LESS KNOWN FACTS: https://youtu.be/0SVSILem3nI?si=SIG82nzJI4NrgnN0

  1. Parliament has passed the Central Goods and Services Tax (Second Amendment) Bill, 2023 with Rajya Sabha returning it to Lok Sabha.
  2. President Smt. Droupadi Murmu said the development of the Education and Health sectors play a key role in making the country a developed one by 2047.
  3. Indian Space Research Organization ISRO is at the forefront of offering One Day Free Online Certificate Course, providing individuals with the opportunity to enhance their knowledge and skills in various domains. These courses cover a wide range of topics, including cybersecurity, remote sensing, geographical information systems (GIS), and global navigation satellite systems (GNSS).
  4. Union Minister of AYUSH Sarbananda Sonowal marked the first foundation day of the All India Institute of Ayurveda AIIA, Goa by releasing a commemorative postal stamp in New Delhi.
  5. The Government has said that the country will be able to attain installed nuclear power capacity of 22,480 Mega Watt by 2031-32 from the present capacity of 7480 MW.
  6. The Lok Sabha resumed discussion on the Bharatiya Nyaya (Second) Sanhita, 2023, the Bharatiya Nagarik Suraksha (Second) Sanhita, 2023 and the Bharatiya Sakshya (Second) Bill, 2023.
  7. Manipur, the State Health Welfare Minister Dr. Sapam Ranjan Singh today launched the Social Awareness and Action to Neutralise Pneumonia Successfully (SAANS) Campaign 2023-24 at Imphal.
  8. Railways Minister Ashwini Vaishnaw said a total of 1309 railway stations have been taken up for development under the Amrit Bharat Station scheme.
  9. Under the Udhampur-Srinagar-Baramulla Rail Link (USBRL) Project, yet another milestone has been achieved with the breakthrough of 3,209 meter-long Tunnel T-1 between Katra – Reasi Stations which is the first block section of Katra – Banihal section.
  10. Coal Minister Pralhad Joshi launched the 9th round of Commercial Coal Mine Auctions in New Delhi.
  11. Health Minister Dr. Mansukh Mandaviya chained a high-level meeting to review the COVID-19 situation in India and preparedness of public health system for surveillance, containment and management of COVID-19 in view of the recent spike in cases of COVID-19 in some States.
  12. West Bengal CM Mamata Banerjee met PM Modi in New Delhi to discuss pending central funds for the state.
  13. Congress President Mallikarjun Kharge and senior party leader Sonia Gandhi received invitations from a delegation on behalf of the Shri Ram Janmabhoomi Teerth Kshetra Trust for the Pran Pratishtha or consecration ceremony of the Ram Temple in Ayodhya on 22 January.
  14. Original IDs ‘mandatory’ for free bus travel for women in TSRTC buses.
  15. Senior IPS officer Maheshwar Dayal officially assumed the role of Director General of Prisons and Correctional Services.

Chief Justice of India: Shri Dhananjaya Y. Chandrachud
Minister Of Law & Justice: Arjun Ram Meghwal
International Court of Justice Prz.: Joan Donoghue

  1. Two more opposition members in Lok Sabha were suspended on Wednesday for displaying placards, taking the total number of members of the lower House against whom such action has been taken to 97.
  2. Congress President and Leader of opposition in the Rajya Sabha Mallikarjun Kharge has said the party’s protest will continue until the suspension of os position MPs is revoked.
  3. The Delhi High Court on Wednesday reserved its order on an interim plea by Trinamool Congress leader Mahua Moitra seeking to restrain BJP MP Nishikant Dubey and advocate Jai Anant Dehadrai from posting or circulating any alleged fake and defamatory content against her.
  4. The central government will bring an amendment to the criminal law in the future to exempt doctors from criminal prosecution in cases of medical negligence, Union Home Minister Amit Shah told Lok Sabha.
  5. Reports of fugitive terrorist Dawood Ibrahim being poisoned in Pakistan are fake and have been peddled by Pakistani authorities, sources in the Indian intelligence network said.
  6. Enforcement Directorate has summoned Bihar deputy chief minister Tejashwi Yadav and his father and Rashtriya Janata Dal chief Lalu Prasad Yadav for questioning in the railways land-for-jobs money laundering case probe.

Minister: Nirmala Sitharaman.
Commerce & Industry: Piyush Goyal
RBI Gvrnr: Shaktikanta Das
President of the World Bank: Ajay Banga
IMF MD: Kristalina Georgieva

$ USD ₹ 83.20
💷 GBP ₹ 105.11
Euro: ₹ 91.01

GDP rate (2023): 6.5% ($3.75 trillion)
India is the fifth largest economy in the world.
Inflation rate: 4.7%
Population: 141.81 cr
(17.7% of the total world population).
Unemployment: 7.8%

BSE Sensex: 70,506.31 −930.88 (1.30%)🔻
NIFTY: 21,150.15 −302.95 (1.41%)🔻

Rates in Financial Capital Mumbai
GOLD: ₹ 62,510/10gm (24 krt)
SILVER: ₹ 75,800/KG


PETROL: ₹ 97/Ltr
DIESEL: ₹ 90/Ltr
CNG: ₹ 76/Ltr
LPG: ₹ 903/14.2 Kg


PETROL: ₹ 106/Ltr
DIESEL: 95/Ltr
Auto Gas: ₹ 60/Ltr
CNG: 76/Kg
LPG: ₹ 903/14.2 Kg

Information and Broadcasting Minister: Shri Anurag Singh Thakur
Chairman of The Film and Television Institute of India (FTII): R Madhavan
Chairman of Central Board of Film Certification (CBFC): Prasoon Joshi

  1. SALAAR PART 1: CEASEFIRE movie to not make any compromise with their film and settle for a UA certificate the Central Board of Film Certification. While makers of such big-budget projects would aim to bring in all sets of audiences to theatres, Hombale Films will be missing out on family audiences and kids as the film is certified for adults only.
  2. Legendary actor Amitabh Bachchan revealed his ownership of the Mumbai team in the upcoming Indian Street Premier League (ISPL).

Supreme Commander of Armed Forces: The President
Minister: Rajnath Singh
Def Minister of State: Ajay Bhatt
Union Home: Amit Shah
National Security Advisor: Ajit Doval
Chief of Defence Staff:

  1. France Submits Bid For Selling 26 Naval Rafale Fighters to India.
  2. The successful test of SWiFT, a prototype of the upcoming Ghatak stealth combat drone, is a major milestone for India as militaries globally adapt to new-age warfare.
  3. TATA Boeing Aerospace Limited (TBAL) has delivered the 250th fuselage for the AH-64 Apache attack helicopter from its state-of-the-art facility in Hyderabad.The company said that these fuselages are manufactured for customers around the world, including the US.
  4. Chief of Naval Staff Admiral R Hari Kumar is leading a three-member Indian Naval delegation for the 8th edition of Indian Ocean Naval Symposium (IONS) Conclave of Chiefs (CoC). The IONS Conclave of Chiefs (CoC) is being hosted by the Royal Thai Navy in Thailand’s Bangkok from December 19-22.
  5. India’s Chief of Defence Staff General Anil Chauhan on Tuesday discussed avenues for EU-India Strategic Security and Defence Cooperation with Chair of the European Parliament Subcommittee on Security and Defence (SEDE) Nathalie Loiseau.

External affairs Minister: Subrahmanyam Jaishankar

  1. Azerbaijan maintains a supportive stance toward Pakistan on the Kashmir issue, said outgoing Azeri Ambassador to India Ashraf Shikaliyev in an interview.
  2. PM Modi, has, for the first time responded to the claims made by the US of an Indian link to an alleged foiled assassination plot against India designated terrorist Gurpatwant Singh Pannun, and stated he will “look into” any evidence, adding that “few incidents” would not affect US-India ties.”
  3. External Affairs Minister S Jaishankar on Wednesday congratulated the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) for bagging the prestigious Leif Erikson Lunar Prize.Jaishankar took to social media to extend his applause to ISRO on the achievement.
  4. Union Minister of Commerce and Industry, Piyush Goyal held a bilateral meeting with the New Zealand Minister for Trade, Todd McClay in New Delhi on Tuesday to bolster bilateral relations between the two countries, said the Ministry of Commerce & Industry.
  5. PM Modi spoke with Israeli PM Benjamin Netanyahu on Tuesday about the ongoing conflict between Israel and Hamas and expressed concern over the safety of maritime traffic in a telephonic conversation.

UNO Gen. Secy: António Guterres.

  1. In China Death toll from massive earthquake in Gansu and Qinghai provinces reaches 131.
  2. Israeli forces struck 300 Hamas targets in Gaza in the last 24 hours, including air and naval strikes, and face to face battles, the Israel Defence Forces said.
  3. The Malaysian government has announced a ban on Israeli-owned and flagged ships, as well as vessels destined for Israel, from docking at its ports.

Minister: Shri Anurag Singh Thakur
BCCI president: Roger Binny
Hockey India President: Dilip Tirkey
16th President of the Indian Olympic Association: P. T. Usha

    • Match on 21 Dec, Thursday South Africa vs India 3rd ODI at Boland Park, Paarl
    2 Dec, 2023– 31 Jan, 2024
    • Yesterday match
      • Jaipur Pink Panthers- 41
        • Vs
      • UP Yoddha – 24
    • Puneri Paltan – 43
      • Vs
    • Bengaluru Bulls -18
    • Venue: Badminton Hall in Balewadi sports complex,Pune
  3. Sports Minister Anurag Singh Thakur has congratulated Indian Women’s Hockey team Goalkeeper Savita Punia on winning the FIH Goalkeeper of the Year for the third consecutive time.


ODISHA = Bhubaneswar
Before was Orissa Province
Formation: 01 April 1936;
Districts: 30 (3 divisions)
Governor: Raghubar Das
CM: Naveen Patnaik (BJD)

BIRD: Indian roller
Fish: Mahanadi mahseer
Flower: Asoka
Mammal: Sambar
Tree: Sacred Fig

In Bharat there are 28 states and 8 Union territories.
Population of Bharat:142 cr (2023)
President of Bharat: Smt Droupadi Murmu
Vice President: Shri Jagdeep Dhankhar
Prime Minister: Shri Narendra Modi
Speaker Lok Sabha: Shri Om Birla (BJP)
Rajya Sabha Seats: 245 (233 Elected + 12 Nominated)
Loksabha: 550 members (530 States + 20 Union Territories)
Chief Election Commissioner: Shri Rajiv Kumar


The ancient Greeks used to wear animal skins and were not even aware of cotton. But Indians were sort of cool 😉  and started cultivating cotton during the 5th – 4th millennium BCE in the Indus Valley Civilization.

All Birds find shelter during a rain. But Eagle avoids rain by flying above the Clouds.

महिला – डॉक्टर साहब, मेरे पति नींद में बातें करने लगे हैं! क्या करूँ?🤔⁉️

डॉक्टर – उन्हें दिन में बोलने का मौका दीजिए!😳

Why women don’t go to a temple or will not attend any rituals, when. they’re menstruating period. l

During menstruating, woman hormones behave differently & experience painful stomach cramps. In the olden days,  women used cloth pads. Thus began the practice of restricting women from kitchen tasks, attending religious events and wearing new clothes.

This was done purely for hygienic reasons. Besides, it allowed her enough time to get the rest she needed during menstruation. Today, with the easy availability of sanitary napkins, tampons and painkillers, menstruation should no longer be seen as unclean.

Leave me alone!
एकाकी भवितुमिच्छामि 

(ekākī bhavitumicchāmi) 

How animals communicate?

Animals communicate using signals, which can include visual; auditory, or sound-based; chemical, involving pheromones; or tactile, touch-based, cues. Communication behaviors can help animals find mates, establish dominance, defend territory, coordinate group behavior, and care for young. Changes in rate, pitch, and/or structure of sounds communicate different messages. … By emitting clicks, or short pulses of sound, these marine mammals can listen for echoes and detect objects underwater. This is called echolocation. Some whales and dolphins use echolocation to locate food.

The black mamba is a species of highly venomous snake belonging to the family Elapidae. It is native to parts of sub-Saharan Africa.

Yeduguri Sandinti Jaganmohan Reddy (born 21 December 1972), is an Indian politician serving as the 17th and current Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh. He is the leader of YSR Congress Party.
Krishnamachari Srikkanth (born 21 December 1959) also known as Kris Srikkanth is a former captain of the Indian cricket team and former chairman of the selection committee.

You can’t make an omelet without breaking some eggs
There’s always a cost to doing something.

Imprison × Free
Insufficient: Inadequate

 (kindly inform, if given info is vary from actual facts🙏🏻)

गुरुपत्नी राजपत्नी ज्येष्ठपत्नी तथैव च । 
पत्नीमाता स्वमाता च पञ्चैते मातरस्मृताः ॥

Raajapatnee guroh patne mitrapatnee tathaiva cha.
Patneemaataa svamaataa cha panchaitaah maatarah Smrutaah.

The King’s wife, the Teacher’swife, a friend’s wife, one’s own mother and wife’s mother (mother-in-law), all these five categories of women are termed as a mother by the traditional usage and are honoured accordingly.

राजा की पत्नी, अपने गुरु की पत्नी, अपने मित्र की पत्नी, तथा उसी प्रकार अपनी पत्नी की माता (सास) और स्वयं अपनी माता , इन पांचों को सामाजिक मान्यता के अनुसार माता के समान ही सम्मान प्राप्त है |

(Note: These home tips followed in villages/ancient traditions, it is up to you to use it or not🙏🏻)

HAIR LOSS:  Scalp massage with essential oils: Those who have been experiencing hair loss for quite some time must massage the scalp with essential oil for couple of minutes. It helps your hair follicles remain active. You can add lavender in an almond or sesame oil.

Avoid brushing wet hair
When hair is wet, it is in its weakest state. So avoid brushing wet hair because the chances of hair loss increase. But if you must comb wet hair, use a very wide-toothed comb. Also avoid brushing hair too frequently as doing so can injure hair and increase loss. Use your fingers to undo tangles, not a comb or brush.
Garlic juice, onion juice or ginger juice Rub one of the juices on your scalp, leave it overnight and wash it out in the morning. Do itregularly for a week and you will see noticeable result.

CH Nαʋҽҽɳ Kυɱαɾ…