1. President Smt. Droupadi Murmu gave her assent to the Chief Election Commissioner and other Election Commissioners (Appointment, Conditions of Service and Term of Office) Bill, 2023.
  2. In Tamil Nadu, PM Modi will flag off six Vande Bharat Trains today through video conferencing.
  3. Dense fog continued to engulf several states of northern India today as people grappled with winter chills.
  4. The three day National Conference of Chief Secretaries concluded in New Delhi. Prime Minister Narendra Modi chaired the Conference.
  5. Three spacetech start-ups Dhruva Space, Bellatrix Aerospace and TM2Space are reportedly set to launch their payloads aboard Indian Space Research Organisation’s (ISRO) upcoming Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) – C58 XPoSat Mission next Monday. These payloads are destined for the PSLV Orbital Experimental Module (POEM-3) on the launch vehicle, scheduled to lift off from Sriharikota in Andhra Pradesh.
  6. Hyderabad-based Dhruva Space will launch its LEAPTD to demonstrate the microsatellite subsystems. Bangalore-based Bellatrix Aerospace will deploy two payloads, which include Rudra 0.3 HPGP and ARKA 200.
    • ISRO recently completed another series of Testing of its Scramjet engine. Earlier ISRO tested it with Hydrogen as fuel now using Kerosene (Isroscene) as fuel. Kerosene reduces overall volume and more suitable for long duration flight.
  7. Information and Broadcasting Minister Anurag Singh Thakur will release the Official Government of India Calendar for the year 2024 at a programme in New Delhi.
  8. Union Environment Minister Bhupender Yadav launched the National Transit Pass System (NTPS) pan-India to facilitate the seamless transit of timber, bamboo, and other forest produce across the country.
  9. A historic tripartite peace accord was signed between the Centre, Assam Government and the United Liberation Front of Assam (ULFA) in New Delhi. The deal is intended to bring lasting peace in the North East region.
  10. BIHAR Chief Minister Nitish Kumar was unanimously elected as the president of the Janata Dal (United) at the party’s national executive meeting held in Delhi on Friday.
  11. The tourism and civil aviation department of Sikkim has decided to intensify vigil to stop the entry of vehicles and tourists without required permits to restricted places in the state.
  12. Mobile Internet services were restored in Jammu and Kashmir’s Poonch and Rajouri districts a week after being suspended following a terror attack on two army vehicles.
  13. TELANGANA state government’s traffic challan discount offer, providing up to 90 per cent off on pending fines in some cases, has evoked a huge response, with over 9.61 lakh challans cleared across the state within just three days.
  14. Day-2 of the Praja Palana programme, initiated by the Telangana state government to deliver the Six Guarantees promised by the Congress, continued to see a substantial influx of applicants across the state on Friday.
  15. The Congress Party appears to be caught in a Hamletian dilemma over attending the inauguration of the Ram Mandir at Ayodhya on January 22. Congress Parliamentary Party chairman Sonia Gandhi and Congress president Mallikarjun Kharge have been invited to the inauguration of the Ram Temple. A decision will be taken at an appropriate time, and communicated at an appropriate time. AICC general secretary in charge of communications Jairam Ramesh clarified .
  16. A total of 162 cases of COVID-19 sub-variant JN.1 have been detected in the country, with Kerala reporting the highest number of 83, followed by Gujarat 34, according to the INSACOG’s data.

Chief Justice of India: Shri Dhananjaya Y. Chandrachud
Minister Of Law & Justice: Arjun Ram Meghwal
International Court of Justice Prz.: Joan Donoghue

  1. Atleast 20 passengers from Gujarat who were on the Nicaragua-bound flight which was sent back mid-route from France have been quizzed by police in a bid to unearth a suspected illegal immigration network operating from the state.
    • The Nicaragua-bound aircraft, an Airbus A340 carrying 276 passengers, was grounded in France for four days over suspected human trafficking. It landed in Mumbai in the early hours of December 26.
  2. Govt. May Bring Law For Same-sex Marriage Rights, Says Justice Kaul: Retired Supreme Court judge Sanjay Kishan Kaul, who was part of the top court bench which refused to accord legal sanction to same-sex marriage under the existing laws, said on Friday the case was not strictly legal and involved social issues, and the government may introduce a law in future to grant them matrimonial rights.
  3. The National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) has issued notices to the Delhi Chief Secretary, Drugs Controller General of India, and Delhi Police Commissioner over medicines in Delhi government-run hospitals and Mohalla Clinics, not meeting the requisite standards.

Minister: Nirmala Sitharaman.
Commerce & Industry: Piyush Goyal
RBI Gvrnr: Shaktikanta Das
President of the World Bank: Ajay Banga
IMF MD: Kristalina Georgieva

$ USD ₹ 83.25
💷 GBP ₹ 106.06
€ Euro: ₹ 92.04

GDP rate (2023): 6.5% ($3.75 trillion)
India is the fifth largest economy in the world.
Inflation rate: 4.7%
Population: 141.81 cr
(17.7% of the total world population).
Unemployment: 7.8%

BSE SENSEX: 72,240.26 −170.12 (0.23%)🔻
NIFTY: 21,731.40 −47.30 (0.22%)🔻

Rates in Financial Capital Mumbai
GOLD: ₹ 63,800/10gm (24 krt)
SILVER: ₹ 79,200/KG


PETROL: ₹ 97/Ltr
DIESEL: ₹ 90/Ltr
CNG: ₹ 76/Ltr
LPG: ₹ 903/14.2 Kg


PETROL: ₹ 106/Ltr
DIESEL: 95/Ltr
Auto Gas: ₹ 60/Ltr
CNG: 76/Kg
LPG: ₹ 903/14.2 Kg

  1. The Commerce Minister Piyush Goyal released a comprehensive “E-Commerce Exports Handbook for MSMEs” to boost overseas shipments by small businesses using online platforms.
  2. India’s anti-money laundering agency, the Financial Intelligence Unit (FIU-IND), has issued legal notices to 9 offshore cryptocurrency platforms violating domestic regulations.
  3. The CBDT has released detailed guidelines clarifying issues regarding Section 194-O of the Income Tax Act mandating a 1% Tax Deduction at Source (TDS) by e-commerce companies.
  4. Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) is set to spearhead a fundraising round worth Rs 2,500 crore for the Sustainable Energy Infrastructure Investment Trust (InvIT) supported by the Mahindra Group.
  5. TATA POWER SECURES RAJASTHAN TRANSMISSION PROJECT: Tata Power has emerged victorious in the bid for the Bikaner-III Neemrana-II Transmission project, a Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV) established by PFC Consulting, a subsidiary of Power Finance Corporation. The estimated cost of the project is ₹1,544 crore, with a targeted commissioning period of 24 months from the date of the project SPV transfer.
  6. India, the world’s third-largest energy consumer, recently made a significant move by conducting its first-ever payment in rupees for crude oil purchased from the United Arab Emirates (UAE). This move is seen as part of a broader strategy to diversify oil suppliers, reduce transaction costs, and position the Indian rupee as a viable trade settlement currency.
  7. The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has granted approval to ICICI Prudential Asset Management Company Ltd (ICICI AMC) for the acquisition of up to 9.95% stake in Federal Bank.
  8. Mr. L.P. Hemanth K. Srinivasulu, the newly appointed Director of the Latin America and Caribbean Trade Council, was bestowed with the prestigious “Man of the Year-2023″ award. The honor, presented by Shri Amit Shah, the Home Minister of India.

Information and Broadcasting Minister: Shri Anurag Singh Thakur
Chairman of The Film and Television Institute of India (FTII): R Madhavan
Chairman of Central Board of Film Certification (CBFC): Prasoon Joshi

  1. Desiya Murpokku Dravida Kazhagam founder-leader and top yesteryear Tamil action star, Vijayakanth was on Friday laid to rest here with full state honours. After Vijayakanth’s family members performed the last rites, the coffin, made of sandalwood was buried in the designated space amid chants of ‘captain’ and veera vanakkam (valourous salute).
    • Vijayakanth’s wife Premalatha, his sons Vijaya Prabhakaran and Shanmuga Pandian were consoled by the leaders.
  2. Thalapathy Vijay was attacked at Vijaykanth’s funeral in Chennai on Friday. The Tamil actor joined the film fraternity to pay his last respects at the funeral. However, an angry mob of mourners attacked Vijay, with one even hitting him with a slipper. Vijaykanth died on Thursday, December 28. The 71-year-old actor turned politician was on ventilatory support after testing positive for Covid-19.

Supreme Commander of Armed Forces: The President
Minister: Rajnath Singh
Def Minister of State: Ajay Bhatt
Union Home: Amit Shah
National Security Advisor: Ajit Doval
Chief of Defence Staff:

  1. The Chief of Air Staff (CAS) Air Chief Marshal VR Chaudhari of the Indian Air Force visited two frontline operational bases in the western sector.
  2. Defence Secretary Giridhar Aramane on Friday inaugurated a new design and test facility at Hindustan Aeronautics Limited’s (HAL) Aero Engine Research and Development Centre (AERDC), Bangalore.
  3. Indian Air Force (IAF) has inducted a new batch of Agniveervayu trainees for initial training in the Airmen Training School (ATS) in Belagavi and Air Force Station (AFS) Tambaram.This enrolment is a major landmark in the history of IAF wherein more than 5,000 Agniveervayu trainees, including close to 300 women trainees, have been enrolled in the third batch.
  4. INDIA & FRANCE TO CELEBRATE 25 YEARS OF MILITARY TIES WITH MACRON VISIT: French President Emmanuel Macron will preside over India’s Republic Day celebrations next month to cap the 25th anniversary of strategic military ties worth billions of euros for France’s arms industry.
  5. The former Indian Naval officers whose conviction has been reduced to jail terms in Qatar can serve their sentence in Indian prison due to an earlier agreement between New Delhi and Doha, senior advocate Adish Aggarwala said.
  6. Rehearsals for the 75th Republic Day parade kicked off in the national capital Delhi on Friday. Security forces carried out the Republic Day parade rehearsals amid winter chill and foggy conditions yesterday morning near India Gate and Kartavya Path.

External affairs Minister: Subrahmanyam Jaishankar

  1. Canadian police have launched an investigation into reports of shots fired at the residence of an Indian-origin businessman in Surrey in the British Columbia province, causing damage to the property.
    • Referring to the attack at the residence of Lakshmi Narayan Mandir President’s son in Canada’s Surrey, Ministry of External Affairs official spokesperson Arindam Bagchi said the investigation is being conducted and it is not appropriate to comment on the matter till the probe is completed.
  2. Pak Army encroaches Sharda temple in PoK, committee seeks help of Modi govt. The Save Sharda Committee (SSC) urged the Indian government to address the “encroachment by the Pakistan Army” on the Sharda temple premises in Pakistan-Occupied Kashmir (POK), seeking assistance for restoration.
    • SSC founder Ravinder Pandita alleged that the Pakistan army had encroached upon the dilapidated old Sharda temple premises and opened a coffee home there despite a court order in the committee’s favour.
  3. India has once again asked Pakistan to extradite Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT) founder Hafiz Saeed, who is wanted in the country for various terror incidents, including the 26/11 Mumbai attacks.
  4. PM Modi accepted the invitation extended by Swami Ishwarcharandas and Swami Brahmaviharidas, along with the board of directors for the inauguration of the BAPS (Bochasanwasi Akshar Purushottam Swaminarayan Sanstha) Hindu Mandir in Abu Dhabi on February 14 next year.
  5. ISRO is set to launch Xposat mission on new year’s day to study Black Holes and neutron stars. This will mark the 60th mission of the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle. This will also be the first dedicated polarimetry mission in India and second globally, after Nasa’s Imaging X-ray Polarimetry Explorer Mission launched in July 2021.

UNO Gen. Secy: António Guterres.

  1. A fresh military confrontation between the Houthis and the USA🇺🇸 military occurred in the Red Sea. Days after Houthis fired multiple attack drones towards American warship USS Laboon, the USS Mason shot down a Houthi anti-ship ballistic missile, and a combat drone.
  2. The Baloch Yakjehti Committee (BYC), a prominent organiser of the Baloch protest march in Islamabad, has given a seven-day ultimatum to the 🇵🇰Pakistan government for the fulfilment of their demands, including the “elimination of enforced disappearances and extrajudicial killings.
  3. Recently 🇬🇾Guyana and 🇻🇪Venezuela agreed to resolve their centuries-old border conflict over the Essequibo region peacefully, easing fears of potential military escalation.
  4. Jacques Delors, the former European Commission chief and a key figure in the formation of the European Union (EU), has died at the age of 98. A prominent French socialist, Delors played a crucial role in shaping the EU during his three-term presidency from January 1985 to the end of 1994.
  5. China on Friday named naval commander General Dong Jun as the new defence minister, two months after the summary dismissal of General Li Shangfu without any explanation.
  6. The Yeti Airlines aircraft crash that occurred in Pokhara, Nepal on January 15, 2023 was due to human error Confirms Investigation.
    • On 15 January 2023, the aircraft being operated on the route, an ATR 72 flown by Yeti Airlines, stalled and crashed while landing at Pokhara, killing all 72 occupants on board.

Minister: Shri Anurag Singh Thakur
BCCI president: Roger Binny
Hockey India President: Dilip Tirkey
16th President of the Indian Olympic Association: P. T. Usha

    Dec 2, 2023–Jan 31, 2024
    • Yesterday Matches at Shaheed Vijay Singh Pathik Sports Complex
      • (a) Patna Pirates – 46
        • Vs
      • Haryana Steelers-33
    • (b) UP Yoddhas-34
      • Vs
    • Bengaluru Bulls-33
  2. India’s request to shift the fixture from Pakistan to a third country was earlier rejected by the International Tennis Federation tribunal.
  3. India may be forced to forfeit a Davis Cup play-off hosted by rival Pakistan.

Capital: Shimla
Before was Punjab States Agency
As state: 25 Jan 1971
Formation: 1 November 1956
Districts: 12
Governor: Shiv Pratap Shukla
CM: Sukhvinder Singh Sukhu (INC)

State Symbols
Bird: Western tragopan
Fish: Golden Mahseer
Flower: Pink rhododendron
Mammal: Snow leopard
Tree: Deodar cedar

In Bharat there are 28 states and 8 Union territories.
Population of Bharat:142 cr (2023)
President of Bharat: Smt Droupadi Murmu
Vice President: Shri Jagdeep Dhankhar
Prime Minister: Shri Narendra Modi
Speaker Lok Sabha: Shri Om Birla (BJP)
Rajya Sabha Seats: 245 (233 Elected + 12 Nominated)
Loksabha: 550 members (530 States + 20 Union Territories)
Chief Election Commissioner: Shri Rajiv Kumar


Mahabalipuram is a town on a strip of land between the Bay of Bengal and the Great Salt Lake, in the south Indian state of Tamil Nadu. It’s known for its temples and monuments built by the Pallava dynasty in the 7th and 8th centuries. The seafront Shore Temple comprises 3 ornate granite shrines. Krishna’s Butter Ball is a massive boulder balanced on a small hill near the Ganesha Ratha stone temple.

 A correct decision can double the confidence. And A wrong decision can double the experience. So no need to worry about both the situations. Continue to do efforts and handle the situations.

Friend– My apna purse ghar pe bhul aaya mujhe 1000 Rupees ki zarurat hi. Dena yaar.

Chintu– yaar dost hi dost ke kam atta hai ye le 10 rupay, riksha kar ke purse le aa.🤪

Menstruation is a woman’s monthly bleeding, often called “period.” The blood and tissue lining the uterus (womb) break down and leave the body. This is called period. For many women, bleeding lasts from 4 to 8 days. It makes Hormone levels low. Low levels of the hormone estrogen can make you feel depressed or irritable😡😰

In a woman, a period is body’s way of releasing tissue that it no longer needs. Every month, her body prepares for pregnancy. The lining of uterus gets thicker as preparation for nurturing a fertilized egg. An egg is released and is ready to be fertilized and settle in the lining of your uterus.

Ovulation is when the ovary releases an egg so it can be fertilized by a sperm in order to make a baby. A woman is most likely to get pregnant if she has sex without birth control in the three days before and up to the day of ovulation (since the sperm are already in place and ready to fertilize the egg as soon as it is released). A man’s sperm can live for 3 to 5 days in a woman’s reproductive organs, but a woman’s egg lives for just 12 to 24 hours after ovulation. 

Ovulation happens about 14 days before your period starts. If your average menstrual cycle is 28 days, woman ovulate around day 14, and most fertile days are days 12, 13 and 14. If average menstrual cycle is 35 days ovulation happens around day 21 and your most fertile days are days 19,20 and 21.

Don’t forget, please do come – अवश्यं आगन्तव्य, न विस्मर्तव्यम्

How earth gets rotates continuously in same speed ? 

Earth spins because of the way it was formed. Our Solar System formed about 4.6 billion years ago when a huge cloud of gas and dust started to collapse under its own gravity. As the cloud collapsed, it started to spin.

According to Newton’s First Law of Motion it states: The motion of an object will remain unchanged unless a force acts on it.
an object will never change its speed or direction unless something comes along and forces it to do so.

Gravity: an attractive force between objects with mass. Gravity holds the Sun and planets together in the solar system, and holds stars together in galaxies.

World Health Organization (WHO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations responsible for international public health.

Formation: 7 April 1948

Headquarters : Geneva, Switzerland

Tedros Adhanom (Director-General)

Ramana Maharshi (30 Dec 1879 – 14 April 1950) was an Indian sage. He was born Venkataraman Iyer, but is most commonly known by the name Bhagavan Sri Ramana Maharshi.He was born in what is now Tiruchuli, Tamil Nadu, India.

A penny saved is a penny earned
Money you save today you can spend later.

Lazy × Industrious
Elevate: Raise

(kindly inform, if given info is vary from actual facts🙏🏻)

Akshayapatra (अक्षयपात्र) 🍚 meaning inexhaustible vessel, is an object from Hindu mythology. It was a wonderful vessel given to Yudishtira by Lord Surya which held a never-depleting supply of food to the Pandavas every day.

One day, Krishna suddenly came to visit the Pandavas when they are in forest, he visits Draupadi and ask for food, she was sitting and weeping in the kitchen. With tears in her eyes, Draupadi bowed her head before Krishna and showed him an empty pot in which she had cooked rice that morning and she did not have any more rice in the house. But Krishna said to her: “Thank you sister
Look carefully.” Draupadi looked, and she found a single grain of rice stuck inside the pot. Krishna said “A single grain of rice, if offered to God with love and humility, becomes the beeja (primordial seed) which feeds and satiates the whole universe.” He then ate that single grain of rice. This miraculous divine episode happened on the day which is commemorated as “Akshaya Tritiya” every year, and it occurs around the time of the spring harvest in April-May every year.

Krishna was very sorrowful to see the condition of his sister Draupadi and his cousins, the Pandavas, he then suggests hymning 108 chants of lord Surya by Pandavas. Later tgey Blessed by Surya with an Akshaya Patra, the inexhaustible vessel.

(Note: These home tips followed in villages/ancient traditions, it is up to you to use it or not🙏🏻)

A runny nose may be due to allergies, hay fever, or other causes. following home treatments can help to stop it:

  1. Drinking fluids and staying hydrated when dealing with a runny nose can be helpful if you also have symptoms of nasal congestion.
  2. Inhaling hot steam has with vicks or zandu balm or Amrutanjan or Eucalyptus leaves oil or Camphor कर्पूर, help treat a runny nose.

The bottom line: These approaches will only give you relief. Make sure to seek more direct treatment if you’re experiencing colds, viruses, and allergies.

CH Nαʋҽҽɳ Kυɱαɾ…