1. Martyrs’ Day is celebrated on January 30 in India, the day when Mahatma Gandhi was assassinated by Nathuram Godse in 1948.
  2. PM Modi on Monday interacted with students from all around the country in the seventh edition of ‘Pariksha Pe Charcha’ (literally translated as discussion over exams) at the Bharat Mandapam in New Delhi. The Indian leader advised students to compete with themselves and not engage in competition with others.
  3. Election Commission on Monday released the date for the Rajya Sabha elections to 56 seats from 15 states of India. The election body said that the elections for the membership of the Upper House of the Parliament will be conducted on 27 February.
    • The states where the elections for the Rajya Sabha are scheduled to occur encompass:
      • Uttar Pradesh (10),
      • Maharashtra (6),
      • Bihar (6),
      • West Bengal (5),
      • Madhya Pradesh (5),
      • Gujarat (4),
      • Karnataka (4),
      • Andhra Pradesh (3),
      • Telangana (3),
      • Rajasthan (3),
      • Odisha (3),
      • Uttarakhand (1),
      • Chhattisgarh (1),
      • Haryana (1), and
      • Himachal Pradesh (1)
  4. Beating retreat ceremony that officially marks the end of Republic Day festivities will be held on 29 January at Vijay Chowk.
    • The ceremony is a display of military pageantry and musical prowess. It includes the massed bands of the three wings of the Indian Armed Forces (Army, Navy, and Air Force) along with pipes and drums bands from the Army, Air Force, and the Central Armed Police Forces.
  5. Minister of Parliamentary Affairs Shri Pralhad Joshi will hold meeting with the floor Leaders of Political Parties in both the houses of the Parliament, before the start of the Parliament Session. The All Party meeting will be held at 11:30A.M today 30th January 2024 at Parliament Library Building, New Delhi.
  6. Union minister Shantanu Thakur on Monday claimed that the Citizenship (Amendment) Act or CAA will be implemented across the country within a week.
  7. The Parliament session will commence with the address of the President on 31st Jan 2024 and subject to exigencies of Government Business, the session may conclude on 9th February 2024.
  8. The Central government has amended regulations, allowing women government employees to nominate their children over their husbands for family pensions, according to an official release issued on Monday.
  9. Several top-level leaders of the National Conference (NC) in the Jammu region joined the BJP on Sunday, in a setback to former Jammu and Kashmir Chief Minister Farooq Abdullah’s party, months ahead of the Lok Sabha elections.
  10. In a major bureaucratic reshuffle, the Punjab government on Monday transferred 10 IAS officers, including six deputy commissioners (DCs), with immediate effect.

Chief Justice of India: Shri Dhananjaya Y. Chandrachud
Minister Of Law & Justice: Arjun Ram Meghwal
International Court of Justice Prz.: Joan Donoghue

  1. The government on Monday extended the ban imposed on terrorist group Students Islamic Movement of India (SIMI) for five years for its involvement in fomenting terrorism and disturbing peace and communal harmony in the country.
  2. A fatwa has allegedly been issued against All India Imam Organization chief Dr Imam Umer Ahmed Ilyasi after he attended the Pran Pratishtha ceremony of Ram Lalla at Ram Temple in Ayodhya on 22 January.
  3. The Supreme Court on Monday extended the stay on the Allahabad High Court’s order for a court-monitored survey of the Shahi Idgah Mosque complex adjoining the Krishna Janmabhoomi temple at Mathura in Uttar Pradesh as it deferred hearing on petitions challenging the high court’s order. Further hearing is in April.
  4. Security was beefed up on Monday a day after a row broke out over the removal of a saffron Hanuman flag from Keragodu village in Mandya, with protests demanding its restoration and the incident sparking a political confrontation between the Congress government and the opposition Bharatiya Janata Party-Janata Dal (Secular).
  5. An Enforcement Directorate team on Monday visited the Delhi residence of Jharkhand Chief Minister Hemant Soren to question him in connection with a money laundering investigation in an alleged land fraud case and camped there for over 12 hours. Official sources claimed Soren was “missing” and could not be contacted by the federal agency.
  6. The Enforcement Directorate (ED) on Monday questioned Rashtriya Janata Dal chief Lalu Prasad for over nine hours in connection with the agency’s money laundering probe into the alleged land-for-jobs scam.
  7. The Supreme Court dismissed the AP government’s special leave petition (SLP) filed challenging the AP High Court’s grant of anticipatory bail to Telugu Desam president N. Chandrababu Naidu in a case of anomalies in alignment of Amaravati Inner Ring Road.

Minister: Nirmala Sitharaman.
Commerce & Industry: Piyush Goyal
RBI Gvrnr: Shaktikanta Das
President of the World Bank: Ajay Banga
IMF MD: Kristalina GeorgievaChief Justice of India: Shri Dhananjaya Y. Chandrachud
Minister Of Law & Justice: Arjun Ram Meghwal
International Court of Justice Prz.: Joan Donoghue

$ USD ₹ 83.26
💷 GBP ₹ 105.76
€ Euro: ₹ 90.19

GDP rate (2023): 6.5% ($3.75 trillion)
India is the fifth largest economy in the world.
Inflation rate: Retail Inflation 5.69% in Dec 2023
Population: 141.81 cr
(17.7% of the total world population).
Unemployment: 7.8%

BSE SENSEX: 71,941.57 +1,240.90 (1.76%)🌲
NIFTY: 21,737.60 +385.00 (1.80%)🌲

Rates in Financial Capital Mumbai
GOLD: ₹ 63,050/10gm (24 krt)
SILVER: ₹ 76,200/KG


PETROL: ₹ 97/Ltr
DIESEL: ₹ 90/Ltr
CNG: ₹ 76/Ltr
LPG: ₹ 903/14.2 Kg


PETROL: ₹ 106/Ltr
DIESEL: 95/Ltr
Auto Gas: ₹ 60/Ltr
CNG: 76/Kg
LPG: ₹ 903/14.2 Kg

  1. Union Finance Minister Smt Nirmala Sitharaman will present the Interim Union Budget on 1st February 2024.
  2. Rolls-Royce announced a seven-year deal with Azad Engineering to manufacture and supply critical components for military aircraft engines.
    Azad Engineering is based in Hyderabad, India.
  3. The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) on 29 January said it has imposed monetary penalties on five co-operative banks for rule violations.
    • These banks are Mula Sahakari Bank, Dr Panjabrao Deshmukh Urban Co-operative Bank, Bhilai Nagrik Sahakari Bank Maryadit, Krushiseva Urban Co-operative Bank, and Jila Sahakari Kendriya Bank Maryadit.
  4. Tirumala Tirupati Devasthanam (TTD) Trust Board, which manages the affairs of the world-famous Sri Venkateswara Swamy temple in Tirumala, has approved an annual budgetary outlay of Rs 5,141.74 crore for the fiscal year 2024-2025. Whereas the previous revised budgetary allocation for 2023-2024 fiscal was Rs 5,122.80 crore, almost equal to the newly approved budget for the 2024-2025 fiscal.

Information and Broadcasting Minister: Shri Anurag Singh Thakur
Chairman of The Film and Television Institute of India (FTII): R Madhavan
Chairman of Central Board of Film Certification (CBFC): Prasoon Joshi

  1. Hrithik Roshan and Deepika Padukone starrer FIGHTER movie, directed by Siddharth Anand, made a entry into the box office, crossing the coveted Rs 100 crore mark within its first four days of release. However, the movie has nosedived on Monday, raising concerns about the film’s sustainability at the box office in the upcoming days. Released on 25 January, Fighter experienced a steady opening weekend.
  2. HanuMan box office collection day 17: Starring Teja Sajja in the lead role, the film has already crossed Rs 250 crore mark worldwide.

Supreme Commander of Armed Forces: The President
Minister: Rajnath Singh
Def Minister of State: Ajay Bhatt
Union Home: Amit Shah
National Security Advisor: Ajit Doval
Chief of Defence Staff:

  1. Indian Defence officials on Monday (January 29) said that the Navy warship INS Sumitra has rescued fishermen hijacked by Somali pirates 700 nautical miles west of Kochi in the Arabian Sea.The Iranian fishing vessel MV Iman with around 17 crew members was hijacked by Somali pirates.
  2. The Border Road Organisation on Sunday achieved a major milestone by breaking through Naushera tunnel on the highly strategic 200 kilometers long stretch which connects Jammu with Poonch border district, The tunnel spanning an impressive 700 meters is a crucial link connecting Akhnoor and Poonch.
    Border Road Organisation (BRO) Director General Lt Gen Raghu Srinivasan said.
    • There are four major tunnels — Kandi tunnel, Sungal tunnel, Naushera tunnel and Bhimber Gali tunnel — in this stretch.
  3. INDIAN ARMY has invited applications for the NCC Special Entry 56 Course. The application process is ongoing and the deadline for submitting the application form is February 6. Candidates can apply online through the official site of Join Indian Army at joinindianarmy.nic.in.
  4. NOTIFICATION (Army): SSC (Tech)
    63rd SSC (Tech) Men Course and the 34th SSC (Tech) Women Course. The application period begins on 23 January 2024, and will end on 21 February 2024.
  5. The Indian army has brought in a new fitness policy in view of the “declining physical standards among officers”. The policy adds news tests to the existing ones and also poses a requirement of an Army Physical Fitness Assessment card (APAC) for each person.

External affairs Minister: Subrahmanyam Jaishankar

  1. The Australian Air Force on Monday airlifted the emergency relief consignment worth USD 1 million assistance given by India to Papua New Guinea in its swift response to the needs of the island country.
    • Earlier last month, in continuation of India’s commitment to providing relief to the people of Papua New Guinea affected by the volcanic eruption, a special charter flight, loaded with supplies, took off from New Delhi.
  2. India has pledged to assist in the rescue of six Sri Lankan fishermen captured by the Somali pirates. The multi-day fishing trawler Lorenzo Putha-4 set sail from Dikowita fishing harbour in Sri Lanka on 16 January.
  3. Foreign Secretary Vinay Mohan Kwatra is on an official visit to Bhutan from January 29 to 31. He will call on newly-elected Bhutan Prime Minister Tshering Tobgay, Foreign Minister Lyonpo DN Dhungyel and Bhutan King Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck.
  4. The Indian envoy to Bhutan, Sudhakar Dalela, called on the newly-elected Prime Minister of Bhutan, Tshering Tobgay and conveyed the greetings of India’s leadership for assuming responsibility as the Bhutanese PM.Ambassador Dalela also affirmed country’s commitment to working closely to foster India-Bhutan ties.

UNO Gen. Secy: António Guterres.

  1. The main opposition party of the Maldives, the Maldivian Democratic Party (MDP), which holds a majority in Parliament, has gathered enough signatures to submit a motion to impeach Maldivian President Mohamed Muizzu.
  2. Israeli strikes in Syria on Monday (Jan 29) killed at least seven people, including pro-Iran fighters. The incident took place just two days after three US troops were killed in a drone attack on a military outpost in Jordan, which heightened regional tensions.
  3. South Africa’s ruling African National Congress (ANC) suspended the country’s former president Jacob Zuma from the party on Monday and vowed to launch a legal challenge against a rival group campaigning in his name.
  4. Japan has declared its decision to align with a cohort of nations and the suspension of financial support to the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA).
  5. The United Kingdom, on Monday (Jan 29) is likely to announce plans to ban the sale of disposable vapes in a bid to curb youth vaping. The measures will also include making vaping less appealing to children by imposing restrictions on vape flavours.
    • Vaping is the inhaling of an aerosol (mist) created by an electronic cigarette (e-cigarette).
  6. French farmers on Monday (Jan 29) started blocking several motorways around Paris, demanding better working conditions, higher pay and less red tape. Farmers in France, say they are not being paid enough and are choked by excessive regulation on environmental protection.
    • French farmers assert that higher prices for fertilizer, energy and other inputs for growing crops and feeding livestock have eaten into their incomes.
  7. Four members of Myanmar’s security services, including Brigadier General Aye Min Naung, were shot dead by a sniper as their helicopter prepared to land near the Thai border. The incident occurred in eastern Thingannyinaung town.
  8. Iran executed four men, accusing them of planning sabotage and having links with Israel’s Mossad. The individuals were convicted of targeting an Iranian defense ministry factory in 2022, allegedly with Mossad’s involvement.
  9. Iranian Foreign Minister Hossein Amir-Abdollahian on Monday arrived in Islamabad on the invitation of his Pakistani counterpart Jalil Abbas Jilani, amid strain in relations following the recent tit-for-tat strikes launched by the two countries.
  10. Two people were injured in a grenade attack on the National Party’s election office in Baluchistan’s Mastung on Sunday.

Minister: Shri Anurag Singh Thakur
BCCI president: Roger Binny
Hockey India President: Dilip Tirkey
16th President of the Indian Olympic Association: P. T. Usha

  1. ICC UNDER 19 WORLD CUP 2024
    19 Jan– 11 Feb 2024
    In South Africa🇿🇦
    • 30 Jan 2024, Tuesday, 25th Match , Super Six, Group 1 @ Today 1:30 PM
      • INDIA U19
        • Vs
      • NEW ZEALAND U19
    • 26th Match, Super Six, Group 2 •
      • Sri Lanka U19
        • Vs
      • West Indies U19
    January 29, 2024
    Patliputra indoor stadium, Patna
    • Match 95
      • Haryana Steelers-41
        • Vs
      • Bengal Warriors-36
    • Match 96
      • Patna Pirates-32
        • Vs
      • Gujarat Giants-20
  3. 1st Test • 🏏Cricket Rajiv Gandhi International Stadium, Hyderabad Thursday, 25 Jan 2024 – Monday, 29 Jan 2024
    • ENG: 246 & 420
      • Vs
    • IND: 436 & 202
    • England won by 28 runs
    • (b) 2nd Test Friday, 02 Feb 2024 – Tuesday, 06 Feb 2024
    • Dr. Y.S. Rajasekhara Reddy ACA-VDCA Cricket Stadium, Visakhapatnam
    • The 6th Khelo India Youth Games 2023 from January 19-31 are being held at the Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium in Chennai. This is the first time that Khelo India Youth Games are being held in South India.
    • Medals 🏅
    • Rank State: Gold
    • 1 Maharashtra 44
    • 2 Haryana 33
    • 3 Tamil Nadu 29
    • 4 Delhi 10


Before was Manipur Kingdom
Admission to union: 15 Oct 1949
As union territory: 1956
As state: 1972
District: 16
Governor: Anusuiya Uikey
CM: N. Biren Singh (BJP)

Bird: Nongin
Fish: Pengba
Flower: Shirul Lily
Tree: Unigthou

In Bharat there are 28 states and 8 Union territories.
Population of Bharat:142 cr (2023)
President of Bharat: Smt Droupadi Murmu
Vice President: Shri Jagdeep Dhankhar
Prime Minister: Shri Narendra Modi
Speaker Lok Sabha: Shri Om Birla (BJP)
Rajya Sabha Seats: 245 (233 Elected + 12 Nominated)
Loksabha: 550 members (530 States + 20 Union Territories)
Chief Election Commissioner: Shri Rajiv Kumar

Mahatma Gandhi was assassinated at the Birla House (now Gandhi Smriti) in New Delhi on 30 January 1948. Gandhi was outside on the steps where a prayer meeting was going to take place, surrounded by a part of his family and some followers, Nathuram Godse, approached and shot him three times in the chest at close range. Gandhi was taken back inside the Birla House, where he died. Godse was arrested, convicted in court and later executed.

Man should forget his anger before he goes to sleep.

 Class rooms r like train🙄
1st 2 benches r executive coaches-reserved for VIP

last 2 r sleeper class.

The giraffe’s neck, which can grow to as much as two metres in length, has been selected because it gives its owner exclusive access to the topmost leaves of the trees, and no other animal can reach them. This, then, is an adaptation designed to avoid competition for food with other animals.

छेदेपि चंदनतरुः सुरभयति मुखं कुटारस्य ॥⁣
sujano na yaati vikranti vinashakaalepi l⁣
chhedepi chandanataruh surabhayati mukham kuTaarasya ll⁣

Even at the time of death, good people will not think bad. Sandalwood, even when getting cut by axe, will make axe smell sweet.⁣

How flies feed food to its young 

Females do not care for or protect eggs. Females simply leave the eggs where they will be safe from predators and have plenty to eat upon hatching. The mother then tries to find a suitable source of nutrition in the environment, deposits the larvae and leaves them to survive on their own. The mother does not provide any nutrition for her young. That’s the standard fly way of life.

The date was chosen as it marks the assassination of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi in 1948, by Nathuram Godse.

On 30 January 1948 Mahatma Gandhi, the father of the Nation was assassinated at Gandhi Smriti in the Birla House.  

 Prakash Keshav Javadekar (born 30 January 1951) is an Indian politician.

He is a member of the Bharatiya Janata Party who previously served as the Minister of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, Minister of Information and Broadcasting and Minister of Heavy Industries and Public Enterprises between 2014 and 2021.

Well begun is half done 
Getting a good start is important.

Blunt × Sharp
Begin: Commence

(kindly inform, if given info is vary from actual facts🙏🏻)

How many Vedas are there and what are their names? 

Vedic scriptures are orally compiled hymns, mantras and religious texts. Sanskrit word Veda means knowledge or wisdom. They are considered to be revelations of sacred sounds. They are oldest and most prominent Hindu scriptures which have vast knowledge.There are total of 20397 mantras within Vedas. Within Mahabharata, Lord Brahma is credited to be creator of Vedas. Vedas are śruti (‘what is heard’), distinguishing them from other religious texts, which are called smṛti (‘what is remembered’).

There are 4 Vedas

Rigveda (Oldest Veda).

These Vedas are further divided into 4 texts.
The Samhitas. ( Mantras and benedictions ).

The Brahmanas. (Texts on rituals and ceremonies)

The Aranyakas. (Commentaries on rituals and ceremonies).
The Upanishads. (Discussions on meditation and spirituality).
Vedic literature consist of Vedangas and also Upavedas.

Vedangas contain six streams of knowledge

They are:-


Upavedas include Dhanurveda, Ayurveda, Gandharvaveda and Arthashastra.

Vedanta means it is one of the six schools of Hindu philosophy. Literally meaning “end of the Vedas”, Vedanta reflects ideas that emerged from, or were aligned with, the speculations and philosophies contained in the Upanishads, specifically, knowledge and liberation.

(Note: These home tips followed in villages/ancient traditions, it is up to you to use it or not🙏🏻)


Neem has been known as a multi-tasking ayurvedic herb with anti-bacterial properties and has been used to fight infections for centuries. You can use a paste of neem and use it as a hair mask as a dandruff remedy, since the properties of neem can fight against dandruff causing fungus and prevents it from spreading further. It is also easily available making it a perfect dandruff treatment at home.

CH Nαʋҽҽɳ Kυɱαɾ ….