Today’s top news:

  1. President Ram Nath Kovind unfurls the National Flag as he receives the traditional 21-Gun Salute at Republic Day parade
  2. President Ram Nath Kovind approves conferment of 119 Padma Awards : Padma Awards – one of the highest civilian Awards of the country, are conferred in three categories, namely, ‘Padma Vibhushan’ is awarded for exceptional and distinguished service; ‘Padma Bhushan’ for distinguished service of high order and ‘Padma Shri’ for distinguished service in any field. The awards are announced on the occasion of Republic Day every year.
  3. Lok Sabha Speaker Om Birla inaugurated ‘Bharat Parv-2021’ organised by the Ministry of Tourism in New Delhi yesterday
  4. The replica of the grand Ram temple planned at Ayodhya, rolling down Rajpath as part of the Republic Day paradethis morning, prompted many among the spectators, including ministers, to stand and applaud.
  5. Tractors Drive Recklessly At Delhi’s ITO As Farmers, Police Clash : Neither the police nor the farmer leaders looked in control of the situation as key locations of the national capital, from ITO to the Red Fort, turned into a sea of tractors and other vehicles. Some of them even began to drive in a haphazard manner amid the milling ground, seemingly to threaten the assembled policemen.
  6. One farmer died after a speeding tractor stunt overturned near the ITO junction in central Delhi The farmer has been identified as Navdeep Singh Hundal, 26, from Uttarakhand’s Bajpur area.
  7. Punjab Chief Minister Amarinder Singh appealed to PM Modi on Tuesday to accept the farmers” demands, saying the new farm laws were “completely wrong
  8. Tractor rally of protesting farmers turning violent, the Delhi Metro Rail Corporation (DMRC), on Tuesday, shut down the entry and exit gates of more than 10 metro stations in central and north Delhi temporarily.
  9. Condemning the violence at the Farmers’ tractor rally, West Bengal CM Mamata Banerjee on Tuesday, said that the Centre’s insensitive attitude towards farmers for the ongoing violence. Claiming that the farmers’ protests were handled casually, Banerjee said that the Centre should engage with the farmers & repeal the laws.
  10. Unprecedented chaos was unleashed upon Delhi on the 72nd Republic Day as the tractor rally by protesting farmers went off the designated course and rolled into the Iconic Mughal-era Red Fort in the Old City. A protester died on the way , the police said it was an accident. The farmers entered the forecourt of the fort, climbed its ramparts, and hoisted a religious flag on a mast outside. The police, wielding batons, managed to remove them from inside the fort. The violence started in the morning as farmers broke barricades and entered Delhi ahead of time. One of the key farmer groups has called off the tractor rally, accusing anti-social elements of being responsible for the violence.
  11. All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam leader V K Sasikala will be a free person on Wednesday after completing her four-year jail term in a corruption case.
  12. The Congress and the Left parties on Monday decided that in the upcoming West Bengal assembly elections, they will contest the seats they had won respectively in the 2016 polls while talks will continue for the remaining constituencies.
  13. Ayodhya Mosque Work Starts On Republic Day :Raising of the national flag on India’s 72nd Republic Day and a tree plantation drive marked the formal beginning of the project to construct a mosque at Uttar Pradesh’s Ayodhya.
  14. The list of Padma awards recipients this year includes a transgender from Karnataka who has over the past many decades practised and single-handedly popularised rural folk arts. For Manjamma Jogathi, the Padma Shri comes after decades of social and financial struggle.
  15. Centre convenes all-party meet on January 30 ahead of Budget session on 01 Feb.
  16. The railway passengers who had booked their tickets but were not able to travel because of the farmer protests will be able to apply for a full refund, as per a notification issued by the Northern Railway.
  17. The Trinamool Congress said that it is likely to move a censure motion in the West Bengal assembly over raising of ”Jai Shri Ram slogan at an official programme to celebrate the birth anniversary of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose, claiming that it was an insult to the freedom fighter as well as the chief minister.
  18. Indian forces facing China’s aggression in Ladakh will shortly receive indigenous attack helicopters which have proven their worth in high altitude areas during recent tests, adding muscle to the airborne fleet that currently consists of AH 64E Apache choppers.
  19. Two IAF women pilots, script history at R-Day parade : Flight Lieutenant Bhawana Kanth, 28, became the first woman fighter pilot to take part in the R-Day parade as she was part of an IAF tableau that showcased mock-ups of an light combat aircraft, light combat helicopter and a Sukhoi-30 fighter plane, Flight Lieutenant Swati Rathore got the honour to be the first woman to be part of the flypast over Rajpath as she flew a Mi-17 V5 helicopter in a formation of four choppers.
  20. Coronavirus Cases :


  1. The Embassy of India in Beijing celebrated 72nd Republic Day with zeal and enthusiasm with due diligence to COVID-19 protocols.
  2. Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina of Bangladesh has extended her greetings on the occasion of the 72 Republic Day of India
  3. The 72nd Republic Day was celebrated at Dhaka in Bangladesh on Tuesday. High Commissioner of India to Bangladesh Vikram Doraiswami hoisted the flag in the chancery premises. After the flag hoisting ceremony, the High Commissioner read out parts of the President’s address to the nation delivered on the eve of Republic Day.
  4. 72nd Republic Day celebrations at the Indian Embassy in Seoul joined by South Korean leaders : Embassy of India, Seoul celebrated the 72nd Republic Day. Ambassador Sripriya Ranganathan unfurled the national flag.
  5. Nikhil Srivastava, a young Indian mathematician, has been named winner of the prestigious 2021 Michael and Sheila Held Prize along with two others for solving long-standing questions on the Kadison-Singer problem and on Ramanujan graphs.
  6. Srivastava from the University of California, Berkeley, Adam Marcus, the Ecole polytechnique federale de Lausanne (EPFL) and Daniel Alan Spielman from Yale University will receive the 2021 Michael and Sheila Held Prize, the National Academy of Sciences said in the statement.
  7. Permanent Ban On TikTok, 58 Chinese Apps In India From June
  8. UK PM Boris Johnson greets India on Republic Day, says ‘working together to eliminate COVID-19’


  1. The riots and the attack on Capitol Hill by the Donald Trump supporters, which claimed 4 lives and led to arrests of over a 100 people, were then strongly condemned as an “attack on the world’s biggest democracy” and labelled as an “act of terrorism”, “attack on oldest democracy” by the US and the world media.
  2. The number or Covid-19 cases worldwide is expected to reach 100 million within this week, the Director-General of the World Health Organization (WHO) said.
  3. The acting chief of the US Capitol Police has apologised to Congress for not having done enough to prepare for the pro-Trump riot earlier this month.
  4. President Joe Biden signed an executive order rescinding the permit for the Keystone XL pipeline. The move has halted construction of the nearly 1,200 mile (1,930 km) cross-country US-Canada project. It’s the latest – and possibly final – chapter in an effort to build the pipeline that has led to protests, legal
  5. COVID Cases :
    Recovered: 72,486,122


  1. Republic Day: From Sachin, Virender Sehwag to Bajrang Punia, sportspersons extend their wishes
  2. Premier Indian shuttlers PV Sindhu and Kidambi Srikanth need to shrug off the disappointments of the last two weeks as they gear up for the highly-competitive HSBC BWF World Tour Finals, beginning in Bangkok on Wednesday.

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Facts about India

What is the meaning of Chennai?
There are two legends regarding this.
The first one is that it was named after the Chenna Kesava Perumal temple in the 1600s. It was called Chennapatnam, It was called Chennapatnam, which became to be abbreviated as Chennai. (similar to Trichirapalli to Trichy and the like). Pattanam is a generic term given to any geographic location bordered by sea.

The second one is that it bears the name of Sennappa Nayakkar who ruled the city around the late 1500s.

Thought of the day

In order to excel, you must be completely dedicated.

Joke of the day

The woman who invented the phrase …
“All men are the same”
was a Chinese woman who lost her husband in a crowd.

GK Today

A snail can sleep for three years


why animals can’t see all colours

Basically, rods interpret light, and cones interpret colors. Animals that are truly colorblind completely lack cones, and animals that can only see during the day completely lack rods—but these extremes are uncommon, and most animals have a combination of cones and rods.

LEARN Sanskrit🙏🏻

जागर : awake

How it works ⁉

How do hand grenades work?

The word grenade probably derived from the French word for pomegranate, because the bulbous shapes of early grenades resembled that fruit. Grenades came into use around the 15th century and were found to be particularly effective when exploded among enemy troops in the ditch of a fortress during an assault.

The grenades most commonly used in wartime are explosive grenades, which usually consist of a core of TNT or some other high explosive encased in an iron jacket or container. Such grenades have a fuse that detonates the explosive either on impact or after a brief (usually four-second) time delay that is long enough for the grenade to be accurately thrown but is too brief for enemy soldiers to toss the grenade back once it has landed among them.


What isvthe name of the Vahana (vehicle) Lord Shiva posses?

Shiva has Swetha_Vrishabha, Nandi the white ox as His mount. Nandi when he learns from his father that he is short lived, he did years of penance to please Shiva. Finally, Siva pleased with his penance, granted him the boon to become Shiva’s vehicle and thus attain immortality.

Nandi is depicted as having a human body and bull face, this represents Shiva as Shankara and Pashupati Nath. It is not just vehicle for Shiva , but his best friend , and head of the Ganas and gate keeper to Kailash. Ox is an hard working animal, so Shiva chose ox as his vehicle.


( Note : These home tips followed in villages/ancient traditions, it is up to you to use it or not🙏🏻)

Health Benefits of Dates :

Dates contain several vitamins and minerals, in addition to fiber and antioxidants. However, they are high in calories since they are a dried fruit.

Dates are high in fiber, which may be beneficial for preventing constipation and controlling blood sugar control.

CH. Naveen Kumar