1. On February 23rd 2024, Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurated 9th edition of prestigious Raisina Dialogue conference in New Delhi focused on key global issues, in presence of Greece Prime Minister Kyriakos Mitsotakis as chief guest.
    • Annual Raisina Dialogue jointly organized by Indian Ministry of External Affairs and independent think tank Observer Research Foundation has emerged as India’s most high-profile geopolitics and geo-economics forum since launch in 2016.
  2. PM Modi is scheduled to inaugurate the foundation stone laying ceremony for 550 Amrit Bharat stations on February 26. The initiative aims to improve railway station facilities by developing rooftop plazas and city centers, with an investment of Rs 40,000 crore. Additionally, the Prime Minister will lay foundation stones for about 1,500 road overbridges and underbridges across different states.
  3. The Election Commission of India (ECI) has set the stage for the 18th Lok Sabha Election, tentatively scheduled for April and May 2024, with the preliminary date announced as April 16, 2024.
  4. The Election Commission of India (ECI) officials on Thursday giave a demo Mumbai voters on the use of Voter Verification Paper Audit Trail (VVPAT) system with the Electronic Voting Machine (EVM) ahead of the upcoming 2024 Lok Sabha Elections.
  5. Secretary, Ministry of Food Processing Industries, Anita Praveen chairs a roundtable interaction with stakeholders about the Ministry’s action plan for World Food India 2024.
  6. The Plasma Analyser Package for Aditya (PAPA) onboard the Aditya-L1 satellite has achieved a significant milestone by detecting the effects of coronal mass ejections (CMEs) on solar wind. The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) announced this success on Friday, confirming that PAPA effectively observed CME events.
  7. Karnataka CM Siddaramaiah inaugurates programme to give millet malt to school children as part of mid-day meal. The millet malt is expected to benefit the mental and physical health of 55 lakh children in government schools.
  8. Haryana CM Manohar Lal Khattar presented his fifth successive budget in the Assembly on Friday. The CM announced several steps for farmers’ welfare, including waiver of interest and penalties on those farmers who will deposit their loans by May 2024.
  9. Himachal Pradesh Chief Minister Sukhvinder Singh announced a hike of Rs 7,000 in the stipend of Senior Resident doctors from Rs 33,000 to Rs 40,000 and an increase of Rs 500 in honorarium being given to multi-purpose workers.
  10. Days after former Jammu and Kashmir Chief Minister Farooq Abdullah walked out of the I.N.D.I.A bloc, the Congress reached out to the National Conference, offering three of the six seats in the Union Territory for the Lok Sabha polls.
  11. On 23rd February 2024, Union Minister Ashwini Vaishnaw launched an annual capacity building blueprint for employees working under his three ministries spanning railways, communications and information technology sectors.
  12. Shri Guru Ravidas Jayanti 2024, it marks the 647th anniversary of the birth of Guru Ravidas, observed on February 23rd. Shri Guru Ravidas, also known as Raidas, stands as one of the eminent saints of the North Indian Bhakti movement.
  13. Assam: The Bodoland Territorial Region (BTR) govt signed a MoU with Vyomika Space Academy Pvt Ltd, New Delhi for setting up Space Labs in 10 schools under Bodoland Territorial Region at a ceremonial programme held at Bodofa Cultural Complex in Kokrajhar.
  14. Prime Minister Modi will dedicate to the nation Stage-I of National Thermal Power Corporation’s (NTPC) 1600 megawatt Lara Super Thermal Power Station and lay foundation stone of Stage-II of the Project in Raigarh, Chhattisgarh through video-conferencing.
  15. In Jharkhand: The last Budget Session of the coalition government of Jharkhand Mukti Morcha (JMM)-Congress and RJD begins at the State Legislative Assembly.
  16. Home Minister Amit Shah says that the Left Wing Extremism related violence has reduced by 52% in last 10 years.
  17. The India Meteorological Department (IMD) has issued a rainfall warning for several states including Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram and Tripura. Rainfall is predicted over the weekend and also over the western Himalayan region until 27 February.
  18. Former Lok Sabha Speaker ManoharJoshi’s last rites performed at the Shivaji Park crematorium, Mumbai on Friday.

Chief Justice of India: Shri Dhananjaya Y. Chandrachud
Minister Of Law & Justice: Arjun Ram Meghwal
International Court of Justice Prz.: Joan Donoghue

  1. Chief Justice DY Chandrachud inaugurated the ‘Ayush Holistic Wellness Centre’ at the Supreme Court of India, accompanied by fellow Judges.
  2. As fresh clashes broke out, the Haryana Police on Friday used tear to disperse protesting farmers heading towards Khanauri on Punjab’s border with the state.
  3. The Samyukta Kisan Morcha (SKM) observed a “black day” on Friday and burnt effigies of BJP leaders in protest against the Haryana Police’s action against agitating farmers camping at two of the state’s border points.
  4. Punjab Chief Minister Bhagwant Mann on Friday announced a compensation of Rs 1 crore and a government job for the sister of farmer Shubhkaran Singh who died at the Khanauri border.
  5. The Delhi High Court rejected the plea filed by Trinamool Congress (TMC) leader Mahua Moitra concerning the alleged disclosure of “confidential” information from the Enforcement Directorate (ED) to the media, in the Foreign Exchange Management Act (FEMA) investigation on Friday.
  6. A team of National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) on Friday held on-spot inquiries in Sandeshkhali to ascertain facts about alleged sexual abuse by some Trinamool Congress leaders even as fresh agitation rocked the trouble-torn village, where locals torched the property of accused Trinamool leaders and held demonstrations against the delay in arresting the main accused, Shahjahan Sheikh.
  7. The National Human Rights Commission issues a notice to the Delhi government over the death of several workers due to the massive fire inside a paint factory in the Alipur region of Delhi.

In Telangana: Opposition Bharat Rashtra Samiti MLA G Lasya Nanditha died in a road accident at Patancheru in neighbouring Sangareddy District on Friday. The 36-year-old first-time MLA from Secunderabad Cantonment (SC) was shifted to a hospital by the police after the accident where the doctors declared her dead on arrival.

Minister: Nirmala Sitharaman.
Commerce & Industry: Piyush Goyal
RBI Gvrnr: Shaktikanta Das
President of the World Bank: Ajay Banga
IMF MD: Kristalina Georgieva

$ USD ₹ 82.85
💷 GBP ₹ 104.97
€ Euro: ₹ 89.68

GDP(PPP): $13.119 trillion purchasing power parity (PPP)
GDP (nominal): $3.73 trillion
(Nominal means total market value of all goods and services produced in a country’s economy) .
GDP growth: 7.6% (Q2 2023-24)
India is the fifth largest economy in the world.
Inflation rate: Retail Inflation 5.69% in Dec 2023
Population: 143.86 cr
(17.7% of the total world population).
Unemployment: 10.09% (Oct2023)
Per capita: This income is also known as average income as it is calculated by dividing the total income of the country by the total population of the country.
GDP per capita:
$2,845 (Nominal; 2024)
$9,983 (PPP; 2024)

BSE SENSEX: 73,142.80 −15.45 (0.021%)🔻
NIFTY: 22,212.70 −4.75 (0.021%)🔻

Rates in Financial Capital Mumbai
GOLD: ₹ 62,730/10gm (24 krt)
SILVER: ₹ 75,000/KG


PETROL: ₹ 97/Ltr
DIESEL: ₹ 90/Ltr
CNG: ₹ 76/Ltr
LPG: ₹ 903/14.2 Kg


PETROL: ₹ 106/Ltr
DIESEL: 95/Ltr
Auto Gas: ₹ 60/Ltr
CNG: 76/Kg
LPG: ₹ 903/14.2 Kg

  1. The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) on Friday said National Payments Corporation of India (NPCI) has been asked to examine the possibility of it becoming a third party application provider for continued UPI operations of the Paytm app.
    • The central bank has barred Paytm Payments Bank from accepting further credits into its customer accounts and wallets after March 15.
  2. India’s mineral output witnessed a notable increase of 5.1% compared to the same period in 2022, according to the Ministry of Mines. The mining and quarrying sector’s index of mineral production for December reached 139.4, marking a significant rise from the previous year.
  3. Salil Parekh, the Chief Executive Officer and Managing Director of Infosys, has been appointed to the Board of Directors of the US India Strategic and Partnership Forum (USISPF).

Information and Broadcasting Minister: Shri Anurag Singh Thakur
Chairman of The Film and Television Institute of India (FTII): R Madhavan
Chairman of Central Board of Film Certification (CBFC): Prasoon Joshi

  1. Bollywood Star Shah Rukh Khan lit up the stage at the opening ceremony of the Women’s Premier League (WPL) 2024 on 23 February. The event took place at the M.Chinnaswamy Stadium in Bengaluru.
  2. ARTICLE 370 movie performed well on its first 1 days at the box office and earned an estimated ₹ 8 Cr.
    • Movie is about Cracking down on terrorism and putting an end to the billion dollar conflict economy in the valley, by doing the absolute impossible – Abrogating the notorious Article 370. That too, without spilling a single drop of innocent blood.
  3. Renowned filmmaker JP Dutta, celebrated for his cinematic masterpieces like ‘Border’, ‘LOC Kargil’, and ‘Refugee’, was honoured with the esteemed Maharashtra Bhushan Raj Kapoor Award in recognition of his outstanding dedication to Indian cinema.

Supreme Commander of Armed Forces: The President
Minister: Rajnath Singh
Def Minister of State: Ajay Bhatt
Union Home: Amit Shah
National Security Advisor: Ajit Doval
Chief of Defence Staff:

  1. DRDO is procuring six composite Radomes for the Naval Anti-ship Missile-Medium range (NASM-MR) missile from an Indian defence firm. The Radome is made from an E-glass reinforcement and epoxy matrix monocoque structure.
  2. A frontline fighter squadron operating the Su-30 aircraft based in Punjab is among the four IAF units, including another fighter outfit, that would be presented the President’s Standards and President’s Colours.
    • The Standards will be conferred on No. 221 Squadron based at Halwara and No. 45 Squadron based at Salur, while the Colours will be awarded to No. 11 Base Repair Depot located at Nasik and 509 Signals Unit, by President Draupadi Murmu at the Hindon Airbase on 8 March.
  3. The Cabinet Committee on Security (CCS) has approved the acquisition of over 200 BrahMos Extended Range (ER) supersonic cruise missiles for deployment on Indian Navy warships. The deal, valued at ₹19,000 crore, signifies a significant step towards bolstering India’s naval capabilities.

External affairs Minister: Subrahmanyam Jaishankar

  1. External Affairs Minister S Jaishankar held a meeting with United States Indo-Pacific Command Commander Admiral John Aquilino in Delhi on Friday. The two sides held talks on strategic situation.
  2. India and the US on Friday held 11th bilateral Consular Dialogue in New Delhi and discussed ways to enhance cooperation on various issues, including extradition, mobility of students and professionals, safe and legal migration, protection of vulnerable women and children and enabling smooth travel of their respective nationals.
  3. Ukraine Deputy Foreign Minister Iryna Borovets expressed gratitude to India for providing humanitarian help to Ukraine and added that they will appreciate it if they receive more humanitarian support from India in future. Calling India a powerful economic nation.
  4. Union Minister of State, Meenakashi Lekhi, held a meeting with Deputy Foreign Minister of Norway, Andreas Motzfeldt Kravik and discussed cooperation in the areas of the blue economy, space and clean energy.The meeting was held on Thursday on the sidelines of the Raisina Dialogue in the national capital.
  5. Vietnamese Deputy Foreign Minister Do Hung Viet on Friday said that Vietnam wants to further enhance bilateral economic, trade and investment ties with India.
  6. Minister of State for External Affairs V. Muraleedharan participated in #G20 Foreign Ministers’ Meeting (FMM) held under the Brazilian G20 Presidency on 21st and 22nd February in Rio de Janeiro.

UNO Gen. Secy: António Guterres.

1.. The Odysseus spacecraft from the United successfully landed on the moon on Thursday (local time), becoming the first American spacecraft to achieve the feat in more than 50 years.With this, Intuitive Machines (IM) — the commercial venture behind the Nova-C lander — has become the first private venture to carry out a successful landing.

  1. US President Joe Biden met with the wife and daughter of late Russian opposition leader Alexey Navalny in San Francisco and expressed his “heartfelt condolences” following the death of Russian leader in prison.
  2. United States on Friday (Feb 23rd) announced a fresh wave of more than 500 sanctions against Russia. These sanctions announced on the second anniversary of the Ukrainian war, come after the death of Kremlin critic Alexei Navalny in prison.

These include dismantling Hamas and Islamic Jihad and safeguarding the release of all hostages that are held captive in Gaza.

  1. Volcanic gas emission in Mexico triggers yellow alert for residents. The volcano had reactivated earlier in the week, prompting authorities to issue a yellow alert in the surrounding area.
  2. The German parliament on Friday (Feb 23rd) backed the move to partly legalise cannabis use. This legislation would make Germany only the third European country to legalise the drug for personal use. Those between the ages of 18 to 21 will only be allowed to buy up to 30g of cannabis with a maximum THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) content of 10%.

Minister: Shri Anurag Singh Thakur
BCCI president: Roger Binny
Hockey India President: Dilip Tirkey
16th President of the Indian Olympic Association: P. T. Usha

    • 23 Friday 2024
    • 1st Match • Bengaluru, M.Chinnaswamy Stadium
    • Delhi-capitals-women
      • DCW: 171-5 (20)
    • Mumbai-indians-women
      • MIW 173-6 (20)
    • Mumbai Indians Women won by 4 wkts
    • Sat, 24 Feb 2024
    • 2nd Match • Bengaluru, M.Chinnaswamy Stadium
      • Royal Challengers Bangalore Women
        • Vs
      • UP Warriorz
    • Today • 7:30 PM
    INDIA Vs England
    23 Feb 2024 – 27 Feb 2024
    • 4th Test • Venue Ranchi, JSCA International Stadium Complex
    • ENG: 302-7
    • Day 1: Stumps
    • Batters
      • Ollie Robinson *: 31
      • Joe Root: 106
  3. ASIAN TRACK CYCLING CHAMPIONSHIPS : Sarita Kumari showcased her talent in the junior women’s category, securing a bronze medal in the final race while clocking 36.966 seconds in the Asian Track Cycling Championships in New Delhi on Friday.
  4. Indian women’s hockey team chief coach Janneke Schopman resigned on Friday, days after creating a furore by claiming that she was not valued and respected enough by the national federation. The Dutch coach had taken over the reins of the women’s team in 2021 from Sjoerd Marine.
  5. The Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS) said on Friday it has dismissed an appeal from Russia against an International Olympic Committee (IOC) suspension for recognising regional organisations from territories annexed from Ukraine.
    • The IOC banned the Russian Olympic Committee (ROC) in October for recognising regional Olympic councils for Russian-occupied regions of Ukraine – Luhansk, Donetsk, Kherson and Zaporizhzhia.
  6. Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PML-N) and the Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP), have decided to share power. Shehbaz Sharif to be Pakistan PM and Asif Ali Zardari President.
  7. Bhagwan Singh and Mahesh Khurana from Bhopal have completed the Pangong Frozen Lake Marathon 2024, held in Leh-Ladakh. Known for its extreme conditions, this marathon is celebrated as the ‘World’s Highest Frozen Lake Marathon.’ The event unfolded on February 20, amidst heavy snowfall, at an altitude of 18,680 feet with temperatures plunging to -15°C, posing an ultimate challenge to the participants.
  8. The Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports has officially unveiled the logo for the highly anticipated 7th North East Youth Festival 2024. Scheduled to take place in Tripura from February 26 to 29, this four-day cultural gala promises to be a spectacular convergence of youth, art, and tradition.


Egypt = KAIRO
Official language: Arabic
President: Abdel Fattah el-Sisi
PM: Moustafa Madbouly
POPULATION: 110,000,000(in 2023)
Currency: Egyptian pound (LE/E£/£E) (EGP)
National Animal: Steppe Eagle.


In Bharat there are 28 states and 8 Union territories.
Population of Bharat:142 cr (2023)
President of Bharat: Smt Droupadi Murmu
Vice President: Shri Jagdeep Dhankhar
Prime Minister: Shri Narendra Modi
Speaker Lok Sabha: Shri Om Birla (BJP)
Rajya Sabha Seats: 245 (233 Elected + 12 Nominated)
Loksabha: 550 members (530 States + 20 Union Territories)
Chief Election Commissioner: Shri Rajiv Kumar


INDRAPRASTHA is the old name of Delhi. According to the Great Epic Mahabharata, King Dhritarashtra gave a barren island to Pandavas. The Pandavas made a very beautiful castle and the city and name the place as Indraprastha. The Purana Quila in Delhi is believed to be the palace of Pandavas.

In 1192 the legions of the Afghan Muhammad of Ghori captured the Rajput town, Ghori attacked Delhi 17 times was defeated 16 times at the hands of Prithviraj Chauhan. 

Due to lack support from Indian kings, Pritviraj was defeated and was brutally killed by Ghori. Later Delhi Sultanate was established. Delhi’s history begins with the onset of the Delhi Sultanate in the (1206-1526). After independence in 1947, New Delhi was officially declared as the Capital of India.

A beautiful soul loves without condition, talks without bad intention, gives without reason and most of all cares for people without any expectation.

The maths teacher writes a complex problem on the board and asks the students to solve it. When all the intelligent students are unable to solve it, she calls Chintu. 
Chintu gets up and erases the board.
Teacher: What’s this?😳🙄
Chintu: Ma’m, problem solved🤪

Why are airplanes usually painted white? 

The main reason why aircraft are painted white or light colours is to reflect sunlight. Other colours will absorb most of the light. This is crucial as when sunlight is absorbed by an aircraft, this heats up the body of an airplane. Painting a passenger plane white minimises both the heating and potential damage from solar radiation not only when the airplane is in flight, but also when it’s parked on the runway.
When flying at high altitudes, airplanes are completely exposed to various atmospheric conditions. Coloured aircraft tend to fade over time, and thus require repainting to maintain their aesthetic appeal.

Aside from the fact that paint adds significant weight to an aircraft –meaning more fuel is burned. White exteriors can enhance aircraft visibility and potentially increase its detection and avoidance by birds strike.

लाभानां श्रेय आरोग्यं सुखानां तुष्टिरुत्तमा ॥ – 

Source – Mahabharat vanparva
dhānyānāmuttamaṃ dākṣyaṃ dhanānāmuttamaṃ śrutam ।
lābhānāṃ śrēya ārōgyaṃ sukhānāṃ tuṣṭiruttamā ॥

Meaning : Skill is superior to material things knowledge is superior to wealth. Health is superior to profits and contentment is the best form of happiness.

भावार्थ :अन्नों में उत्तम निपुणता है। धनों में उत्तम शास्त्र-ज्ञान है। लाभों में उत्तम नीरोग (उत्तम स्वास्थ्य) है। सुखों में उत्तम सन्तोष है

विस्मर् : Forgetting

📣📢 A siren is a loud noise-making device. Generally used in factories and industries. Fire sirens are often called “fire whistles”, “fire alarms”, or “fire horns”.

It consists of an electric motor which turns a fan called the “rotor” or “impeller”, spinning inside a slotted drum called the “stator”. … Each time the rotor and stator holes align, a burst of air is forced through. The frequency of these bursts is the pitch of the siren.

Central Excise Day 2021: It is observed on 24th February every year to commemorate the Central Excise and Salt Act which was enacted on 24th February 1944. 

Jayaram Jayalalithaa (24 February 1948 – 5 December 2016) was an Indian politician and film actress who served as the Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu for over fourteen years between 1991 and 2016.

From 1989 she was the general secretary of the All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIADMK),

Look before you leap Take only calculated risks

Rapid × Slow
Inconsiderate: Thoughtless

(kindly inform, if given info is vary from actual facts🙏🏻)


Bilwa Patra leaves are important as their trifoliate shape signifies Shiva’s three eyes as well as the three spokes of the lords Trishul . Since they have a cooling effect, they are offered to the Shivalinga to soothe this hot-tempered deity.

The three segments of Bel leaf symbolically represents the three Gunas i.e. Tamas (physical body), Rajas (emotions) and satvic (intellect). The proportion of satvic component is more, hence the bel leaf has more capacity to absorb and emit satvic frequencies. 
According to Brihaddharma Purana says Lakshmi prayed to Shiva every day and offered him 10,000 lotus buds. One day she fell short by two buds.

Remembering that Vishnu had compared her breasts to lotus buds, she cut one off and offered it humbly. Before she could cut the other, Shiva, pleased with her, stopped her. Her cut breast became the fruit of the bel.Bhavishya Purana says after the samudra manthan, Lakshmi, emerged from the ocean on the ninth day of Bhadra and rested on the bel tree, so the bel is worshipped every year on that day.

(Note: These home tips followed in villages/ancient traditions, it is up to you to use it or not🙏🏻)

Benefits of Cloves 

Cloves are replete with powerful antioxidants that help fight free radical damage and boost our immunity. The oil obtained from clove is a good source of a compound called eugenol. The strong germicidal properties of clove help combat toothache, sore gums and ulcers.

Note: It is advised that you can consume not more than 2 to 3 cloves a day. Excessive consumption of cloves can cause fluid imbalances and liver damage. 

CH Nαʋҽҽɳ Kυɱαɾ…