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INTRODUCTION

Childhood is the inherient right of everyone, which should be lived happily, but heinous acts like CHILD LABOUR makes a child mature way before they should. CHILD LABOUR is a situation imposed on a child where they’re retained in activities such as exploitative productions and trafficking. Many children are exploited with work illegally in industries and by employing in agriculture domain.

The main reason often found involving children in work in their early age is poverty, unemployment and lack of proper opportunities. For fulfilment of their basic necessities, they have to work under different hardship situations. Situations of forced labour work leads to increase in victims of violence and emotional abuses. Child labour is common both in rural and urban areas. Worldwide children with age groups of 5 to 17 are involved in child labour. It is one of the most serious dilemmas which must be taken into consideration fast.

At general and local level, many dignified administrators are busy to protect and solve the complications of child labour. The supreme court of India also provides guidelines regarding where children occupied situations need to be changed and improved.

MAIN CAUSES OF CHILD LABOUR

Poverty: Poverty is the main cause. Even child labours get lower wages than they deserve. Mostly children who are deprived of their schooling rights work in low wages and they suffer hard penance. When they become parents, they’re not able to provide proper facilities to their children and the cycle repeats itself. And these situations of economic deprivation and unhealthy lifestyle force them to send their young children to work in places like small hotels or restaurants, factories and sometimes also in hazardous environment. In order to lower these, there must be strict laws and formulation of proper policies.

Social and Economic Backwardness: Due to illiteracy and proper awareness, no proper set of instructions and ways to lower the dilemma reaches the backward classes. Uneducated parents are often left in a situation where they’re forced to fulfil their basic existential conditions without even knowing what would be the impact of child labour on their children. Parents need to take proper care regarding these. There is a need for proper awareness programmes and proper rationing and quotas for proper functioning of families and removal of economic backwardness.

Gender based Discrimination: We are living in a society where girls are considered as weaker than boys. This leads to young girls getting deprived of their schooling rights and girls are forced to work as labour at early stages of their lives. There is a discriminating attitude towards girls education in our country. Girls should have equal access to education and their rights, health and finanical stability should also be given due importance.

Early Marriages: Women are often considered as burden to the family which leads to early marriages. Due to lack of proper support system fathers get their daughters married at early ages thinking that their future husband would take care of them but situations often turns out different. Early marriages lead to pregnancy before adulthood. And lack of awareness leads to higher children to family ratio without any financial and moral support, thus the circle of child labour starts in order to fulfil the family needs. So, there is a need to eradicate child marriage which will directly affect child labour at a very high rate and establish proper family control.

Family Tradition: It is very common in our society to work at early ages. This old tradition of children working provides them existential livelihood. So, it is very necessary to provide employment to poor families so that they can also secure their livelihood and development. There must be change in family traditions with the changing reforms.

LAWS RELATING TO CHILD LABOUR

Factories Act 1948: It is a social legislature which has been passed for health and safety of workers. The main objective is to control the works in industrial formations.

Mines Act of 1952: This act prohibits women’s and teens’ below age of 10. It recommends responsibilities of owners to accomplish mines and safety and processes under same.

The Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation Act of 1986: this act bans engagement of children of age groups between 15 to 18 years .The bill also enhances punishment for  such engagingness. Also, children’s younger than 14 can now effort in household enterprises and farmhouses after university times and during holidays

The Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection) of Children Act of 2000: A Juvenile is any individual below the age of 18 years. To unite and amend law relating to juveniles in struggle with law and there is a need of care and protection for providing care and protection. Children homes are being established for the treatment of child during any inquiry.

The Right of Children to free and Compulsory Education Act of 2009: This acts mainly focuses on compulsory education to all children. Education should be based on equality and non-discriminatory in nature. This act aims to provide quality elementary education.

CONCLUSION

Children are exploited through child labour across the globe. This emotionally and physically dangerous work interferes with their overall development. Children in hazardous work are in much stem and is the silent mainstream of child labour. We should take initiatives in order to provide proper facilities to weaker sections of society as fundamental rights are equal for all and their rights must not be infringed. The childhood of children should not be taken away from them. Development of children is Development of Nation. It is important for children to live their childhood as a child, enjoying, playing as childhood is the only stage of life where memories form for a lifetime. Educating a child should be a compulsion for this as necessary education can reduce the burden of paternities and help in generating self-awareness. There is a need to solve this issue by proper awareness and through proper polices and their implementation.

“JIMEDARI KA BOZ NAHI BACHPAN MAI MASTI THAMAY

IN BACHO MAI UDNE K PANKH LGAYE’’.

By Kanika Aggarwal

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