1. ISRO successfully launches next generation weather INSAT-3DS from Sriharikota : The Indian Space Research organisation launched GSLV F14 at 5.35 pm on Saturday from the second launch pad at the Sathish.
  2. Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) will organise a special programme for school children called ‘Young Scientist Programme- YUva VIgyani KAryakram (YUVIKA) from the 13th of May this year.
  3. The Indian government has formulated a new policy to promote domestic cultivation of pulses like lentils and encourage farmers to grow them instead of traditional crops.
  4. Delhi Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal-led Aam Aadmi Party (AAP) has won the floor test Assembly on Saturday. Delhi Assembly has taken up discussion on confidence motion moved by Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal on Friday.
  5. Union Culture Minister G Kishan Reddy and State Panchayat Raj Minister D Anasuya-Sitakka laid the foundation stone for the Ramji Gond Memorial Freedom Fighters in Hyderabad.
  6. The Tamil Nadu state differently-abled welfare department is setting up 39 One-Stop Centers (OSCs) at the sub-divisional administration level as part of the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (RPWD) Act implementation.
  7. In J&K, the Union Ministry of Rural Development has sanctioned another package for upgradation of 12 roads having length of 134 Kms and one bridge Project at an estimated cost of 152 crores rupees.
  8. The construction of the fourth railway line on the 206 km long railway section between Bilaspur and Jharsuguda is being done at a fast pace, said the Ministry of Railways on Saturday. The construction of this railway line connecting Chhattisgarh and Odisha will increase the operational capacity of trains.
  9. Election Commission of India delegation led by its chief Rajiv Kumar said that ECI is fully prepared to conduct upcoming Lok Sabha and Odisha Assembly elections simultaneously.
  10. An Alliance negotiations between the Telugu Desam Party (TDP) and Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) are at an advanced stage ahead of the upcoming Lok Sabha and State Assembly polls, as the Andhra Pradesh party makes its way back to the BJP-led National Democratic Alliance (NDA). According to BJP sources, the ruling party has demanded six Lok Sabha seats in the State, along with 20 Assembly seats, while Pawan Kalyan’s Jan Sena Party wants three Lok Sabha seats. So far, no confirmations have been forthcoming from the TDP.
  11. PM Modi is set to unveil a colossal 125-foot statue of Bir Lachit Borphukan in Lahdoigarh, Holongapar, Jorhat in the first week of March 2024.
  12. Odisha Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik inaugurated the Bagchi Sri Shankara Cancer Centre and Research Institute (BSCCRI) in Bhubaneswar.
  13. Parts of Himachal may receive heavy rain, snow on Feb 18-19; orange alert issued.
  14. The Congress on Saturday appointed K Selvaperunthagai as the president of its Tamil Nadu unit, replacing KS Alagiri.
  15. Andaman and Nicobar Islands MP Kuldeep Rai Sharma on Saturday received the Sansad Ratna Award for the third consecutive year. Five MPs received the award for their outstanding performance, at a function held at New Maharashtra Sadan in New Delhi.
  16. Congress leader Rahul Gandhi heads to Wayanad after man killed in elephant, and will resume his Bharat Jodo Nyay Yatra from Uttar Pradesh’s Prayagraj on Sunday afternoon.
  17. Renowned Urdu poet Gulzar and Sanskrit scholar Jagadguru Rambhadracharya will receive the 58th Jnanpith Award. Gulzar is known for his works in Hindi cinema and is considered one of the finest Urdu poets of this era.

Chief Justice of India: Shri Dhananjaya Y. Chandrachud
Minister Of Law & Justice: Arjun Ram Meghwal
International Court of Justice Prz.: Joan Donoghue

  1. Chief Election Commissioner of India, Rajiv Kumar said on Saturday that the Election Commission will publish all the details of the donors and receivers of electoral bonds within the deadline as ordered by the Supreme Court.
  2. Bombay High Court dismisses plea seeking Scheduled Tribe status for Dhangar community.
  3. The Department of Fisheries will sign a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with Open Network for Digital Commerce (ONDC) in the presence of Union Minister of Fisheries Parshottam Rupala on Monday in New Delhi.
  4. In the ongoing Sandeshkhali case, West Bengal state police have registered a case of gang rape against Shibu Prasad Hazra and Uttam Sardar. They are associates of fugitive Trinamool Congress leader Sahajahan Sheikh. A woman at Sandeshkhali has given a confidential statement at court that she was gang raped. On that basis, case has been registered.
    • The Sandeshkhali case from West Bengal, centered around allegations of sexual abuse and land grabbing by a Trinamool Congress (TMC) leader.
  5. A court in Delhi on Saturday dismissed the plea of student activist Sharjeel Imam seeking bail on the grounds that he had been in custody for the last four years, which was more than half of the maximum sentence prescribed for the offence.
    • The court directed to continue Imam’s custody, saying the present case was “different” from other cases because of the nature of allegations against Imam and his “disruptive activities.”
  6. The Enforcement Directorate has summoned senior Biju Janata Dal MLA and former Odisha Minister Prafulla Samal and his son over an alleged money laundering case.

“”””””””‘” MISHAPS “”””””””

  1. Eight killed in mishap in Tamil Nadu fireworks factory : President Droupadi Murmu has pain on the loss of lives cause by a tragic accident in a firecracker factory in Virudhunagar district of Tamil Nadu.
  2. Around ten wagons of a goods train derailed and overturned on the Patel Nagar-Dayabasti section in the Delhi area on Saturday morning.

Minister: Nirmala Sitharaman.
Commerce & Industry: Piyush Goyal
RBI Gvrnr: Shaktikanta Das
President of the World Bank: Ajay Banga
IMF MD: Kristalina Georgieva

$ USD ₹ 82.99
💷 GBP ₹ 104.58
€ Euro : ₹ 89.43

GDP rate (2023): 6.5% ($3.75 trillion)
India is the fifth largest economy in the world.
Inflation rate: Retail Inflation 5.69% in Dec 2023
Population: 141.81 cr
(17.7% of the total world population).
Unemployment: 7.8%
Per capita: This income is also known as average income as it is calculated by dividing the total income of the country by the total population of the country.

BSE SENSEX: 72,426.64 +376.26 (0.52%)🌲
NIFTY: 22,040.70 +129.95 (0.59%)🌲

Rates in Financial Capital Mumbai
GOLD: ₹ 62,290/10gm (24 krt)
SILVER: ₹ 73,900/KG


PETRO: ₹ 97/Ltr
DIESEL: ₹ 90/Ltr
CNG: ₹ 76/Ltr
LPG: ₹ 903/14.2 Kg


PETROL: ₹ 106/Ltr
DIESEL: 95/Ltr
Auto Gas: ₹ 60/Ltr
CNG: 76/Kg
LPG: ₹ 903/14.2 Kg

  1. The Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority of India (IRDAI) announced the reconstitution of the Expert Committee on the implementation of the Indian Accounting Standards on Friday. According to agency press release, the 13-member committee, which will be headed by the Member (Finance and Investment) F&I of IRDAI, will also include the Chairman of the Accounting Standards Board of ICAI, the President of the Institute of Actuaries of India, the CGM & HOD of IRDAI’s Actuarial Department, among others.
  2. Oil prices fell around one per cent on Thursday. In intra-day trade, Brent crude was trading 0.98 per cent lower at 80 dollars and 81 cents per barrel.
  3. Japan has slipped behind Germany to fourth position among the world’s largest economies in gross domestic product (GDP) terms.
  4. The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has recently directed prominent card networks like Visa and Mastercard to immediately stop enabling commercial transactions by a class of entities called Business Payment Solution Providers (BPSPs) until merchant compliance issues are addressed.
  5. The World Bank has approved a new project aimed at supporting the state of Sikkim in India. The project focuses on training, upskilling, and providing jobs for 300,500 women and youth in high-growth and priority sectors.

Information and Broadcasting Minister: Shri Anurag Singh Thakur
Chairman of The Film and Television Institute of India (FTII): R Madhavan
Chairman of Central Board of Film Certification (CBFC): Prasoon Joshi

  1. Leaked Images From The Sets Of Prabhas Starrer ‘Kalki 2898 AD’ go Viral on Social media, The movie was also known by the name ‘Project-K’ and has been gaining more and more attention as the release date of May 9 approaches.
  2. The Central Bureau of Investigation on Saturday moved an application before a special court in Mumbai seeking a stay on a documentary series on Indrani Mukerjea, the prime accused in the Sheena Bora murder case.
    • The docu-series, titled The Indrani Mukerjea Story: The Buried Truth delves into the disappearance of 25-year-old Bora and is scheduled to premiere on streaming platform Netflix on 23 February.
  3. Malayalam starrer Mammootty BRAMAYUGAM movie was released in theatres on Thursday, to critical and commercial success. As per industry tracker Sacnilk, the film earned Rs 3 crore on its opening day. It is to be noted that the film has only released in one language, Malayalam. Bramayugam got 128 shows in Kochi, and witnessed an occupancy of 69%.
  4. Popular actor of yesteryears Anjana Bhowmick died in Kolkata on Saturday, family sources said. She was 79. Anjana who had been ailing for some time died at a private hospital in Kolkata at around 10:30 am.
  5. Actor Suhani Bhatnagar, who played Babita Kumari Phogat’s childhood role in Aamir Khan’s Dangal, died on Saturday in Delhi while undergoing treatment after she fractured her leg. She was 19.

Supreme Commander of Armed Forces: The President
Minister: Rajnath Singh
Def Minister of State: Ajay Bhatt
Union Home: Amit Shah
National Security Advisor: Ajit Doval
Chief of Defence Staff:

  1. Indian Air Force demonstration exercise Vayu-Shakti 2024 was held on Saturday evening at the Pokhran Range near Jaisalmer in Rajasthan.
    • (a) Chief of Defence Staff, General Anil Chauhan graced the occasion as the Chief Guest.
    • (b) IAF Chinook helicopters demonstrating rapid deployment of combat assets by airlifting the Indian Army’s M-777 Ultra-Light Howitzers in an underslung mode enabling prompt destruction of simulated enemy targets on ground.
    • (c) The capabilities of indigenous Light Combat Helicopter Prachand wherein it neutralises designated target with rockets.
  2. The 12th edition of the MILAN naval exercise is poised to set sail in the strategic port city of Visakhapatnam from February 19 to 27, marking a significant gathering of naval forces from over 50 countries.
  3. Recently, the Ministry of Defence signed a Rs 1,752.13-crore contract with a Kanpur-based firm for manufacturing and supply of 463 indigenously built 12.7 mm stabilised remote control guns for the Indian Navy and the Indian Coast Guard.

External affairs Minister: Subrahmanyam Jaishankar

  1. First batch of capacity building programme for Senior Civil Servants of Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka concludes in Delhi.
  2. External Affairs Minister Dr S Jaishankar is attending the 60th Munich Security Conference in Germany.
  3. Prime Minister of Greece Kyriakos Mitsotakis will be on a two day State visit to India from 21st February.
  4. India’s Resolution for ‘The Initiative for Central Asian Flyway’ unanimously adopted by the 14th meeting of the Conference of Parties (COP) to CMS in Samarkand, Uzbekistan.
  5. The Houthis, a group of armed rebels based in Yemen and backed by Iran, claimed responsibility for a new missile attack on a British oil tanker amid Israel’s war on Hamas in Gaza. The targeted vessel, identified by the United States as a Panamanian-flagged tanker carrying crude oil bound for India, faced a barrage of naval missiles on the Red Sea.

UNO Gen. Secy: António Guterres.

  1. A New York judge orders former US President Donald Trump and the Trump Organization to pay a fine of nearly 355 million US dollars in a civil fraud case.
  2. In Pakistan, the Commissioner Rawalpindi Division Liaquat Ali Chatta resigned from his post on Saturday. The resignation comes amidst protests against electoral irregularities, especially rigging.
  3. Greece has made history by legalizing same-sex marriage and granting equal parental rights to same-sex couples, marking a significant shift in the country’s societal and legal landscape.

Minister: Shri Anurag Singh Thakur
BCCI president: Roger Binny
Hockey India President: Dilip Tirkey
16th President of the Indian Olympic Association: P. T. Usha

    INDIA Vs England
    Day 3: Stumps – India lead by 322
    • 2nd inngs
      • India: 196 −2(51)
    • Batters
      • Shubman Gill * 65
      • Kuldeep Yadav 3
    February 17, 2024
    Tau Devilal indoor stadium, Panchkula Match 125
    U.P. Yoddhas: 29
    Gujarat Giants: 36 Match 124
    Haryana Steelers: 46
    U Mumba: 40
  3. FIH Women’s Hockey Pro League : India defeat Australia 1-0 at the Birsa Munda Hockey Stadium in Rourkela.
    • Indian Women’s Hockey team will face the United States at Rourkela today.
  4. World Table Tennis Team Championships 2024: India’s Men Team clinch victory 3-0 over Chile in Busan, South Korea. Achanta Sharath Kamal led India 1-0 in the opening match by beating Nicolas Burgos 11-5, 11-8, 11-6.
  5. The Khelo India University Games will commence in Agartala from today at the NSRCC sports complex. All northeastern states except Manipur will participate in the Khelo India University Games.
  6. Asian Indoor Athletics Championship 2024 , Harmilan Bains and Jyothi Yarraji bagged gold for India in Tehran, Iran on Saturday. The Two-time Asian Games silver medallist Harmilan Bains won gold in the Women’s 1500m run category and confirmed India’s first gold medal. She clocked 4 minutes and 29.55 seconds in the final.

CHINA = Beijing
Flag 🇨🇳China
Official language: Chinese
Goverment: Unitary Marxist–Leninist one-party socialist republic
President: Xi Jinping
Vice President: Han Zheng
Premier: Li Qiang
POPULATION: 1,409,670,000(in 2023)
Currency: Renminbi (元/¥)h
National Animal: Giant 🐼Panda


In Bharat there are 28 states and 8 Union territories.
Population of Bharat:142 cr (2023)
President of Bharat: Smt Droupadi Murmu
Vice President: Shri Jagdeep Dhankhar
Prime Minister: Shri Narendra Modi
Speaker Lok Sabha: Shri Om Birla (BJP)
Rajya Sabha Seats: 245 (233 Elected + 12 Nominated)
Loksabha: 550 members (530 States + 20 Union Territories)
Chief Election Commissioner: Shri Rajiv Kumar

Medaram Jatara in TELANGANA it is the second-largest fair in India, after the Kumbh Mela.
It is the state festival of Telangana. It is held for four days. The festival is organised by Telangana’s second-largest tribal community called the Koya tribe. is celebrated once in two years in February or Magha month, on the full moon day. Currently, it is celebrated biennially celebrated.

Medaram Jathara festival is conducted in honour of Goddesses Sammakka and Saralamma.
On 18 February every year Taj Mahotsav or Taj Festival is celebrated at Agra reveals the rich cultural heritage of our country.

 When things go wrong, don’t go with them

Mahakanjus admi ne Apne Baccho Se Bola

Kanjus – Jo Aaj Sham Khana Nahi Khayega

Tino Bete 10-10 Rupee Leke Bina Khana Khaye So Gaye
Kanjus Subah Bola – Ab Jo 10 Rupee Dega

Gold is a chemical element. … Compared to other metals, gold is less chemically reactive.
It is a good conductor of electricity and heat.

Gold is malleable enough for just 1 gram to be hammered into a sheet 1 square meter in size.

तस्मात्सन्तोषमेवेह परं पश्यन्ति पण्डिताः ॥ – Mahabharata. Vanaparva

antō nāsti pipāsāyāḥ santōṣaḥ paramaṃ sukham । 
tasmātsantōṣamēvēha paraṃ paśyanti paṇḍitāḥ ॥ 
भावार्थ : तृष्णा अनंत है, और संतोष परम् सुख है । इस लिए विद्वज्जन संतोष को ही इस संसार में श्रेष्ठ समझते हैं ।
Meaning : There is no limit for greed, and contentment is the ultimate happiness, so a wise man is always happy with what he has.

How plastic is made 

Plastics are made from natural materials such as cellulose, coal, natural gas, salt and crude oil through a polymerisation or polycondensation process. … In a polymerisation reactor, monomers such as ethylene and propylene are linked together to form long polymer chains.

 The waterfalls of Niagara Falls are located on the Niagara River which connects two of the five Great Lakes. Lake Erie and Lake Ontario.

The Niagara River serves as an international border between the USA & Canada. There are two distinctive cities. Niagara Falls Ontario, Canada and Niagara Falls New York, United States of America.

 Sri Ramakrishna Paramahansa (18 Feb 1836 – 16 Aug 1886, born Ramakrishna “Gadadhar” Chattopadhyay) was an Indian Hindu mystic and saint in 19th century Bengal.

Ramakrishna experienced spiritual ecstasies from a young age, and was influenced by several religious traditions, including devotion toward the goddess Kali, Tantra (shakta), Vaishnava (bhakti), and Advaita Vedanta. As a priest at the Dakshineshwar Kali Temple, his mystical temperament and ecstasies gradually gained him widespread acknowledgement, attracting to him various spiritual teachers, social leaders, lay followers and eventually disciples. His chief disciple Swami Vivekananda founding the Ramakrishna Math, which provides spiritual training for monastics and householder devotees and the Ramakrishna Mission to provide charity work and education.

Comparing 🍎Apple’s to 🍊Orange’s 
Comparing two things that cannot be compared

Worry X calmness
certainty, cheer, comfort
Worry: Anguish,
Apprehension, concern

 (kindly inform, if given info is vary from actual facts🙏🏻)

Badrinath, an ancient temple dedicated to Lord Vishnu is one of the four pilgrim centres in the Himalayas that every Hindu yearns to visit at least once in his lifetime.

 The Skanda Purana extols the holy town of Badrinath as being holier than all other shrines that exist in heaven and hell.

Badrinath temple is part of both Char Dham and Chota Char Dham (Badrinath, Kedarnath, Gangotri and Yamunotri). Adi Shankaracharya found the idol of Lord Badri in Alaknanda River and put it up in a cave near the Tapt Kund.

( Note: These home tips followed in villages/ancient traditions, it is up to you to use it or not🙏🏻)

Neem Leaves :
Goodbye dandruff: Boil a bunch of neem leaves till the water turns green, allow it to cool. After washing your hair with shampoo, cleanse it with this water.

Eye Trouble: Boil some neem leaves, let the water cool completely and then use it to wash your eyes. This will help any kind of irritation, tiredness or redness.

CH Nαʋҽҽɳ Kυɱαɾ…