01 Dec (Friday)
Vedic Ritu
/ Sharad Ritu
Drik Ritu: Hemant Ritu
पक्ष :: Krishnapaksh
Vikram Samvat – 2080
Shaka Samvat – 1945
Month: Kartika 18 (Amanta)
Agrahayana 04, (Purnimanta)
Nakshatr: Punarvasu (till 4:40 pm) Pushya
Tithi: Chaturthi (up to 3:31 pm) Panchami
Rahu: 10:55 AM – 12:15 PM
Yamaganda : 02:56 PM – 04:16 PM

Do you Know Actual Science Behind Namaskar/Namaste🙏🏻..? https://youtu.be/7zLQPXYQCnU

  1. The upcoming Winter Session of the Parliament plans to introduce 7 new bills and address 11 pending ones.
    • (a) Central University (Amendment) Bill, 2023.
    • (b) Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation (Amendment) Bill, 2023.
    • (c) Government of Union Territories (Amendment) Bill, 2023.
    • (d) Central Goods and Services Tax (Second Amendment) Bill, 2023.
    • (e) National Capital Territory of Delhi Laws (Special Provisions) Second Amendment Bill, 2023.
    • (f) Boilers Bill, 2023.
    • (g) Provisional Collection of Taxes Bill, 2023.
  2. The Indian government has granted approval to two multinational corporations, Siemens AG from Germany and Kyosan Electric Manufacturing Co from Japan, to deploy the automatic train collision avoidance system known as Kavach on the Indian Railways.
  3. The Union Cabinet, led by PM Modi, has recently approved the Pradhan Mantri Janjati Adivasi Nyaya Maha Abhiyan (PM-JANMAN), a comprehensive initiative aimed at addressing the challenges faced by Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs). This scheme, with a substantial total outlay of Rs 24,104 crore.
  4. Union Cabinet has greenlit a Central Sector Scheme, allocating Rs. 1261 Crore for 2024-25 to 2025-26, aimed at providing drones to Women Self Help Groups (SHGs). The objective is to bring about a positive transformation in the lives of women engaged in agriculture and contribute to the overall growth of the sector.
  5. Andhra Pradesh irrigation officials opened one gate of the Nagarjunasagar Dam on Thursday to meet the drinking water needs of the state, an official said, which led to some friction with their Telangana counterparts.
  6. Manipur CM N Biren Singh on Thursday met Union Home Minister Amit Shah, a day after the central government signed a peace pact with the United National Liberation Front, the northeastern state’s oldest militant organisation dominated by the majority Meitei community.
  7. The National Institute of Technology Srinagar closed for winter vacation on Thursday — 10 days ahead of schedule — as a precautionary measure, a day after protests against a student’s social media post spread to other institutes.
  8. Telangana sees 64% polling till 5 pm, no major violence reported.
  9. The Centre has approved the recovery and reconstruction plan of over 1658 crore rupees for Joshimath which was affected by landslide and ground subsidence early this year. A High-Level Committee under the chairmanship of Union Home Minister Amit Shah approved the plan. Under it.
  10. Rozgar Mela: PM Modi distributes more than 51,000 appointment letters to newly inducted recruits through video conferencing.

Chief Justice of India: Shri Dhananjaya Y. Chandrachud
Minister Of Law & Justice: Arjun Ram Meghwal
International Court of Justice Prz.: Joan Donoghue

  1. The Madras High Court recently directed the Central government to consider increasing the age of retirement for all officers of the Indian Coast Guard to 60 years.
  2. In TELANGANA: The Election Commission of India (ECI), based on a report by Special Observers over seizure of ₹18 lakh cash from Musheerabad on Wednesday, suspended three police officers for ‘partisan policing’.
  3. A 36-year-old Israeli woman was on Thursday found dead at her residence in this southern Kerala district, The police suspect that the woman’s 70-year-old live-in partner killed her and have lodged an FIR under section 302 of the IPC against him.
  4. A Varanasi court gave 10 more days to the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) to file its survey report in Gyanwapi case. Now ASI has to file the report on 11th December.
  5. The Central Consumer Protection Authority (CCPA), under the leadership of Chief Commissioner Mrs. Nidhi Khare, has issued a Safety Notice under Section 18(2)(j) of the Consumer Protection Act, 2019. The notice aims to caution consumers against the purchase of highly corrosive acids on e-commerce platforms, emphasizing the potential dangers and risks associated with such transactions.
  6. The Union Cabinet, under the leadership of Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi, has approved the extension of the Fast Track Special Courts (FTSCs) as a Centrally Sponsored Scheme (CSS) from April 1, 2023, to March 31, 2026.

Minister: Nirmala Sitharaman.
Commerce & Industry: Piyush Goyal
RBI Gvrnr: Shaktikanta Das
President of the World Bank: Ajay Banga
IMF MD: Kristalina Georgieva

$ USD ₹ 83.37
💷 GBP ₹ 105.35
€ Euro : ₹ 90.77

GDP rate (2023): 6.5% ($3.75 trillion)
India is the fifth largest economy in the world.
Inflation rate: 4.7%
Population: 141.81 cr
(17.7% of the total world population).
Unemployment: 7.8%

BSE Sensex: 66,988.44 +86.53 (0.13%)🌲
NIFTY: 20,133.15 +36.55 (0.18%)🌲

Rates in Financial Capital Mumbai
GOLD: ₹ 62,700/10gm (24 krt)
SILVER: ₹ 79,200/KG


PETROL: ₹ 97/Ltr
DIESEL: ₹ 90/Ltr
CNG: ₹ 74/Ltr
LPG: ₹ 903/14.2 Kg


PETROL: ₹ 106/Ltr
DIESEL: 95/Ltr
Auto Gas: ₹ 60/Ltr
CNG: 76/Kg
LPG: ₹ 903/14.2 Kg

  1. The Rural Marketing Association of India (RMAI), a leading organization for rural marketers, announced key leadership changes during its 18th Annual General Meeting (AGM). Puneet Vidyarthi has been appointed as the President for the term 2023-2025, succeeding Biswabaran Chakrabarti.
  2. HDFC Bank appointed Harsh Kumar Bhanwala as Additional Independent Director for a three-year term starting 25 January, 2024.
  3. A report by the energy think tank Ember highlights that India needs an additional investment of $101 billion to align with the International Energy Agency’s (IEA) Net Zero target of tripling renewable energy capacity.

Information and Broadcasting Minister: Shri Anurag Singh Thakur
Chairman of The Film and Television Institute of India (FTII): R Madhavan
Chairman of Central Board of Film Certification (CBFC): Prasoon Joshi

  1. 2023 is the year of big box office clashes. In Hollywood, we saw Barbie vs Oppenheimer, and in Bollywood, we had OMG 2 vs Gadar 2. And now we have another big clash coming, which is between Ranbir Kapoor’s ANIMAL (Release date: 01 Dec) and Vicky Kaushal’s Sam Bahadur (Release date: 01 Dec) The next is between Shah Rukh Khan’s Dunki and Prabhas’ Salaar slated for year-end.
  2. On 29 November, 2023, the renowned actress and author Twinkle Khanna celebrated the launch of her fourth book, “Welcome to Paradise,” at Taj Lands End, Mumbai. This event marked her return to the literacy scene after a hiatus of five years.
  3. Noted Malayalam actress and Carnatic musician Subbalakshmi dies at 87.
  4. Shane MacGowan, the Fairytale of New York singer, dies at the age of 65.

Supreme Commander of Armed Forces: The President
Minister: Rajnath Singh
Def Minister of State: Ajay Bhatt
Union Home: Amit Shah
National Security Advisor: Ajit Doval
Chief of Defence Staff:

  1. President Murmu reviews NDA Passing out Parade in Pune. A total of 353 cadets were conferred their degree and course completion certificates from Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU) at the convocation of the 145th course of the NDA held on Wednesday. The passing out cadets included 77 cadets in science stream, 87 cadets in computer science and 55 cadets in arts stream.
  2. The Indian Government is mulling to rename the Indian Air Force (IAF) to Indian Air and Space Force. Former IAF Chief, Air Chief Marshal RKS Bhadauri described this as a postive development, stating that this is a ‘work in progress,’ and makes a lot of sense.
  3. Indian Navy Ship (INS) Kadmatt deployed to the North Pacific on Thursday conducted Underway Replenishment (UNREP) with Japan’s JS Towada.INS Kadmatt is the second of four anti-submarine warfare corvettes built for the Indian Navy by the Garden Reach Shipbuilders and Engineers of Kolkata under Project 28.
  4. Hindustan Aeronautics Limited will likely need a three-year timeframe to absorb the technology for its ambitious co-production of GE-F414 jet engines for the Indian Air Force: Defence manufacturer CB Ananthakrishnan said.
  5. Defence Acquisition Council approves capital acquisition proposals worth Rs 2.23 lakh crore to enhance the operational capabilities of the Armed Forces, 98% to be sourced from domestic industries in a major boost to ‘Aatmanirbharta’ in defence.
    • (a) Procurement of Light Combat Helicopters & Light Combat Aircraft Mk 1A from HAL gets a nod. (Procure an additional batch of 97 Tejas light combat aircraft and around 150 Prachand helicopters).
    • (b) Medium Range Anti-Ship Missiles for surface platform of Indian Navy accorded approval.
    • (c) Acquisition of Towed Gun System cleared to replace Indian Field Gun.
  6. The Indian Navy celebrates Navy Day on December 4 to commemorate “Operation Trident”, the Navy’s attack on Karachi harbour during the 1971 India-Pakistan War. The event will also showcase the Indian Navy’s state-of-the-art ships and aircraft to the general public and online viewers through a live telecast.
    • The Defence Ministry said that the event will witness participation of 20 warships along with 40 aircraft comprising Mig 29K and LCA Navy as major attractions along with combat beach reconnaissance and assault demo by the Marine Commandos (Marcos) of the Indian Navy. This is the first time that the Indian Navy would be organising a mega event which is not taking place at any major Naval station.
  7. Indian and Australian armed forces on Wednesday underwent tactical exercises in multi-domain operations in urban and semi-urban terrain during the Joint Military Exercise AUSTRAHIND 2023 in Australia.
  8. Governor Dr Hari Babu Kambhampati has appointed Squadron Leader Manisha Padhi, a distinguished officer from the 2015 batch of the Indian Air Force, as India’s first Woman Aide-De-Camp (ADC).
  9. India and China on Thursday held “constructive” diplomatic talks on proposals to resolve the remaining issues and achieve complete disengagement in eastern Ladakh.

External affairs Minister: Subrahmanyam Jaishankar

  1. PM Modi on Thursday landed in Dubai where he will attend the World Climate Action Summit that will be held alongside the United Nations ‘Conference of the Parties’ on climate, known as COP28. He was received by UAE’s Interior Minister and Deputy Prime Minister Sheikh Saif bin Zayed Al Nahyan at the airport.
  2. 🇨🇦Canadian PM Justin Trudeau has called on the Indian government to cooperate with Canada in the investigation of the killing of India designated terrorist Hardeep Singh Nijjar after the United States Justice Department filed an indictment against an Indian national for his alleged involvement in a foiled plot to assassinate a US-based leader of the Sikh Separatist Movement in New York.
  3. The United States Justice Department has filed an indictment against an Indian national for his alleged involvement in a foiled plot to assassinate a US based leader of the Sikh Separatist Movement and a citizen in New York.
  4. Lauding PM Modi’s leadership, Commonwealth Secretary General Patricia Scotland has said that he has been a really important leader because of his innovation and creativity, as India is producing more unicorns than almost any other country. She added that this has happened because of an ecosystem that supports innovation.
  5. Bill Nelson, the administrator of NASA on his recent trip to New Delhi announced that NASA will be working closely with ISRO to train and place an Indian astronaut on the ISS soon, and they will also help in setting up India’s own Space Station by 2035.
  6. A delegation led by Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) director Praveen Sood is likely to raise the issue of pro-Khalistani elements freely running anti-India agendas from foreign soils, during bilateral meetings with Canada, the UK, the US and Australia on the sidelines of ongoing 91st general assembly of Interpol in Vienna.
  7. Union Minister of Environment, Forest, and Climate Change, Bhupinder Yadav, inaugurated the India Pavilion at COP28 in Dubai. The theme of the pavilion is “Vasudhaiv Kutumbakam,” reflecting India’s commitment to global environmental responsibility.
  8. India’s AstroSat space telescope has reached a significant milestone by detecting its 600th Gamma-Ray Burst (GRB), showcasing the sustained performance of its Cadmium Zinc Telluride Imager (CZTI) eight years post-launch. Gamma-Ray Bursts, representing the demise of massive stars or neutron star mergers.

UNO Gen. Secy: António Guterres.

  1. World AIDS Day 2023, observed annually since 1988 on December 1, serves as a crucial occasion to raise awareness about HIV/AIDS.
  2. Three Israelis were killed and at least seven others were injured in a shooting attack on Thursday morning, Israeli police said adding that two shooters responsible have been neutralised.
  3. Israel-Hamas war LIVE: Israel and Hamas agreed to extend the pause in fighting in Gaza for another day early on Thursday (Nov 30) as negotiations continue on the release of hostages.
  4. A US Navy warship shot down an Iranian-made drone launched from Yemen on Wednesday, the same day the Pentagon said it warned Tehran over its drone use in the region.
  5. Around 30 Army soldiers, who came to Mizoram after their military camps were overrun by the pro-democracy forces were repatriated to Myanmar.
  6. Russia banned the “international LGBT movement” on Thursday (Nov 30), claiming that it was an extremist group, a step which cements the long crackdown on the LGBTQ community as the country pushes for conservative social values.
  7. Indonesia’s Anak Krakatau volcano, situated in the Sundra Strait, unleashed a powerful eruption, casting a volcanic ash clous approximately 1 km high into the sky.
  8. Abdullahi Mire, a Somali refugee, has been named the 2023 UNHCR Nansen Refugee Award Global Laureate for his work championing the right to education for displaced children.
  9. Taiwan has reported Chinese warplanes and warships around the island on Thursday, including aircraft crossing the sensitive median line of the Taiwan Strait, as Beijing keeps up its military activities ahead of Taiwan’s January election.
  10. The deadline for submission of nomination papers for the 12th parliamentary elections of Bangladesh expired on Thursday. Several political parties requested to the election commission that the deadline be extended but so far no such updates about extension.
  11. Pakistani court acquitted former prime minister Nawaz Sharif in Avenfield corruption case.
  12. A low pressure area near the Andaman and Nicobar Islands is likely to intensify into a cyclonic storm over the Bay of Bengal.

Minister: Shri Anurag Singh Thakur
BCCI president: Roger Binny
Hockey India President: Dilip Tirkey
16th President of the Indian Olympic Association: P. T. Usha

    • 01 Dec, Friday India vs Australia 4th T20I at Shaheed Veer Narayan Singh International Stadium, Raipur Match starts at Dec 01, 13:30 GMT
  2. DOMINICA SAYS ‘NO’ TO HOSTING T20 WORLD CUP: Dominica will be unable to meet the deadline for completing the construction work of their stadiums and the government on Thursday announced its decision to withdraw from hosting their allotted matches of the T20 World Cup next year.
  3. Former West Indies wicketkeeper-batsman Shane Dowrich has retired from international cricket and withdrawn from the squad for a one-day international series against England.
  4. The Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) on Wednesday announced the extension of contracts for head coach Rahul Dravid and the support staff of Team India (Senior Men).
  5. In a thrilling final match, Hockey Punjab emerged victorious over Hockey Haryana to clinch the gold medal at the 13th Hockey India Senior Men National Championship 2023. The tournament was held from November 17 to 28, 2023, at the Mayor Radhakrishnan Hockey Stadium in Chennai, Tamil Nadu.
  6. India’s white-ball squads for the South Africa tour, picked on Thursday (Nov 30) in New Delhi.
    • Ajit Agarkar-led men’s selection committee rested veterans Rohit Sharma and Virat Kohli alongside Jasprit Bumrah, while Mohammed Shami’s availability is subject to his fitness. Suryakumar Yadav will lead the new-look T20I side, while KL Rahul will captain the One-Day team.
  7. India’s ODI squad for the three-match series against South Africa
    • KL Rahul (C)(wk),
    • Ruturaj Gaikwad,
    • Sai Sudharsan,
    • Tilak Varma,
    • Rajat Patidar,
    • Rinku Singh,
    • Shreyas Iyer,
    • Sanju Samson (wk),
    • Axar Patel,
    • Washington Sundar,
    • Kuldeep Yadav,
    • Yuzvendra Chahal,
    • Mukesh Kumar,
    • Avesh Khan,
    • Arshdeep Singh and
    • Deepak Chahar
  8. India’s T20I squad for the three-match series against South Africa –
    • Yashasvi Jaiswal,
    • Shubman Gill,
    • Ruturaj Gaikwad,
    • Tilak Varma,
    • Suryakumar Yadav (C),
    • Rinku Singh,
    • Shreyas Iyer,
    • Ishan Kishan (wk),
    • Jitesh Sharma (wk),
    • Ravindra Jadeja (VC),
    • Washington Sundar,
    • Ravi Bishnoi,
    • Kuldeep Yadav,
    • Arshdeep Singh,
    • Mohd. Siraj,
    • Mukesh Kumar,
    • Deepak Chahar.
  9. India’s Tests squad for the two-match series against South Africa –
    • Rohit Sharma (C),
    • Shubman Gill,
    • Yashasvi Jaiswal,
    • Virat Kohli,
    • Shreyas Iyer,
    • Ruturaj Gaikwad,
    • Ishan Kishan (wk),
    • KL Rahul (wk),
    • Ravichandran Ashwin,
    • Ravindra Jadeja,
    • Shardul Thakur,
    • Mohd. Siraj,
    • Mukesh Kumar,
    • Mohd. Shami*,
    • Jasprit Bumrah (VC),
    • Prasidh Krishna

Capital: Shimla
Before was Punjab States Agency
As state: 25 Jan 1971
Formation 1 November 1956
Districts: 12
Governor: Shiv Pratap Shukla
CM: Sukhvinder Singh Sukhu (INC)

In Bharat there are 28 states and 8 Union territories.
Population of Bharat:142 cr (2023)
President of Bharat: Smt Droupadi Murmu
Vice President: Shri Jagdeep Dhankhar
Prime Minister: Shri Narendra Modi
Speaker Lok Sabha: Shri Om Birla (BJP)
Rajya Sabha Seats: 245 (233 Elected + 12 Nominated)
Loksabha: 550 members (530 States + 20 Union Territories)
Chief Election Commissioner: Shri Rajiv Kumar


The Vijayanagara Empire, also called Karnata Kingdom, was based in the Deccan Plateau region in South India. It was established in 1336 by the brothers Harihara I and Bukka Raya I of the Sangama dynasty, members of a pastoralist cowherd community that claimed Yadava lineage.

When things go wrong, don’t go with them.”

शराबी चाहे कितना भी अनपढ क्यों न हो,🥴

Quarter के तीन पेग ऐसे बनाता है,🧐🥃🍷

जैसे किसी प्रयोगशाला का बहुत बडा Scientist हो!!🙄

Why acid rain occurs* 🌧️⛈️

Acid rain is caused by a chemical reaction that begins when compounds like sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides are released into the air. These substances can rise very high into the atmosphere, where they mix and react with water, oxygen, and other chemicals to form more acidic pollutants, known as acid rain.

अहम् सम्यक् अस्मि।

I am Fine

मैं ठीक हूँ।

How AIDS infected

Scientists identified a type of chimpanzee in West Africa as the source of HIV infection in humans. They believe that the chimpanzee version of the immunodeficiency virus (called simian immunodeficiency virus or SIV) most likely was transmitted to humans and mutated into HIV when humans hunted these chimpanzees for meat and came into contact with their infected blood.

World HIV Day⛑️🔻

Human immunodeficiency virus infection and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS)

HIV infection in India was first detected in 1986 among female sex workers in Chennai. HIV was diagnosed by Dr. Suniti Solomon and her student Dr. Sellappan Nirmala.

Major Shaitan Singh Bhati, PVC (1 December 1924 – 18 November 1962) was an Indian Army officer and recipient of the Param Vir Chakra, India’s highest military decoration.

Rain on someone’s parade
To spoil something

Obliging × Mulish, Obstinate
Obliging: Complaisant, Willing

(kindly inform, if given info is differ from actual facts🙏🏻)


As per a blessing by Vishnu to marry Vrinda in her next birth, Vishnu – in form of a stone Shaligram married Tulsi on Prabodhini Ekadashi. (Salagrama or Shaligram is a fossilized shell used in South Asia as an iconic symbol – Shaligrams are usually collected from river-beds or banks such as the Gandaki River in Nepal.

To commemorate this event, the ceremony of Tulsi Vivah is performed. The Tulsi wedding or Tulsi Vivah is significant as it symbolises the beginning of wedding season as per Hindu calendar.

Another minor legend narrates that Lakshmi slew a demon on this day and remained on earth as the Tulsi plant.

(Note: These home tips followed in villages/ancient traditions, it is up to you to use it or not🙏🏻)

Bananas are one of the best fruit sources of vitamin B6

Vitamin B6 helps your body:

Produce red blood cells, Metabolise Carbohydrates and fats, turning them into energy,

Metabolise amino acids, remove unwanted chemicals from your liver and kidneys, and maintain a healthy nervous system.

CH Nαʋҽҽɳ Kυɱαɾ…