1. An earthquake of 3.0 magnitude struck Jammu and Kashmir’s Ladakh region on Sunday. As per the National Center for Seismology, the earthquake occurred at 11:48 am yesterday (25 Feb) .
  2. President Droupadi Murmu to inaugurate day long ‘Purple Fest’ at Amrit Udyaan in Rashtrapati Bhawan.
  3. Prime Minister Narendra Modi Mann Ki Baat Highlights @ 25 Feb (Sunday):
    1. In Kalahandi, Odisha, goat rearing is becoming a major means of improving the livelihood of the village people as well as their standard of living.
    2. Venkappa Ambaji Sugetkar ji, resident of Bagalkot, Karnataka, is a folk singer. He has sung more than 1000 Gondhali songs and has also widely propagated stories in this language.
    3. PM Modi said on Sunday that his monthly ‘Mann Ki Baat’ broadcast will not be aired for the next three months in line with political decorum in view of the upcoming Lok Sabha polls.
    4. Prime Minister appreciates contribution of young entrepreneurs in new innovations for wildlife conservation and eco-tourism.
    5. Tribal families living in Khatkali village near Melghat Tiger Reserve in Maharashtra have converted their houses into home stays with the help of the government. This is becoming a big source of income for them.
    6. Banwang Losu ji of Tirap in Arunachal Pradesh is a teacher. He has made an important contribution in the spread of Wancho language. This language is spoken in Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland and some parts of Assam.
    7. Mohammad Manshah ji of Ganderbal in Jammu and Kashmir preserving Gojri language.
  4. PM Modi on Sunday inaugurated All India Institute of Medical Sciences at Rajkot in Gujarat and e-dedicated to the nation four more AIIMS at Bathinda (Punjab), Raebareli (Uttar Pradesh), Kalyani (West Bengal) and Mangalagiri (Andhra Pradesh). PM also said “Nation is confident of ‘Ab ki baar 400 paar’,” while addressing a public meeting in Rajkot, Gujarat.
  5. PM Modi will visit Bihar on March 2 to launch a number of projects and address public meetings, state BJP president Samrat Choudhary said on Sunday.
  6. PM Modi on Sunday enjoyed scuba diving off the Arabian Sea coast at the Panchkui beach in Dwarka in Gujarat and said to pray in the city of Dwarka, which is immersed in waters, was a “very divine experience”. Scuba diving is conducted off the coast of Dwarka near Beyt Dwarka island, ( where people can see the underwater remains of ancient Dwarka that were excavated by archaeologists.
  7. In Arunachal Pradesh ahead of polls, two Congress MLAs and as many legislators from the National People’s Party joined the ruling BJP on Sunday.
  8. Two former Odisha MLAs join BJP: In Odisha, former minister and four-time Biju Janata Dal legislator Debasis Nayak, and ex-Congress MLA Nihar Ranjan Mohananda on Sunday joined the Bharatiya Janata Party.
  9. The Bahujan Samaj Party Lok Sabha MP from Ambedkar Nagar Ritesh Pandey on Sunday resigned from the party’s primary membership and joined the Bharatiya Janata Party in New Delhi.
  10. Days after Congress and SP finalised their seat-sharing pact for the Lok Sabha polls, SP president Akhilesh Yadav with a large number of party supporters joined Rahul Gandhi’s ‘Bharat Jodo Nyay Yatra’ in its final ‘UP-leg’, in Agra on Sunday.
  11. Uttarakhand Chief Minister Pushkar Singh Dhami’s government will introduce the ‘Uttarakhand Public and Private Property Damage Recovery Bill’ in the assembly during the budget session beginning 26 February.
  12. TMC announced, Janagarjan Rally for March 10 : The Trinamul Congress on Sunday set a date with the Brigade Parade ground which by all appearance will be the launch of the party’s campaign for the 2024 Lok Sabha polls. The party’s all India general secretary Abhishek Banerjee said.
  13. The Odisha state cabinet has approved extending its farmer welfare scheme KALIA (Krushak Assistance for Livelihood and Income Augmentation) for another three years from 2024-2025 to 2026-2027.
  14. Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK) on Saturday finalised the seat-sharing arrangement for the upcoming 2024 elections in Tamil Nadu and has decided to allocate one seat to its alliance partner, the Indian Union Muslim League (IUML). Another seat was given to Kongunadu Makkal Desiya Katchi.
  15. Lakhs of women devotees offered Pongala to Attukal Bhagavathy in Thiruvananthapuram,Kerala. Attukal Pongala held in Attukal Temple is considered to be the largest congregation of women for a festival in the world.
  16. Amrit Bharat Station Scheme: Sabarmati railway station being redeveloped to provide world class amenities.

Chief Justice of India: Shri Dhananjaya Y. Chandrachud
Minister Of Law & Justice: Arjun Ram Meghwal
International Court of Justice Prz.: Joan Donoghue

  1. A Lashkar-e-Tayiba terror module was busted on Sunday in Jammu and Kashmir’s Kulgam district with the arrest of four militant associates, the police said.
  2. The West Bengal police on Sunday detained local Trinamool Congress leader Ajit Maiti at Sandeshkhali in North 24 Parganas on charges of land grabbing from villagers.
  3. Six members of an independent fact-finding committee led by former Chief Justice of Patna High Court L Narasimha Reddy were stopped by police as they were proceeding to trouble-torn Sandeshkhali area in West Bengal’s North 24 Parganas district to probe alleged incidents of atrocities on women.
    • Citing Section 144 CrPC was in force in parts of Sandeshkhali and it would not be prudent to allow them access to the area even in groups of four-five.
  4. Unidentified assailants shot dead the Indian National Lok Dal’s Haryana unit president Nafe Singh Rathee in Jhajjar district on Sunday. Rathee, a former MLA, was travelling in an SUV when the assailants, who were in a car, attacked him in Jhajjar’s Bahadurgarh town.
  5. The Mobile internet services were restored in seven Haryana districts on Sunday, almost two weeks after they were suspended in the wake of farmers’ ‘Delhi Chalo’ agitation.
  6. A 47-year-old member of Students’ Islamic Movement of India (SIMI) who also allegedly edited a magazine of the banned organisation besides indoctrinating many gullible youths has been arrested by the Delhi Police.
    • Hanif Sheikh was declared a proclaimed offender in 2002 and has been absconding for the last 22 years. He was nabbed on February 22 from Bhusawal in Jalgaon district in Maharashtra where he was a teacher in an Urdu school under a different identity.
  1. A major fire broke out at the Badmal ordnance factory in Odisha’s Bolangir district on Sunday, However, no injuries have been reported in the incident that took place in the evening.
  2. Three persons, including two women, were killed by an elephant in Jharkhand’s Bokaro district on Sunday. The incident happened in Kodwatand panchayat.
  3. At least four people died after an explosion at a firecracker factory in Uttar Pradesh’s Kaushambi on Sunday.
  4. A goods train halted at Kathua station in Jammu started running towards Pathankot in Punjab without its driver at a speed of over 100 km per hour before being brought to a halt near Ucchi Bassi in Mukerian.
    • Fortunately, any untoward incident was avoided as a message was sent to all gatemen to keep the level-crossings closed.

Minister: Nirmala Sitharaman.
Commerce & Industry: Piyush Goyal
RBI Gvrnr: Shaktikanta Das
President of the World Bank: Ajay Banga
IMF MD: Kristalina Georgieva

$ USD ₹ 82.88
💷 GBP ₹ 105.09
€ Euro: ₹ 89.82

GDP(PPP): $13.119 trillion purchasing power parity (PPP)
GDP (nominal): $3.73 trillion
(Nominal means total market value of all goods and services produced in a country’s economy) .
GDP growth: 7.6% (Q2 2023-24)
India is the fifth largest economy in the world.
Inflation rate: Retail Inflation 5.69% in Dec 2023
Population: 143.86 cr
(17.7% of the total world population).
Unemployment: 10.09% (Oct2023)
Per capita: This income is also known as average income as it is calculated by dividing the total income of the country by the total population of the country.
GDP per capita:
$2,845 (Nominal; 2024)
$9,983 (PPP; 2024)

BSE SENSEX: 73,142.80 −15.45 (0.021%)🔻
NIFTY: 22,212.70 −4.75 (0.021%)🔻

Rates in Financial Capital Mumbai
GOLD: ₹ 62,950/10gm (24 krt)
SILVER: ₹ 75,000/KG


PETROL: ₹ 97/Ltr
DIESEL: ₹ 90/Ltr
CNG: ₹ 76/Ltr
LPG: ₹ 903/14.2 Kg


PETROL: ₹ 106/Ltr
DIESEL: 95/Ltr
Auto Gas: ₹ 60/Ltr
CNG: 76/Kg
LPG: ₹ 903/14.2 Kg

Information and Broadcasting Minister: Shri Anurag Singh Thakur
Chairman of The Film and Television Institute of India (FTII): R Madhavan
Chairman of Central Board of Film Certification (CBFC): Prasoon Joshi

  1. Minister Anurag Thakur on Sunday announced the setting up of a regional facilitation office of the Central Board of Film Certification in Chandigarh, with the objective of promoting ease of doing business for filmmakers of the region.
  2. Filmmaker Kumar Shahani, a parallel cinema icon who directed films such as Maya Darpan, Char Adhyay and Kasba, has died at the age of 83.
  3. The fifth edition of the three-day Chitra Bharati Film Festival, a collaboration between Bharatiya Chitra Sadhana and the Haryana Government, organised from February 23 to 25 at Panchkula.
  4. The 30th edition of Screen Actors Guild (SAG) Awards, Oppenheimer bagged three major awards while Killers of the Flower Moon managed to win one major award.
    1. The Awards were once again dominated by Christopher Nolan’s Oppenheimer with Cillian Murphy getting award for best male actor in leading role.
    2. Robert Downey Junior bagged best actor in supporting role and the movie got the award for best film cast.
    3. Lily Gladstone got the best female in leading role award for Killers of the Flower Moon.
    4. The Holdovers star Da’Vine Joy Randolph was named best supporting actress.
    5. This year’s Lifetime Achievement prize was given to veteran singer and actress Barbra Streisand.

Supreme Commander of Armed Forces: The President
Minister: Rajnath Singh
Def Minister of State: Ajay Bhatt
Union Home: Amit Shah
National Security Advisor: Ajit Doval
Chief of Defence Staff:

  1. India and Japan launch joint military exercise ‘DHARMA GUARDIAN’ in Rajasthan
    The aim of the exercise is to foster military cooperation and enhance combined capabilities to execute joint operations.
  2. Three Maoists were killed in an encounter with security personnel in Chhattisgarh’s Kanker district on Sunday morning.
  3. The Indian Air Force deployed its Dornier aircraft at short notice to airlift a team of doctors from the Army Hospital in New Delhi to retrieve a liver from Pune to save the life of an army veteran. The mission was crucial given it was conducted at short notice on February 23, the Indian Air Force said on Sunday.

External affairs Minister: Subrahmanyam Jaishankar

  1. India stops flow of Ravi river into Pakistan by building new barrage. The diverted water will be used for irrigation purposes in the Kathua and Samba districts of Jammu and Kashmir.
    • The Indus Water Treaty was signed in 1960 between India and Pakistan that allowed India an exclusive right over waters of the Ravi, Sutlej, and Beas rivers whereas Pakistan got full access to the Indus, Jhelum, and Chenab rivers. The newly-built barrage will help India fully exploit the allocated water resources, redirecting previously allocated resources from the old Lakhanpur dam towards Jammu and Kashmir and Punjab.
  2. Indian journalist Fazil Khan, 27, tragically dies in a Manhattan apartment fire, attributed to a lithium-ion battery. The fire in Harlem’s 2 St. Nicholas Place injures 17 others. The Indian Consulate in New York extends condolences, offering assistance.
  3. Union Minister for Road Transport & Highways, Nitin Gadkari speaks virtually at the Gulf Maharashtra Business Forum Global Mahabiz 2024 conference in Dubai; Outlines India’s ambitious goal of becoming carbon neutral by 2070.
  4. Prime Minister Narendra Modi will inaugurate the Bharat Tex 2024, at Bharat Mandapam in New Delhi. The 4-day textile event is considered one of the largest-ever global textile events to be organised in India with more than 100 countries participating at the event.

UNO Gen. Secy: António Guterres.

  1. Social media platform ‘X shutdown continues for eighth day in Pakistan: Even after eight days, the services of social media giant X, formerly Twitter, remained suspended across Pakistan while the authorities have yet to disclose the reason behind the prolonged disruption.
  2. The Israeli delegation, led by Chief of Mossad David Barnea and Director of Shin Bet, Ronen Bar, held discussions in Paris with officials from Cairo, the US, Qatar and Egypt.
  3. Russian presidential election 2024: Early voting for the Russian presidential election kicked off in the Russian-occupied region of Ukraine, Zaporizhzhia, said Galina Katyushchenko, chairperson of the regional election commission.
  4. Nepal will soon make it mandatory for all climbers to get an electronic chip before embarking on the tedious expedition to the summit of Mount Everest. The chip, costing between $10 and $15, will help rescue agencies locate the climbers in an emergency situation. Kathmandu is expected to formulate a law before this spring season when the climbing season starts.
  5. The iconic Parisian monument, the Eiffel Tower, on Sunday (Feb 25) is set to be reopened for visitors following a six-day closure due to strikes. The Eiffel Tower which witnesses thousands of visitors every day and is typically open 365 days a year has been closed for nearly a week, after workers went on a strike in a dispute over the way the tower was managed.
  6. Farmers drove tractors into central Paris on Friday to bring fresh pressure on President Emmanuel Macron, who promised them a meeting to discuss their grievances but then cancelled the event.
    • French farmers have been part of a Europe-wide movement against environmental rules and competition from cheap imports from outside the European Union, and to protest low incomes.

Minister: Shri Anurag Singh Thakur
BCCI president: Roger Binny
Hockey India President: Dilip Tirkey
16th President of the Indian Olympic Association: P. T. Usha

    Sunday, 25 Feb 2024
    3rd Match • Bengaluru, M.Chinnaswamy Stadium
      • GGT 126-9 (20)
        • Vs
      • MIW 129-5 (18.1)
    • Mumbai Indians Women won by 5 wkts
    INDIA Vs England
    Day 3: Stumps – India need 152 runs
    IND 2nd inn 40−0(8)
    • Batters
    • Rohit Sharma *: 24
    • Yashasvi Jaiswal: 16
    • ENGLAND in 2nd Innings
      • 145-10 (53.5 Ov)
  3. Former world number one archer Deepika Kumari returned to winning ways 14 months after embracing motherhood as she bagged two gold in India’s rich haul of 14 medals at the Asia Cup Leg 1 in Baghdad on Sunday.
  4. 19-year-old Max Dehning made heads turn by becoming the youngest man to breach the coveted 90m mark in javelin. The German teenager achieved the feat at the Winter Throwing Championships in Halle on Sunday, 25 February.
  5. The spectacular display of five days sports show of 4th edition of Khelo India Winter Games, 2024 at Gulmarg in north Kashmir’s Baramulla district culminated with an impressive closing ceremony at Golf Course Gulmarg.
    • The 4th edition of KIWG crowned Army as new champions which clinched the top position with 10 Gold🥇, 5 Silver🥈and 6 Bronze🥉medals followed by first runner up Karnataka with 9 Gold & 2 Silver medals and 2nd runner up Maharashtra with 7 Gold, 8 Silver & 7 Bronze.
  6. The Indian Men’s Hockey Team defeated Ireland 4-0 to finish the Rourkela leg of the FIH Hockey Pro League 2023/24 on a high. Nilakanta Sharma (14′), Akashdeep Singh (15′), Gurjant Singh (38′) and Jugraj Singh (60′) scored a goal each for the Indian Men’s Hockey Team.

BRAZIL = Capital
Flag: 🇧🇷
Official language: Portuguese
President: Lula da Silva
Vice President: Geraldo Alckmin
POPULATION: 203,062,512(in 2022)
Currency: Real (R$) (BRL)
National Animal: The Jaguar.


In Bharat there are 28 states and 8 Union territories.
Population of Bharat:142 cr (2023)
President of Bharat: Smt Droupadi Murmu
Vice President: Shri Jagdeep Dhankhar
Prime Minister: Shri Narendra Modi
Speaker Lok Sabha: Shri Om Birla (BJP)
Rajya Sabha Seats: 245 (233 Elected + 12 Nominated)
Loksabha: 550 members (530 States + 20 Union Territories)
Chief Election Commissioner: Shri Rajiv Kumar


In 2019, on this day, Indian Air Force carried out airstrikes in Pakistans Balakot, targetting Jaish-e-Muhammeds (JeM) terror training camps. The JeM had claimed responsibility of a deadly terror attack on February 14 in Pulwama, killing more than 40 CRPF personnel.

The sun himself is weak when he first rises, and gathers strength and courage as the day gets on.

Teacher: Why does ‘The
Great Wall of China’
features in the ‘7
Wonders of the World’?

Chintu: Because it is the first and only Chinese
product which lasted for so long.

Why do dogs run behind vehicles? 🚗 🦮

Dogs get super active post 10 or 11 PM. They rest the whole day and wander in the night. Anything flashy, too loud or too fast, before they could smell they will prepare for a attack thinking the approaching thing some intruders and the dog needs to save itself and others.

Actual dogs are territorial animals and they have their own इलाका ( territories) like we humans have. That’s why they keep urinating on trees, vehicles to expand their area.

When any vehicle which has urine of any other dog comes in their territory they think that some dog from outside is coming in their territory, so they run after the car to keep, other so called Dogs, out of the area.

नात्यन्त गुणवत् किञ्चित नाचाप्यत्यन्तनिर्गुणम् ।
उभयं सर्वकार्येषु दृष्यते साध्वासाधुवा ॥

nātyanta guṇavat kiñcita nācāpyatyantanirguṇam ।
ubhayaṃ sarvakāryēṣu dṛṣyatē sādhvāsādhuvā ॥

Meaning: There is no work which is good in all respects, nor bad in all respects Both good and bad exist in every work.

भावार्थ : ऐसा कोई भी कार्य नही है, जो सर्वदा अच्छा हो, या सर्वदा बुरा हो, अच्छे और बुरे गुण तो प्रत्येक कार्य में होते ही है। Nirvighnam : Uninterrupted

What adaptations allow the frog to live on land and in water? 🐸

Frogs start their lives as aquatic tadpoles with gills to breathe. As tadpoles grow into frogs, lungs replace the gills and allow frogs to breathe on land. Frogs’ skin is covered by a layer of slime that dissolves oxygen from air and water. Numerous blood vessels present in frogs’ thin skin absorb the oxygen🐸

The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) was created in 1949 by the United States, Canada, and other western European nations to provide collective security against the Soviet Union. NATO constitutes a system of collective security, whereby its independent member states agree to mutual defence in response to an attack by any external party.

NATO comprises 30 countries from the original 12 countries that signed the North Atlantic Treaty on 4 April 1949. The founding members of NATO are– Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, United Kingdom and the United States.

(i) Shaktikanta Das (born 26 February 1957)
Currently serving as the 25th governor of the Reserve Bank of India (RBI). He is a retired 1980 batch Indian Administrative Service (IAS) officer of Tamil Nadu cadre.

(ii) Bandaru Dattatreya (born 26 February 1947) is an Indian politician & the current Governor of the State of Haryana since 2021. He was the Member of Lok Sabha for Secunderabad from 2014 to 2019

(iii) Bajrang Punia (born 26 February 1994) is a freestyle wrestler from India. He competes in 65 kg weight category.

He has won three medals at the World Wrestling Championships.

The ball is in your court It’s your decision

Chiefly – Mainly

(kindly inform, if given info is vary from actual facts🙏🏻)

Names of the 12 months of the Indian Civil Calendar and their correlation with the Gregorian calendar:

  1. Chaitra (30/ 31* Days) Begins March 22/ 21*
  2. Vaisakha (31 Days) Begins April 21
  3. Jyaistha (31 Days) Begins May 22
  4. Asadha (31 Days) Begins June 22
  5. Shravana (31 Days) Begins July 23
  6. Bhadra (31 Days) Begins August 23
  7. Asvina (30 Days) Begins September 23
  8. Kartika (30 Days) Begins October 23
  9. Agrahayana (30 Days) Begins November 22
  10. Pausa (30 Days) Begins December 22
  11. Magha (30 Days) Begins January 21
  12. Phalguna (30 Days) Begins February 20

(Note: These home tips followed in villages/ancient traditions, it is up to you to use it or not🙏🏻)

Home Remedies for Fever

For treating malarial fever you can check out the home remedies for malaria fever

Black Pepper
Holy Basil /Tulsi
Rose water

Sponging the forehead and the body with cold water is a commonly recommended practice in high fever and in fever due to sun-stroke. For better results, add 1 teaspoonful of rose water to the cold water before sponging. You could even add the rose water to an ice-bag and use it for sponging.
Take about 20 fresh leaves of Holy Basil. Take a small piece of ginger and about 5 grains of black pepper. Boil them together in your tea and drink the warm liquid.

Note: Never attempt to force-feed a person down with fever since the body is struggling to counter the fever and food may only aggravate the situation (the person is likely to vomit).

CH Nαʋҽҽɳ Kυɱαɾ…