19 Jul (Wednesday)
Vedic Ritu
/ Varsha
Drik Ritu : Varsha (Monsoon)
पक्ष :: Shuklapaksh
Vikram Samvat – 2080
Shaka Samvat – 1945
Month : Sravana 2, (Purnimanta)
Sravana 2, (Amanta)
Nakshatra: Pushya (up to 7:58 am) Ashlesha
Tithi: Dwitiya/Tritiya
Rahu: 12:33 PM – 02:12 PM
Yamaganda : 07:34 AM – 09:14 AM

KIDNEY STONE PROBLEMS: https://youtu.be/4e9R91HiIcI


  1. President Smt Droupadi Murmu has said that acceleration of rural development is essential for the overall development of the country.
  2. Ahead of the Monsoon Session of Parliament beginning 20th of July, the Government has convened an all-party meeting today. The Monsoon session will commence on Thursday and will continue till 11th of August.
  3. The India Meteorological Department (IMD) has predicted heavy to very heavy rainfall over Konkan & Goa, Central Maharashtra and Odisha during the next five days.
  4. DELHI FLOODS: The level of Yamuna water dropped below the danger mark of 205.33 metres on Tuesday, Central Water Commission (CWC) data showed.
  5. PM Modi inaugurated the integrated terminal building of Veer Savarkar International Airport, Port Blair through video conferencing.
  6. Former Kerala Chief Minister Oommen Chandy has passed away. He was 79. He died at a Bangalore hospital early on Tuesday after battling cancer for more than a year.
  7. NITI Aayog released Export Preparedness Index 2022 report in New Delhi. According to the report, coastal states have performed well with states of Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, Karnataka, and Gujarat being the top performers.
  8. Arunachal Pradesh Tourism Secretary Swapnil Naik launches ‘Yuva Tourism Club’ in Itanagar.
  9. The 26 Opposition Parties against NDA have formed Indian National Developmental Inclusive Alliance or named I.N.D.I.A. for 2024 General elections to fight the Lok Sabha election. The Congress National President Mallikarjuna Kharge announced this after the meeting of opposition parties in Bengaluru.
  10. The Madhya Pradesh government has taken a significant step towards improving the quality of education by introducing an educational initiative called CM Rise Schools. The announcement was made by Chief Minister Shivraj Singh Chouhan during his visit to Shajapur district
  11. Schools in some districts of Telangana state will remain closed today due to the heavy rain alert.
  12. Gujarat NEET UG Counselling Registration 2023: Candidates can register for Gujarat MBBS 2023 counselling round 1 online at: medadmgujarat.org. The last date to apply for Gujarat NEET UG counselling is July 24.
  13. MHT MBA Counselling 2023: CET Cell, Maharashtra has extended the deadline to register for MAH MBA counselling CAP counselling registration till July 19. Candidates can apply for admission to MBA programmes on the official website: mba2023.mahacet.org.in
  14. Four advocates picked for appointment as judges
    (a) N Senthilkumar and G Arul Murugan (Madras HC),
    • (b) Manjusha Ajay Deshpande (Bombay HC)
    • (c) Kurubarahalli Venkataramareddy Aravind (Karnataka HC).
  15. The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) on Tuesday successfully performed the third orbit-raising maneuver (Earth-bound perigee firing) of the Chandrayaan-3 spacecraft. The next firing is planned for July 20 between 2 pm and 3 pm, the national space agency headquartered said.


Chief Justice of India: Shri Dhananjaya Y. Chandrachud
Minister Of Law & Justice: Arjun Ram Meghwal

  1. Pakistani citizen Seema Haider, who entered India illegally in May and is staying with her partner in Noida, was picked up Tuesday by the Uttar Pradesh Police’s Anti-Terrorist Squad and questioned for over nine hours, a second day of quizzing by the agency.
  2. Tamilnadu Higher Education Minister Dr. K.Ponmudy has been summoned for questioning by the Enforcement Directorate in Chennai.
  3. Maharashtra Government informed the state assembly that detention centers would be set up for foreign nationals indulging in drug peddling, overstaying their visa limit, and committing petty crimes to evade deportation. Deputy Chief Minister Devendra Fadnavis said.
  4. Over 1.40 Lakh kg of narcotics worth Rs 2,378 crore destroyed in different parts of the country.
  5. A Delhi court on Tuesday granted two-day interim bail to outgoing Wrestling Federation of India (WFI) chief and BJP MP Brij Bhushan Sharan Singh in the women wrestlers’ sexual harassment case.


Minister: Nirmala Sitharaman.
Commerce & Industry: Piyush Goyal
RBI Gvrnr: Shaktikanta Das
President of the World Bank: Ajay Banga

 USD ₹ 82.08
💷 GBP ₹ 107.01

GDP rate (2023): 6.15%
Inflation rate: 4.7%
Population: 141.81 cr (17.7% of the total world population).
Unemployment : 7.8%

BSE Sensex: 66,795.14 +205.21 (0.31%)🔺
NIFTY: 19,749.25 +37.80 (0.19%)🔺

Rates in Financial Capital Mumbai

GOLD: ₹ 60,100/10gm (24 krt)
SILVER: ₹ 78,000/KG


PETROL: ₹ 97/Ltr
DIESEL: ₹ 90/Ltr
CNG: ₹ 74/Ltr
LPG: ₹ 1103/14.2 Kg


PETROL: ₹ 107/Ltr
DIESEL: ₹ 95/Ltr
Auto Gas: ₹ 60/Ltr
CNG: ₹ 79/Ltr
LPG: ₹ 1103/14.2 Kg

  1. India- GCC Buyers sellers Meet on Food and Beverages is being held at Dubai, showcasing Indian products to the wider market of Gulf cooperation Council.
  2. The Cement Manufacturers’ Association (CMA), the apex body of India’s large cement manufacturers, unanimously elected Neeraj Akhoury, managing director of Shree Cement.
  3. Finance Ministry has appointed Pramod Rao, Executive Director, SEBI, as a Member in the Board of International Financial Services Centre Authority (IFSCA).
  4. India Extends UPI Payments to France, Empowering Indian Tourists. With the signed agreement, Indian tourists visiting France can now utilize UPI to make transactions in rupees.
  5. The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) and the Central Bank of UAE (CBUAE) signed two Memoranda of Understanding (MoUs) aimed at bolstering economic ties between the two nations.
  6. Union Minister Piyush Goyal launches sale of subsidized Chana Dal at Rs60 per kg under ‘Bharat Dal’ brand.
  7. Union Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman on Tuesday met Finance Minister of China Liu Kun on the sidelines of the third G20 meeting of Finance Minister and Central Bank Governors in Gandhinagar.


Information and Broadcasting Minister: Shri Anurag Singh Thakur
Chairman of Central Board of Film Certification (CBFC): Prasoon Joshi

  1. Information and Broadcasting Minister Anurag Singh Thakur has said that OTT players have a responsibility of ensuring that their platform does not propagate vulgarity and abuse camouflaged as creative expression. He also says that OTT Platforms must be sensitive to the country’s cultural diversity.
  2. Election Commission of India, ECI has said that allotment of time to political parties on Akashvani and Doordarshan during an election will now be online.


Minister: Rajnath Singh
Union Home : Amit Shah
National Security Advisor : Ajit Doval
Chief of Defence Staff:

  1. Two frontline Indian Naval ships INS Sahyadri and INS Kolkata arrived in Indonesia’s Jakarta on Monday to participate in the Maritime Partnership Exercise (MPX) with the Indonesian Navy.
  2. Defence Minister Rajnath Singh today held talks with the Minister of Defence of Argentina Jorge Enrique Taiana in New Delhi. Both Ministers discussed the ongoing defence cooperation initiatives, including measures to enhance defence industrial partnership.
  3. Indian Defence forces are set to acquire 97 ‘Made-in-India’ drones for surveillance purposes along China and Pakistan borders, government sources on Monday said.
  4. India and France agreed to develop new generation military equipment as part of a long-term roadmap.
    India’s negotiations to acquire 26 Rafale-M fighter jets and three Scorpene submarines from France have yet to be concluded.
  5. An artist’s rendering of the Indian Multi-Role Helicopter (IMRH)Safran Helicopter Engines and Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) have decided to set up their new joint venture company in Bangalore.
  6. ‘OPERATION TRINETRA II’: A joint search and cordon operation is being carried out by the Army and Police in the border district of Poonch in Jammu and Kashmir. The operation, which entered its second day on 18 July, is aimed at tracking down terrorists who are hiding in the area. It was launched in Sindarah and Maidana of Surankote tehsil on the afternoon of 17 July.
  7. Indian Army has ordered high mobility trucks worth Rs 800 crore from Ashok Leyland. The contract includes procurement of a varied number of 4×4 field artillery tractor and 6×6 gun towing vehicles to tow heavy as well as medium artillery guns and howitzers of the Indian Army.


External affairs Minister: Subrahmanyam Jaishankar

  1. Sri Lankan President Ranil Wickremesinghe will be an official visit to India on Friday (21Jul). He will be visiting the country at the invitation of PM Modi.
  2. The Ministerial meeting of the U.S.-India Strategic Clean Energy Partnership (SCEP) was held between Petroleum and Natural Gas Minister Hardeep Singh Puri and U.S. Energy Secretary Jennifer Granholm in New Delhi.
  3. Canada has introduced a new program to welcome 10,000 H1-B visa holders from the United States, providing open work permits and creating job opportunities. The initiative is part of Canada’s strategy to attract highly skilled workers and position itself as a global leader in emerging technologies.Indians, who account for nearly 75% of H1-B visa holders in US.
  4. Former Pakistani Minister of Science and Technology, Fawad Chaudhry, has ridiculed India’s moon mission, stating that there was no need to go to great lengths for moon sightings. The video of his humorous response went viral following India’s successful launch of Chandrayaan 3.


UNO Gen. Secy: António Guterres.

  1. Russia has announced that it has halted participation in a deal that allowed Ukrainian grain to be exported through the Black Sea.
  2. Meta CEO Mark Zuckerberg announced the company is open-sourcing its artificial intelligence large language model Llama 2 with its preferred partner Microsoft and other cloud providers. Llama 2 enables developers and organisations to build generative AI-powered tools and experiences.
  3. Heatwaves and extreme weather have gripped most parts of the world including Europe, the US and Asia.
  4. A US nuclear-armed ballistic missile submarine (SSBN) visited South Korea, for the first time since the 1980s, as the allies launched talks to coordinate their responses in the event of a nuclear war with North Korea.
  5. At least eight people sustained injuries in a blast in Pakistan’s Peshawar on Tuesday.
  6. North Korea recently tested its latest intercontinental ballistic missile (IBM) – Hwasong-18.
  7. Pakistan and Iran agree to work together to stop border attacks by militants.


Minister: Shri Anurag Singh Thakur
BCCI president: Roger Binny
Hockey India President: Dilip Tirkey
16th President of the Indian Olympic Association : P. T. Usha

  1. BADMINTON, Indian Men’s Doubles pair, Satwiksairaj Rankireddy and Chirag Shetty stormed into the pre-quarterfinals of the Korea Open. The third-seeded duo defeated Thailand’s combination of Supak Jomkoh and Kittinupong Kedren in straight games 21-16, 21-14 in the Round of 32.
  2. Star Indian Shuttler Satwiksairaj Rankireddy has set the Guinness world record for the fastest shot by a male player in badminton, recording a mindboggling 565 kilometres per hour with his smash during the game. Satwik, who along with his partner Chirag Shetty won the Indonesia Open recently, broke a decade-long record set in May 2013 by Malaysian Tan Boon Heong, who had produced a speed of 493 kilometres per hour with his smash.
  3. Satwik and Chirag were the only Indians to register a victory on the first day of the BWF World Tour Super 500 tournament. Earlier, the other Men’s Doubles duo, Dhruv Kapila and MR Arjun retired from their match due to an injury.
  4. Australia’s state of Victoria will not be hosting the 2026 Commonwealth Games due to projected exceeding expenditures. This has raised doubts on the multi-sport event that takes place every four years.
  5. India shooter Prithviraj Tondaiman bagged the bronze medal in the men’s trap event at the ISSF Shotgun World Cup Lonato 2023 in Italy.
  6. Tennis: Spain’s Carlos Alcaraz ended Novak Djokovic’s long reign to win his first Wimbledon 2023 title and his second Grand Slam title.


CAPITAL : Mumbai
Nagpur (winter)
Before was State of Bombay (1950–1960)
Formation(by bifurcation)
1 May 1960
Districts: 36
Governor : Ramesh Bais
CM : Eknath Shinde 
State :
Bird: Yellow-footed green pigeon
Flower : Jarul
Mammal : Giant squirrel
Tree: Mango tree
In India there are 28 states and 8 Union territories.
Population of India: 142 cr (2023)
President of India: Smt Droupadi Murmu
Vice President: Shri Jagdeep Dhankhar
Prime Minister: Shri Narendra Modi
Speaker Lok Sabha: Shri Om Birla (BJP)
Rajyasabha Seats: 245 (233 Elected + 12 Nominated)
Loksabha : 550 members (530 States + 20 Union Territories)
Chief Election Commissioner: Shri Rajiv Kumar



Telangana is a state in southern India. Its capital is Hyderabad.

There are various versions about its name and origin…Here I will give some:-

The name “Telangana” refers to the word TRILINGA (TRILINGA DESAM) meaning “a country of three lingas”. According to a Hindu scripts, Lord Shiva descended in the “lingam” form on three mountains, Kaleswaram, Srisailam & Draksharama which marked the boundaries of the Trilingadesam later called Telinga, Telunga or Telugu.

A more historical reasoning is that during the reign of Nizams, the region was known as *Telugu + Angana (countryard आँगन, प्रांगण) * to differentiate it from the areas where Marathi was spoken. Days passed and people started calling Telangana with Bhagyanagar(Now Hyderabad) has its capital. The word similar to Telangana can also be seen in a name of Malik Maqbul (14th century), who was called the Tilangani, which implies that he was from Tilangana. He was the commander of the Warangal Fort (Kataka Pāludu).

After India’s independence in 1947, the last Nizam of Hyderabad, Osman Ali Khan, refused to join the Indian Union despite repeated requests from Jawaharlal Nehru & Sardar Patel. The Indian army annexed Hyderabad and the Nizam surrendered to Sardar Patel on 17th Sept, 1948 under Madras Presidency. Govt of India agreed for creation of a separate Telangana state in July, 2013 & Telangana came into effect on June 2, 2014 as ‘Telangana state’, the 29th state of Indian Union

😀Thought of the day

Life is not qualified by speaking fluent english, branded clothes or a lifestyle. It measures by the number of faces who smile and respect with pure heart when they here your name.


पप्पू : यार मेरे बाल बहुत झड़ रहे हैं।👶🏻

Frnd🤥 : क्यों?

पप्पू : चिंता से यार☹️

Frnd : किस बात की चिंता है यार तुझे?🤔

पप्पू : बाल झड़ने की। 🤪😜


Why Horse Does Not Get Tired?

They are very efficient. don’t have any muscles in the bottom half of their legs, just tendons and ligaments to help them move. This makes them very efficient at running longer distances at a steady quick speed (around 30 miles an hour). The stamina of horses is influenced by genetics and physical fitness. Horses generally are considered an athletic species with large hearts and lungs for their size, but some breeds have greater stamina than others. Thin skin and flat muscles, to allow rapid cooling during prolonged exercise.

Why Do Horses Sleep Standing Up?

That’s because horses actually doze while on their feet and lie down for Rapid Eye Movement sleep. … To protect themselves, horses instead doze while standing. They’re able to do this through the stay apparatus, a special system of tendons and ligaments that enables a horse to lock the major joints in its legs.

LEARN Sanskrit🙏🏻

द्वन्द युद्ध {dvand yuddh} = SINGLE COMBAT/One to One combat


How pearls are formed⚪⚪

A natural pearl begins its life inside an oyster’s shell when an intruder, such as a grain of sand or bit of floating food, slips in between one of the two shells of the oyster, a type of mollusk, and the protective layer that covers the mollusk’s organs, called the mantle. … Cultured pearls are made in the same way

Typically, an Akoya pearl will grow between 10 to 14 months before reaching a size of up to 9mm in diameter, a Tahitian pearl may grow for 18 to 24 months to reach a size of 10mm and a South Sea pearl will grow between 2 and 3 years to reach diameters of up to 15mm.

💁🏻‍♂‍ GK TODAY

Important rivers of India: The Ganges, Yamuna (a tributary of Ganges), Brahmaputra, Mahanadi, Narmada, Godavari, Tapi, Krishna, Tungabhadra, Sindhu, and Kaveri. Parts of the Indus River also flow over Indian soil.


Mangal Pandey (19 July 1827 – 8 April 1857) was an Indian soldier who played a key part in the events immediately preceding the outbreak of the Indian rebellion of 1857. He was a sepoy (sipahi) in the 34th Bengal Native Infantry (BNI) regiment of the British East India Company.

Pandey’s reference to cartridges is usually attributed to a new type of bullet cartridge used in the Enfield P-53 rifle which was to be introduced in the Bengal Army that year. The cartridge was thought to be greased with animal fat, primarily from cows and pigs, which could not be consumed by Hindus and Muslims respectively . The cartridges had to be bitten at one end before use. The Indian troops in some regiments were of the opinion that this was an intentional act of the British, with the aim of defiling their religions.


Call it a day’ – Stop working on something

Bleak * Bright pleasant


Bleak: Grim ,Austere


(Kindly inform, if given info is differ from actual facts🙏🏻)

Why do we do 108 rounds(pradakshana) in temples? or Japa Mala has 108 or Ashtotra 108 etc

Astronomically, there are 27 constellations of stars in our galaxy, and each one them has 4 directions, and 27 * 4 = 108, In other words the number 108 covers the whole galaxy.

Numerical scale: The addition of digits of number 108 is 9, Indian Vedas, treats the Sun as God, and Sun has 12 signs (Zodiac signs). In Yajurved, Sun is related with Lord Brahma (the number 9), remember – 12 * 9 = 108.

According to Indian mythology, there are 4 Yugs

Satyug – consists of 172,800 years (1+7+2+8 = 18 == (1+8 = 9)

TretaYug consists of 1296000 years (1+2+9+6 = 18 = (1+8 = 9)

DwaparYug consists of 864000 years (8+4+6) = 18 = (1+8 = 9)

Kaliyug consists of 432000 years (4+3+2) = 9

The Sudarshana Chakra (सुदर्शन चक्र) is a spinning, disk-like weapon, literally meaning “disk of auspicious vision,” having 108 serrated edges used by Shri Vishnu Bhagwan.

First thing i want clear here Santana Dharma is not a religion, here dharma means “cosmic law and order”, as applied to the teachings for mankind to leave in systematic way.


(Note: These home tips followed in villages/ancient traditions, it is up to you to use it or not🙏🏻)

Benefits of Jaggery गुड़

Jaggery (or gur) is made from unrefined sugar, and is obtained by boiling raw, concentrated sugar cane juice till it solidifies. Although jaggery is also made from the sap of coconut and date palm, the one made from sugar cane is the one that’s used most widely.

It prevents constipation by aiding digestion. It activates the digestive enzymes in our body, thus helps in proper digestion of food. That’s why many people prefer eating jaggery after a meal.

Eating a piece of jaggery daily can help women combat PMS symptoms including mood swings, menstrual cramps and abdominal pain.

It acts as a detox, as it helps cleanse the liver by flushing out nasty toxins from the body. Jaggery is loaded with antioxidants and minerals like zinc and selenium, which help prevent free-radicals (responsible for early ageing). It helps boost resistance against infections, hence building stronger immunity.

People who are diabetic or are following a weight loss diet should monitor their consumption of jaggery, as it can lead to weight gain and fluctuations in blood-sugar levels

Instead of candy/Chocolate, jaggery is very good for children’s health.

CH Nαʋҽҽɳ Kυɱαɾ…✒️