1. President Smt. Droupadi Murmu — Supreme Commander of India’s defence forces — witnessed an impressive operational demonstration by the Andaman and Nicobar Command at Swaraj Dweep in the South Andaman.
    • Andaman and Nicobar Lieutenant Governor Admiral D K Joshi (retd) and Commander-In-Chief, Andaman and Nicobar Command (CINCAN), Air Marshal Saju Balakrishnan were present.
  2. The Election Commission of India (ECI) has set the stage for the 18th Lok Sabha Election, tentatively scheduled for April and May 2024, with the preliminary date announced as 16 April 2024. The Lok Sabha, comprising 543 + 2 seats, plays a pivotal role in shaping the nation’s political landscape.
  3. PM Modi, through a Video Conference, dedicated the transformative Campus Development Project of the Indian Institute of Technology Hyderabad to the nation.
  4. PM Modi on Thursday dedicated to the nation two new Pressurised Heavy Water Reactors (PHWRs) with a cumulative capacity of 1,400 megawatts established at Kakrapar Atomic Power Station (KAPS) in Gujarat’s Surat district.
  5. THE GOVERNMENT LAUNCHES RS 100 CR PROJECTS FOR PEOPLE WITH DISABILITIES : Dr. Virendra Kumar, the Union Minister of Social Justice and Empowerment, virtually launched several projects valued at over Rs 100 crore. ( These initiatives, focused on improving rehabilitation facilities and promoting inclusivity, highlight the government’s dedication to citizen welfare.
  6. Minister of State for Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions, Dr Jitendra Singh chairs the 33rd Standing Committee of Voluntary Agencies meeting in New Delhi.
  7. PM Modi will lay the foundation stone for ISRO’s second spaceport coming up at Kulasekarapattinam in Thoothukudi district on 28 February Tuticorin, Tamilnadu.
  8. The Forest Department in Uttar Pradesh’s Gonda district, partnering with the Turtle Survival Alliance Foundation India, seeks to create a turtle conservation reserve along the Sarju river.
  9. The Madhya Pradesh government has announced a groundbreaking initiative – the introduction of a ‘bag-less school’ policy. This policy, set to be implemented once a week from the upcoming academic session of 2024-25.
  10. Union Minister of Education and Skill Development & Entrepreneurship, Shri Dharmendra Pradhan, spearheaded the inauguration of the first Skill India Centre (SIC) in Sambalpur, Odisha.
  11. THE MEDARAM JATARA, known as SAMMAKKA SARALAMMA JATARA’, began this year on 21 February in Medaram, Mulugu district, showcasing Telangana’s rich tribal heritage.
    This four-day event, considered the world’s largest tribal gathering, attracts pilgrims to the remote village of Medaram once every two years.
  12. Minister for IT and Railways Ashwini Vaishnaw says that from being an importer of technology, now India is being seen as a co-creator and co-developer of technology. Addressing a session of Raisina Dialogue in New Delhi.
  13. Dr. Tamilisai Soundararajan Lt governor of Puducherry declares open Urban Entertainment Centre and Convention Center at Old Port Campus inpresence of Chief Minister Shri N.Rangasamy.
  14. Three-day International Gita Mahotsav to commence from 01 March in Colombo, Sri Lanka.
  15. Government facilitates mutually agreed price of PDM at 4,263 per tonne for sale by sugar mills to fertilizer companies.
  16. The Minister of State for Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions, Dr Jitendra Singh chairs the 33rd Standing Committee of Voluntary Agencies meeting in New Delhi.
  17. The Election Commission of India on Thursday allotted “man blowing turha (a traditional trumpet)” as the symbol of the Nationalist Congress Party (NCP) in Maharashtra.
  18. The Samajwadi Party on Thursday said its chief Akhilesh Yadav will attend Congress leader Rahul Gandhi’s Bharat Jodo Nyay Yatra in Agra on 25 February.
  19. Sandeshkhali: PM Modi Likely to Meet Sexual Harassment Victims In West Bengal. According to the reports, PM Modi is scheduled to visit West Bengal on 6 March 2024.
  20. Former Maharashtra CM Manohar Joshi passed away in the wee hours of Friday. He was 86. He had been admitted to the ICU of P D Hinduja Hospital in Mumbai after suffering a cardiac arrest.

Chief Justice of India: Shri Dhananjaya Y. Chandrachud
Minister Of Law & Justice: Arjun Ram Meghwal
International Court of Justice Prz.: Joan Donoghue

  1. The Government reiterates that it is always ready for talks with the farmers to address their concerns. Information and Broadcasting Minister Anurag Singh Thakur says that Union Ministers held four round of talks with the farmers and positive discussions were held.
  2. Ranchi Police have registered an FIR against Gurpatwant Singh Pannun—leader of banned pro-Khalistan terrorist outfit Sikhs for Justice (SFJ) — and tightened the security of Jharkhand capital after an alleged video threatening to disrupt the fourth Test Match between India and England, scheduled to be held on Friday, 23 February, surfaced on social media.
  3. Central Bureau of Investigation conducted searches at the premises of former Jammu and Kashmir governor Satya Pal Malik and 29 other locations on Thursday in connection with alleged corruption in the Rs 2,200-crore Kiru Hydropower project.
  4. KARNATAKA TEMPLE TAX ROW: A row erupted after the Karnataka Assembly passed the ‘Karnataka Hindu Religious Institutions and Charitable Endowments Bill 2024’ on Wednesday. Under the new rule, temples earning above ₹1 crore will pay 10 percent of the net income, while temples with income between ₹10 lakh and ₹1 crore will pay 5% to the government.
    • Chief Minister Siddaramaiah said that there are 3,000 temples in Karnataka with less than ₹5 lakh income from where ‘Dharmika Parishad’ gets no money.
  5. Ajmer Dargah chief Syed Zainul Abedin said political parties should try to find solutions to disputes such as in Mathura and Kashi outside the courts.
  6. The Calcutta high court on Thursday granted bail to a television journalist Santu Pan, who was arrested on duty at the restive Sandeshkhali, observing that the press must be allowed to function freely and independently, without any fear of reprisal or intimidation. He was arrested on February 19 on the basis of a complaint by a woman alleging that he had trespassed into her house in Sandeshkhali.
  7. Calcutta high court on Thursday orally asked the West Bengal Zoo Authority to consider renaming the lioness and lion called ‘Sita’ and ‘Akbar’ in the safari park in Siliguiri, and wondered why create a controversy by giving such names.
  8. Representatives of the Sikh community on Thursday called on West Bengal Governor C V Ananda Bose to protest against alleged “Khalistani” jibe at an IPS officer by BJP leader Suvendu Adhikari.

An avalanche killed a Russian skier in Gulmarg on Thursday morning while six other Russians and their local guide, who were trapped with him, have been rescued.

The avalanche struck as the Khelo India Winter Games, which started on Wednesday, were under way in Gulmarg.

Minister: Nirmala Sitharaman.
Commerce & Industry: Piyush Goyal
RBI Gvrnr: Shaktikanta Das
President of the World Bank: Ajay Banga
IMF MD: Kristalina Georgieva

$ USD ₹ 82.90
💷 GBP ₹ 104.90
€ Euro: ₹ 89.70

GDP(PPP): $13.119 trillion purchasing power parity (PPP)
GDP (nominal): $3.73 trillion
(Nominal means total market value of all goods and services produced in a country’s economy) .
GDP growth: 7.6% (Q2 2023-24)
India is the fifth largest economy in the world.
Inflation rate: Retail Inflation 5.69% in Dec 2023
Population: 143.86 cr
(17.7% of the total world population).
Unemployment: 10.09% (Oct2023)
Per capita: This income is also known as average income as it is calculated by dividing the total income of the country by the total population of the country.
GDP per capita:
$2,845 (Nominal; 2024)
$9,983 (PPP; 2024)

BSE SENSEX: 73,158.24 +535.15 (0.74%)🌲
NIFTY: 22,217.45 +162.40 (0.74%)🌲

Rates in Financial Capital Mumbai
GOLD: ₹ 62,700/10gm (24 krt)
SILVER: ₹ 75,000/KG


PETROL: ₹ 97/Ltr
DIESEL: ₹ 90/Ltr
CNG: ₹ 76/Ltr
LPG: ₹ 903/14.2 Kg


PETROL: ₹ 106/Ltr
DIESEL: 95/Ltr
Auto Gas: ₹ 60/Ltr
CNG: 76/Kg
LPG: ₹ 903/14.2 Kg

  1. A high profile consortium named ‘BharatGPT’ comprising billionaire Mukesh Ambani’s Reliance Industries along with eight elite Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) and Indian Institute of Science (IISc) announced timeline to launch indigenous alternative to popular conversational AI chatbot ChatGPT in March 2024. The AI model — named Hanooman—is expected to position India as a global contender in cutting-edge generative language technologies.
  2. SBM Bank India, a subsidiary of the State Bank of Mauritius, has announced the appointment of Ashish Vijayakar as the Managing Director & Chief Executive Officer (MD & CEO) of the Bank.
  3. The Appointments Committee of the Cabinet (ACC) has made significant appointments for the chairmanship of several prominent banks in India.
    1. Former LIC Chairman M R Kumar has been appointed as the part-time non-official Director and non-executive Chairman of the Bank of India (BOI).
    2. Srinivasan Sridhar has been selected as the part-time non-official Director and non-executive Chairman of the Board of Indian Overseas Bank (IOB).
    3. Aravamudan Krishna Kumar has been appointed as the part-time non-official Director and non-executive Chairman on the Board of UCO Bank.
  4. Mswipe Technologies, a prominent player in India’s digital payments sector, has been awarded a Payment Aggregator (PA) license by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI). This significant development follows the company’s receipt of an in-principle approval earlier in 2022. Mswipe aims to leverage this license to bolster its range of offerings, providing comprehensive payment technology solutions across various channels.
  5. PhonePe has launched the Indus Appstore, a made-in-India Android app marketplace, aiming to rival Google Play Store and Apple App Store.
    The platform hosts over 2 Lakh apps across 45 categories. Indus Appstore boasts a wide array of apps from Indian brands such as Zomato, Myntra, Domino’s, Flipkart, Dream11, Swiggy, and more.

Information and Broadcasting Minister: Shri Anurag Singh Thakur
Chairman of The Film and Television Institute of India (FTII): R Madhavan
Chairman of Central Board of Film Certification (CBFC): Prasoon Joshi

  1. Minister of Information and Broadcasting, Anurag Singh Thakur launches online Portals of CBC, RNI New Media Wing and Digital Addressable System of the Ministry of I&B in New Delhi.
  2. Mammootty’s latest release, Bramayugam, is enjoying positive word-of-mouth. Directed by Rahul Sadasivan, the latest Malayalam horror thriller was released in theatres on 15th February. the film stands at 37.65 crores gross at the worldwide box office in the first 6 days. Before the end of the second weekend, the mark of 50 crores gross is expected to be crossed.
  3. Article 370 starring Yami Gautam, Priyamani film has been released in theatres today i.e. on 23 February. The movie directed by National Award-winning Aditya Suhas Jambhale is based on the PMO’s decision to revoke the special status granted to Jammu and Kashmir.

Supreme Commander of Armed Forces: The President
Minister: Rajnath Singh
Def Minister of State: Ajay Bhatt
Union Home: Amit Shah
National Security Advisor: Ajit Doval
Chief of Defence Staff:

  1. In a major boost to the Indian Navy’s capabilities, the Cabinet Committee on Security (CCS) has given the green light for procuring more than 200 BrahMos extended-range supersonic cruise missiles for deployment on warships.
    1. The proposed acquisition deal – estimated at around ₹19,000 crore – was reportedly cleared in a committee meeting.
    2. The contract between BrahMos Aerospace – an Indo-Russian multinational aerospace and defence corporation – and the ministry of defence is likely to be signed in the first week of March.
    3. BrahMos Aerospace Private Limited was formed as a joint venture between India’s DRDO and Russia’s NPO Mashinostroyeniya in 1998.
  2. Aeronautical Development Agency (ADA) has signed an MoU with the Indian Air Force (IAF) for integration of futuristic Weapons and Sensors for LCA Tejas aircraft.
  3. The Central Government is working on a detailed policy on career progression of women officers in the Indian Army and it will be in place by 31 March 2024. The Government has informed the Supreme Court. Senior advocate V Mohana, representing some women officersofficers said, out of 108 women officers, only 32 were granted command position in regular units.
    • In a landmark verdict on 17 February 2020, the top court had ordered permanent commission for women officers in the Army, rejecting the Centre’s stand on their “physiological limitations” as being based on “sex stereotypes” and calling it “gender discrimination against women”.
  4. The central government has approved a ₹6,000 crore project to install high-power radars along the Line of Actual Control (LAC) to monitor the activities of the Chinese Air Force. The radar will be manufactured by Larsen & Toubro.
  5. The Maritime Technical Exposition MTEX-24 stands as a special attraction in the MILAN 2024 taking place in Visakhapatnam. MTEX-24 showcases the latest advancements in naval technology. Defence Minister Rajnath Singh inaugurated MTEX-24, a three-day defence exposition as part of MILAN 2024.
  6. Chief of Defence Staff Gen Anil Chauhan, along with Admiral John Christopher Aquilino of the United States Indo-Pacific Command (US INDOPACOM) on Wednesday discussed contemporary security challenges and affirmed stronger ties between both countries.
  7. Lt. Gen. Gurbirpal Singh, Director General, National Cadet Corps (NCC), on Wednesday visited the NCC Camp Area at Pangode and interacted with cadets. The NCC cadets of the Thiruvananthapuram Group Headquarters presented a Guard of Honour.
    • The NCC Director General also reviewed the activities of the NCC Kerala and Lakshadweep Directorate and interacted with the officers. Maj. Gen. J. S. Mangat, Additional Director General, NCC Kerala and Lakshadweep, Deputy Director General Brig. A. Ragesh and Group Commander Brig. Anand Kumar were among those present.

External affairs Minister: Subrahmanyam Jaishankar

  1. The Union Cabinet has eased regulations to allow 100% foreign direct investment (FDI) in the country’s space sector. The relaxation of entry barriers, as outlined in the amended policy, is expected to attract investors to Indian space companies.
  2. INDIA’S INTERNATIONAL RISE MAKES IT KEY ALLY IN PURSUIT OF PEACE, SECURITY: GREECE PM MITSOTAKIS AT RAISINA DIALOGUE : In a world that faces geopolitical tensions and other challenges, India’s rise on the international stage and its position as a growing force at the heart of the G20 makes the country a key ally in the pursuit of peace, security and efforts to fight climate change, Greece Prime Minister Kyriakos Mitsotakis has said.
  3. The Raisina Dialogue in Delhi, External Affairs Minister S Jaishankar on Thursday held bilateral meetings with his counterparts from Slovak Republic, 🇬🇭Ghana, 🇹🇿Tanzania, 🇦🇱Albania and 🇵🇦Panama. He discussed connectivity, mobility and economic cooperation with the countries in multiple sectors.
  4. Finland’s Foreign Minister, Elina Valtonen on Thursday emphasised on the 75-year bond between India and Finland saying that the two countries are pushing to close a free-trade agreement. The Finland Foreign Minister was speaking at th sidelines of the Raisina Dialogue.
  5. A Chinese research ship, Xiang-Yang-Hong-03, is set to arrive in the Maldives on Thursday, following a visit to the Indian Ocean in January. The ship, owned by a research institute, spent over three weeks surveying waters outside India, the Maldives, and Sri Lanka’s exclusive economic zones.
  6. PM Narendra Modi again emerges as most popular global leader with 78% approval rating.

UNO Gen. Secy: António Guterres.

  1. Pakistan Muslim League (PML-N) President Shehbaz Sharif is set to assume the role of Prime Minister of Pakistan a week after 176 out of 342 lawmakers of the National Assembly voted against former premier Imran Khan in a dramatic no-confidence motion resulting in his unceremonious exit.
    • Pakistan People’s Party (PPP) Co-chairman Asif Zardari, 68, is slated to become the country’s President again. Shehbaz Sharif was prime minister from 2022 to 2023 while Asif Zardari was the country’s President from 2008 to 2013
  2. Pro-independence Baloch leader and president of the Free Baluchistan Movement (FBM), Hyrbyair Marri, said that the elections that took place in “occupied Baluchistan” under the Pakistani Army’s supervision have no legal status, because the Baloch people did not participate in the “so-called electoral process of Pakistan.
  3. Turkey celebrates a milestone achievement as its first fifth-generation aircraft, KAAN, successfully completes its inaugural flight, marking a significant advancement in the country’s military capabilities.

Minister: Shri Anurag Singh Thakur
BCCI president: Roger Binny
Hockey India President: Dilip Tirkey
16th President of the Indian Olympic Association: P. T. Usha

The 2nd season of the WOMEN’S PREMIER LEAGUE 2024
The tournament will feature five teams and will be held from 23 February to 17 March 2024

Friday, 23 Feb 2024
1st Match
M.Chinnaswamy Stadium
Timing: Today • 7:30 PM

Mumbai Indians Women
Delhi Capitals Women


Egypt = KAIRO
Official language: Arabic
President: Abdel Fattah el-Sisi
PM: Moustafa Madbouly
POPULATION: 110,000,000(in 2023)
Currency: Egyptian pound (LE/E£/£E) (EGP)
National Animal: Steppe Eagle.


In Bharat there are 28 states and 8 Union territories.
Population of Bharat:142 cr (2023)
President of Bharat: Smt Droupadi Murmu
Vice President: Shri Jagdeep Dhankhar
Prime Minister: Shri Narendra Modi
Speaker Lok Sabha: Shri Om Birla (BJP)
Rajya Sabha Seats: 245 (233 Elected + 12 Nominated)
Loksabha: 550 members (530 States + 20 Union Territories)
Chief Election Commissioner: Shri Rajiv Kumar

On November 21, 1963 The first rocket of India was so light and small that it was transported on a bicycle to the Thumba Launching Station in Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala.

The difference between ordinary and extraordinary is that little extra

Chintu Ek Din Blood Bank Mein Gaya Aur Udhar Usne Ek Staff Ke Aadmi Se Puchha
Chintu: “Mujhe Ek Bottle Blood Chahiye”

Staff: “Blood Group Bolo”
Chintu: “Koi Bhi Chalega”
Staff Hairani Se: “Arey Aisi Kaise Chalega?”😳

Chintu: “Yaar Girlfriend Ko Love Letter Likhna Hai, Samjha Kar“🤪🤔

Why does the colour of petrol seem orange? 

The refined gasoline is crystal clear and colorless like water. The manufacturers put dyes in the gasoline to differentiate it by octane ratings. Octane rating or number is the standard measure of performance of the gasoline. The higher the octane rating the more compression the gasoline withstands before detonating. It is the measure of the fuels ability to resist pinging or knocking during combustion before the air-fuel mix detonates in the engine.

Gasoline is dyed for various purposes. Red gasoline is meant for off-road vehicles, blue gas is for aviation and race cars. Regular unleaded gasoline is greenish-blue in color.

Midgrade gasoline is yellowish to transparent. High octane gasoline is pinkish.

शरीरस्य गुणानाश्च दूरम्अन्त्य अन्तरम् ।⁣⁣ 
शरीरं क्षणं विध्वंसि कल्पान्त स्थायिनो गुणा: । ।
⁣⁣ – Chankya Niti
śarīrasya guṇānāśca dūramantya antaram ।⁣⁣
śarīraṃ kṣaṇaṃ vidhvaṃsi kalpānta sthāyinō guṇā: ।।⁣⁣

Meaning: There is a lot of difference between the human body and its qualities. Because the Human body lives for a short period whereas the Qualities are remembered forever.⁣⁣

भावार्थ : ⁣⁣शरीर और गुण इन दोनों में बहुत अन्तर है । शरीर थोड़े ही दिनों का मेहमान होता है जबकि गुण प्रलय काल तक बने रहते हैं ।

How Petrol is formed

Like coal and natural gas, petroleum was formed from the remains of ancient marine organisms, such as plants, algae, and bacteria. … Over millions of years under high pressure and high temperature, the remains of these organisms transformed into what we know today as fossil fuels.

 Astronomical distance between planets is calculated in light years.

1 light year = 9.4605284 × 10 power 15 Mtrs

It is the distance that light can travel in one year

Baba Hardev Singh (23 February 1954 – 13 May 2016), also known as Nirankari Baba, was an Indian spiritual guru and chief leader of the Sant Nirankari Mission from 1980 until his death.

Call a spade a spade Speak frankly and directly

Calamity: Disaster

(kindly inform, if given info is vary from actual facts🙏🏻)

Worship of god on particular days relates to planets.

Budha (बुध) is the planet for wealth and wisdom. Ganesh also bestows both.

Some people worship Ganesh on Tuesday to get rid of Kuja dosh.
If Sankatahara Chaturthi falls on Wednesday it is considered to be auspicious.

The fourth day after Fullmoon day is celebrated as Sankatahara Chaturthi.

(Note: These home tips followed in villages/ancient traditions, it is up to you to use it or not🙏🏻)


Heat about 50 ml of sesame oil gently and apply it when warm on the affected portion, after taking hot fomentation.

Dissolve 3 crystals of menthol and 2 drops of cumin oil in 3 teaspoons of sesame oil. For better results, you may use warm sesame oil. Apply this on the affected portion followed by a gentle massage for quick relief from muscular pain.

CH Nαʋҽҽɳ Kυɱαɾ…