FACTS ABOUT SOLAR SYSTEM: https://youtu.be/kcqYocv01E0?si=zoS9vRnUe1a6VZyo

  1. President Smt. Droupadi Murmu Emphasizes Holistic Development for Vulnerable Tribal Groups under PM Janman Yojana in Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
  2. PM Modi to inaugurate AIIMS campus in Jammu on 20 February. PM to inaugurate and lay the foundation stone of multiple development projects worth over Rs 30,500 crore in Jammu today.
  3. PM Modi launches 14,000 projects across UP worth over 10 lakh crore rupees.
  4. On the first day of the visit of the state the Election Commission team led by CEC Rajiv Kumar held discussions with the Chief Electoral Officer (CEO) of Jharkhand and other officials in Patna. The EC team discussed poll preparedness for upcoming Lok Sabha elections.
  5. The Government of India has directed all school and higher education institutions across the country to make available digital study material in Indian languages for every academic course within 3 years.
  6. Aadi Mahotsav – National Tribal Festival concluded. Organized by TRIFED, the 9-day festival took place at Major Dhyan Chand National Stadium, New Delhi, from 10 to 18 February.
  7. The Samajwadi Party made it clear that its leader, Akhilesh Yadav, will participate in the Bharat Jodo Nyay Yatra led by Rahul Gandhi in Raebareli, but only if the Congress agrees to contest in the 17 seats allocated to it in Uttar Pradesh.
  8. West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee in a letter to Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Monday questioned the motive behind ‘deactivation’ of Aadhaar Cards in the state ahead of the Lok Sabha elections.
  9. In Telangana, an Officials of the four districts — Karimnagar, Peddapalli, Rajanna Sircilla and Jagtial — are making arrangements for the biennial Sammakka-Saralamma mini-Jataras at 24 locations parallel to the Medaram Jatara from February 21 to 24 in erstwhile Karimnagar district.
  10. In Marashtra, the apex court on Monday directed that Election Commission’s order of February 6 allotting ‘Nationalist Congress Party-Sharadchandra Pawar’ as the party name for the Sharad Pawar faction will continue till further orders.
  11. A 5.2 magnitude earthquake hit Kargil district in the Union Territory of Ladakh Monday night but there was no report of any damage.
  12. Tripura Chief Minister Manik Saha expressed gratitude to Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Union Education Minister Dharmendra Pradhan for sanctioning a grant of Rs 20 crore for infrastructure development at the state-owned Maharaja Bir Bikram (MBB) University. The Union Ministry of Education allocated funds to 78 universities nationwide, including MBB University, as part of the Prime Minister’s Higher Education Mission (PM-USHA) to enhance infrastructure.
  13. Kamal Haasan Likely to Team Up With DMK For Lok Sabha Election…?
    Makkal Needhi Maiam president and actor Kamal Haasan said on Monday that an alliance announcement will be made within two days.
  14. A delegation of leaders from Ladakh held a meeting with the government’s representatives on Monday to press for their demands, including statehood for the high-altitude region, two Lok Sabha seats and bringing the area under the Sixth Schedule of the Constitution.
  15. Farmer leaders on Monday evening rejected the Centre’s proposal to purchase five crops at minimum support price (MSP) over the next five years, and announced that they will resume their ‘Dilli Chalo’ march on February 21, resuming their journey from the Punjab-Haryana Shambhu border.

Chief Justice of India: Shri Dhananjaya Y. Chandrachud
Minister Of Law & Justice: Arjun Ram Meghwal
International Court of Justice Prz.: Joan Donoghue

  1. The Haryana government on Monday further extended the ban on mobile internet and bulk SMS services in seven districts by a day till February 20 in the wake of the farmers’ ongoing ‘Dilli Chalo’ agitation.
  2. The police have recovered a huge cache of explosives and other materials allegedly buried by Maoists in a forest in Maharashtra’s Gadchiroli district. The Maoists had planned to blow up a pressure cooker near a police station with two kilos of explosives, officials said. The bomb squad located and defused the pressure cooker bomb, avoiding a major incident.
  3. Assam Rifles recovered weapons and war-like stores in Mizoram and Manipur. The Public Relations Officer of IGAR (East) said that acting on specific intelligence, Assam Rifles and Mizoram Police carried out a search operation in the general area of Chaltlang Sairang road near Ruat Ruati Enterprise on 15 February.
  4. Ahead of India’s general election in April-May 2024, authorities in Tamil Nadu have for the first time brought elite clubs and liquor-serving star hotels under surveillance ambit based on instructions from the Election Commission of India.
  5. The Supreme Court on Monday rapped the Returning Officer for the Chandigarh Mayoral polls Anil Masih for allegedly defacing the ballot papers with tick and cross marks during the counting, observing that “horse trading is taking place”.
  6. The Supreme Court on Monday (Feb 19) ordered fresh counting of existing ballot papers instead of a fresh election for the post of Chandigarh mayor.
  7. The Calcutta High Court on Monday granted permission to Leader of Opposition in West Bengal assembly Suvendu Adhikari to visit trouble-torn Sandeshkhali in North 24 Parganas district.

Minister: Nirmala Sitharaman.
Commerce & Industry: Piyush Goyal
RBI Gvrnr: Shaktikanta Das
President of the World Bank: Ajay Banga
IMF MD: Kristalina Georgieva

$ USD ₹ 83.02
💷 GBP ₹ 104.69
€ Euro: ₹ 89.45

GDP rate (2023): 6.5% ($3.75 trillion)
India is the fifth largest economy in the world.
Inflation rate: Retail Inflation 5.69% in Dec 2023
Population: 141.81 cr
(17.7% of the total world population).
Unemployment: 7.8%
Per capita: This income is also known as average income as it is calculated by dividing the total income of the country by the total population of the country.

BSE SENSEX: 72,708.16 +281.52 (0.39%)🌲
NIFTY: 22,122.25 +81.55 (0.37%)🌲

Rates in Financial Capital Mumbai
GOLD: ₹ 62,670/10gm (24 krt)
SILVER: ₹ 76,500/KG


PETROL: ₹ 97/Ltr
DIESEL: ₹ 90/Ltr
CNG: ₹ 76/Ltr
LPG: ₹ 903/14.2 Kg


PETROL: ₹ 106/Ltr
DIESEL: 95/Ltr
Auto Gas: ₹ 60/Ltr
CNG: 76/Kg
LPG: ₹ 903/14.2 Kg

  1. The government will name a new member to the 16th Finance Commission after Niranjan Rajadhyaksha excused himself citing personal reasons.
  2. Latest Society of Indian Automobile Manufacturers (SIAM) data (Oct-Dec 2023) unveils India’s auto industry dynamics. Uttar Pradesh leads in sales, followed closely by Maharashtra. In U P, the Total sales is 8,22,472 units across various categories. Maharashtra Secures the second position with 6,88,192 units sold.
  3. The Department of Fisheries aims to enhance fishermen’s market access by signing an MoU with the Open Network for Digital Commerce (ONDC), unlocking digital commerce potential in Indian Fisheries.
  4. ICICI Bank announced the appointment of Mr. Pradeep Kumar Sinha as the Non-Executive Part-time Chairman.
  5. Nikhil Joshi Appointed As Managing Director of Boeing Defence India.

Information and Broadcasting Minister: Shri Anurag Singh Thakur
Chairman of The Film and Television Institute of India (FTII): R Madhavan
Chairman of Central Board of Film Certification (CBFC): Prasoon Joshi

  1. Bramayugam movie box office collection Day 4: Rahul Sadasivan’s Mammootty-starrer recorded its highest single-day box office collection on Sunday, surpassing the Rs 10 crore mark in the domestic market, movie earns Rs 25 cr worldwide.
    • The makers of ‘Bramayugam’ have altered the name of the central character played by Mammootty in the movie. The character, which was originally named Kunjumon Potti, will now be addressed as Kodumon Potti in the film. The change was made after the head of Punjamon Illam, a 200-year-old Brahmin household in Kottayam, approached the High Court.
  2. Aishwarya Rajinikanth’s sports drama, ‘Lal Salaam’, featuring Superstar Rajnikanth in an extended cameo, has maintained a stable performance at the box office despite mixed reviews.
    • The legendary cricketer Kapil Dev also makes a brief appearance in the film. Pravin Baaskar serves as the editor, while the music is composed by AR Rahman.
  3. Six day cultural and theatrical extravaganza of National School of Drama (NSD) the Bharat Rang Mahotsav concluded, at Kalidas Rangalaya in Patna, Bihar. It was commenced on 14th February.

Supreme Commander of Armed Forces: The President
Minister: Rajnath Singh
Def Minister of State: Ajay Bhatt
Union Home: Amit Shah
National Security Advisor: Ajit Doval
Chief of Defence Staff:

  1. Lieutenant General Upendra Dwivedi took over as the Vice Chief of the Army Staff from Lieutenant General MV Suchindra Kumar, who now has been appointed as the General Officer Commanding-in-Chief, Northern Command.
  2. Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) is setting up a remotely operated avalanche warning and monitoring system at Zoji La, a high mountain pass along the Srinagar-Leh national highway in Kashmir.
  3. The Indian Air Force test-fired its newly inducted Surface to Air Missile for Assured Retaliation (SAMAR) air-defence system during Exercise ‘Vayu Shakti-24′, which took place in the Pokhran range near Jaisalmer on 17 February.
  4. The Indian Navy is going to carry out major operations involving the fleets of both of its aircraft carriers off the west coast in the next ten days, The Navy chief, Admiral R Hari Kumar said. He also said that that the C295 aircraft now is going to be built in India, in line with the push for ‘Atmanirbhar Bharat’ (self-reliant India).
  5. The Indian Army plans to acquire 1,770 technologically advanced Future Ready Combat Vehicles (FRCVs) under a $57 billion indigenous project to replace Russian-origin T-72 fleet after 2030.
  6. The much-anticipated INDUS-X Summit is scheduled to be held on 20-21 February 2024 in New Delhi, marking a significant milestone in the collaborative efforts between India and the United States in defence innovation.
    • Organised by Innovations for Defence Excellence (iDEX) under the Department of Defence Production, Ministry of Defence, and Department of Defence (DoD), United States, in conjunction with the U.S.-India Business Council and Society of Indian Defence Manufacturers (SIDM), the summit aims to be a pivotal event driving strategic technology partnerships and defence industrial cooperation between India and the USA.
  7. Odisha Police along with Military Intelligence on Monday claimed to have made a major breakthrough against counterfeit army combat uniform by seizing nearly 500 meters of the uniform in Berhampur district of the state.
  8. In a remarkable display of tributes, soldiers organised a programme to celebrate Shiv Jayanti at the Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Statue in Kupwara, Jammu and Kashmir, situated on the India-Pakistan Line of Control. Despite the challenging weather conditions, with temperatures dipping below 0 degrees and snow covering the ground, the soldiers paid their heartfelt respects to the Maratha warrior king of the 17th century.

External affairs Minister: Subrahmanyam Jaishankar

  1. The Minister of State for External Affairs and Parliamentary Affairs, V Muraleedharan, is set to represent India at the G20 Foreign Ministers’ Meeting (FMM) in Rio de Janeiro from February 21-22. Notably, Brazil assumed the presidency from India on 20 December 2023, and the G20 Foreign Minister’s Meeting would be the first ministerial meeting under the 🇧🇷Brazilian Presidency.
  2. Indonesia’s newly-elected president, Prabowo Subianto, on Monday thanked Prime Minister Narendra Modi for his congratulatory message and agreed to further strengthen the Comprehensive Strategic Partnership between both countries to greater heights.
  3. New Delhi will host a roundtable to discuss the European Union (EU) and India’s collaboration in security and policy aspects of online disinformation and information manipulation on 21 February 2024. Over 35 experts from the EU and India will join forces in New Delhi on Wednesday (February 21).
  4. India is aiming to become a key player in the Philippines’ military capability upgrade as it seeks to promote itself as a major arms exporter in the region.
  5. Pakistan increased number of telecom towers along the Line of Control in Pakistan-occupied-Kashmir (PoK) in recent times with an aim to aid terrorists and their associates in infiltration activities.
  6. Gerard Larcher, Chairman of the French Senate, is on an official visit to India from 19 to 20 February 2024, accompanied by a delegation of five senators.The visit aims to strengthen bilateral ties and parliamentary cooperation between France and India.
  7. India and Japan held the seventh meeting of the India-Japan Act East Forum (AEF) on 19 February 2024 in New Delhi.
    • Act East Forum was set up following the meeting between Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi and the then Prime Minister Shinzo Abe in 2014 with two main objectives – (i) the development of the Northeastern Region of India and (ii) to promote connectivity within this region and between this region and South-East Asia.
  8. The ceremonial launch of construction of 1300 houses under Phase IV of Indian Housing Project was held in Colombo. The High Commissioner of India Santosh Jha joined President of SriLanka, Ranil Wickremesinghe in the virtual launch.

UNO Gen. Secy: António Guterres.

  1. Israeli cabinet unanimously approved a declaration strongly opposing any plan for Palestinian statehood, further highlighting the increasing tension between the US and Israel.
  2. Tensions are escalating in the waters near Taiwan as China intensifies patrols around a group of islands controlled by Taiwan. This move comes in the aftermath of the death of two Chinese fishermen who drowned during a pursuit by Taiwan’s coast guard, accusing them of trespassing.
  3. The United Nations Security Council is likely to vote on Tuesday on an Algerian push for the 15-member body to demand an immediate humanitarian ceasefire in the Israel-Hamas war.
  4. The World Social Forum (WSF) 2024 concluded today in Kathmandu with a solidarity march involving diverse participants.

Minister: Shri Anurag Singh Thakur
BCCI president: Roger Binny
Hockey India President: Dilip Tirkey
16th President of the Indian Olympic Association: P. T. Usha

    February 19, 2024
    Tau Devilal indoor stadium, Panchkula
    Match 129
    Haryana Steelers: 36
    Puneri Paltan: 51 Match 128
    Gujarat Giants: 36
    Jaipur Pink Panthers : 45
  2. The Indian men’s hockey team earned the bonus point after claiming an 8-7 shootout win over Spain in the FIH Pro League 2023-24 match at the Birsa Munda Hockey Stadium in Rourkela on Monday after both teams were tied at 2-2 in regulation time.
  3. Asian Games medallist Anush Agarwalla has secured a Paris Olympics quota for India in dressage discipline, the Equestrian Federation of India (EFI) announced.
    • The word equestrian is a reference to equestrianism, or horseback riding, derived from Latin equester and equus, “horse”.
  4. Gulveer Singh fetched India’s fourth gold medal in the Asian Indoor Athletics Championships as he won the 3000m final race on the concluding day of competitions in Tehran.
    Gulveer clocked 8 minute 07.48 seconds to finish it.
  5. Indian cricketer Mahendra Singh Dhoni was selected as the leader of IPL’s all-time greatest team.
  6. Fourth edition of Khelo India University Games starts off in Guwahati.

Official language: Japanese
Goverment: Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy
Emperor: Naruhito
Prime Minister: Fumio Kishida
POPULATION: 125,416,877(in 2023)
Currency: Japanese yen (¥)
National Animal: Green Pheasant


In Bharat there are 28 states and 8 Union territories.
Population of Bharat:142 cr (2023)
President of Bharat: Smt Droupadi Murmu
Vice President: Shri Jagdeep Dhankhar
Prime Minister: Shri Narendra Modi
Speaker Lok Sabha: Shri Om Birla (BJP)
Rajya Sabha Seats: 245 (233 Elected + 12 Nominated)
Loksabha: 550 members (530 States + 20 Union Territories)
Chief Election Commissioner: Shri Rajiv Kumar

Sinhagad is a hill fortress The Sinhagad (Lion’s Fort) located at around 35 km southwest of the city of Pune, India. Previously known as Kondhana, the fort had been the site of many battles, most notably the Battle of Sinhagad in 1670. The fort was also strategically located at the centre of a string of other Maratha Empire forts such as Rajgad Fort, Purandar Fort and Torna Fort. 

The Sinhgad Fort was initially known as “Kondhana” after the sage Kaundinya. The Kaundinyeshwar temple coupled with the caves and carvings indicates that the fort had probably been built around two thousand years ago. It was seized by Muhammad bin Tughlaq from the Koli king Nag Naik in 1328 AD.

 The only time you fail is when you fall down and stay down

Teacher – “बहुत तेज हवाओं के साथ बारिश हो रही है” 

इसका Future tense bathow

Student: Kal school Bandh rahegi

Why our tooth will fall 

Front teeth usually have only one root but back teeth can have as many as three roots. When the time is right, our bodies have special cells that slowly eat away the roots of the teeth. As the roots get shorter, the teeth start to become loose. Finally, most of the root disappears and the tooth falls out.

न कर्मणामनारम्भान्नैष्कर्म्यं पुरुषोऽश्नुते |
न च संन्यसनादेव सिद्धिं समधिगच्छति

na karmaṇām anārambhān naiṣhkarmyaṁ puruṣho ’śhnute
na cha sannyasanād eva siddhiṁ samadhigachchhati

One cannot achieve freedom from karmic reactions by merely abstaining from work, nor can one attain perfection of knowledge by mere physical renunciation 

Ksheer क्षीर: milk. 

How milk becomes curd 

Milk is converted into curd or yogurt by the process of fermentation. Milk consists of globular proteins called casein. Here curd forms because of the chemical reaction between the lactic acid bacteria and casein. During fermentation, the bacteria use enzymes to produce energy (ATP) from lactose.

NATO; The North Atlantic Treaty Organization, also called the North Atlantic Alliance, is an intergovernmental military alliance between 27 European countries, 2 North American countries, and 1 Eurasian country. 

The organization implements the North Atlantic Treaty that was signed on 4 April 1949. 

Headquarters: Brussels, Belgium

Srikantadatta Narasimharaja Wadiyar (20 February 1953 – 10 December 2013) was the twenty-sixth head of the erstwhile royal family of the Kingdom of Mysore. Srikantadatta Wadiyar was formerly a Member of Parliament from Mysore constituency.

Don’t put all your eggs in one basket

 Intentional × Accidental
Maybe: Perhaps

(kindly inform, if given info is vary from actual facts🙏🏻)

7 Chakras in Human body 

Muladhara, is located at the base of your spine. It provides you with a base or foundation for life.

Manipura, is located in your stomach area. It’s responsible for confidence and self-esteem

Svadhisthana, is located just below your belly button. This chakra is responsible for your sexual and creative energy

Anahata, is located near your heart, in the center of your chest. 

Vishuddha, is located in your throat. This chakra has to do with our ability to communicate verbally.

Ajna, is located between your eyes. You can thank this chakra for a strong gut instinct. That’s because the third eye is responsible for intuition. It’s also linked to imagination.

Sahasrara, is located at the top of your head. Your Sahasrara represents your spiritual connection to yourself, others, and the universe. It also plays a role in your life’s purpose.

(Note: These home tips followed in villages/ancient traditions, it is up to you to use it or not🙏🏻)

Drum stick health benefits 

Drumsticks are a boon for diabetics as they are known to reduce spiked blood sugar levels significantly. It is also known to enhance the gall bladder function, which in turn is helpful in lowering blood glucose.

CH Nαʋҽҽɳ Kυɱαɾ…