🌄 S̴h̴u̴b̴o̴u̴d̴h̴a̴y̴ : 18 Jul/आषाढ मास(Sunday) ग्रीष्म ऋतू {शुक्ल पक्ष}🙏🏻
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Today’s top News


  1. Tribal Affairs Minister, Arjun Munda, launched “COVID Teeka Sank Surakshit Van, Dhan aur Uddyam” campaign in partnership with UNICEF & WHO. It provides awareness about Simplification of registration process for vaccination, place, accessibility to different people and age groups, including women & elderly population.
  2. Overall COVID-19 vaccine coverage in India reaches nearly 40 cr mark; Recovery rate improves to 97.31%.
  3. Union Govt convenes all party meeting today (18 Jul) to seek support of political parties to ensure smooth functioning of both the Houses of Parliament. An all-party meeting is a customary procedure before the beginning of every session of Parliament to ensure its smooth functioning.
  4. The University Grants Commission (UGC) has issued guidelines on examinations and academic calender for Universities and colleges in view of the Covid-19 situation. The guidelines will apply for the current academic session 2020-21.
  5. Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana – Urban, PMAY-U has launched a Short Film Contest Khushiyon Ka Ashiyana for all the people above 18 Years of age, as part of Azadi ka Amrut Mahotsav. The last date for the submission is 1st September and the results will be declared on 30th September this year.
  6. The Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) is gearing up for two launches in August and September.
  7. The Enforcement Directorate (ED) said that State Bank of India (SBI) has recovered another ₹792.11 crore by the sale of shares belonging to fugitive businessmen Vijay Mallya, Nirav Modi, & Mehul Choksi. The assets have been seized by the Central agency under the Prevention of Money Laundering Act (PMLA).
  8. Karnataka Chief Minister B S Yediyurappa on 17 Jul (Saturday) dismissed rumours about his resignation, saying it is not at all true. On Friday, Yediyurappa had met Prime Minister Narendra Modi and discussed pending state works, including Mekedatu project across river Cauvery.
  9. Telangana mulls reopening of schools, colleges from Aug 16
    The plan is to restart classes for Standard 8th & above in schools besides all colleges & universities. On the other hand, till now there is No clarity over reopening of film theatres in Telangana.
  10. Andhra Pradesh govt announces 135 nominated posts of various corporations. Out of 135 nominated posts, 76 were allotted for SC, ST, BC, and Minorities while 59 for other castes.
  11. Kerala Eases Lockdown Till 20 July Due to Bakrid. Negative RT-PCR tests were no longer mandatory for inter-state travel and attending exams for persons who have received two doses of Covid- vaccine.
  12. Heavy rain predicted in coming 4 days in Himachal Pradesh; landslide warning issued
  13. Navjot Singh Sidhu set to become Punjab PCC chief as Punjab CM Capt. Amarinder Singh accepts high command decision. The CM, however, said he will not meet Sidhu until he apologises for his remarks.
  14. Officials of the Delhi Police will meet a delegation of farmers on Sunday (18 Jul) ahead of their planned protest in front of parliament during its monsoon session to demand scrapping of the contentious farm laws and a legal guarantee on MSP. The Samyukta Kisan Morcha (SKM), an umbrella body of over 40 farmer unions, has planned that around 200 farmers will hold protests outside parliament.
  15. New name for Jammu & Kashmir High Court: Law Ministry on 16 July 2021 (Friday) has been changed. J&K HC to ‘High Court of Jammu & Kashmir and Ladakh’.
  16. The CBSE Class 10 results and CBSE 12th results are likely to be released by July 25, 2021. This year, due to the pandemic, the CBSE had to cancel both Class 10 and 12 board exams.
  17. Amritsar police book 3 cops in Jandiala Guru ‘encounter’ case
    A Hoshiarpur resident was shot dead in an ‘encounter’ by the CIA staff on December 8, 2020.
  18. Ordnance Factory Tiruchirappalli hands over 12.7 mm M2 NATO Stabilized Remote Control Gun to Indian Navy, Indian Coast Guard.


  1. The Defence Research and Development Organisation and other agencies are working on indigenous counter-drone technology, and it will be available soon, Union home minister Amit Shah said on 17 Jul (Saturday) & added that all gaps in India’s border fencing will be covered by 2022.
  2. Boost for Navy as delivery of MH-60R Seahawk multi-role helicopters begins:
    The Indian Navy was handed over its first two MH-60R Seahawk multi-role helicopters (MRHs) in a ceremony held at San Diego, the US. It strengthening the India-US defence relationship. First batch of Indian crew is currently undergoing training in US.
  3. Helicopters are being procured under foreign military sales from US at an estimated cost of USD 2.4 billion. Indian Cabinet had cleared purchase of these helicopters from USA in February 2020 before historic visit of then US President Donald Trump.
  4. UAE-based carrier Etihad Airlines has extended its flight suspension from six countries including Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Pakistan and India until July 31.
  5. Mumbai international airport now offers direct flights to Maldives (Male) by IndiGo and GoFirst with effect from July 15, 2021.


  1. Afghanistan President Ashraf Ghani slams Pakistan for Afghan crisis.
  2. Afghanistan Security Forces Re-occupy Three Provinces From Taliban Terrorists. The three provinces include Saighan and Kahmard districts in Bamiyan and Chakhansur districts in Nimroz.
  3. Today is International Nelson Mandela Day is observed (18 July) every year. The day celebrates Mandela’s life and legacy in a sustainable way that will bring about the needful changes.
  4. The World Health Organization has proposed a fresh coronavirus investigation in China and an audit of its labs over the origin of the virus.
  5. Devastating floods have killed nearly 150 people in Europe, most of them in western Germany where stunned emergency services were still combing the wreckage.
  6. Representatives of the Afghan govt & the Taliban met in Doha for peace talks.
  7. The Taliban, fighting with Afghanistan forces to take control of a large part of the war-torn country, has issued a statement ordering local religious leaders to give them a list of girls over 15 years of age and widows under 45, According to reports, the Taliban has promised for them to be married to their fighters and taken to Pakistan’s Waziristan, where they will be converted to Islam and reintegrated.
  8. Daughter of Afghanistan’s envoy abducted, tortured in Pakistan : Afghanistan on Saturday strongly condemned the abduction of its envoy Najib Alikhil’s daughter in Pakistan and called upon Islamabad to identify and prosecute the perpetrators of the ‘heinous act’ at the earliest.

🚣🚴🏇🏁🏊 Sports:

  1. T20 WORLD CUP
    The International Cricket Council has announced the groups for the T20 World Cup scheduled to be held this year in the United Arab Emirates & Oman. Arch-rivals India and Pakistan are pooled in the same Group B.
  2. Indian Grandmasters R Praggnanandhaa and Adhiban Baskaran registered wins in the first game of the two-game mini-match in the 2nd round.
    01 Bangladeshi Taka = 0.88 Indian Rupee
    $ USD 84.78 Taka💷GBP 116.78 Bangladeshi Taka
    In Bangladesh (Capital : Dhaka)
    🥇 Gold 49,407 (BDT) or Bangladesh Taka/ ₹43,483 (India) ©10 gm 24 (Krt)
    🥈 Silver 69,990/Kg (BDT) ₹61,610©Kg
    ⛽ Petrol BDT 103.42/₹91.04
    Diesel BDT 65/₹ 57.22
    LPG : BDT 980/12 Kg In India ₹ 862.70 BSE Sensex

THE BOMBAY STOCK EXCHANGE (BSE) is the first and largest securities market in India and was established in 1875

NIFTY : 15,923.40

Ⓝⓐⓥⓔⓔⓝ Ⓚⓤⓜⓐⓡ
🇮🇳 Facts about India 🇮🇳

Capital of Himachal Pradesh Shimla city gets its name from Shyamala Mata , a fearless incarnation of the goddess Kali. The temple of the goddess is situated on Bantony Hill, near The Ridge, named Kali Bari temple. According to another version Shimla gets its name from the word ‘Shyamalaya’ meaning blue slate by faqir on Jakhu.

😀 Thought of the day

More the knowledge, lesser the ego. Lesser the knowledge, more the ego

Joke of the day

सोनू अपने दोस्त रवि को ज्ञान बांट रहा था…
अगर परीक्षा में पेपर कठिन हो तो….
आंखें बंद करो,
गहरी सांस लो,
और जोर से कहो-
यह सब्जेक्ट बहुत मजेदार है। अगले साल फिर पढ़ेंगे।🤪🤣😅

😳 Why❓❓❓

(Choosing a black color for lawyer’s uniform*

Reason behind this is black is considered as a color of authority and dominance. A person in black coat looks more powerful and impactful. Also black color represents submission to a certain thing, lawyers wear the black outfit to show their submission to justice. Black is a prominent color that offers a sheer elegance. It is observed that people wearing black outfits look more impactful and elegant.

Black is a colour which another can’t be painted on it …it neutral…it stands for defence …and the white stands for purity… this combo makes a lawyer look professional and it gives confidence to the client

The white neckbands have their origins rooted in England. In the old English Courts, the barristers-at-law used to wear white bands as part of their uniform. Since the Barristers were the first lawyers of Indian Courts, their dress was adopted as a symbol of advocates in our country. The two pieces of white cloth joined together to form the advocate’s bands represent the Tablets of the Laws or Tablets of Stone. These are the tablets that, according to the Christian belief, were used by Moses for inscribing the 10 commandments, which he received from a burning bush on Mt. Sinai. The 10 commandments are believed to be the first example of a uniform coded law. The shape of the band is also similar to the rounded off rectangular tablets. Thus, the white advocate’s bands represent the upholding of the laws of God and of men.

Wigs especially were supposed to bring anonymity to the Judge. Since in earlier times the people were discriminated on the basis of colour and ethnicity, standard form of wigs displayed unbiasedness and impartiality on the part of Judges that Judge did not belong to any one colour or creed but was an impartial, unbiased human being deciding the case.

LEARN Sanskrit🙏🏻

त्वम् : You

🤔 How it works

How do fire extinguishers work? 🧯🔥💥

Fire happens when three things are in the same place at the same time:

Fuel (something to burn—such as wood or coal). Oxygen (usually from the air). Heat .

Fire-fighter involves breaking the fire triangle. which means removing either the fuel, the heat, or the oxygen.

Carbon dioxide (CO2) extinguishers contain a mixture of liquid and gaseous carbon dioxide (a nonflammable gas). CO2 is normally a gas at room temperature and pressure. It has to be stored under high pressure to make it a liquid. When you release the pressure, the gas expands enormously and makes a huge white jet. CO2 attacks the fire triangle in two ways: it smothers the oxygen and, when it turns from a liquid back to a gas, it “sucks” in a massive amount of heat from its surroundings (the latent heat of vaporization), which cools whatever you spray it on by removing heat.

You’ll also find fire extinguishers classified by the types of fires you can use them on. This gives us five different kinds:

A: Green : For wood, cloth, and paper.
B: Red : For combustible and flammable liquids such as oil, gasoline, and paint.
C: Blue : For electrical equipment and tools.
D: Orange :: For flammable metals.
K: Black : For animal or vegetable oils or cooking fats.

Inside, a fire extinguisher is quite like a giant aerosol can, often with two different substances inside. One of them is a solid, liquid, or gas substance for fighting the fire. The other one is called a propellant and is a pressurized chemical that makes the fire-fighting substance come out when you press the extinguisher handle.

💁🏻‍♂️ GK TODAY

National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development is an apex development finance institution in India. The bank has been entrusted with “matters concerning policy, planning, and operations in the field of credit for agriculture and other economic activities in rural areas in India”.

Headquarters : Mumbai
Estb : 12 Jul 1982


(a) Kadambini Ganguly ( 18 July 1861 – 3 October 1923) was one of the first Indian female doctors who practiced with a degree in Western medicine. She was the first woman to gain admission to Calcutta Medical College in 1884, subsequently trained in Scotland, and established a successful medical practice in India. Her husband was Dwarkanath Ganguly. She was the mother of eight children.

A television Bengali serial Prothoma Kadambini based on her biography is being telecast on Star Jalsha.

(b) Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela (18 July 1918) was a South African anti-apartheid revolutionary, statesman and philanthropist who served as President of South Africa from 1994 to 1999. He was the country’s first black head of state and the first elected in a fully representative democratic election. Former South Africa President Nelson Mandela is referred to as Gandhi of South Africa. He was died on 05 Dec 2013 at his Johannesburg home at 95 years of age.

He got Nobel Prize in 1993
Bharat Ratna : 1990
Nishan-e-Pakistan: 1992
Gandhi Peace Prize 2001 etc


According to Brahmanda Purana : Shyamala Devi is the form of Durga Devi who assists Lord Krishna in interacting with the material world during His incarnation (as Shyama). For every incarnation of Krishna or Narayana there is a form of Durga that assists Him to interact with the material energy. She is the goddess of music, arts, dance, speech etc.She is also mentioned in the Lalita Sahasranama. She is also a source of education and knowledge like Saraswati Devi.


( Note : These home tips followed in villages/ancient traditions, it is up to you to use it or not🙏🏻)

Marigold Benefits 🌼

Skin Healing. Juice from Crushed leaves of marigold has been used for healing the skin of wounds, burns, rashes, itchiness, bites and swelling, redness caused from muscle cramps, muscular injuries or sprains; eye inflammation and itchiness caused by conjunctivitis; and fungal infections.

Dried marigold petal meal is frequently used as a feed additive in the poultry industry to improve egg yolk color.

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