21 Oct (Friday)
Vedic Ritu: Sharad
Drik Ritu: Sharad (Autumn)
पक्ष :: Krishnapaksh
Month: Kartika 12, (Purnimanta)
Ashvina 27(Amanta)
Vikram Samvat – 2079
Shaka Samvat – 1944
Nakshatra: Ashlesha (up to 10:30 am) Magha
Tithi: Tritiya (up to 10:34 am)Chaturthi
RahuKaal: 10:46 AM – 12:10 PM



  1. PM Modi to visit Kedarnath and Badrinath tomorrow; Will lay foundation stone of Kedarnath Ropeway Project.
  2. Raksha Mantri Rajnath Singh called upon the industries to manufacture state-of-the-art cost-effective products to make a mark in the international market.
  3. Union Minister for Coal and Mines reasserts govt’s commitment to end coal import in next two years.
  4. Food Corporation of India (FCI) has planned to construct over one hundred 11 Lakh Metric Tonnes capacity modern steel silos at 249 locations in 12 States.
  5. PM Modi will launch Rozgar Mela – the recruitment drive for ten lakh personnel on 22nd of this month through video conferencing.
    • Appointment letters will be handed over to 75 thousand newly inducted appointees in the first tranche. The new recruits selected from across the country will join 38 Ministries and Departments Central of Government. The appointees will join the government at Group A, B, and C levels.
  6. CASHe, announced that it has partnered with the Indian Railways Catering and Tourism Corporation (IRCTC), to provide a “travel now pay later” (TNPL) payment option on its travel app.
  7. The Ministry of Railways announced the closure of the Central Organisation for Modernization of Workshops (COFMOW), New Delhi. It will come in effect from 1st December 2022
  8. ASSAM govt declared that it has extended the Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act, 1958 in eight districts and one sub-division for another six months.
  9. DELHI : Supreme Court declined an urgent hearing of a plea challenging the Delhi government’s decision to ban the sale and purchase and usage of firecrackers during the festive seasons in the national capital.
  10. GUJARAT : PM launches projects worth Rs. 5860 crores in Rajkot, Gujarat; dedicates 1100 houses constructed under Light House Project, inaugurates India Urban Housing Conclave 2022.
  11. Aam Aadmi Party (AAP) on Thursday released its sixth list of 20 candidates for the upcoming Gujarat Assembly elections. The party has declared 73 candidates for the elections so far.
  12. HIMACHAL PRADESH , the Aam Aadmi Party has announced all its 68 candidates for the ensuing state assembly election in Shimla.
  13. KARNATAKA : Veteran leader Mallikarjun Kharge defeated his rival Shashi Tharoor to become the first non-Gandhi Congress president in 24 years.
  14. Karnataka Cabinet on Thursday approved the ordinance on hiking the reservation for Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribe communities from 15% to 17% and 3% to 7% respectively. “
  15. PUNJAB : Union Minister of Petroleum and Natural Gas, Hardeep Singh Puri has inaugurated Asia’s largest Compressed Bio Gas (CBG) plant in Lehragaga, in Sangrur, Punjab.
  16. TAMIL NADU : The Ministry of Education will organise ‘Kashi Tamil Sangamam’ – a month-long programme from the 16th of next month – to rediscover the centuries-old bond of knowledge and ancient civilisational linkage between Varanasi and Tamilnadu.
  17. TELANGANA : Election Commission of India (ECI) has replaced the Returning Officer of Munugode Assembly constituency with immediate effect. B. Rohit Singh, has been appointed as Special Deputy Collector and notified him as Returning Officer to the Assembly constituency where bye-election is slated to be on the 3rd of next month.
  18. UTTARAKHAND : Helicopter services to Kedarnath temple in Uttarakhand resumed two days after a chopper crash killed a pilot and six pilgrims.


  1. Kerala court on Thursday granted anticipatory bail to Congress MLA Eldhose Kunnappilly in a case of rape and attempt to murder. It asked Kunnappilly to surrender his passport and barred him from leaving Kerala without police’s permission.
  2. Congress leader Navjot Singh Sidhu, who is lodged in Patiala Central Jail in a 1988 road rage case, was taken to a hospital for check-up after he fell sick.


$USD ₹82.83
💷 GBP ₹93.02

BSE Sensex : 59,202.90 +95.71 (0.16%) 🔼

NIFTY : 17,563.95 +51.70 (0.30%) 🔼

  1. Sanjay Malhotra appointed new revenue secretary
  2. India’s forex reserves rose by 204 million to 532.868 billion US dollar for the week ended October 7 on an increase in the value of gold holdings.
  3. The Competition Commission of India (CCI) has imposed a penalty of over one thousand 337 crore rupees on Google for abusing its dominant position in multiple markets. The Commission has also directed Google to modify its conduct within a defined timeline.
  4. Life Insurance Company (LIC) has launched the ‘LIC Dhan Varsha’ scheme. The ‘LIC Dhan Varsha scheme is a non-linked, non-participating, individual, savings life insurance plan.
  5. Paytm Payments Bank has appointed Deependra Singh Rathore as the interim Chief Executive Officer (CEO), in addition to his role as Chief Product & Technology Officer.
  6. The Union Cabinet approved an increase in the Minimum Support Price (MSP) for all Rabi Crops for the Marketing Season 2023-24. The highest increase has been cleared for lentils with a hike of 500 rupees per quintal. The MSP on wheat has been hiked by 110 rupees and barley by 100 rupees.


  1. Karnataka government on Thursday announced that late actor Puneeth Rajkumar will be conferred with the ‘Karnataka Ratna’ award on November 1 for his contribution towards the art of cinema. The award will be presented at an event held in front of the Vidhana Soudha, CM Basavaraj Bommai said. The actor died due to a heart attack last year.
  2. Prasar Bharati CEO Mayank Kumar Agarwal has said that national award-winning regional movies will be broadcast on Doordarshan


  1. PM Modi announces 4th ‘Positive Indigenisation List’ of 101 defence items
  2. Defence Minister Rajnath Singh said the Centre aims to raise the turnover of India’s defence production to $22 billion by 2025, which is presently $12 billion.
  3. Unveils HTT-40 indigenous trainer aircraft designed by Hindustan Aeronautics Limited.
  4. A top-level Argentinian delegation is visiting the ongoing DefExpo 2022 in Gujarat’s Gandhinagar as both countries continue to explore new partnerships in the defence sector.
  5. Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) has showcased the Akash-New Generation (Akash-NG) mobile missile launcher at Defexpo 2022 being held in Gandhinagar, Gujarat, from 18 to 22 October.The Akash-NG is a short-range mobile surface-to-air missile system (SRSAM)


  1. Indus Waters Treaty: World Bank appoints Chairman of Court of Arbitration regarding Pakistan’s objections over India’s Kishenganga and Ratle hydroelectric power plants
  2. PM Modi has congratulated Ulf Kristersson on his election as the next Prime Minister of Sweden.
  3. India, France re-elected as President and Co-President of International Solar Alliance (ISA) at fifth general assembly in New Delhi.
  4. 14th Edition of World Spice Congress (WSC) to be held at Mumbai in Feb 2023.
  5. PM Modi on Thursday held a bilateral meeting with United Nations Secretary-General Antonio Guterres in Gujarat’s Ekta Nagar, Kevadia


  1. UK Prime Minister Liz Truss resigned from the post just six weeks after her appointment. Ms Truss becomes the shortest-serving prime minister in British history, just for 45 days. George Canning previously held the record, serving 119 days in 1827 when he died.
    • Truss’s premiership came under renewed pressure after the Home Secretary resigned and a chaotic vote on fracking. There was fury yesterday around the vote and the methods used to get MPs to vote with the government.
    • Former UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson may enter the race to replace Liz Truss as the Conservative Party’s leader.
  2. Suella Braverman, Indian origin British interior minister, also resigned making her the second senior cabinet official to do so in the past week after finance minister Kwasi Kwarteng.
  3. US President Joe Biden announced a series of steps aimed at easing the oil supply crunch and lower gas prices.
  4. Central African country, Chad’s President Mahamat Idriss Deby declared a state of emergency yesterday as the country struggles to deal with exceptional flooding that has affected millions of people.
    • Around 50 people were killed and dozens were injured on Thursday in the anti-government protests in Chad
  5. 6.7 magnitude earthquake hit western Panama on Thursday morning. There was no initial report of damage.


  1. DENMARK OPEN BADMINTON , Satwiksairaj Rankireddy and Chirag Shetty defeated the Indonesian pair of Mohamed Sohibul Fikri and Bagas Molana 21-14, 21-16 to enter the quarterfinals in men’s doubles in Odense.

(b) Women’s Doubles, Pullela Gayatri Gopichand and Trisa Jolly lost to Thailand’s Jonkolfan Kitithrakul and Ravinda Prajongzai.

(c) In Mixed Doubles, the pair of Tanisha Christo and Ishan Bhatnagar defeated Japan’s Arisa Higasino and Yuta Watanabe.

  1. India’s Ramita Jindal was crowned world champion in the 10-meter Air Rifle Women Junior event at the International Shooting Sport Federation, ISSF World Championship Rifle/Pistol in Cairo, Egypt.
  2. World under-23 Wrestling Championships,


Sajan Bhanwala became the first Indian Greco-Roman wrestler to win a medal at the world championship tournament.

(i) Sajan defeated Dmytro Vasetskyi of Ukraine to win a Bronze

(ii) Vikas and Nitesh earned two more bronze medals for the country

  1. The Bangladesh Cricket Board on Thursday announced the schedule for India’s tour of the country in December. India will arrive in Bangladesh on December 1. India will play three ODIs against Bangladesh on December 4, 7 and 10 in Dhaka


Frmn : 15 Oct 1949
Govrnr: La. Ganesan
CM: N. Biren Singh (BJP)
Districts : 16

🥇Gold ₹ 50,300 @10gm 24 (Krt)
🥈 Silver ₹ 61,800 @ Kg
⛽ Petrol ₹101.30/Ltr 
⛽ Diesel ₹ 87.50/Ltr
LPG : ₹ 1,205/14.2 Kg


Mizoram* is a state in northeastern India, with Aizawl as its capital city. The name is derived from ” Mizo“, the name of the native inhabitants , and ” Ram“, which means land , and thus Mizoram means “land of the Mizos”.

😀Thought of the day

The time is always right to do what is.right.






Why colour of human stool is brownish yellow*

The color is the result of what you eat and how much bile is in your stool. Bile is a fluid your liver makes to digest fats. It starts out as a yellowish green color. But as the pigments that give bile its color travel through your digestive system, they go through chemical changes and turn brown.

Healthy stool is usually considered a soft, formed bowel movement that is typically brownish in color,” “Stool may be indicative of a health problem if someone notices a change in their bowel habits with constipation or diarrhea, or notices a change in color of their stools.

Bile is a fluid that is made and released by the liver and stored in the gallbladder. Bile helps with digestion. It breaks down fats into fatty acids, which can be taken into the body by the digestive tract. Bile salts are released into our stools by your liver, giving the stools a brown color. If our liver is not producing enough bile, or if the flow of the bile is blocked and not draining from our liver, our stools may become pale or clay-colored. Having pale stools once in a while may not be a cause for concern.

LEARN Sanskrit🙏🏻

You are beautiful

For man : त्वं सुन्दरः असि। (tvam sundaraḥ asi)

For a woman: त्वं सुन्दरी असि। (tvam sundarI asi)



Finding the way from one place to another is called NAVIGATION. Moving of an

aircraft from one point to another is the most important part for any kind of mission.

Plotting on the paper or on the map a course towards a specific area of the earth.


There are three main methods of air navigation.

There are:

(a) Pilotage

(b) Dead Reckoning

(c) Radio.

(a). Pilotage or Piloting is the most common method of air navigation. In this method,

the pilot keeps on course by following a series of landmarks on the ground. Usually

before take-off, the pilot draws a line on the aeronautical map to indicate the desired

course. He/ She notes down various landmarks on track, such as highways , railroad

tracks, rivers , bridges etc . As the pilot flies over/ near each landmark, he checks the

deviation from the planned track and corrects his course.

(b). Dead Reckoning is the primary navigation method used in the early days of flying.

It demands more skill and experience than pilotage does. It is based on time, distance,

speed of the aircraft and direction. The pilot must know the distance from one point to

the next and the magnetic heading to be flown. He decides a speed to be maintained

keeping in mind the safety and efficiency of the aircraft, thereafter calculates the time

to know exactly to reach the distination. In the air, he uses compass to keep the plane

heading in the right direction. Dead reckoning is not always a successful method of

navigation because of changing wind direction

(c). Radio Navigation is used by almost all pilots. Pilots can find out from an aeronautical chart what radio station they should tune to in a particular area. They can then tune their radio navigation equipment to a signal from this station. A needle on the navigation equipment.

An autopilot is a flight control system that allows a pilot to fly an airplane without continuous hands-on control of the airplane. It allows the pilot to focus on higher-order tasks such as navigating, communicating with air traffic control, planning for weather contingencies and rerouting associated with any kind of emergency circumstance.

An autoflight system works by sending signals to the flight control system. The pilot inputs what type of mode they want, like a heading hold mode or an altitude hold mode.

💁🏻‍♂‍ GK TODAY

21 October: National Police* Commemoration Day is observed every year on October 21 to remember remembering the brave policemen who sacrificed their lives while discharging their duties.

International Standards Organization (ISO) is an international body providing guidelines for companies in terms of product quality, health, and performance. An ISO registration enhances the reputation of your service or product. There are different types of ISO certification like ISO 9001, ISO 14001, ISO 5001, etc.


Shri Krishna Sinha* (21 October 1887 – 31 January 1961), was the first Chief Minister of the Indian state of Bihar (1946–61). Except for the period of World War II, Sinha was chief minister of Bihar from the time of the first Congress Ministry in 1937 until his death in 1961. Along with the nationalists Rajendra Prasad and Anugrah Narayan Sinha, Singh is regarded among the Architects of Modern Bihar.


Burn the midnight oil*

Work or labour late into the night

Vijay has been burning the midnight oil during his exams
Jejune × Interesting


Jejune: dull


(kindly inform, if given info is differ from actual facts🙏🏻)

Dhwaja Stambha* , or Flag Pole, is an important feature of most South Indian Temples. … The top portion of the Dhwaja Stambham has three horizontal perches or three branches pointing towards the Sanctum. It symbolizes righteousness, reputation and propriety or the Trimurtis – Vishnu, Brahma and Shiva.

Scientific Reasons behind Dwajasthambam: Whenever there’s a lightning, it strikes the ground and causes severe damage. … This is why Dwajasthambam has an Antenna like structure that receives all the cosmic rays to the Gopuram of the temple. As a flagpole, it is erected also to centralize the energy towards the temple.


(Note : These home tips followed in villages/ancient traditions, it is up to you to use it or not🙏🏻)

Neem hair pack* will not only fight dandruff but will also relieve the dryness and itching of your scalp. To make an anti-dandruff neem pack, you can mix 4 tablespoons of neem powder with some water to make a paste, apply on your scalp and wash it with water after 40 minutes. Or you can also boil a handful of neem leaves in 5 cups of water until the water becomes green. Strain the water and use it to rinse after shampooing your hair to get rid of dandruff.

CH Nαʋҽҽɳ Kυɱαɾ…