Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Jayanti 2023

Chhatrapati Shivaji is one of the most courageous rules of India, he stood up against the Mughal emperor, Aurangzeb, and founded the Maratha kingdom. Every year on the 19th of February, Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Jayanti is celebrated with much enthusiasm.
Shivaji Jayanti 2023 marks Shivaji Maharaj’s 393rd birth anniversary. The occasion will be celebrated across the nation.
Shivaji Maharaj Jayanti 2023 (As per English calendar)19th February 2023,(as per Hindu calendar)10th March 2023 Tritya Tithi Begins 08:54 PM on Mar 09, 2023 Ends 09:42 PM on Mar 10, 2023.

When is Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Jayanti 2023?

Also known as Shivaji Jayanthi, the birth anniversary of Shivaji will be celebrated on 19th February 2023. This day is an official holiday across Maharashtra. Many people will also celebrate it according to the Hindu Calendar on 10th March 2023. 

How is Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Jayanti celebrated?

Shivaji Maharaj Jayanti is an annual celebration across the state of Maharashtra. The day is a dry day in Maharashtra, which means that the sale of liquor is prohibited on this day across the state. Schools and colleges also remain closed on this day. 
The grand celebrations are centered around the legendary hero who was instrumental in shaping the history of Maharashtra and the nation. The Government of Maharashtra organises processions that depict the life of Shivaji Maharaj. People dress up as the brave ruler and his associates, and offer glimpses of Shivaji Maharaj’s life to the public. The procession also includes dance performances on traditional songs. Other cultural events are also organised to remember his deeds and acts of bravery. Shivaji Jayanti attracts large crowds of people who wish to pay their respects to the king. 

Why is Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Jayanti celebrated?

Shivaji Maharaj was a great leader of his era. He founded the Maratha empire and encouraged the use of Sanskrit and Marathi in his court. Shivaji Maharaj is responsible for bringing back age-old Hindu political traditions and rules of court. He was not afraid of the British and also encouraged others in the kingdom to be brave. As a progressive, responsible, and practical leader, he won the people’s hearts. His knowledge of military tactics helped him to be victorious against the Mughals in several wars. His fearlessness and work made him a favourite among the public. Thus, even after 393 years, his birth anniversary is celebrated with pomp and show. Shivaji Jayanti is a way to pay homage to the bravest leader in history and thank him for his work.
Shivaji Maharaj was a heroic leader in the 17th century. He was barely 17 when he conquered the forts of Raigad, Torna, and Kondana and founded the Maratha empire. In 1674, he was crowned as the king of Maratha in Raigad. Before his advent, Persian was the common language in courts. However, he brought in the norm of using Sanskrit and Marathi. 
The kingdom’s people knew him as a brave warrior, a progressive leader, and a politically well-versed ruler. He is associated with freedom and fearlessness and serves as an inspiration for others. Chhatrapati Shivaji Jayanti was first celebrated in 1895 in Pune. Lokmanya Tilak started this tradition. He also popularised the day as a holiday and talked to people about the achievements of Shivaji Maharaj. Following that, the holiday evolved into an annual celebration where people gather to remember his deeds and accomplishments. His acts of valour at such a young age and his war acumen are celebrated today on his birthday. The celebrations are a mark of gratitude for his contribution.

Who is Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj?

Shivaji Maharaj is remembered as a natural leader who fought with all his might even before turning into an adult. He had a strong political understanding and a vast knowledge of warfare tactics. When the political scenario in Bijapur was crumbling, he came up with an enclave from the fading Adishahi sultanate and founded the Maratha Empire. He got the title of Chhatrapati in 1674. Chhatrapati means emperor.
He was an intelligent and innovative leader who emphasised the importance of using Marathi and Sanskrit instead of Persian in the court. He had it all in him to win great wars, and he did. The qualities included bravery, geographical knowledge, civil administration skills, and excellent war tactics. These attributes were greatly instrumental in helping him win several wars against the Mughals. 
He is also respected for being the first to conceive the idea of having a naval force. He guarded the Konkan side of Maharashtra by establishing forts and a navy on the coastline. He is thus also known as the father of the Indian Navy.
People celebrate him for how he inspired generations, his bravery, and his strong sense of political and war tactics. A 210- meter-high statue commemorates him in Mumbai.

Article by Aishwarya Dorwekar