1. President Smt. Droupadi Murmu visited Radhanagar Beach in Swaraj Dweep, Andaman and Nicobar 🏝Islands yesterday.
  2. The longest transportation tunnel of the country on the Udhampur-Srinagar-Baramulla Rail Link (USBRL) was opened by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Tuesday as he flagged off the first electrified trains of the Kashmir valley.
  3. After the launch of the first test vehicle for the Gaganyaan mission in October 2023, ISRO chief S Somanath said the second one is also ready. Second test vehicle for Gaganyaan mission ready, awaiting transport to Sriharikota. Additional tests, including parachute validation and astronaut training, ongoing.
  4. The High-Level Committee (HLC) under the Chairmanship of former President Ram Nath Kovind to examine the issue relating to holding of simultaneous elections and make recommendations in this regard holds a meeting in New Delhi.
  5. Chief Election Commissioner Rajiv Kumar says the decision on phases of #LokSabhaElections will be taken after the overall review of poll preparedness.
    • In view of upcoming Lok Sabha elections Bihar was third state after Andhra Pradesh and Odisha in the country where the EC team held discussions.
  6. Jammu And Kashmir: Winter Carnival in Kulgam District to be held on 24-25 Feb.
  7. With an aim to enhance women’s hygiene accessibility and raise awareness on menstrual hygiene, the organisers of the Khelo India University Games, Ashtalakshmi have installed sanitary napkin vending machines and eco-friendly incinerators for disposal of the used pads in the stadiums.
    • The vending machines have been installed at the female washrooms in the stadiums, with clear instructions on the usage.
  8. The BJP president JP Nadda is on a two-day tour of Mumbai to interact with party workers from all the six Lok Sabha constituencies of the metropolis ahead of the parliamentary polls likely to be held in April-May.
  9. Dr. Tamilisai Soundararajan, Lt. Governor of Puducherry releases a book titled “Reaching New Horizons” at Rajnivas in the Media Meet.
  10. Congress general secretary Priyanka Gandhi Vadra spoke with Samajwadi Party president Akhilesh Yadav over phone on Wednesday to break the deadlock on seat-sharing for Lok Sabha polls in Uttar Pradesh and clinch an alliance.
  11. World’s first ‘Vedic clock’, billed as a testament to the fusion of technology and tradition, is all set to be unveiled in the holy city of Ujjain in Madhya Pradesh in March one this year.
  12. SBMS College, Kamrup district of Assam in association with Regional News Unit, Akashvani Guwahati and Pub Bonsar College organised International Mother Language Day. Several programmes were held on this occasion on the theme of International Mother Language Day.
  13. Asia’s Largest Tribal Festival : MEDARAM JATARA. The four-day-long tribal fest – Sammakka-Saralamma Jatara – popular as Telangana Kumbh Mela, began on a colourful note at Medaram in Mulugu district on Wednesday with vivid display of Adivasi culture and traditions in the jungles of Thadvai and Eturnagaram mandals.
  14. Union Education Minister Dharmendra Pradhan announced on February 20th, 2024 that students will get the choice to appear for secondary and higher secondary board examinations twice annually starting academic year 2025-26.
  15. On February 20th 2024, Madhya Pradesh Chief Minister Dr. Mohan Yadav inaugurated the gala golden jubilee edition of the iconic Khajuraho Dance Festival marking 50 years of India’s famed week-long cultural carnival which commenced in 1975.
  16. Uttarakhand Chief Minister Pushkar Singh Dhami unveiled the ‘Himalayan Basket’ initiative from his residence. Initially conceived by local entrepreneurs Sumit and Sneha Thapliyal in 2018, this innovative project aims to harness the agricultural riches of Champawat district, propelling it towards becoming an ideal district through the enhancement of local employment opportunities.
  17. On 20 February 2024, the Health Department of Karnataka state directed all government and private health facilities to compulsorily notify snakebite envenoming cases and resultant fatalities by invoking provisions of the Karnataka Epidemic Diseases Act enacted in 2020.
  18. Recently the Maharashtra government-led by CM Eknath Shinde approved the draft of the bill for 10% Maratha reservation in education and government jobs.
  19. Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurated educational projects worth ₹13,375 crore, including three IIMs, IITs, 20 Kendriya Vidyalayas, 13 Navodaya Vidyalayas, and AIIMS in Jammu.
  20. The Indian government has introduced the ‘Sagar Aankalan’ guidelines aimed at improving the efficiency and competitiveness of Indian ports. These guidelines will be implemented across all seaports.

Chief Justice of India: Shri Dhananjaya Y. Chandrachud
Minister Of Law & Justice: Arjun Ram Meghwal
International Court of Justice Prz.: Joan Donoghue

  1. Protesting farmers, as per reports, have temporarily suspended their ‘Delhi Chalo’ march for two days, as of Wednesday evening (Feb 21st). This comes after a protester died and about 12 police personnel were injured on Wednesday.
  2. Haryana government on Wednesday extended the ban on mobile internet and bulk SMS services in seven districts till February 23 in the wake of the ongoing farmers’ ‘Delhi Chalo’ agitation.
    • Internet Suspension Extended till 23-02-24 in district Ambala, Kurukshetra, Kaithal, Jind, Hisar, Fatehabad, Sirsa and Dabwali.
  3. Gurpatwant Singh Pannun, who has been designated as a terrorist by the home ministry, also appealed to the banned CPI (Maoist) through a video uploaded on social media to disrupt the cricket match, officials said. An FIR has been lodged against Gurpatwant Singh Pannun.
  4. A Zimbabwean woman who was apprehended with drugs at Mumbai’s Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj International Airport two years ago was sentenced to 10 years of imprisonment by a special court here on Wednesday. The 40-year-old woman was found guilty under the Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substance.
  5. A three-member National Commission for Scheduled Tribes team reached West Bengal Wednesday to investigate complaints of sexual harassment of tribal women in Sandeshkhali of North 24 Parganas district.
  6. The police have slapped charges under the stringent Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act against opposition Congress MLA from Ferozpur Jhirka, Mamman Khan in the Nuh violence case.
    • According to reports, Six people, including two home guards and a cleric, died in the clashes that erupted in Nuh after a procession of the VHP was attacked by mobs on July 31 last year and spread to adjoining areas, including Gurugram where an Imam was killed.

Nine people returning from a wedding were killed and five others were injured in a head-on collision between a truck and a tempo in Bihar’s Lakhisarai district on Wednesday.

Minister: Nirmala Sitharaman.
Commerce & Industry: Piyush Goyal
RBI Gvrnr: Shaktikanta Das
President of the World Bank: Ajay Banga
IMF MD: Kristalina Georgieva

$USD ₹ 82.92
💷 GBP ₹ 104.68
€ Euro: ₹ 89.70

GDP(PPP): $13.119 trillion purchasing power parity (PPP)
GDP (nominal): $3.73 trillion
(Nominal means total market value of all goods and services produced in a country’s economy) .
GDP growth: 7.6% (Q2 2023-24)
India is the fifth largest economy in the world.
Inflation rate: Retail Inflation 5.69% in Dec 2023
Population: 143.86 cr
(17.7% of the total world population).
Unemployment: 10.09% (Oct2023)
Per capita: This income is also known as average income as it is calculated by dividing the total income of the country by the total population of the country.
GDP per capita:
$2,845 (Nominal; 2024)
$9,983 (PPP; 2024)

BSE SENSEX: 72,623.09 −434.30 (0.59%)🔻
NIFTY: 22,055.05 −141.90 (0.64%)🔻

Rates in Financial Capital Mumbai
GOLD: ₹ 62,750/10gm (24 krt)
SILVER: ₹ 75,800/KG


PETROL: ₹ 97/Ltr
DIESEL: ₹ 90/Ltr
CNG: ₹ 76/Ltr
LPG: ₹ 903/14.2 Kg


PETROL: ₹ 106/Ltr
DIESEL: 95/Ltr
Auto Gas: ₹ 60/Ltr
CNG: 76/Kg
LPG: ₹ 903/14.2 Kg

  1. Union Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman chairs the 28th Meeting of the Financial Stability and Development Council – FSDC in New Delhi.
    • 🔸Issues related to formulation of strategy for implementing the decisions of the FSDC and the Union Budget announcements discussed in the meeting.
  2. The Cabinet approves Flood Management and Border Areas Programme (FMBAP) for the period 2021-26 with total outlay of Rs. 4,100 crore.
  3. Cabinet approves ‘Fair and Remunerative Price’ (FRP) of sugarcane payable by sugar factories for sugar season 2024-25 (October-September) Fixed FRP of sugarcane at Rs. 340 per quintal for a basic recovery rate of 10.25%.
  4. Union Minister of Commerce and Industry Piyush Goyal participates in the second India- Europe Business and Sustainability conclave at Sushma Swaraj Bhawan in New Delhi.
  5. Reliance Industries, led by Mukesh Ambani, in collaboration with some of the country’s premier engineering institutions, is poised to unveil its pioneering ChatGPT-style service named ‘Hanooman’.
  6. The Government of Japan has committed Official Development Assistance (ODA) loan of JPY 232.209 billion for nine projects across various sectors in India. The exchange of notes for these projects took place between Mr. Vikas Sheel, Additional Secretary, Department of Economic Affairs, Ministry of Finance, Government of India, and Mr. Suzuki Hiroshi, Ambassador of Japan to India, marking another milestone in the partnership between the two nations.
  7. Paymart, a fintech startup, announced its partnership with five Indian banks to introduce a groundbreaking virtual, cardless, and hardware-less cash withdrawal service. The partnered banks include IDBI Bank, Indian Bank, Jammu & Kashmir Bank, and Karur Vyasa Bank, with discussions underway with four additional banks for further collaboration.

Information and Broadcasting Minister: Shri Anurag Singh Thakur
Chairman of The Film and Television Institute of India (FTII): R Madhavan
Chairman of Central Board of Film Certification (CBFC): Prasoon Joshi

  1. PM Modi acknowledges the upcoming film ‘Article 370’ for its potential to provide accurate information to the public. Actor Yami Gautam expressed gratitude for the acknowledgement, hoping to exceed expectations with the portrayal of the story on screen. Movie is releasing on 23 Feb, 2024.
  2. Bollywood superstar Shah Rukh Khan will grace his presence at the star-studded opening ceremony of the 2024 Women’s Premier League (WPL) at the M Chinnaswamy Stadium in Bengaluru on Friday, 23 February. A hidden msg, for daily news shuboudhaynews link is here, you can send a request on whatsapp nine0 onefive three zero seven fivefour4. Shah Rukh will perform with the likes of other B-Town celebs like Shahid Kapoor, Varun Dhawan, Tiger Shroff, Siddharth Malhotra, and Kartik Aaryan for the opening ceremony, as WPL celebrates ‘Cricket ka Queendom!’
  3. Ameen Sayani, radio’s most recognised voice that struck an instant chord with millions of Indians who tuned in to Binaca Geetmala every week for 42 years, has died due to heart attack. He was 91.

Supreme Commander of Armed Forces: The President
Minister: Rajnath Singh
Def Minister of State: Ajay Bhatt
Union Home: Amit Shah
National Security Advisor: Ajit Doval
Chief of Defence Staff:

  1. Indian Army’s Trishakti Corps rescue 500 tourists stuck in heavy snowfall and inclement weather in East Sikkim’s Gangtok.
  2. Aeronautical Development Agency (ADA) has signed an MoU with the Indian Air Force (IAF) for integration of futuristic Weapons and Sensors for TEJAS aircraft.
  3. The 21st round of India-China corps commander level meeting was held at the Chushul-Moldo border meeting point on February 19, the Ministry of External Affairs (MEA) said on Wednesday. Indian side strongly pressed for resolution of the lingering issues at Depsang and Demchok.
  4. The upgrade plan of IAF’s Sukhoi Su-30MKI will be rolled out in two phases by the HALNew Delhi: India’s Sukhoi Su-30MKI fleet is getting a makeover which will equip the fighter jets with a mission control system, new radars, and electronic warfare weapons in a major collaboration with the country’s private sector.
  5. India’s senior-most military official, Chief of Defence Staff Gen Anil Chauhan, is scheduled to meet with top military leaders from countries of strategic importance for India, including the US, France, Australia and the UK at the Raisina Dialogue, which is set to get underway in the national capital on Wednesday.
  6. Defence Minister Rajnath Singh emphasized India’s commitment to ensuring the safety and security of cargo vessels in strategic waters, particularly in light of recent attacks in the Red Sea by Houthi militants.
  7. India’s Defence Secretary Giridhar Aramane emphasized India’s resolute stance against China’s military assertiveness along the Line of Actual Control in eastern Ladakh, calling it a stand against a “bully.” He highlighted the importance of India and the US collaborating to shape the geopolitical landscape of the Indo-Pacific, promoting peace and stability.
  8. India’s first military grade spy satellite manufactured by the domestic private sector is ready, and has been shipped for launch on a SpaceX rocket.
  9. Multinational military exercise ‘Shanti Prayas IV’ commences in Kathmandu: Kathmandu became the focal point of global peacekeeping efforts as it hosted the commencement of the multinational military exercise ‘Shanti Prayas IV’. This significant event, which draws army representatives from 19 countries actively involved in United Nations Peacekeeping missions, underscores the collaborative spirit and dedication towards maintaining global peace and security.

External affairs Minister: Subrahmanyam Jaishankar

  1. US Deputy Secretary of State Richard Verma has assured that the United States would take action against India-designated terrorist Gurpatwant Singh Pannun if he or his associates crossed the line.
  2. PM Modi and his Greek counterpart, Kyriakos Mitsotakis, who is currently on a visit to New Delhi, attended the ninth Raisina Dialogue in the national capital on Wednesday.The Raisina Dialogue is India’s flagship conference on geopolitics and geo-economics, committed to addressing the most challenging issues facing the global community.
  3. Greek Prime Minister Kyriakos Mitsotakis on Wednesday said peace and stability in the Middle East was necessary for the success of the India-Middle East Economic Corridor announced during India’s G20 presidency last year.
  4. PM Modi on Wednesday said that India welcomes Greece’s active participation and positive role in the Indo-Pacific and called it a matter of happiness that Greece has taken the decision to be part of the Indo-Pacific Oceans initiative.
  5. Foreign Ministers of Nepal Narayan Prakash Saud and Danish Lars Lokke Rasmussen arrived in New Delhi to participate in the Raisina Dialogue 2024.
  6. Foreign Secretary Vinay Kwatra emphasised that the alignment of the India-Middle East-Europe Economic Corridor (IMEC) remains unchanged, and was progressing “very strongly and robustly.”
  7. On February 21st, 2024, Japan’s government signed a yen loan agreement worth 232.209 billion yen, approximately Rs 12,800 crore, with India to fund development across nine crucial infrastructure and innovation promotion projects that aim to strengthen bilateral economic ties.
  8. On February 21, 2024, French authorities awarded Indian Member of Parliament and author Shashi Tharoor the distinction of ‘Chevalier de la Legion d’Honneur’ (Knight of the Legion of Honour) – the highest French civilian honour. It recognizes his long-standing contribution in fostering Indo-French ties.

UNO Gen. Secy: António Guterres.

  1. The former Maldivian minister of foreign affairs, Abdullah Shahid was appointed as the president of the country’s largest opposition party, the Maldivian Democratic Party on Tuesday.This comes after former party president Mohammed Nasheed left the party on June 21 last year.
  2. The United States, on Wednesday (Feb 21) urged the United Nations’ top court not to remove Israel from the occupied West Bank and Gaza without security guarantees and consider Israel’s “very real security needs”.
  3. The BBC Russian Service and news outlet Mediazona have confirmed the identity of around 45,000 Russian soldiers who died in Ukraine since the invasion began in February 2022.
  4. Iran has provided Russia with a large number of powerful surface-to-surface ballistic missiles, including the Fateh-110 family of short-range ballistic weapons, such as the Zolfaghar. The shipments began in early January after a deal was finalized. Russia is an ally of convenience for Iran.
  5. British foreign minister David Cameron said Wednesday (Feb 21) that the United Kingdom has imposed sanctions on six officials at the head of the Siberian penal colony where Russian opposition figure Alexei Navalny died.
  6. The farmers in Poland began a new round of protests, blocking approximately 100 roads leading to the border and forcing the opening of two Ukrainian railcars at the Medyka border crossing.
    • Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky on Wednesday (Feb 21) expressed his anger over the current Poland-Ukraine tensions and said that only Russia would be “rejoicing”. He also proposed a meeting with Warsaw over repeated blockades by Polish farmers who are angry at what they say is unfair competition from Kyiv.
  7. At the United Nations Security Council on 21 February 2024, the United States exercised its veto power to override a resolution put forward by Arab nations led by Algeria that sought an urgent ceasefire and end to major Israeli military offensives in Gaza Strip amidst renewed heavy combat engagements.

Minister: Shri Anurag Singh Thakur
BCCI president: Roger Binny
Hockey India President: Dilip Tirkey
16th President of the Indian Olympic Association: P. T. Usha

    Tau Devilal indoor stadium, Panchkula
    21 February 2024
    • Match 132
      Haryana Steelers: 39
      Bengaluru Bulls: 53
    • Match 131
      Puneri Paltan: 40
      U.P. Yoddhas : 38
  2. India lost 2-4 against the Netherlands in shootout after their return leg FIH Pro League match ended in a 1-1 draw in Rourkela on Wednesday.
  3. Indian para swimmer Suyash Jadhav on Wednesday secured the 2024 Paris Paralympics quota in the Men’s 50m Butterfly S7 category with his brilliant performance at the previous Asian Para Games. His magnificent time of 32.22 seconds at the Asian Para Games.
  4. Sachin Tendulkar on Wednesday visited the Aman Setu bridge — the last point on the Line of Control in Uri sector of Jammu and Kashmir. Tendulkar interacted with the soldiers at the Kaman Post, near Aman Setu, The Little Master played roadside cricket with a bunch of boys in Uri.
  5. The stage is set for the upcoming edition of the Women’s Premier League and on Wednesday 23rd February, Shah Rukh Khan will lead the Bollywood stars set perform ahead of the season opener.
  6. 4th Test,
    India vs England 2024
    Will be on 23 Feb,
    @ 09:30 AM IST
    Venue: JSCA International Stadium Complex, Ranchi
  7. France captain Kylian Mbappe has agreed to join Real Madrid on a five-year deal. The striker had already informed his club Paris St Germain that he is leaving the club as a free agent after his contract expires in June seven years after joining them.
  8. Pakistan batter Babar Azam has created by becoming the fastest to reach 10,000 T20 runs, going past former West Indies batter Chris Gayle and India’s Virat Kohli in the list. Babar achieved the feat in ongoing Pakistan Super League (PSL) 2024 on Wednesday (Feb 21) while playing for Peshawar Zalmi against Karachi Kings in Lahore. Babar has reached the 10K-run mark in his 271st innings while Gayle had done so in 285th innings and Kohli in 299th.

MALAYSIA = Kuala Lumpur
Flag 🇲🇾
Official language: Malay
King: Ibrahim Iskandar
Prime Minister: Anwar Ibrahim
POPULATION: 33,200,000(in 2023)
Currency: Malaysian ringgit (RM) (MYR)
National Animal: Malayan tiger


In Bharat there are 28 states and 8 Union territories.
Population of Bharat:142 cr (2023)
President of Bharat: Smt Droupadi Murmu
Vice President: Shri Jagdeep Dhankhar
Prime Minister: Shri Narendra Modi
Speaker Lok Sabha: Shri Om Birla (BJP)
Rajya Sabha Seats: 245 (233 Elected + 12 Nominated)
Loksabha: 550 members (530 States + 20 Union Territories)
Chief Election Commissioner: Shri Rajiv Kumar

The Chola Dynasty was a Tamil thalassocratic empire of southern India, one of the longest-ruling dynasties in the world history. The earliest datable references to the Chola are in inscriptions from the 3rd century BCE left by Ashoka, of the Maurya Empire. As one of the Three Crowned Kings of Tamilakam, along with the Chera and Pandya, the dynasty continued to govern over varying territory until the 13th century CE.  

  In order to succeed, we must first believe that we can.

 Bahu- Maji, ye abhi tak nhi aaye, kahi koi dusri aurat?

Saas- Kalmuhi,tu hamesh hi ulta sochti h,aisa bhi to ho sakta h ki ,truck ke niche aa gya ho..!!!

why rear tyres of tractor are large 🚜🚜

 Grip of Traction

The bigger tyres avoid slipping in the mud surface. The larger tyre fitted in the tractor has much better grip pads that can bite into the ground. … Also, the tractor is pulling things, the weight behind it pushes the rear wheels down, increasing their grip by providing less slippage and more contact.

Because the rear tyres have a much larger surface area (they are larger in diameter and width), the weight of the tractor is distributed across a larger area and the tyres don’t compress the soil as much.

karma-phale —the fruits of action

How does a plastic ruler rubbed on hair attract small paper pieces? 

When you run a plastic comb through your hair, this really weird thing happens where electrons move between your hair and the comb one becomes positively charged and one becomes negatively charged. either scenario will result in the comb attracting paper. 

If that force of attractiona (which you can determine using Coulomb’s law) is greater than the gravitational force between the paper and the earth (which can be determined using Newton’s law of gravity), the paper will lift off the ground to stick to the comb.

 The International Criminal Police Organization (ICPO)

Headquarters: Lyon, France

Formed: September 1923

 Indulal Kanaiyalal Yagnik (22 February 1892 – 17 July 1972) was an Indian independence activist, a leader of the All India Kisan Sabha and one who led the Mahagujarat Movement, which spearheaded the demand for the separate statehood for Gujarat on 8 August 1956.

He is also known as Indu Chacha.

 He’s a chip off the old block
The son is like the father

Lofty × Lowly
Rude : Impolite

(kindly inform, if given info is vary from actual facts🙏🏻)

The Bhramastra is a weapon that is said to be able to destroy the universe, capable of destroying creation and vanquishing all beings. They are the most destructive, powerful, and irresistible weapons mentioned in Hinduism.

It is mentioned in Epic that there will be no rainfall for 12 Brahma years (1 Brahma year = 3,110,400,000,000 Human years; 12 Brahma years = 37324800000000 Human years) and climate conditions will worsen. The strike of the Brahmastra will eventually destroy everything.

Arjuna and Ashwatthama almost used the Brahmastra against each other near the end of the Kurukshetra War, however both were stopped by Narada,Krishna and Vyasa to prevent the destruction of the world.

In the Mahabharata era Parasurama, Bhishma, Drona, Karna, Ashwatthama, Arjuna possessed the knowledge to invoke this weapon.

(Note: These home tips followed in villages/ancient traditions, it is up to you to use it or not🙏🏻)

Using Neem water as a skin toner regularly will help in clearing acne, scars, pigmentation and blackheads. Boil about 20 neem leaves in half a litre of water till the leaves are soft and discoloured, and the water turns green. Strain and store in a bottle. Dip a cotton-ball into it and wipe your face.

CH Nαʋҽҽɳ Kυɱαɾ…