से आपके काम बीच में ही रुक जाते हैं।


BAROQUE : Florid, gilt


BAROQUE x Plain, unadorned


(kindly inform, if given info is differ from actual facts🙏🏻)

Valmiki was born as Agni Sharma to a Brahmin named Pracheta (also known as Sumali) of Bhrigu gotra. According to legend he once met the great sage Narada and had a discourse with him on his duties. Moved by Narada’s words, Agni Sharma began to perform penance and chanted the word “Mara” which meant “die”. As he performed his penance for several years, the word became “Rama”, the name of Lord Vishnu. Huge anthills formed around Agni Sharma and this earned him the name of Valmiki. Agni Sharma, rechristened as Valmiki, learnt the scriptures from Narada and became the foremost of ascetics, revered by everyone.

There also exist some legends about Valmiki having been a robber before turning into a rishi. The Nagara Khanda of the Skanda Purana in its section on the creation of Mukhara Tirtha mentions that Valmiki was born a Brahmin, with the name of Lohajangha and was a devoted son to his parents. He had a beautiful wife and both of them were faithful to each other. Once, when there was no rain in the region of Anarta, for twelve long years, Lohajangha, for the sake of his hungry family, started robbing people that he found in the forest. In the course of this life he met the seven sages or the Saptarishi and tried to rob them as well. But the learned sages felt pity on him and showed him the folly of his ways. One of them, Pulaha gave him a Mantra to meditate upon and the Brahmin turned thief got so engrossed in its recitation that ant-hills came up around his body. When the sages returned and heard the sound of the mantra coming from the ant-hill, they blessed him and said, “Since you achieved great Siddhi seated within a Valmīka (an anthill), you will become well-known in the world as Vālmīki.

He is revered as Ādi Kavi, the first poet, author of Ramayana, the first epic poem. Ramayana, originally written by Valmiki, consists of 24,000 shlokas and seven cantos (kaṇḍas) Ramayana is composed of about 480,002 words.


(Note : These home tips followed in villages/ancient traditions, it is up to you to use it or not🙏🏻)

Curry leaves🌿 are loaded with this vitamin and thus eating these leaves in your daily diet may help in keeping your eyes in a healthy state.

These leaves work in two ways in making you look slender. Firstly, these leaves help the body get rid of toxins and secondly, help in burning the stubborn body fat.

Consumption of curry leaves on a regular basis help in stimulating the insulin-producing cells. These cells help in keeping the blood sugar levels under check.

The digestive enzymes present in curry leaves are helpful in keeping the digestive health on track, and the laxative properties prove to be effective in regulating the bowels.

CH Nαʋҽҽɳ Kυɱαɾ…