16 Dec (Saturday)
Vedic Ritu
/ Hemant Ritu
Drik Ritu: Hemant Ritu
पक्ष :: Shuklapaksh
Vikram Samvat – 2080
Shaka Samvat – 1945
Month: Agrahayana 04(Amanta)
Agrahayana 19, (Purnimanta)
Nakshatr: Shravana/Dhanishta
Tithi: Chaturthi (up to 8:00 pm) Panchami
Rahu 09:43 AM – 11:02 AM
Yamaganda: 01:41 PM – 03:01 PM

Easy to remember Names of Puranas https://youtu.be/XoBYd6LTiW4?si=9iZA29V_VraVR_U8

  1. The Lok Sabha security breach issue continued to rock the proceedings of both the Houses of Parliament on the second consecutive day on Friday. Both, the Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha have been adjourned for the day.
  2. PM Modi will interact with beneficiaries of the Viksit Bharat Sankalp Yatra tomorrow at 4 PM via video conferencing.
  3. The Union Cabinet approved the proposal to declare Surat Airport as an International Airport on Friday.
  4. First-time MLA Bhajan Lal Sharma was sworn in as the CM of Rajasthan at a ceremony attended by PM Narendra Modi and the Bharatiya Janata Party’s top leadership on Friday.
  5. The Minister of Education, Dharmendra Pradhan, has officially announced the commencement of applications for the seventh edition of Pariksha Pe Charcha. The application window is open until January 12, 2024, providing ample time for students from classes 6 to 12 to register. The process allows for ‘self participation’ by students, as well as a ‘teacher login’ option.
  6. Health Minister Dr Mansukh Mandaviya inaugurated three CGHS Wellness Centres in Delhi’s Alaknanda, Rohini Sector -16 and Vasant Vihar.
  7. In Jammu and Kashmir, a group of 250 children selected from all districts of the Union Territory and escorted by 10 Coordinators/Caretakers, has been flagged off on Friday to Jaipur and New Delhi for a 12 days exposure visit under “Wattan Ko Jano” Youth Exchange Programme.
  8. The two-day winter session of the Delhi assembly began on Friday.
  9. Jal Jeevan Mission: Centre approves 102 Water Supply schemes for coverage of additional 54,752 rural households in J&K.
  10. The Karnataka Assembly has unanimously passed a resolution recommending the renaming of four airports after prominent personalities: According to the resolution, the Hubballi airport will be named after Krantiveera Sangolli Rayanna, Belagavi airport after Kittur Rani Chennamma, Shivamogga airport after Rashtrakavi Dr KV Puttappa (Kuvempu), and Vjiayapura airport after Sri Jagadjyoti Basaveshwara.
    • Congress MLA from Hubballi-Dharwad (East) Prasad Abbayya has suggested that Mysuru’s airport be renamed ‘Tipu Sultan Airport’.
  11. Professor Savita Ladage from Mumbai’s Homi Bhabha Centre for Science Education, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, has been awarded the prestigious Royal Society of Chemistry’s Nyholm Prize for Education.
  12. Telangana BJP president G Kishan Reddy made it clear on Friday that the party would fight the 2024 Lok Sabha polls solo.

Chief Justice of India: Shri Dhananjaya Y. Chandrachud
Minister Of Law & Justice: Arjun Ram Meghwal
International Court of Justice Prz.: Joan Donoghue

  1. Maharashtra deputy Chief Minister Devendra Fadnavis on Friday announced a probe by a special investigation team into a dance party where gangster Dawood Ibrahim’s aide and 1993 Mumbai blasts convict Salim Kutta and a Shiv Sena-Uddhav Balasaheb Thackeray leader were allegedly present together.
  2. Lalit Jha, arrested in the Parliament security breach case, is the “mastermind” of the entire conspiracy and he and co-accused wanted to create anarchy in the country so that they could compel the government to meet their demands, the Delhi police told.
    • FIR reveals how intruders took smoke canisters inside Lok Sabha: The two persons who opened smoke canisters in the Lok Sabha chamber had smuggled them in cavities cut into the left sole of custom-made sports shoes supported by thick rubber layers, according to Delhi Police’s first information report (FIR).
  3. Supreme Court on Friday refused to stay the Allahabad high court’s decision allowing a court-monitored survey of the Shahi Idgah adjoining the Krishna Janmabhoomi temple in Mathura on an oral plea by the Muslim side and asked them to challenge the order by way of an appeal.
  4. A court in Sonbhadra of Uttar Pradesh on Friday sentenced Bharatiya Janata Party MLA Ramdular Gond to 25 years of rigorous imprisonment for the rape of a girl nine years ago, setting the stage for his disqualification from the Uttar Pradesh assembly.
  5. The National Investigation Agency (NIA) has arrested two accused during its raids across four States in a People’s Liberation Front of India (PLFI) extortion and levy collection case.
  6. The Karnataka State Road Transport Corporation has secured legal ownership of its trademarks, including the abbreviation KSRTC.
    • Both Karnataka and Kerala SRTCs have been using the abbreviation KSRTC for many decades now. However, Karnataka SRTC registered the abbreviation and its logo with the Controller General of Patents, Designs and Trademarks.
  7. Supreme Court on Friday put its focus on the restoration of places of worship in Manipur, which has been overrun by ethnic violence between the Meitei and Kuki communities since early May, directing a high-powered committee of retired judges to frame a proposal for the identification and rebuilding of such places that were burnt down or razed during the riots.

Minister: Nirmala Sitharaman.
Commerce & Industry: Piyush Goyal
RBI Gvrnr: Shaktikanta Das
President of the World Bank: Ajay Banga
IMF MD: Kristalina Georgieva

$ USD ₹ 83.02
💷 GBP ₹ 105.27
€ Euro: ₹ 90.59

GDP rate (2023): 6.5% ($3.75 trillion)
India is the fifth largest economy in the world.
Inflation rate: 4.7%
Population: 141.81 cr
(17.7% of the total world population).
Unemployment: 7.8%

BSE Sensex: 71,483.75 +969.55 (1.37%) 🌲
NIFTY: 21,456.65 +273.95 (1.29%)🌲

Rates in Financial Capital Mumbai
GOLD: ₹ 62,130/10gm (24 krt)
SILVER: ₹ 75,800/KG


PETROL: ₹ 97/Ltr
DIESEL: ₹ 90/Ltr
CNG: ₹ 76/Ltr
LPG: ₹ 903/14.2 Kg


PETROL: ₹ 106/Ltr
DIESEL: 95/Ltr
Auto Gas: ₹ 60/Ltr
CNG: 76/Kg
LPG: ₹ 903/14.2 Kg

  1. The Asian Development Bank (ADB) has taken a significant stride in fostering sustainable urban development by approving a USD 200 million loan to bolster the Swachh Bharat (Clean India) Mission-Urban 2.0. This initiative, committed to making all cities garbage-free by 2026, aims to introduce international best practices, integrate new technologies, and adopt climate- and disaster-resilient approaches in municipal solid waste management.
  2. India’s overall foreign exchange reserves rose USD 2.816 billion to USD 606.859 billion in the week that ended on December 8, 2023, data released by the Reserve Bank of India on Friday.
  3. India Will buy Venezuelan Oil’, says Petroleum Minister Hardeep Singh Puri.

Information and Broadcasting Minister: Shri Anurag Singh Thakur
Chairman of The Film and Television Institute of India (FTII): R Madhavan
Chairman of Central Board of Film Certification (CBFC): Prasoon Joshi

The battle lines have been drawn and the exhibitors have started to make their pick for the big Christmas 2023 weekend. While the multiplexes in North India have opted to allot 46% of shows to Dunki, 30% to Salaar, 14% to Aquaman, and 10% to Animal movie.

Supreme Commander of Armed Forces: The President
Minister: Rajnath Singh
Def Minister of State: Ajay Bhatt
Union Home: Amit Shah
National Security Advisor: Ajit Doval
Chief of Defence Staff:

  1. Defence Ministry signs contract with Bharat Electronics Limited for procurement of Electronic Fuzes for Indian Army.
  2. The Indian Navy has received the sixth MH-60R “Romeo” helicopter from Lockheed Martin.
  3. The Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) has successfully demonstrated the flight trial of Autonomous Flying Wing Technology Demonstrator, an indigenous high-speed flying wing UAV from the Aeronautical Test Range (ATR), in Karnataka’s Chitradurga.
  4. All three Indian Armed Forces officers undergoing the Command and Staff Course at Defence Services Command and Staff College (DSCSC) in Sri Lanka have been awarded the ‘Golden Owl’ for their outstanding performance.The DSCSC course is a program designed to prepare senior officers for leadership roles in joint operations and higher command.
  5. India tested its nuclear capable K-4 submarine-launched ballistic missile (SLBM), designed to have a strike range of 3,500 km, for the second time in six days on Friday.
  6. Air Chief Marshal VR Chaudhari, the Chief of Air Staff, said that all Indian Air Force (IAF) personnel will soon have 5G-enabled mobile phones. Chaudhari emphasized the need for the IAF to be fully network-centric.

External affairs Minister: Subrahmanyam Jaishankar

  1. Sultan of Oman Haitham Bin Tarik arrived in New Delhi on Friday on a three day State Visit to India. Minister of State for External Affairs V Muraleedharan received him at the airport.
  2. Cabinet approves Memorandum of Understanding between India, Italy on Cooperation in the field of Industrial Property Rights.
  3. Cabinet approves Memorandum of Understanding signed between India, Tanzania on Cooperation in field of sharing successful Digital Solutions implemented at Population Scale for Digital Transformations.
  4. The Cabinet on Friday approved the draft Memorandum of Understanding, MoU between the United States of America and India to enhance innovation ecosystems through an innovation handshake.
  5. Maldives has said that it will not renew the Hydrographic Survey agreement made with India.
  6. Iranian Minister of Cultural Heritage, Tourism, and Handicrafts Ezzatollah Zarghami has said the Iranian Cabinet has decided to unilaterally cancel visa requirements for visitors from India. Iran on Wednesday decided to waive visa requirements for 33 countries.
  7. China said that the Indian Supreme Court’s verdict on Article 370 does not change the fact that the western section of the China-India border belongs to China.

UNO Gen. Secy: António Guterres.

  1. Three security personnel have been killed and several injured in two attacks in the Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa (K-P) province on Friday.
  2. The United States has engaged in an extensive effort to bolster its ties with African nations, finalising numerous trade and investment agreements totalling USD 14.2 billion in the past year.
  3. Large-scale protests have erupted across Baluchistan after an alarming rise in cases of extrajudicial killings and enforced disappearances spanning different demographics in the region, the Human Rights Council of Baluchistan (HRCB) stated in a report.
  4. Ukraine village council deputy detonates grenades in meet, 26 injured: A local deputy brought grenades to the meeting of the village council and detonated them in Ukraine’s western Zakarpattia region on Friday.
  5. Israeli army said its troops shot and killed three hostages on Friday after “mistakenly” identifying them as a threat.

Minister: Shri Anurag Singh Thakur
BCCI president: Roger Binny
Hockey India President: Dilip Tirkey
16th President of the Indian Olympic Association: P. T. Usha

    • 17 Dec, Sunday South Africa vs India
    • 1st ODI at New Wanderers Stadium, Johannesburg
    • Match starts at 17 Dec, 08:00 GMT
  2. India Women vs England Women, Only Test
    Day 2: Stumps – India Women lead by 478 runs
    • ENGW – 136
    • INDW – 428 & 186/6 (42)
    • Batting R(B)
      • Pooja Vastrakar* 17(41)
      • Harmanpreet Kaur 44(67)
  3. Hardik Pandya Takes Over As Captain Of Mumbai Indians
  4. PRO KABADDI LEAGUE 2 Dec, 2023– 31 Jan, 2024
    • Badminton Hall in Balewadi sports complex,Pune
      • U Mumba – 42 vs
      • Patna Pirates – 40
    • Puneri Paltan – 39 vs
    • Haryana Steelers – 44


PUNJAB = Chandigarh
(Joint Capital with Haryana)
In 1947 Punjab (British India) was divided into West Punjab (Now in Pakistan) and East Punjab (In India)
Districts: 22
Governor: Banwarilal Purohit
CM: Bhagwant Mann

Language: Punjabi
Dance: Bhangra, Giddha
Mammal : Blackbuck
Bird : Baaz

In Bharat there are 28 states and 8 Union territories.
Population of Bharat:142 cr (2023)
President of Bharat: Smt Droupadi Murmu
Vice President: Shri Jagdeep Dhankhar
Prime Minister: Shri Narendra Modi
Speaker Lok Sabha: Shri Om Birla (BJP)
Rajya Sabha Seats: 245 (233 Elected + 12 Nominated)
Loksabha: 550 members (530 States + 20 Union Territories)
Chief Election Commissioner: Shri Rajiv Kumar


On December 16th, 1971, the Chief of the Pakistani Forces, General Niazi along with his 93,000 soldiers surrendered to Indian forces. Vijay Diwas is also celebrated as ‘Bijoy Dibos’ or Bangladesh Liberation Day in Bangladesh, which signifies the official independence of Bangladesh from Pakistan.

Pakistan changed his position dramatically and announced he would accept a ceasefire with India. After his forces in East Pakistan surrendered unconditionally on 16 Dec 1971.

Optimism is the faith that leads to achievement.

Wife: whenever we keep the money in the bags our son steals it, I don’t know what to do?😳

Husband : Keep it in his books. He never open them.🤪

Why is China Clay is Famous? 

Kaolin, also called china clay, soft white clay that is an essential ingredient in the manufacture of china and porcelain and is widely used in the making of paper, rubber, paint, and many other products. Kaolin is named after the hill in China (Kao-ling) from which it was mined for centuries.

China clay, one of the purest of the clays, composed chiefly of the mineral kaolinite usually formed when granite is changed by hydrothermal metamorphism. … Some authorities term as china clays the more plastic of the kaolins.

Please say that again कृपया पुनर्वदतु (kṛpayā punarvadatu)

How colour blindness causes 

Diseases that damage the optic nerve or the retina of the eye can cause acquired color blindness. Color blindness is a genetic condition caused by a difference in how one or more of the light-sensitive cells found in the retina of the eye respond to certain colors. These cells, called cones, sense wavelengths of light, and enable the retina to distinguish between colors. 

16 December- Vijay Diwas

Vijay Diwas is celebrated on 16 December in India to remember the martyrs, their sacrifices, and to strengthen the role of armed forces for the cause of the nation.

16-December-1952 Sri Ramalu Potiu sacrificed his life for the demand Separate Andhra Pradesh state for the Telugu- speaking people.

 Hardanahalli Devegowda Kumaraswamy (born 16 December 1959) is an Indian politician who is the former Chief Minister of Karnataka.

He is a former president of the Karnataka State Janata Dal (Secular) and son of former Prime Minister of India H. D. Deve Gowda.

Have your head in the clouds Not be concentrating

Interior × Exterior
Exactly: Precisely

(kindly inform, if given info is vary from actual facts🙏🏻)

Lord Kartikeya, the son of Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati, is known by different names – Swaminatha, Murugan, Muruga, Kumara, Skanda, Shanmukha, etc. Lord Murugan is also popularly known as Subramaniam that is a common name in South India. He seems to have been a popular war god who was also the elder brother of Lord Ganesha.

(Note: These home tips followed in villages/ancient traditions, it is up to you to use it or not🙏🏻)

Garlic contains antioxidants that protect against cell damage and aging. It may reduce the risk of Alzheimer’s disease and dementia.

CH Nαʋҽҽɳ Kυɱαɾ…