Saraswati सरस्वती also spelled as Sarasvati is the Hindu goddess of knowledge, music, flowing water, abundance and wealth, art, speech, wisdom, and learning. She is one of the Tridevi, along with the goddesses Lakshmi and Parvati. She is a pan-Indian deity, also revered in Jainism and Buddhism.

The earliest known mention of Saraswati as a goddess is in the Rigveda. She has remained significant as a goddess from the Vedic period through the modern period. She is generally depicted with four arms (which hold four symbols: a book, a rosary, a water pot, and a musical instrument called the veena). The festival of Vasant Panchami (the fifth day of spring, and also known as Saraswati Puja and Saraswati Jayanti in many regions of India) is celebrated in her honour, and mark the day by helping young children learn how to write the letters of the alphabet on that day.

The auspicious Hindu festival of Basant Panchami is celebrated with pomp across the country. Also known as Vasant Panchami, Shri Panchami or Saraswati Puja, it falls on the first day of spring. It also marks the beginning of the preparations for the Holi festival, which takes place forty days following the festival. The festival honours Goddess Saraswati. Maa Saraswati is worshipped on this day as she is the goddess of knowledge, music, art, science and craftsmanship. Lord Ganesha is also worshipped with the goddess. In India, mustard flowers bloom during Basant Panchami. Moreover, the festival is associated with the colour yellow. If you are celebrating Basant Panchami, you should know about its puja vidhi, shubh muhurat, rituals, samagri and more.

Saraswati Puja is celebrated by Hindus every year. This day is also celebrated as Basant Panchami and this day is celebrated to honour of the Goddess, who is considered as the embodiment of wisdom, knowledge, music and arts. Spring season begins on this auspicious Basant Panchami day. Basant Panchami will be celebrated on Panchamti Tithi of Shukla Paksha in the month of Magha.

Basant Panchami 2024 Shubh Muhurat: The Saraswati Puja time will begin at 7:11 am and end at 12:35 pm on February 14, according to Drik Panchang. The shubh muhurat will last for 5 hours and 35 minutes. Additionally, the Panchami tithi on Basant Panchami festival will begin at 2:41 pm on February 13 and end at 12:09 pm on February 14.

Basant Panchami 2024 Puja Vidhi, Rituals and Samagri: On the day of Saraswati Puja, people should wear yellow clothes. Get up early and take a bath, wear yellow and white coloured clothes, and worship Maa Saraswati. Install an idol or picture of the goddess in your place of worship after bathing it in Ganga water and dressing the goddess in yellow clothes. After this, offer yellow flowers (marigold), Akshat, white sandalwood, yellow roli, yellow gulal, incense, and yellow-coloured sweets. After this, worship Maa Saraswati by lighting a lamp, singing Saraswati Vandana, chanting mantras, and performing aartis. People also keep their notebooks, office diaries, school materials, and more in front of Maa Saraswati and worship the items. Meanwhile, people associated with any art field (like dance and music) worship their instruments. Meanwhile, to perform Saraswati Puja, you will need these samagri – yellow flowers, bhog (Besan laddu, Rajbhog, saffron rice, malpua, Bundi ke laddu and banana), saffron, yellow clothes, the idol of Maa Saraswati and Lord Ganesha, betel nut, betel leaf, durva, kumkum, yellow sandalwood, Ganga Jal, ghee, kalash, camphor, coconut, coin, pen, copy, panchmeva, cow ghee, sugar, sesame, and guggal.

Aarti Saraswati Mata:

जय सरस्वती माता, मैया जय सरस्वती माता।
सद्गुण, वैभवशालिनि, त्रिभुवन विख्याता ।।जय.।।

चन्द्रवदनि, पद्मासिनि द्युति मंगलकारी।
सोहे हंस-सवारी, अतुल तेजधारी।। जय.।।

बायें कर में वीणा, दूजे कर माला।
शीश मुकुट-मणि सोहे, गले मोतियन माला ।।जय.।।

देव शरण में आये, उनका उद्धार किया।
पैठि मंथरा दासी, असुर-संहार किया।।जय.।।

वेद-ज्ञान-प्रदायिनी, बुद्धि-प्रकाश करो।।
मोहज्ञान तिमिर का सत्वर नाश करो।।जय.।।

धूप-दीप-फल-मेवा-पूजा स्वीकार करो।
ज्ञान-चक्षु दे माता, सब गुण-ज्ञान भरो।।जय.।।

माँ सरस्वती की आरती, जो कोई जन गावे।
हितकारी, सुखकारी ज्ञान-भक्ति पावे।।जय.।।