WEEKEND NEWS UPDATES : https://youtu.be/kw9zbVkCBUQ?si=OjhkC1rqof_iAZsx

  1. The India Meteorological Department (IMD) predicts light rainfall and snowfall over parts of Jammu-Kashmir, Ladakh, Gilgit, Baltistan, Muzaffarabad, Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand.
  2. President Smt. Draupadi Murmu has arrived at Jaisalmer in Rajasthan on 23 Dec 2023, Saturday. She has been received at the airport by Governor Kalraj Mishra and Chief Minister Bhajan Lal Sharma.
  3. In Uttarakhand, Vice President Shri Jagdeep Dhankhar inaugurated the three-day Ved, Vigyan, and Sanskriti Mahakumbh at Gurukul Kangri University in Haridwar district on 23 Dec 2023, Saturday.
  4. PM Modi pays tributes to former PM Chaudhary Charan Singh on his birth anniversary on Saturday.
  5. PM Modi congratulated the people of Bengaluru on Kempegowda International Airport, Terminal-2 winning the World Special Prize for an Interior 2023 in the airports category.
  6. The two-day meeting of the national office bearers of the BJP concluded in New Delhi on Saturday.
  7. External Affairs Minister S Jaishankar addresses 3rd Convocation ceremony of Rashtriya Raksha University in Gandhinagar, Gujarat.
  8. PM Modi has expressed his delight at more than one crore Ayushman cards furnished under the Viksit Bharat Sankalp Yatra (VBSY) programme.
  9. Delhi Lieutenant Governor VK Saxena has recommended a Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) probe over the non-standard drugs being supplied to government hospitals in the national capital.
  10. In Tamil Nadu, the fifth train from Chennai to Varanasi as a part of Kasi Tamil Sangam began its journey from Chennai Central on 23 Dec 2023, Saturday. The Sangamam events are to strengthen the ancient bond between Tamil Nadu and Kashi.
  11. In Gujarat: Viksit Bharat Sankalp Yatra reaches over 9,700 Gram Panchayats.
  12. The Telangana State Road Transport Corporation (TSRTC) on Saturday, December 23 made a special request to women who travel shorter distances to use the Palle Velugu buses instead of the Express buses to save time for commuters travelling longer distances.
  13. PM Narendra Modi is likely to flag off Indian Railways’ first Amrit Bharat on 30 December.
    • The first Amrit Bharat train will be launched between Ayodhya and Darbhanga in Mithilanchal. While Ayodhya is believed to be the birthplace of Lord Rama, Mithilanchal is said to be the birthplace of goddess Sita.
  14. Congress on Saturday appointed Sachin Pilot the general secretary in-charge of Chhattisgarh and Avinash Pande the general secretary in-charge of Uttar Pradesh, replacing Kumari Selja and Priyanka Gandhi Vadra, respectively.
  15. Bihar Police to launch ‘Mission Investigation@75 days’ from 01 Jan, 2024: Bihar Police have decided to make it binding on investigators to complete investigation of cases within 75 days of registration of FIR.

Chief Justice of India: Shri Dhananjaya Y. Chandrachud
Minister Of Law & Justice: Arjun Ram Meghwal
International Court of Justice Prz.: Joan Donoghue

  1. Congress MP Karti Chidambaram on 23 Dec 2023, Saturday appeared before the Enforcement Directorate in New Delhi, in connection with an alleged money laundering case linked to irregularities in the issuance of visas to around 263 Chinese nationals in 2011.
  2. The Enforcement Directorate (ED) has issued a fresh summons to Bihar Deputy Chief Minister Tejashwi Yadav in a land-for-jobs money laundering case and has asked him to appear on the 5th of next month.
  3. The Supreme Court will hear the curative petition on January 24 next year filed by the Maharashtra government challenging the SC judgement which had declared a law providing reservation benefits to the Maratha community as unconstitutional.
  4. Punjab and Haryana High Court has directed the Punjab police chief to immediately register two FIRs in connection with gangster Lawrence Bishnoi’s two interviews aired by a private news channel in March.
  5. One terrorist was killed as army troops guarding the International Border (IB) scuttled an infiltration attempt in Jammu early on Saturday.
  6. In Telangana, 81 senior students of the three post-graduate departments — economics, commerce and zoology of the Kakatiya University (KU) — were suspended for ragging junior girl students, for a week.

“””””””””” MISHAPS “””””””””

In Hyderabad: Massive Fire Breaks Out at Ankura Hospital in Mehdipatnam. suspected to be caused by a short circuit, no reported casualties.

Minister: Nirmala Sitharaman.
Commerce & Industry: Piyush Goyal
RBI Gvrnr: Shaktikanta Das
President of the World Bank: Ajay Banga
IMF MD: Kristalina Georgieva

$ USD ₹ 83.20
💷 GBP ₹ 105.80
€ Euro: ₹ 91.90

GDP rate (2023): 6.5% ($3.75 trillion)
India is the fifth largest economy in the world.
Inflation rate: 4.7%
Population: 141.81 cr
(17.7% of the total world population).
Unemployment: 7.8%

BSE SENSEX: 71,106.96 +241.86 (0.34%)🌲
NIFTY: 21,349.40 +94.35 (0.44%)🌲

Rates in Financial Capital Mumbai
GOLD: ₹ 63,000/10gm (24 krt)
SILVER: ₹ 79,200/KG

FUEL in DELHI

PETROL: ₹ 97/Ltr
DIESEL: ₹ 90/Ltr
CNG: ₹ 76/Ltr
LPG: ₹ 903/14.2 Kg

FUEL in MUMBAI

PETROL: ₹ 106/Ltr
DIESEL: 95/Ltr
Auto Gas: ₹ 60/Ltr
CNG: 76/Kg
LPG: ₹ 903/14.2 Kg

  1. The government has given 5,228 crore rupees subsidy to incentivize 11.53 lakh Electric Vehicles in the country in 2023.
  2. The Coal Ministry has said the domestic coal-based power generation has increased by over 8% to almost 780 Billion Units (BU) during the April to November period this year.
  3. The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) on December 22 said that it has imposed monetary penalties on five cooperative banks for rule violations.

These banks are
The Kutch Mercantile Co-operative Bank, Bhabhar Vibhag Nagarik Sahakari Bank, Progressive Mercantile Co-operative Bank, The Thane District Central Co-operative Bank, and Shree Morbi Nagarik Sahakari Bank.

Information and Broadcasting Minister: Shri Anurag Singh Thakur
Chairman of The Film and Television Institute of India (FTII): R Madhavan
Chairman of Central Board of Film Certification (CBFC): Prasoon Joshi

Superstar Prabhas is set to shatter box office records once again with his latest release, the Prashanth Neel-directorial ‘SALAAR‘, which is an action drama.

According to film industry tracker Sacnilk, the film is expected to become his fourth consecutive film with a domestic opening of over Rs 100 crore.

Supreme Commander of Armed Forces: The President
Minister: Rajnath Singh
Def Minister of State: Ajay Bhatt
Union Home: Amit Shah
National Security Advisor: Ajit Doval
Chief of Defence Staff:
Gen Anil Chauhan, PVSM UYSM AVSM SM VSM

  1. The Defence Ministry has approved a proposal to purchase approximately 6,400 rockets for Pinaka multi-barrel rocket launcher systems worth Rs 2,800 crore to strengthen the Indian army’s firepower.
  2. A merchant vessel carrying crude oil catches fire after suspected drone attack in Arabian Sea: The Indian Navy and Indian Coast Guard vessels are moving towards a merchant vessel, MV Chem Pluto, in the Arabian Sea, which caught fire after a suspected drone attack.
  3. Japan’s defence spending to increase more than 16 % next year under record military budget.

External affairs Minister: Subrahmanyam Jaishankar

  1. India on 23 Dec 2023, Saturday strongly condemned the incident of defacing SMVS Shri Swaminarayan Mandir at Newark, California with anti-India graffiti.
  2. Dubai Hosts the 28th International Sindhi Conference: A Celebration of Sindhi Heritage.

UNO Gen. Secy: António Guterres.

  1. U.S. President Joe Biden on Friday signed into law the U.S. defense policy bill that authorizes a record 886 billion dollar annual military spending and policies such as aid for Ukraine and push-back against China in the Indo-Pacific.
  2. Pakistani security forces on Saturday killed a key member of the banned Tehreek-i-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) who was involved in several terror plots, including a deadly attack on an ISI building in Punjab province.
  3. The death toll from the 6.2-magnitude earthquake that jolted northwest China earlier this week has risen to 148.
  4. An Israel-affiliated merchant vessel was struck by an unmanned aerial vehicle in the Arabian Sea.
  5. The United Nations Security Council adopted a Resolution, which demands substantive and concrete steps to increase the flow of life-saving humanitarian aid to Palestinians in the Gaza Strip while protecting UN and humanitarian staff on the ground who deliver it.
  6. As many as 136 UN workers lost their lives in last 75 days in conflict between Israel & Hamas: UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres said.
    UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres says humanitarian ceasefire is the only way to meet desperate needs of people in Gaza.
  7. In Ukraine, three Russian fighter jets were shot down on 22nd Dec 2023, Friday in the nation’s south.
  8. As the death toll of Nepali soldier fighting for Russia against Ukrainian reaches 7, a press release was issued by Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Nepal that Russia has been asked not to recruit Nepali citizens in the military and send back those Nepalis who are already serving in the army.
  9. In Netherland, Caretaker Prime Minister Mark Rutte announced that government is preparing an initial delivery of Eighteen F-16 fighter jets to Ukraine.
  10. Pakistan’s Supreme Court granted bail to former Prime Minister Imran Khan in a case where he is accused of making state secrets public.


Minister: Shri Anurag Singh Thakur
BCCI president: Roger Binny
Hockey India President: Dilip Tirkey
16th President of the Indian Olympic Association: P. T. Usha

  1. PRO KABADDI LEAGUE
    2 Dec 2023– 31 Jan 2024
    • Jawaharlal Nehru Indoor Stadium
      • (a) Tamil Thalaivas -24 pts
        • Vs
      • Jaipur Pink Panthers -25 pts
    • (b) Gujarat Giants -38 pts
      • Vs
    • UP Yoddhas -30 pts
  2. On the second day of the Women’s National Boxing Championships, the seasoned duo Saweety Boora and Pooja Rani secured places in the pre-quarterfinals with distinctive victories at the GBU Indoor Stadium in Greater Noida.
  3. Deaflympics gold medallist Virender Singh Yadav, better known as Goonga Pehlwan, has now decided to return his Padma Shri to the government, showing solidarity with the country’s top wrestlers who have objected to election of Brij Bhushan Sharan Singh loyalist Sanjay Singh as WFI president.
  4. National Rifle Association of India (NRAI) is considering the requests of several pistol and rifle shooters to compete in season-opening ISSF World Cup in Cairo in January 2024.

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ODISHA = Bhubaneswar
Before was Orissa Province
Formation: 01 April 1936;
Districts: 30 (3 divisions)
Governor: Raghubar Das
CM: Naveen Patnaik (BJD)

STATE SYMBOLS
BIRD: Indian roller
Fish: Mahanadi mahseer
Flower: Asoka
Mammal: Sambar
Tree: Sacred Fig

“”””””””””””””””””””””””””””””””””””””””
In Bharat there are 28 states and 8 Union territories.
Population of Bharat:142 cr (2023)
President of Bharat: Smt Droupadi Murmu
Vice President: Shri Jagdeep Dhankhar
Prime Minister: Shri Narendra Modi
Speaker Lok Sabha: Shri Om Birla (BJP)
Rajya Sabha Seats: 245 (233 Elected + 12 Nominated)
Loksabha: 550 members (530 States + 20 Union Territories)
Chief Election Commissioner: Shri Rajiv Kumar

=====================

Kohima is called the land of the Angami Naga tribe and derives its name from ‘Kewhira’ or ‘Kewhima’, meaning the land where the Kewhi flower grows. The city serpentines along the mountain ranges to the top and offers a pristine and seamless blend of nature and tribal traditions and culture.

A beautiful soul loves without condition, talks without bad intention, gives without reason and most of all cares for people without any expectation. 

Chintu : It is said that anytime,
Don’t laugh at the “circumstance”!!
The same situation can happen to us too.

so i just everyday

I laugh at the “situation” of “Ambani”..!!😜😜

Why are airplanes usually painted white? 
✈️🛫🛬🛩️🚀
The main reason why aircraft are painted white or light colours is to reflect sunlight. Other colours will absorb most of the light. This is crucial as when sunlight is absorbed by an aircraft, this heats up the body of an airplane. Painting a passenger plane white minimises both the heating and potential damage from solar radiation not only when the airplane is in flight, but also when it’s parked on the runway.

When flying at high altitudes, airplanes are completely exposed to various atmospheric conditions. Coloured aircraft tend to fade over time, and thus require repainting to maintain their aesthetic appeal. Aside from the fact that paint adds significant weight to an aircraft –meaning more fuel is burned. White exteriors can enhance aircraft visibility and potentially increase its detection and avoidance by birds strike.

दिवसेनैव तत् कुर्याद् येन रात्रौ सुखं वसेत्। 
divasenaiva tat kuryād yena rātrau sukhaṃ vaset।

दिनभर ऐसा कार्य करो जिससे रात में चैन की नींद आ सके।

Do such a thing throughout the day, so that you can sleep peacefully in night.

A siren is a loud noise-making device. Generally used in factories and industries. Fire sirens are often called “fire whistles”, “fire alarms”, or “fire horns”.

It consists of an electric motor which turns a fan called the “rotor” or “impeller”, spinning inside a slotted drum called the “stator”. … Each time the rotor and stator holes align, a burst of air is forced through. The frequency of these bursts is the pitch of the siren.

24th Dec National Consumer Rights Day: The Consumer Protection Act got President’s assent on this day in 1986.

Atal Bihari Vajpayee (25 December 1924 – 16 August 2018) was an Indian politician, statesman and a poet who served three terms as the Prime Minister of India, first for a term of 13 days in 1996, then for a period of 13 months from 1998 to 1999, and finally, for a full term from 1999 to 2004.
The administration of Narendra Modi declared in 2014 that Vajpayee’s birthday, 25 December, would be marked as Good Governance Day.

He died on 16 August 2018 due to an age-related illness.

Better late than never 
Better to arrive late than not to come at all.

ANTONYM 
Sorrow × Joy
SYNONYMS 
Joy: Delight

(kindly inform, if given info is vary from actual facts🙏🏻)

WHY ARE THE BEL LEAVES 🌿SO IMPORTANT FOR WORSHIPPING LORD SHIVA ? 

Bilwa Patra leaves are important as their trifoliate shape signifies Shiva’s three eyes as well as the three spokes of the lords Trishul . Since they have a cooling effect, they are offered to the Shivalinga to soothe this hot-tempered deity.

The three segments of Bel leaf symbolically represents the three Gunas i.e. Tamas (physical body), Rajas (emotions) and satvic (intellect). The proportion of satvic component is more, hence the bel leaf has more capacity to absorb and emit satvic frequencies. 

According to Brihaddharma Purana says Lakshmi prayed to Shiva every day and offered him 10,000 lotus buds. One day she fell short by two buds. Remembering that Vishnu had compared her breasts to lotus buds, she cut one off and offered it humbly. Before she could cut the other, Shiva, pleased with her, stopped her. Her cut breast became the fruit of the bel.Bhavishya Purana says after the samudra manthan, Lakshmi, emerged from the ocean on the ninth day of Bhadra and rested on the bel tree, so the bel is worshipped every year on that day.

(Note: These home tips followed in villages/ancient traditions, it is up to you to use it or not🙏🏻)

Benefits of Cloves 

Cloves contain fiber, vitamins, and minerals, so using whole or ground cloves to add flavor to your food can provide some important nutrients

Cloves are replete with powerful antioxidants that help fight free radical damage and boost our immunity. The oil obtained from clove is a good source of a compound called eugenol. The strong germicidal properties of clove help combat toothache, sore gums and ulcers.

The anti-inflammatory compounds help heal sore throats, cold and cough and headache. The eugenol present in clove helps ease digestion; healthy digestion is key to effective weight loss. Clove also helps rev up metabolism naturally. By fighting free radical activity, cloves may also help give you a beautiful skin

Note: It is advised that you can consume not more than 2 to 3 cloves a day. Excessive consumption of cloves can cause fluid imbalances and liver damage.

Regards
CH Nαʋҽҽɳ Kυɱαɾ…
✒️